25 Books to Read Before You Die
 
 

Recently Viewed clear list


The Powell's Playlist | August 8, 2014

Peter Mendelsund: IMG The Powell's Playlist: Water Music by Peter Mendelsund



We "see" when we read, and we "see" when we listen. There are many ways in which music can create the cross-sensory experience of this seeing...... Continue »
  1. $11.87 Sale Trade Paper add to wish list

spacer
Qualifying orders ship free.
$20.50
New Trade Paper
Ships in 1 to 3 days
Add to Wishlist
available for shipping or prepaid pickup only
Available for In-store Pickup
in 7 to 12 days
Qty Store Section
8 Remote Warehouse US History- General

Democracy in America: In Two Volumes

by

Democracy in America: In Two Volumes Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

This is a reproduction of a book published before 1923. This book may have occasional imperfections such as missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. that were either part of the original artifact, or were introduced by the scanning process. We believe this work is culturally important, and despite the imperfections, have elected to bring it back into print as part of our continuing commitment to the preservation of printed works worldwide. We appreciate your understanding of the imperfections in the preservation process, and hope you enjoy this valuable book.

Synopsis:

In 1831, Alexis de Tocqueville and Gustave de Beaumont spent nine months in the U.S. studying American prisons on behalf of the French government. They investigated not just the prison system but indeed every aspect of American public and private life - the political, economic, religious, cultural, and above all the social life of the young nation. From Tocqueville's copious notes came Democracy in America.

This English-only edition of Democracy in America features Eduardo Nolla's incisive notes to James Schleifer's English translation of the French text, with an extensive selection of early outlines, drafts, manuscript variants, marginalia, unpublished fragments, and other materials: "This new Democracy is not only the one that Tocqueville presented to the reader of 1835, then to the reader of 1840. . . the reader will see how Tocqueville proceeded with the elaboration of the main ideas of his book."

Table of Contents

Translator’s Note xxi

Key Terms xxvi

Foreword xxviii

List of Illustrations xlv

Editor’s Introduction xlvii

Volume 1

Introduction 3

Part I

Chapter 1: Exterior Configuration of North America 33

Chapter 2: Of the Point of Departure and Its Importance for

the Future of the Anglo-Americans 45

Reasons for Some Singularities That the Laws and Customs of the

Anglo-Americans Present 71

Chapter 3: Social State of the Anglo-Americans 74

That the Salient Point of the Social State of the Anglo-Americans Is to

Be Essentially Democratic 75

Political Consequences of the Social State of the Anglo-Americans 89

Chapter 4: Of the Principle of the Sovereignty of the People

in America 91

Chapter 5: Necessity of Studying What Happens in the

Individual States before Speaking about the Government of

the Union 98

Of the Town System in America 99

Town District 103

Town Powers in New England 104

Of Town Life 108

Of Town Spirit in New England 110

Of the County in New England 114

Of Administration in New England 115

General Ideas on Administration in the United States 129

Of the State 135

Legislative Power of the State 136

Of the Executive Power of the State 139

Of the Political Effects of Administrative Decentralization in the

United States 142

Chapter 6: Of the Judicial Power in the United States and Its

Action on Political Society 167

Other Powers Granted to American Judges 176

Chapter 7: Of Political Jurisdiction in the United States 179

Chapter 8: Of the Federal Constitution 186

Historical Background of the Federal Constitution 186

Summary Picture of the Federal Constitution 191

Attributions of the Federal Government 193

Federal Powers 195

Legislative Powers 196

[Difference between the Constitution of the Senate and That of the

House of Representatives]

