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Abortion Before Birth Control: The Politics of Reproduction in Postwar Japan (Studies of the East Asian Institute)

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Abortion Before Birth Control: The Politics of Reproduction in Postwar Japan (Studies of the East Asian Institute) Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

Why has postwar Japanese abortion policy been relatively progressive, while contraception policy has been relatively conservative? The Japanese government legalized abortion in 1948 but did not approve the pill until 1999. In this carefully researched study, Tiana Norgren argues that these contradictory policies flowed from very different historical circumstances and interest group configurations. Doctors and family planners used a small window of opportunity during the Occupation to legalize abortion, and afterwards, doctors and women battled religious groups to uphold the law. The pill, on the other hand, first appeared at an inauspicious moment in history. Until circumstances began to change in the mid-1980s, the pharmaceutical industry was the pill's lone champion: doctors, midwives, family planners, and women all opposed the pill as a potential threat to their livelihoods, abortion rights, and women's health.

Clearly written and interwoven with often surprising facts about Japanese history and politics, Norgren's book fills vital gaps in the cross-national literature on the politics of reproduction, a subject that has received more attention in the European and American contexts. Abortion Before Birth Control will be a valuable resource for those interested in abortion and contraception policies, gender studies, modern Japanese history, political science, and public policy. This is a major contribution to the literature on reproductive rights and the role of civil society in a country usually discussed in the context of its industrial might.

Synopsis:

"Although others have written about birth control in post-war Japan, Norgren succeeds in offering the most persuasive historical and political account of the issue to date. Not content to offer a monocausal explanation, Norgren astutely periodizes the various debates and offers a number of surprises. This work not only illuminates the complexities surrounding debates over reproductive policies, but also will compel rethinking about feminist politics and policymaking, as well as tell us new things about political activism by the medical establishment."--Sheldon Garon, Princeton University

"Abortion Before Birth Control is rich in information and a joy to read. Its careful, historical investigation of the political record underlying the abortion debate in Japan in the context of sterilization and birth control legislation provides a crucial cross-policy analysis as a foundation to its insightful cross-cultural perspectives."--Eileen McDonagh, Northeastern University

Synopsis:

Why has postwar Japanese abortion policy been relatively progressive, while contraception policy has been relatively conservative? The Japanese government legalized abortion in 1948 but did not approve the pill until 1999. In this carefully researched study, Tiana Norgren argues that these contradictory policies flowed from very different historical circumstances and interest group configurations. Doctors and family planners used a small window of opportunity during the Occupation to legalize abortion, and afterwards, doctors and women battled religious groups to uphold the law. The pill, on the other hand, first appeared at an inauspicious moment in history. Until circumstances began to change in the mid-1980s, the pharmaceutical industry was the pill's lone champion: doctors, midwives, family planners, and women all opposed the pill as a potential threat to their livelihoods, abortion rights, and women's health.

Clearly written and interwoven with often surprising facts about Japanese history and politics, Norgren's book fills vital gaps in the cross-national literature on the politics of reproduction, a subject that has received more attention in the European and American contexts. Abortion Before Birth Control will be a valuable resource for those interested in abortion and contraception policies, gender studies, modern Japanese history, political science, and public policy. This is a major contribution to the literature on reproductive rights and the role of civil society in a country usually discussed in the context of its industrial might.

About the Author

Tiana Norgren is a Senior Program Associate in the Program on reproductive Health and Rights at the Open Society Institute. She has a Ph.D. in political science from Columbia University.

