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Fear: Across the Disciplines

by

Fear: Across the Disciplines Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

This volume provides a cross-disciplinary examination of fear, that most unruly of our emotions, by offering a broad survey of the psychological, biological, and philosophical basis of fear in historical and contemporary contexts. The contributors, leading figures in clinical psychology, neuroscience, the social sciences, and the humanities, consider categories of intentionality, temporality, admixture, spectacle, and politics in evaluating conceptions of fear.

and#160;and#160;and#160; Individual chapters treat manifestations of fear in the mass panic of the stock market crash of 1929, as spectacle in warfare and in horror films, and as a political tool to justify security measures in the wake of terrorist acts. They also describe the biological and evolutionary roots of fear, fear as innate versus learned behavior in both humans and animals, and conceptions of human andldquo;passionsandrdquo; and their self-mastery from late antiquity to the early modern era. Additionally, the contributors examine theories of intentional and non-intentional reactivity, the process of fear-memory coding, and contemporary psychologyandrsquo;s emphasis on anxiety disorders.

Overall, the authors point to fear as a dense and variable web of responses to external and internal stimuli. Our thinking about these reactions is just as complex. In response, this volume opens a dialogue between science and the humanities to afford a more complete view of an emotion that has shaped human behavior since time immemorial.

Synopsis:

This volume provides a broad survey of the psychological, biological, and philosophical basis of fear in historical and contemporary contexts. The contributors, leading figures in clinical psychology, neuroscience, the social sciences, and the humanities consider categories of intentionality, temporality, admixture, spectacle, and politics in evaluating conceptions of fear. This volume opens a dialogue between science and the humanities to afford a more complete view of an emotion that has shaped human behavior since time immemorial.

Synopsis:

Through the first half of the twentieth century, emotions were a legitimate object of scientific study across a variety of disciplines. After 1945, however, in the wake of Nazi irrationalism, emotions became increasingly marginalized and postwar rationalism took central stage. Emotion remained on the scene of scientific and popular study but largely at the fringes as a behavioral reflex, or as a concern of the private sphere. So why, by the 1960s, had the study of emotions returned to the forefront of academic investigation?

In Science and Emotions after 1945, Frank Biess and Daniel M. Gross chronicle the curious resurgence of emotion studies and show that it was fueled by two very different sources: social movements of the 1960s and brain science. A central claim of the book is that the relatively recent neuroscientific study of emotion did not initiate – but instead consolidated – the emotional turn by clearing the ground for multidisciplinary work on the emotions. Science and Emotions after 1945 tells the story of this shift by looking closely at scientific disciplines in which the study of emotions has featured prominently, including medicine, psychiatry, neuroscience, and the social sciences, viewed in each case from a humanities perspective.

About the Author

Jan Plamper is professor of history at Goldsmiths, University of London. He is the author of The Stalin Cult: A Study in the Alchemy of Power.and#160;

Benjamin Lazier is associate professor of history and humanities at Reed College and the author of God Interrupted: Heresy and the European Imagination Between the World Wars.

Table of Contents

Introduction: Emotional Returns

Frank Biess and Daniel M. Gross

PART ONE   Neuroscience

1  Humanists and the Experimental Study of Emotion

WILLIAM M. REDDY

2  “Both of Us Disgusted in My Insula”: Mirror-Neuron Theory and Emotional Empathy

RUTH LEYS

3  Emotion Science and the Heart of a Two-Cultures Problem

DANIEL M. GROSS AND STEPHANIE D. PRESTON

PART TWO   Medicine

4  What Is an Excitement?

Otniel E. Dror

5  The Science of Pain and Pleasure in the Shadow of the Holocaust

CATHY GERE

6  Oncomotions: Experience and Debates in West Germany and the United States after 1945

Bettina Hitzer

PART THREE Psychiatry

7  The Concept of Panic: Military Psychiatry and Emotional Preparation for Nuclear War in Postwar West Germany

Frank Biess

8  Preventing the Inevitable: John Appel and the Problem of Psychiatric Casualties in the US Army during World War II

Rebecca Jo Plant

9  Feeling for the Protest Faster: How the Self-Starving Body Influences Social Movements and Global Medical Ethics

Nayan B. Shah

PART FOUR Social Sciences

10  Across Different Cultures? Emotions in Science during the Early Twentieth Century

Uffa Jensen

11  Decolonizing Emotions: The Management of Feeling in the New World Order

JORDANNA BAILKIN

12  Passions, Preferences, and Animal Spirits: How Does Homo Oeconomicus Cope with Emotions?

UTE FREVERT

13  The Transatlantic Element in the Sociology of Emotions

HELENA FLAM

14  Feminist Theories and the Science of Emotion

CATHERINE LUTZ

15  Affect, Trauma, and Daily Life: Transatlantic Legal and Medical Responses to Bullying and Intimidation

RODDEY REID

Coda: Erasures; Writing History about Holocaust Trauma

Carolyn J. Dean

List of Contributors

Index

Product Details

ISBN:
9780822962205
Author:
Plamper, Jan
Publisher:
University of Pittsburgh Press
Author:
Gross, Daniel M.
Author:
Biess, Frank
Author:
Lazier, Benjamin
Subject:
Psychology-Mood Disorders and Depression
Subject:
Great britain
Edition Description:
1
Publication Date:
20121231
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Language:
English
Illustrations:
12 Illustrations
Pages:
240
Dimensions:
9 x 6 in

Related Subjects

Health and Self-Help » Psychology » General
Health and Self-Help » Psychology » Mood Disorders and Depression
History and Social Science » World History » General

Fear: Across the Disciplines New Trade Paper
0 stars - 0 reviews
$33.25 In Stock
Product details 240 pages University of Pittsburgh Press - English 9780822962205 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by ,
This volume provides a broad survey of the psychological, biological, and philosophical basis of fear in historical and contemporary contexts. The contributors, leading figures in clinical psychology, neuroscience, the social sciences, and the humanities consider categories of intentionality, temporality, admixture, spectacle, and politics in evaluating conceptions of fear. This volume opens a dialogue between science and the humanities to afford a more complete view of an emotion that has shaped human behavior since time immemorial.
"Synopsis" by ,
Through the first half of the twentieth century, emotions were a legitimate object of scientific study across a variety of disciplines. After 1945, however, in the wake of Nazi irrationalism, emotions became increasingly marginalized and postwar rationalism took central stage. Emotion remained on the scene of scientific and popular study but largely at the fringes as a behavioral reflex, or as a concern of the private sphere. So why, by the 1960s, had the study of emotions returned to the forefront of academic investigation?

In Science and Emotions after 1945, Frank Biess and Daniel M. Gross chronicle the curious resurgence of emotion studies and show that it was fueled by two very different sources: social movements of the 1960s and brain science. A central claim of the book is that the relatively recent neuroscientific study of emotion did not initiate – but instead consolidated – the emotional turn by clearing the ground for multidisciplinary work on the emotions. Science and Emotions after 1945 tells the story of this shift by looking closely at scientific disciplines in which the study of emotions has featured prominently, including medicine, psychiatry, neuroscience, and the social sciences, viewed in each case from a humanities perspective.

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