Another Difference between the Senate and the House of Representatives 200

Of Executive Power 201

How the Position of the President of the United States Differs from That

of a Constitutional King in France 204

Accidental Causes That Can Increase the Influence of the Executive Power 209

Why the President of the United States, to Lead Public Affairs,

Does Not Need to Have a Majority in the Chambers 210

Of the Election of the President 211

Mode of Election 218

Election Crisis 222

Of the Re-election of the President 225

Of the Federal Courts 229

Way of Determining the Jurisdiction of the Federal Courts 234

Different Cases of Jurisdiction 236

The Federal Courts’Way of Proceeding 241

Elevated Rank That the Supreme Court Occupies among the Great Powers

of the State 244

How the Federal Constitution Is Superior to the State Constitutions 246

What Distinguishes the Federal Constitution of the United States of

America from All Other Federal Constitutions 251

Of the Advantages of the Federal System in General, and of Its Special

Utility for America 255

What Keeps the Federal System from Being within the Reach of All

Peoples; And What Has Allowed the Anglo-Americans to Adopt It 263

Volume II

Part II

Chapter 1: How It Can Be Strictly Said That in the United

States It Is the People Who Govern 278

Chapter 2: Of Parties in the United States 279

Of the Remnants of the Aristocratic Party in the United States 287

Chapter 3: Of Freedom of the Press in the United States 289

That the Opinions Established under the Dominion of Freedom of the

Press in the United States Are Often More Tenacious than Those That

Are Found Elsewhere under the Dominion of Censorship 298

Chapter 4: Of Political Association in the United States 302

Different Ways in Which the Right of Association Is Understood in

Europe and in the United States, and the Different Use That Is Made

of That Right 309

Chapter 5: Of the Government of Democracy in America 313

Of Universal Suffrage 313

Of the Choices of the People and of the Instincts of American

Democracy in Its Choices 314

Of the Causes That Can Partially Correct These Democratic Instincts 318

Influence That American Democracy Has Exercised on Electoral Laws 322

Of Public Officials under the Dominion of American Democracy 324

Of the Arbitrariness of Magistrates under the Dominion of

American Democracy 327

Administrative Instability in the United States 331

Of Public Expenses under the Dominion of American Democracy 333

Of the Instincts of American Democracy in Determining the Salary

of Officials 340

Difficulty of Discerning the Causes That Lead the American Government

to Economy 343

[Influence of the Government of Democracy on the Tax Base and on the

Use of the Tax Revenues] 345

[Influence of Democratic Government on the Use of Tax Revenues] 346

Can the Public Expenditures of the United States Be Compared with

Those of France 349

Of the Corruption and Vices of Those Who Govern in Democracy;

