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Natural Fibers, Polymers and Compositesby Frederick T. Wallenberger
Synopses & Reviews
Natural Fibers, Plastics and Composites deals with plant and animal derived natural fibers, natural composite matrix materials and biocomposites, which are beginning to find their way into commercial applications in today's market. Some represent already commercial technologies or commercial developments and others represent significant recent research advances. The book reviews the sources, structures, properties and applications of the new materials. It serves as an introduction to a rapidly growing field of science and technology and it aims to support fundamental research, to assist scientists and designers in industry, and to facilitate materials science instruction in universities and colleges.
Book News Annotation:
Chemists and materials scientists from the Americas and Europe cover the properties and applications of fibers from natural sources, natural plastic and matrix materials, and composites from natural fibers and plastics. Among specific topics are advanced spider silk fibers by biomimicry, keratin fiber structures for nanofiltration, plastics and composites from soybean oil, chitosan biopolymer-silica hybrid aerogels, natural fiber reinforced automotive parts, bamboo fiber enforced plastics, and nanoparticle reinforced natural plastics. Most of the studies describe processing for commercial application.
Annotation ©2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
Table of Contents
Contributing Authors. Section I. Overview. 1: Science And Technology; F.T. Wallenberger, N.E. Weston. 1. Materials From Natural Sources. 2. Value-In-Use Of Natural Materials. 3. Overview Of Natural Materials. References. Section II. Natural Fibers: Properties And Applications. 2: Advanced Spider Silk Fibers By Biomimicry; J. Turner, C. Karatzas. 1. Introduction. 2. Spider Silk As A Biomaterial. 3. Spider Silk Genetics. 4. Silk Protein Production In Vitro. 5. Silk Protein Production Via Lactation. 6. Spider Silk Protein Characterization. 7. Spinning Silk Proteins Into Fibers. 8. Potential Uses For Spider Silk Fibers. Acknowledgement. References. 3: Engineering Properties Of Spider Silk Fibers; F.K. Ko. 1. Introduction. 2. Tensile Properties. 3. Transverse Compression Properties. 4. Torsional Properties. 5. Viscoelastic Properties. 6. A Constitutive Model For Spider Silk. 7. Summary And Observations. Acknowledgements. References. 4: Microcrystalline Avian Keratin Protein Fibers; W.F. Schmidt, S. Jayasundera. 1. Microcrystalline Structure. 2. Morphological Structure. 3. Feathers Into Fiber. 4. Fiber Into Fiber Composites. References. 5: Keratin Fiber Nonwovens For Erosion Control; B.R. George, A. Evazynajad, A. Bockarie, H. Mcbride, T. Bunik, A. Scutti. 1. Introduction. 2. Fibers And Nonwoven Fabrics. 3. Erosion Control. Acknowledgements. References. 6: Keratin Fiber Structures For Nanofiltration; M. Misra, P. Kar. 1. Introduction. 2. Characterization Of Avian Fibers. 3. Removal Of Metal Ions From Solutions. 4. Removal Of Uranium From Solutions. 5. Effect Of Fiber Surface Treatment. 6. Summary. References. 7: Alginate And Chitosan Fibers For Medical Uses; H. Struszczyk. 1. Introduction. 2. Experimental Details. 3. Chitosan And Alginate Fiber Evaluation. 4. Conclusions. Acknowledgments. References. 8: Natural Fibers With Low Moisture Sensitivity; G.T. Pott. 1. Introduction. 2. Characteristics Of Bast Fibers. 3. Swelling Of Bast Fibers. 4. Methods To Reduce Fiber Swell. 5. The DuralinÂ® Process. 6. DuralinÂ® Process - Molecular Aspects. 7. DuralinÂ® Fibers And DuralinÂ® Flax Shives. 8. Thermal Degradation Of Flax Fibers. 9. Summary And Conclusions. References. 9: Environmentally Friendly Lyocell Fibers; K.C. Schuster, C. Rohrer, D. Eichinger, J. Schmidtbauer, P. Aldred, H. Firgo. 1. Introduction. 2. Raw Materials And Pulping. 3. Viscose And Modal Fiber Process. 4. Lenzing Lyocell Fiber Process. 5. Environmental Awards To Lenzing. 6. Summary And Conclusions. Acknowledgements. References. Section III. Natural Plastics & Matrix Materials. 10: Plastics And Composites From Polylactic Acid; K. Oksman, J.-F. Selin. 1. Introduction. 2. Polylactic Acid. 3. Flax Fibers. 4. Polylactic Acid Composites. 5. Applications Of Polylactic Acid. 6. Summary And Conclusions. References. 11: Plastics And Composites From Soybean Oil; Z.S. Petrović, A. Guo, I. Javni, Wei Zhang. 1. Introduction. 2. Vegetable Oil Based Resins. 3. Conclusions. References. 12: Plastics And Composites From Lignophenols; E. Frollini, J.M.F. Paiva, W.G. Trindade, I.A. Tanaka Razera, S.P. Tita. 1. Introduction. 2. Lignocellulosic Materials. 3. Thermoset Matrices. 4. Lignocellulosic Fibers In Composites. 5. Impact Strength. 6. Water Absorption. 7. Lignophenolics In Closed Cell Foams. Acknowledgements. References. 13: Chitosan Biopolymer-Silica Hybrid Aerogels; W.M. Risen Jr., Xipeng Liu. 1. Introduction. 2. Formation Of Biopolymers. 3. Structures And Properties. 4. Applications. Acknowledgements. References. Section IV. Composites From Natural Fibers And Plastics. 14: Uses Of Natural Fiber Reinforced Plastics; R. Kozlowski, M. Wladyka-Przybylak. 1. Introduction. 2. Conventional Composite Boards. 3. Lignocellulosic-Mineral Composites. 4. Natural Fiber Reinforced Polymers. 5. Fire Retardant Composites. 6. Conclusions. References. 15: Natural Fiber Reinforced Automotive Parts; T.P. 1. Introduction. 2. Properties Of Natural Fibers. 3. Comparison Of Natural And Glass Fibers. 4. Processing Of Natural Fiber Based Parts. 5. Properties Of Natural Fiber Based Parts. 6. Potential Of Natural Fiber Based Parts. 7. Summary And Conclusions. 8. Outlook. References. 16: Regenerated Cellulose Reinforced Plastics; S.J. Eichhorn. 1. Introduction. 2. Fiber Structure And Properties. 3. Natural Fiber-Plastic Matrix Interfaces. 4. Regenerated Cellulose Fibers. 5. Hybrid Glass/Natural Fiber Composites. 6. Biomimetics In Composite Production. 7. Conclusions. Acknowledgements. References. 17: Bamboo Fiber Reinforced Plastics; H. Yamaguchi, T. Fujii. 1. Introduction. 2. Preparation Of Bamboo Fibers. 3. Bamboo Fibers - Mechanical Properties. 4. Natural Fiber Matrix Composite. 5. Rheological Behavior Of Composites. 6. Conclusion. Acknowledgment. References. 18: Ramie Fiber Reinforced Natural Plastics; A.N. Netravali. 1. Introduction. 2. Biodegradable Fibers. 3. Biodegradable Polymers. 4. Biodegradable Composites. 5. Conclusions. Acknowledgements. References. 19: Nanoparticle Reinforced Natural Plastics; S. Fischer. 1. Introduction. 2. Nanoparticles In A Polymeric Matrix. 3. Nanocomposites With Natural Polymers. 4. Biomedical Applications. 5. Summary. Acknowledgements. References. Index.
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