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What Causes ADHD?:by Joel T. Nigg
Synopses & Reviews
Book News Annotation:
Niggs considers the roots and neuropsychology of ADHD, within-child differences, and other factors that may reflect causes, with consideration of multiple pathways, genetic effects, and uncommon and common experiential risk factors such as low birth weight, prenatal alcohol and nicotine exposure, exposure to lead and other toxicants, psychological trauma, diet, electronic media, and environmental contaminants. He examines the controversies surrounding ADHD and what defines a disorder; how it works, including an explanation of neural systems, attention and arousal, executive functioning or cognitive control, motivation, motor control and timing; and conclusions about trends drawn from recent research. The book is meant for researchers in child clinical psychology, psychiatry, and school psychology, practitioners, and advanced students. Nigg, a clinical psychologist affiliated with Michigan State U., has published approximately 60 articles on ADHD and related topics. Annotation ©2006 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
Synthesizing a wealth of recent neuropsychological research, this groundbreaking book focuses on the multiple pathways by which attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) develops. Joel T. Nigg marshals the best available knowledge on what is actually going on in the symptomatic child's brain and why, tracing the intersecting causal influences of genetic, neural, and environmental factors. In the process, the book confronts such enduring controversies as the validity of ADHD as a clinical construct. Specific suggestions are provided for studies that might further refine the conceptualization of the disorder, with significant potential benefits for treatment and prevention.
About the Author
Joel T. Nigg, PhD, is a licensed clinical psychologist and an active research scientist. He is Professor of Psychiatry, Behavioral Neuroscience, and Pediatrics at Oregon Health and Science University. His research on the etiology of and mechanisms involved in ADHD has been funded by the National Institutes of Health continuously since 1997. Dr. Nigg is best known for his work characterizing the neuropsychological features of ADHD; he is also a leading investigator of temperamental and personality characteristics related to ADHD. He has published over 90 peer reviewed scientific articles on ADHD and related topics, and has presented his work at numerous national and international scientific meetings in the field of children's mental health. Dr. Nigg also serves as a reviewer for grants for the National Institute of Mental Health, and is on the editorial boards of several major scientific journals.
Table of Contents
I. Conceptual Context
1. ADHDs Controversies
2. Defining Disorder”
II. How Does ADHD Work?
3. Neural Systems
4. Attention and Arousal
5. Executive Functioning or Cognitive Control
7. Motor Control and Timing
III. Where Does ADHD Come From?
8. Multiple Pathways
9. Genetic Effects
10. Uncommon Experiential Risk Factors
11. Common Experiential Risk Factors
12. Multiple Pathways Reconsidered
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