Of the Effects on Public Morality That Result from That Corruption

and Those Vices 356

Of What Efforts Democracy Is Capable 360

Of the Power That American Democracy Generally Exercises over Itself 364

Of the Manner in Which American Democracy Conducts the Foreign

Affairs of the State 366

Chapter 6: What Are the Real Advantages That American

Society Gains from the Government of Democracy? 375

Of the General Tendency of Laws under the Dominion of American

Democracy, and Of the Instinct of Those Who Apply Them 377

Of Public Spirit in the United States 384

Of the Idea of Rights in the United States 389

Of the Respect for the Law in the United States 393

Activity That Reigns in All Parts of the Political Body in the United

States; Influence That It Exercises on Society 395

Chapter 7: Of the Omnipotence of the Majority in the United

States and Its Effects 402

How the Omnipotence of the Majority in America Increases the

Legislative and Administrative Instability That Is Natural to Democracies 407

Tyranny of the Majority 410

Effects of the Omnipotence of the Majority on the Arbitrariness of

American Public Officials 415

Of the Power Exercised by the Majority in America over Thought 416

Effect of Tyranny of the Majority on the National Character of the

Americans; Of the Courtier Spirit in the United States 420

That the Greatest Danger to the American Republics Comes from the

Omnipotence of the Majority 424

Chapter 8: Of What Tempers Tyranny of the Majority in the

United States 427

Absence of Administrative Centralization 427

Of the Spirit of the Jurist in the United States, and How It Serves as

Counterweight to Democracy 430

Of the Jury in the United States Considered as a Political Institution 442

Chapter 9: Of the Principal Causes That Tend to Maintain the

Democratic Republic in the United States 451

Of the Accidental or Providential Causes That Contribute to Maintaining

the Democratic Republic in the United States 452

Of the Influence of Laws on Maintaining the Democratic Republic in the

United States 465

Of the Influence of Mores on Maintaining the Democratic Republic in

the United States 466

Of Religion Considered as a Political Institution, How It Serves

Powerfully to Maintain the Democratic Republic among the Americans 467

Indirect Influence Exercised by Religious Beliefs on Political Society in the

United States 472

Of the Principal Causes That Make Religion Powerful in America 478

How the Enlightenment, Habits, and Practical Experience of the

Americans Contribute to the Success of Democratic Institutions 488

That Laws Serve More to Maintain the Democratic Republic in the

United States than Physical Causes, and Mores More than Laws 494

Would Laws and Mores Be Sufficient to Maintain Democratic Institutions

Elsewhere than in America? 500

Importance of What Precedes in Relation to Europe 505

Chapter 10: Some Considerations on the Present State and

Probable Future of the Three Races That Inhabit the Territory of

the United States 515

Present State and Probable Future of the Indian Tribes That Inhabit the

Territory Possessed by the Union 522

Position That the Black Race Occupies in the United States; Dangers to

Which Its Presence Exposes the Whites 548

What Are the Chances for the American Union to Last? What Dangers

Threaten It? 582

Of Republican Institutions in the United States, What Are Their Chances

of Lasting? 627

Some Considerations on the Causes of the Commercial Greatness of the

United States 637

Conclusion 649

Notes 658

Volume III

Part I: Influence of Democracy on the

Intellectual Movement in the United States

Chapter 1: Of the Philosophical Method of the Americans 697

Chapter 2: Of the Principal Source of Beliefs among

Democratic Peoples 711

Chapter 3: Why the Americans Show More Aptitude and Taste

for General Ideas than Their Fathers the English 726

Chapter 4: Why the Americans Have Never Been as Passionate

as the French about General Ideas in Political Matters 737

Chapter 5: How, in the United States, Religion Knows How to

Make Use of Democratic Instincts 742

Chapter 6: Of the Progress of Catholicism in the United States 754

Chapter 7: What Makes the Minds of Democratic Peoples

Incline toward Pantheism 757

Chapter 8: How Equality Suggests to the Americans the Idea of

the Indefinite Perfectibility of Man 759

Chapter 9: How the Example of the Americans Does Not Prove

That a Democratic People Cannot Have Aptitude and Taste for the

Sciences, Literature, and the Arts 763

Chapter 10: Why the Americans Are More Attached to the

Application of the Sciences than to the Theory 775

Chapter 11: In What Spirit the Americans Cultivate the Arts 788

Chapter 12: Why Americans Erect Such Small and Such Large

Monuments at the Same Time 796

Chapter 13: Literary Physiognomy of Democratic Centuries 800

Chapter 14: Of the Literary Industry 813

Chapter 15: Why the Study of Greek and Latin Literature Is

Particularly Useful in Democratic Societies 815

Chapter 16: How American Democracy Has Modified the

English Language 818

Chapter 17: Of Some Sources of Poetry among

Democratic Nations 830

Chapter 18: Why American Writers and Orators Are

Often Bombastic 843

Chapter 19: Some Observations on the Theater of

Democratic Peoples 845

Chapter 20: Of Some Tendencies Particular to Historians in

Democratic Centuries 853

Chapter 21: Of Parliamentary Eloquence in the United States 861

Part II: Influence of Democracy on the

Sentiments of the Americans

Chapter 1: Why Democratic Peoples Show a More Ardent and

More Enduring Love for Equality than for Liberty 872

Chapter 2: Of Individualism in Democratic Countries 881

Chapter 3: How Individualism Is Greater at the End of a

Democratic Revolution than at Another Time 885

Chapter 4: How the Americans Combat Individualism with

Free Institutions 887

Chapter 5: Of the Use That Americans Make of Association

in Civil Life 895

Chapter 6: Of the Relation between Associations

and Newspapers 905

Chapter 7: Relations between Civil Associations and

Political Associations 911

Chapter 8: How the Americans Combat Individualism by the

Doctrine of Interest Well Understood 918

Chapter 9: How the Americans Apply the Doctrine of Interest

Well Understood in the Matter of Religion 926

Chapter 10: Of the Taste for MaterialWell-Being in America 930

Chapter 11: Of the Particular Effects Produced by the Love of

Material Enjoyments in Democratic Centuries 935

Chapter 12: Why Certain Americans Exhibit So Excited

a Spiritualism 939