Table of Contents

Illustrations ix

Preface xi

Abbreviations xv

CHAPTER ONE: Introduction 3

CHAPTFR TWO: The Politics of interests 12

CHAPTER THREE: For the Good of the Nation: Prewar Abortion and Contraception Policy 22

CHAPTFR FOUR: Japan Legalizes Abortion: The Intersection of National and Professional interests 36

CHAPTER FIVE: The Politics of Abortion: Movements to Revise the Eugenic Protection Law (1952-2000) 53

CHAPTER SIX: Abortion before Birth Control: Japanese Contraception Policy (1945-1960) 83

CHAPTER SEVEN: The Politics of the Pill (1955-2000) 103

CRAPTER EIGHT: Conclusion 133

Appendix 139

Notes 159

Bibliography 217

Index 233

Product Details

ISBN:
9780691070056
Subtitle:
The Politics of Reproduction in Postwar Japan
Author:
Norgren, Tiana
Author:
Norgren, Christiana A. E.
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Location:
Princeton, N.J.
Subject:
Women
Subject:
Asia - Japan
Subject:
Japan
Subject:
Social history
Subject:
Women's Studies - Abortion
Subject:
Abortion
Subject:
Birth control
Subject:
Family size
Subject:
Abortion & Birth Control
Subject:
Gender Studies
Subject:
Asian and Asian American Studies
Subject:
Political Science and International Relations
Subject:
Women -- Japan -- Social conditions.
Subject:
Japan Social conditions 1945-
Subject:
World History-Japan
Copyright:
Edition Description:
Trade paper
Series:
Studies of the East Asian Institute (Princeton)
Series Volume:
6
Publication Date:
July 2001
Binding:
Paperback
Grade Level:
College/higher education:
Language:
English
Illustrations:
4 line illus., 4 halftones
Pages:
258
Dimensions:
9 x 6 in 13 z

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Related Subjects

Health and Self-Help » Health and Medicine » General
Health and Self-Help » Health and Medicine » General Medicine
History and Social Science » Feminist Studies » Reproductive Rights
History and Social Science » Sociology » Abortion and Birth Control
History and Social Science » World History » General
History and Social Science » World History » Japan

Abortion Before Birth Control: The Politics of Reproduction in Postwar Japan (Studies of the East Asian Institute) New Trade Paper
0 stars - 0 reviews
$40.95 In Stock
Product details 258 pages Princeton University Press - English 9780691070056 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , "Although others have written about birth control in post-war Japan, Norgren succeeds in offering the most persuasive historical and political account of the issue to date. Not content to offer a monocausal explanation, Norgren astutely periodizes the various debates and offers a number of surprises. This work not only illuminates the complexities surrounding debates over reproductive policies, but also will compel rethinking about feminist politics and policymaking, as well as tell us new things about political activism by the medical establishment."--Sheldon Garon, Princeton University

"Abortion Before Birth Control is rich in information and a joy to read. Its careful, historical investigation of the political record underlying the abortion debate in Japan in the context of sterilization and birth control legislation provides a crucial cross-policy analysis as a foundation to its insightful cross-cultural perspectives."--Eileen McDonagh, Northeastern University

"Synopsis" by , Why has postwar Japanese abortion policy been relatively progressive, while contraception policy has been relatively conservative? The Japanese government legalized abortion in 1948 but did not approve the pill until 1999. In this carefully researched study, Tiana Norgren argues that these contradictory policies flowed from very different historical circumstances and interest group configurations. Doctors and family planners used a small window of opportunity during the Occupation to legalize abortion, and afterwards, doctors and women battled religious groups to uphold the law. The pill, on the other hand, first appeared at an inauspicious moment in history. Until circumstances began to change in the mid-1980s, the pharmaceutical industry was the pill's lone champion: doctors, midwives, family planners, and women all opposed the pill as a potential threat to their livelihoods, abortion rights, and women's health.

Clearly written and interwoven with often surprising facts about Japanese history and politics, Norgren's book fills vital gaps in the cross-national literature on the politics of reproduction, a subject that has received more attention in the European and American contexts. Abortion Before Birth Control will be a valuable resource for those interested in abortion and contraception policies, gender studies, modern Japanese history, political science, and public policy. This is a major contribution to the literature on reproductive rights and the role of civil society in a country usually discussed in the context of its industrial might.

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