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Principles of Language Learning and Teaching

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Principles of Language Learning and Teaching Cover

ISBN13: 9780131991286
ISBN10: 0131991280
Condition:
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Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

Principles of Language Learning and Teaching, Fifth Edition, by H. Douglas Brown, is the classic second language acquisition text used by teacher education programs worldwide. Principles introduces key concepts through definitions of terms, thought-provoking questions, charts, and spiraling. New "Classroom Connections" encourage students to consider the implications of research for classroom pedagogy. An up-to-date bibliography and new glossary provide quick access to important works and key terminology in the field.

 

The fifth edition takes a comprehensive look at foundations of language teaching through discussions of the latest research in the field, including:

  • Vygotsky's and Bakhtin's theories
  • Thorndike's law of effect
  • error treatment, noticing, recasts
  • intercultural communication
  • language policy and politics
  • corpus linguistics
  • "hot topics" in SLA
  • connectionism and emergentism
  • flow theory, willingness to communicate
  • strategies-based instruction
  • contrastive rhetoric
  • attribution theory, self-efficacy
  • output hypothesis

Also by H. Douglas Brown:

Teaching by Principles: An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy

Language Assessment: Principles and Classroom Practices

Strategies for Success: A Practical Guide to Learning English

About the Author

Dr. H. Douglas Brown, a professor in the MA-TESOL program at San Francisco State University, has written many articles, teacher training books, and textbooks on language pedagogy. A past president of TESOL and recipient of the James E. Alatis Award for Distinguished Service, Dr. Brown has lectured to English language teaching audiences around the world.

Table of Contents

Preface to the Fifth Edition

 

Chapter 1   Language, Learning, and Teaching

 

Questions about Second Language Acquisition

                Learner Characteristics

                Linguistic Factors

                Learning Processes

                Age and Acquisition

                Instructional Variables

                Context

                Purpose

Rejoicing in Our Defeats

Language

Learning and Teaching

Schools of Thought in Second Language Acquisition

                Structural Linguistics and Behavioral Psychology

                Generative Linguistics and Cognitive Psychology

                Constructivism: A Multidisciplinary Approach

Nineteen Centuries of Language Teaching

Language Teaching in the Twentieth Century

Topics and Questions for Study and Discussion

Suggested Readings

Language Learning Experience: Journal Entry

Guidelines for Entry 1

 

 

PART I.   AGE FACTORS

 

Chapter 2   First Language Acquisition

 

Theories of First Language Acquisition

                Behavioral Approaches

                Challenges to Behavioral Approaches

                The Nativist Approach

                Challenges to Nativist Approach

                Functional Approaches

Issues in First Language Acquisition

                Competence and Performance

                Comprehension and Production

                Nature or Nurture?

                Universals

                Systematicity and Variability

                Language and Thought

                Imitation

                Practice and Frequency

                Input

                Discourse

First Language Acquisition Insights Applied to Language Teaching

Topics and Questions for Study and Discussion

Suggested Readings

Language Learning Experience: Journal Entry 2

 

 

Chapter 3   Age and Acquisition

 

Dispelling Myths

Types of Comparison and Contrast

The Critical Period Hypothesis

Neurobiological Considerations

                Hemispheric Lateralization

                Biological Timetables

                Right-Hemispheric Participation

                Anthropological Evidence

The Significance of Accent

Cognitive Considerations

Affective Considerations

Linguistics Considerations

                Bilingualism

                Interference Between First and Second Languages

                Order of Acquisition

Issues in First Language Acquisition Revisited

                Competence and Performance

                Comprehension and Production

                Nature or Nurture?

                Universals

                Systematicity and Variability

                Language and Thought

                Imitation

                Practice and Frequency

                Input

                Discourse

Some “Age-and-Acquisition-Inspired” Language Teaching Methods

                Total Physical Response

                The Natural Approach, 79

Topics and Questions for Study and Discussion

Suggested Readings

Language Learning Experience: Journal Entry 3

 

 

PART II.   PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS

 

Chapter 4   Human Learning

 

Learning and Training

Pavlov’s Classical Behaviorism

Skinner’s Operant Conditioning

Ausubel’s Subsumption Theory

                Rote vs. Meaningful Learning

                Systematic Forgetting

Rogers’s Humanistic Psychology

Types of Learning

Transfer, Interference, and Overgeneralization

Inductive and Deductive Reasoning

Language Aptitude

Intelligence and Language Learning

Learning Theories in Action: Two Language Teaching Methods in Contrast

                The Audiolingual Method

                Community Language Learning

Topics and Questions for Study and Discussion

Suggested Readings

Language Learning Experience: Journal Entry 4

 