Chapter 13: Why the Americans Appear So Restless Amid

Their Well-Being 942

Chapter 14: How the Taste for Material Enjoyment Is United,

among the Americans, with the Love of Liberty and Concern for

Public Affairs 948

Chapter 15: How from Time to Time Religious Beliefs Divert

the Soul of the Americans toward Non-material Enjoyments 954

Chapter 16: How the Excessive Love of Well-Being Can

Harm Well-Being 963

Chapter 17: How, in Times of Equality and Doubt, It Is

Important to Push Back the Goal of Human Actions 965

Chapter 18: Why, among the Americans, All Honest Professions

Are Considered Honorable 969

Chapter 19: What Makes Nearly All Americans Tend toward

Industrial Professions 972

Chapter 20: How Aristocracy Could Emerge from Industry 980

Volume IV

Part III: Influence of Democracy on

Mores Properly So Called

Chapter 1: How Mores Become Milder as Conditions

Become Equal 987

Chapter 2: How Democracy Makes the Habitual Relations of

the Americans Simpler and Easier 995

Chapter 3: Why the Americans Have So Little Susceptibility in

Their Country and Show Such Susceptibility in Ours 1000

Chapter 4: Consequences of the Three Preceding Chapters 1005

Chapter 5: How Democracy Modifies the Relationships of

Servant and Master 1007

Chapter 6: How Democratic Institutions and Mores Tend to

Raise the Cost and Shorten the Length of Leases 1020

Chapter 7: Influence of Democracy on Salaries 1025

Chapter 8: Influence of Democracy on the Family 1031

Chapter 9: Education of Young Girls in the United States 1041

Chapter 10: How the Young Girl Is Found Again in the Features

of the Wife 1048

Chapter 11: How Equality of Conditions Contributes to

Maintaining Good Morals in America 1052

Chapter 12: How the Americans Understand the Equality of

Man and of Woman 1062

Chapter 13: How Equality Divides the Americans Naturally into

a Multitude of Small Particular Societies 1068

Chapter 14: Some Reflections on American Manners 1071

Chapter 15: Of the Gravity of Americans and Why It Does Not

Prevent Them from Often Doing Thoughtless Things 1080

Chapter 16: Why the National Vanity of the Americans Is More

Anxious and More Quarrelsome than That of the English 1085

Chapter 17: How the Appearance of Society in the United States

Is at the Very Same Time Agitated and Monotonous 1089

Chapter 18: Of Honor in the United States and in

Democratic Societies 1093

Chapter 19: Why in the United States You Find So Many

Ambitious Men and So Few Great Ambitions 1116

Chapter 20: Of Positions Becoming an Industry among Certain

Democratic Nations 1129

Chapter 21: Why Great RevolutionsWill Become Rare 1133

Chapter 22: Why Democratic Peoples Naturally Desire Peace

and Democratic Armies Naturally Desire War 1153

Chapter 23: Which Class, in Democratic Armies, Is the Most

Warlike and the Most Revolutionary 1165

Chapter 24: What Makes Democratic Armies Weaker than

Other Armies while Beginning a Military Campaign and More

Formidable When the War Is Prolonged 1170

Chapter 25: Of Discipline in Democratic Armies 1176

Chapter 26: Some Considerations on War in

Democratic Societies 1178

Part IV: Of the Influence That Democratic Ideas and

Sentiments Exercise on Political Society

Chapter 1: Equality Naturally Gives Men the Taste for

Free Institutions 1191

Chapter 2: That the Ideas of Democratic Peoples in Matters of

Government Naturally Favor the Concentration of Powers 1194

Chapter 3: That the Sentiments of Democratic Peoples Are

in Agreement with Their Ideas for Bringing Them to

Concentrate Power 1200

Chapter 4: Of Some Particular and Accidental Causes That End

Up Leading a Democratic People to Centralize Power or That Turn

Them Away from Doing So 1206

Chapter 5: That among the European Nations of Today the

Sovereign Power Increases although Sovereigns Are Less Stable 1221

Chapter 6: What Type of Despotism Democratic Nations

Have to Fear 1245

Chapter 7: Continuation of the Preceding Chapters 1262

Chapter 8: General View of the Subject 1278

Notes 1286

Appendixes 1295

appendix 1: Journey to Lake Oneida 1295

appendix 2: A Fortnight in the Wilderness 1303

appendix 3: Sects in America 1360

appendix 4: Political Activity in America 1365

appendix 5: Letter of Alexis de Tocqueville

to Charles Stoffels 1368

appendix 6: Foreword to the Twelfth

Edition 1373

Works Used by Tocqueville 1376

Bibliography 1396

Index 1499

Product Details

ISBN:
9780865978409
Author:
De Tocqueville, Alexis
Publisher:
Liberty Fund
Author:
de Tocqueville, Alexis
Author:
Tocqueville, Alexis De
Subject:
History & Theory
Subject:
US History-General
Edition Description:
New Edition, English Edition
Series Volume:
In Two Volumes
Publication Date:
20120231
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Grade Level:
from 12
Language:
English
Pages:
1688
Dimensions:
9 x 6 in
Age Level:
from 18 up to 100

Related Subjects

History and Social Science » Politics » General
History and Social Science » Politics » Political Science
History and Social Science » US History » De Tocqueville
History and Social Science » US History » General

Democracy in America: In Two Volumes New Trade Paper
0 stars - 0 reviews
$20.50 In Stock
Product details 1688 pages Liberty Fund - English 9780865978409 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by ,
In 1831, Alexis de Tocqueville and Gustave de Beaumont spent nine months in the U.S. studying American prisons on behalf of the French government. They investigated not just the prison system but indeed every aspect of American public and private life - the political, economic, religious, cultural, and above all the social life of the young nation. From Tocqueville's copious notes came Democracy in America.

This English-only edition of Democracy in America features Eduardo Nolla's incisive notes to James Schleifer's English translation of the French text, with an extensive selection of early outlines, drafts, manuscript variants, marginalia, unpublished fragments, and other materials: "This new Democracy is not only the one that Tocqueville presented to the reader of 1835, then to the reader of 1840. . . the reader will see how Tocqueville proceeded with the elaboration of the main ideas of his book."

spacer
spacer
  • back to top
Follow us on...




Powell's City of Books is an independent bookstore in Portland, Oregon, that fills a whole city block with more than a million new, used, and out of print books. Shop those shelves — plus literally millions more books, DVDs, and gifts — here at Powells.com.