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Epistemology and Cognition

by

Epistemology and Cognition Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

Whatever the target of our effort to know--whether we probe the origin of the cosmos, the fabric of man-made symbols and culture, or simply the layout of our immediate environment--all knowledge is grounded in natural cognitive capacities. Philosophers of knowledge must therefore make use of the science of cognition. So argues a leading epistemologist in this work of fundamental importance to philosophical thinking.

Against the traditional view, Alvin Goldman argues that logic, probability theory, and linguistic analysis cannot by themselves delineate principles of rationality or justified belief. The mind's operations must be taken into account. Part I of his book lays the foundations of this view by addressing the major topics of epistemology: skepticism, knowledge, justification, and truth. Drawing parallels with ethical theory, it provides criteria for evaluating belief formation, problem solving, and probability judgment. Part II examines what cognitive scientists have learned about the basic processes of the mind-brain: perception, memory, representational constraints, internal codes, and so on. Looking at reliability, power, and speed, Goldman lays the groundwork for a balanced appraisal of the strengths and weaknesses of human mental processes.

In establishing a theoretical framework for the link between epistemology and cognitive science, Alvin Goldman does nothing less than redirect the entire field of study.

Synopsis:

Whatever the target of our effort to know--whether we probe the origin of the cosmos, the fabric of man-made symbols and culture, or simply the layout of our immediate environment--all knowledge is grounded in natural cognitive capacities. Against the traditional view, Alvin Goldman argues that logic, probability theory, and linguistic analysis cannot by themselves delineate principles of rationality or justified belief. The mind's operations must be taken into account.

About the Author

Alvin Goldman is Professor of Philosophy, University of Arizona.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Part I: Theoretical Foundations

1. The Elements of Epistemology

2. Skepticism

3. Knowledge

4. Justification: A Rule Framework

5. Justification and Reliability

6. Problem Solving, Power, and Speed

7. Truth and Realism

8. The Problem of Content

Part II: Assessing Our Cognitive Resources

9. Perception

10. Memory

11. Constraints on Representation

12. Internal Codes

13. Deductive Reasoning

14. Probability judgments

15. Acceptance and Uncertainty

16. Belief Updating

17. Production Systems and Second-Order Processes

Conclusion: Primary Epistemics and Cognitive Science

Notes

Illustration Credits

Author Index

Subject Index

Product Details

ISBN:
9780674258969
Author:
Goldman, Alvin I.
Publisher:
Harvard University Press
Location:
Cambridge, Massachusetts
Subject:
Epistemology
Subject:
Cognitive Psychology
Subject:
Cognition
Subject:
Knowledge, theory of
Subject:
General Philosophy
Subject:
Philosophy : General
Copyright:
Publication Date:
January 1986
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Grade Level:
General/trade
Language:
English
Pages:
446
Dimensions:
8.42x5.60x1.20 in. 1.42 lbs.

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Related Subjects

Health and Self-Help » Psychology » Cognitive Science
History and Social Science » World History » General
Humanities » Philosophy » General

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Product details 446 pages Harvard University Press - English 9780674258969 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , Whatever the target of our effort to know--whether we probe the origin of the cosmos, the fabric of man-made symbols and culture, or simply the layout of our immediate environment--all knowledge is grounded in natural cognitive capacities. Against the traditional view, Alvin Goldman argues that logic, probability theory, and linguistic analysis cannot by themselves delineate principles of rationality or justified belief. The mind's operations must be taken into account.
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