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Principles of Geology: Volume 3 (Cambridge Library Collection - Life Sciences)by Charles Lyell
Synopses & Reviews
In 1833, Charles Lyell published the final volume of his pioneering trilogy, which Charles Darwin took with him on the Beagle. In it, Lyell describes the composition of the Earth's crust, examines shell fossils, and explains rock stratification, separating geological formations into three periods - primary, secondary and tertiary. He chastises his fellow geologists for preferring to speculate on the possibilities of the past rather than exploring the realities of the present, and shows his readers the importance of testing the validity of scientific claims. Lyell expertly integrates this book with the two earlier volumes, extending his interpretation of his geological findings from his research in Europe, especially at Mount Etna. Volume 3 consists of 26 chapters, a comprehensive index and 93 woodcut illustrations of different rock formations. Lyell writes with infectious enthusiasm, conveying the excitement of his discoveries in this landmark book.
Charles Lyell profoundly influenced Charles Darwin with his pioneering geological research, which here focuses on periodising rock formations.
In 1833, the Scottish geologist Charles Lyell published the final volume of his groundbreaking trilogy, which profoundly influenced Charles Darwin. With infectious enthusiasm, Lyell describes the composition of the Earth's crust, examines volcanic formations and marine fossils, and explains rock stratification, separating geological formations into three periods.
Table of Contents
1. Connexion between the subjects treated of in the former parts of this work and those to be discussed in the present volume; 2. Arrangement of the materials composing the earth's crust; 3. Different circumstances under which the secondary and tertiary formations may have originated; 4. Chronological relations of mineral masses the first object in geological classification; 5. Classification of tertiary formations in chronological order; 6. Newer Pliocene formations; 7. Marine and volcanic formations at the base of Etna; 8. Speculations on the origin of the Val del Bove on Etna; 9. Origin of the newer Pliocene strata of Sicily; 10. Tertiary formations of Campania; 11. Newer Pliocene freshwater formations; 12. Geological monuments of the older Pliocene period; 13. Crag of Norfolk and Suffolk; 14. Volcanic rocks of the older Pliocene period; 15. Miocene period; 16. Miocene alluviums; 17. Eocene period; 18. Marine formations of the Eocene period; 19. Volcanic rocks of the Eocene period; 20. Eocene formations, continued; 21. Denudation of secondary strata during the deposition of the English Eocene formations; 22. Denudation of the Valley of the Weald, continued; 23. Secondary formations; 24. On the relative antiquity of different mountain-chains; 25. On the rocks usually termed 'primary'; 26. On the stratified rocks usually called 'primary'.
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