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A Computer Perspective

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A Computer Perspective Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

A Computer Perspective is an illustrated essay on the origins and first lines of development of the computer. The complex network of creative forces and social pressures that have produced the computer is personified here in the creators of instruments of computation, and their machines or tables; the inventors of mathematical or logical concepts and their applications; and the fabricators of practical devices to serve the immediate needs of government, commerce, engineering, and science.

The book is based on an exhibition conceived and assembled for International Business Machines Corporation. Like the exhibition, it is not a history in the narrow sense of a chronology of concepts and devices. Yet these pages actually display more true history (in relation to the computer) than many more conventional presentations of the development of science and technology.

Book News Annotation:

Presents pedagogical materials useful in the design and delivery of a wide range of the most frequently taught college-level courses in communication. Part one is general to teaching communication in the undergraduate classroom. Part two consists of 13 chapters, each devoted to one course frequently found in college curricula. While the focus is on the new teacher, even experienced teachers will likely benefit from the approaches and materials used by others. A pictorial history of the origin and development of computers, 1890-1950, tracing logical automata, and statistical and calculating machines. A new introduction and epilogue are added to the 1973 edition.
Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

Synopsis:

A sequence of 20th century ideas, events, and artifacts from the history of the information machine.

Description:

Includes bibliographical references (p. 174) and index.

About the Author

I. Bernard Cohen was Victor S. Thomas Professor of the History of Science, Emeritus, at Harvard University, and one of the founders of the modern study of the history of science.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Prologue

Charles Babbage

Calculating Machines

Statistical Machines

Logical Automata

1890s

The 1890 Census. First Russian Census. Galton: The Measure of Man. Finger Prints. John Gore at the Prudential. Marquand's Logic Machine. Pastore: Logic on Wheels. Mental Calculation. Léon Bollée. The "Millionaire". The Comptometer and the Burroughs. Calculation by Measurement

1900s

The Dynamo and the Virgin. Moxon's Master. Alfred Binet: The Scale of Intelligence. Punch Cards for Commerce. Statistical Fallout. Taylorization. The Copper Man. Astronomical Calculations. Bjerknes' Weather Mechanics

1910s

Gyroscopic Guidance. Maintaining an Attitude. Assembly Lines. Torres' Theory of Automata. Torres' Algebraic Machines. The Great Brass Brain. Pearson's Battle for Biometrics. Power's Printing Tabulator. Facts and Government. Un-uniform Soldiers. Aberdeen. Weather Forecast-Factory

1920s

Bush's Profile Tracer. The Product Integraph. L.J. Comrie and Scientific Calculation. Corn and Correlation. Thomas J. Watson Sr. and the Business of Machines. Ben Wood and Educational Measurement. Planning the Five Year Plans. Minorsky and Metal Mike. Homeostasis

1930s

Dark Visions of Machines. Some Machine Utopias. Robots. Servomechanisms. Social Security. Hooten: The American Criminal. America Speaks. Leontief and Input-Output. Eckert's "Mechanical Programmer". The Bush Differential Analyzer. Meccano. Zuse. The Switch to Base Two. Aiken and the A.S.C.C.. The Universal Turing Machine

1940s

Self-regulating Systems. ENIAC at the Moore School. Ballistics. The First Programmers. The von Neumann Concept. The Weather Group. The "Analytical Engine". Operations Research. Information Processing. Cryptography. Cybernetics. Simulation in Real Time. The Computer

Epilogue

Exhibition Credits

Acknowledgments

Index

Readings

Product Details

ISBN:
9780674156265
Editor:
Eames, Ray
Other:
Eames, Ray
Producer:
Staples, Fleck, Eames, Eames, Charles, Ray, Glen, Robert
Introduction:
Cohen, Staples, Fleck, Eames, Eames, Charles, Ray, Glen, Robert, I. Bernard
Editor:
Eames, Ray
Edited:
Fleck, Eames, Eames, Charles, Ray, Glen
Author:
Eames, Charles
Author:
Eames, Ray
Author:
Cohen, I. Bernard
Author:
Staples, Robert
Author:
Fleck, Glen
Publisher:
Harvard University Press
Location:
Cambridge, Massachusetts
Subject:
General
Subject:
Computer Science
Subject:
General science
Subject:
History
Subject:
Technology
Subject:
Computers
Subject:
Computers -- History.
Subject:
Personal Computers-General
Subject:
Computers - General
Subject:
Technology & Engineering : Inventions
Copyright:
Edition Number:
New ed.
Edition Description:
New
Series Volume:
no. 25
Publication Date:
September 1990
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Grade Level:
General/trade
Language:
English
Illustrations:
351 halftones, 104 color illustrations,
Pages:
176
Dimensions:
9 x 9 in 16 oz

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Related Subjects

Computers and Internet » Computers Reference » General
Computers and Internet » Personal Computers » General
History and Social Science » Economics » General
Reference » Science Reference » General
Reference » Science Reference » Technology
Science and Mathematics » History of Science » Computers

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Product details 176 pages Harvard University Press - English 9780674156265 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , A sequence of 20th century ideas, events, and artifacts from the history of the information machine.
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