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The Evolutionary Synthesis: Perspectives on the Unification of Biology, with a New Preface

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The Evolutionary Synthesis: Perspectives on the Unification of Biology, with a New Preface Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

Biology was forged into a single, coherent science only within living memory. In this volume the thinkers responsible for the "modern synthesis" of evolutionary biology and genetics come together to analyze that remarkable event.

In a new Preface, Ernst Mayr calls attention to the fact that scientists in different biological disciplines varied considerably in their degree of acceptance of Darwin's theories. Mayr shows us that these differences were played out in four separate periods: 1859 to 1899, 1900 to 1915, 1916 to 1936, and 1937 to 1947. He thus enables us to understand fully why the synthesis was necessary and why Darwin's original theory--that evolutionary change is due to the combination of variation and selection--is as solid at the end of the twentieth century as it was in 1859.

Synopsis:

Biology was forged into a single, coherent science only within living memory. In this volume the thinkers responsible for the "modern synthesis" of evolutionary biology and genetics come together to analyze thatremarkable event. In a new Preface, Ernst Mayr calls attention to the fact that scientists in different biological disciplines varied considerably in their degree of acceptance of Darwin's theories. Mayr shows us that these differenceswere played out in four separate periods: 1859 to 1899, 1900 to 1915, 1916 to 1936, and 1937 to 1947. He thus enables us to understand fully why the synthesis was necessary and why Darwin's original theory--that evolutionary change isdue to the combination of variation and selection--is as solid at the end of the twentieth century as it was in 1859.

About the Author

Ernst Mayr was Alexander Agassiz Professor of Zoology, Emeritus, at Harvard University. He was the recipient of numerous honorary degrees and awards, including the Crafoord Prize for Biology, the National Medal of Science, the Balzan Prize, and the Japan Prize.

Table of Contents

Preface, 1998

Preface to the Original Edition

Prologue: Some Thoughts on the History of the Evolutionary Synthesis
Ernst Mayr

Part One: Different Biological Disciplines and the Synthesis

Genetics

    Introduction
    William B. Provine

    Theoretical Population Genetics in the Evolutionary Synthesis
    Richard C. Lewontin
Cytology
    Introduction
    William B. Provine

    The Evolution of Genetic Systems: Contributions of Cytology to Evolutionary Theory
    C.D. Darlington

    Cytology in the T.H. Morgan School
    Alexander Weinstein

    Cytogenetics and the Neo-Darwinian Synthesis
    Hampton L. Carson
Embryology
    Introduction
    William B. Provine

    Embryology and the Modern Synthesis in Evolutionary Theory
    Viktor Hamburger

    The Modern Evolutionary Synthesis and the Biogenetic Law
    Frederick B. Churchill
Systematics
    The Role of Systematics in the Evolutionary Synthesis
    Ernst Mayr
Botany
    Introduction
    Ernst Mayr

    Botany and the Synthetic Theory of Evolution
    G. Ledyard Stebbins
Paleontology
    Introduction
    Ernst Mayr

    G.G. Simpson, Paleontology, and the Modern Synthesis
    Stephen Jay Gould
Morphology
    Introduction
    Ernst Mayr

    Morphology in the Evolutionary Synthesis
    William Coleman

    The Failure of Morphology to Assimilate Darwinism
    Michael T. Ghiselin

    Severtsov and Schmalhausen: Russian Morphology and the Evolutionary Synthesis
    Mark B. Adams
Part Two: The Synthesis in Different Countries

Soviet Union

    The Birth of the Genetic Theory of Evolution in the Soviet Union in the 1920s
    Theodosius Dobzhansky

    Sergei Chetverikov, the Kol'tsov Institute, and the Evolutionary Synthesis
    Mark B. Adams
Germany
    Introduction
    Ernst Mayr

    Historical Development of the Present Synthetic Neo-Darwinism in Germany
    Bernhard Rensch

    Evolutionary Theory in Germany: A Comment
    Viktor Hamburger
France
    Introduction
    Ernst Mayr

    Evolutionary Biology in France at the Time of the Evolutionary Synthesis
    Ernest Boesiger

    The Arrival of Neo-Darwinism in France
    Ernst Mayr

    A Second Glance at Evolutionary Biology in France
    Camille Limoges
England
    Introduction
    William B. Provine

    Some Recollections Pertaining to the Evolutionary Synthesis
    E.B. Ford

    Lamarckism in Britain and the United States
    Richard W. Burkhardt, Jr.

    A Note on W.L. Tower's Leptinotarsa Work
    Alexander Weinstein
United States
    Introduction
    William B. Provine

    The Evolutionary Synthesis: Morgan and Natural Selection Revisited
    Garland E. Allen

    Hypotheses That Blur and Grow
    Hampton L. Carson
Part Three: Final Considerations

Interpretive Issues in the Evolutionary Synthesis

    Introduction
    William B. Provine

    The Meaning of the Evolutionary Synthesis
    Dudley Shapere

    Epilogue
    William B. Provine
Biographical Essays
    How I Became a Darwinian
    Ernst Mayr

    Curt Stem
    Ernst Mayr

    J.B.S. Haldane, R.A. Fisher, and William Bateson
    C.D. Darlington

    Morgan and the Theory of Natural Selection
    Alexander Weinstein

    Morgan and His School in the 1930s
    Theodosius Dobzhansky

    G.G. Simpson
    Ernst Mayr
Contributors

Conference Participants

Index

Product Details

ISBN:
9780674272262
Editor:
Mayr, Ernst
Publisher:
Harvard University Press
Editor:
Mayr, Ernst
Author:
Mayr, Ernst
Location:
Cambridge, Massachusetts
Subject:
Biology
Subject:
Evolution
Subject:
Social aspects
Subject:
Evolution (Biology) -- History.
Subject:
Life Sciences - Biology - General
Subject:
Life Sciences - Evolution
Subject:
Biology-Evolution
Subject:
SCIENCE / Life Sciences/Genetics & Genomics
Subject:
Science -- History.
Copyright:
Edition Description:
1st Harvard University Press paperback ed.
Publication Date:
January 1998
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Grade Level:
General/trade
Language:
English
Illustrations:
3 line illustrations
Pages:
504
Dimensions:
9 x 6 in 22 oz

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Science and Mathematics » Biology » Evolution
Science and Mathematics » Biology » General

The Evolutionary Synthesis: Perspectives on the Unification of Biology, with a New Preface New Trade Paper
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Product details 504 pages Harvard University Press - English 9780674272262 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , Biology was forged into a single, coherent science only within living memory. In this volume the thinkers responsible for the "modern synthesis" of evolutionary biology and genetics come together to analyze thatremarkable event. In a new Preface, Ernst Mayr calls attention to the fact that scientists in different biological disciplines varied considerably in their degree of acceptance of Darwin's theories. Mayr shows us that these differenceswere played out in four separate periods: 1859 to 1899, 1900 to 1915, 1916 to 1936, and 1937 to 1947. He thus enables us to understand fully why the synthesis was necessary and why Darwin's original theory--that evolutionary change isdue to the combination of variation and selection--is as solid at the end of the twentieth century as it was in 1859.
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