 

Chapter 5    Styles and Strategies

 

Process, Style, and Strategy

Learning Styles

                Field Independence

                Left- and Right-Brain Dominance

                Ambiguity Tolerance

                Reflectivity and Impulsivity

                Visual, Auditory and Kinesthetic Styles

Autonomy, Awareness and Action

Strategies

                Learning Strategies

                Communication Strategies

                        Avoidance Strategies

                        Compensatory Strategies

Strategies-Based Instruction

                Identifying Learners’ Styles and Strategies

                Incorporating SBI into the Language Classroom

                Stimulating Strategic Action Beyond the Classroom

Topics and Questions for Study and Discussion

Suggested Readings

Language Learning Experience: Journal Entry 5

 

 

Chapter 6    Personality Factors

 

The Affective Domain

Affective Factors in Second Language Acquisition

                Self-Esteem

                Attribution Theory and Self-Efficacy

                Willingness to Communicate

                Inhibition

                Risk-Taking

                Anxiety

                Empathy

                Extroversion

Motivation

                Theories of Motivation

                Instrumental and Integrative Orientations

                Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation

The Neurobiology of Affect

Personality Types and Language Acquisition

Measuring Affective Factors

Intrinsic Motivation in the Classroom

Topics and Questions for Study and Discussion

Suggested Readings

Language Learning Experience: Journal Entry

 

 

PART III.   SOCIOCULTURAL FACTORS

 

Chapter 7    Sociocultural Factors

 

Culture Definitions and Theories

Stereotypes or Generalizations?

Attitudes

Second Culture Acquisition

Social Distance

Teaching Intercultural Competance

Language Policy and Politics

                World Englishes

                ESL and EFL

                Linguistic Imperialism and Language Rights

                Language Policy and the “English Only” Debate

Language, Thought, and Culture

                Framing Our Conceptual Universe

                The Whorfian Hypothesis

Culture in the Language Classroom

Topics and Questions for Study and Discussion

Suggested Readings

Language Learning Experience: Journal Entry 7

 

 

Chapter 8    Communicative Competence

 

Defining Communicative Competence

Language Functions

                Halliday’s Seven Functions of Language

                Functional Approaches to Language Teaching

Discourse Analysis

                Conversation Analysis

                Corpus Linguistics

                Contrastive Rhetoric

Pragmatics

                Sociopragmatics and Pragmalinguistics

                Language and Gender

Discourse Styles

Nonverbal Communication

                Kinesics

                Eye Contact

                Proxemics

                Artifacts

                Kinesthetics

                Olfactory Dimensions

CC in the Classroom: CLT and Task-Based Teaching

                Communicative Language Teaching

                Task-Based Instruction

Topics and Questions for Study and Discussion

Suggested Readings

Language Learning Experience: Journal Entry 8

 

 

PART IV.    LINGUISTIC FACTORS

 

Chapter 9    Cross-Linguistic Influential and Learner Language

 

The Contrastive Analysis Hypothesis

From the CAH to CLI

Markedness and Universal Grammar

Learner Language

Error Analysis

                Mistakes and Errors

                Errors in Error Analysis

                Identifying and Describing Errors

                Sources of Error

                            Interlingual Transfer

                            Intralingual Transfer

                            Context of Learning

                            Communication Strategies

Stages of Learner Language Development

Variation in Learner Language

Fossilization or Stabilization?

Errors in the Classroom: A Brief History

Form-Focused Instruction

                Categories of Error Treatment

                Effectiveness of FFI

Topics and Questions for Study and Discussion

Suggested Readings

Language Learning Experience: Journal Entry 9

 

 

Chapter 10    Toward a Theory of Second Language Acquisition

 

Building a Theory of SLA

                Domains and Generalizations

                Hypotheses and Claims

                Criteria for a Viable Theory

Hot Topics in SLA Research

                Explicit and Implicit Learning

                Awareness

                Input and Output

                Frequency

An Innatist Model: Krashen’s Input Hypothesis

                Five Hypotheses

                Evaluations of the Five Hypotheses

                The Output Hypothesis

Cognitive Models

                McLaughlin’s Attention-Processing Model

Implicit and Explicit Models

A Social Constructivist Model: Long’s Interactive Hypothesis

Out on a Limb: A Light-Hearted “Horticultural” Theory of SLA

From Theory to Practice

                A Reciprocal Relationship, Not a Dichotomy

                Suggestions for Theory Building

                        The Believing Game and the Doubting Game

                        The Art and Science of SLA

                        The Role of Intuition

Topics and Questions for Study and Discussion

Suggested Readings

Language Learning Experience: Final Journal Entry

 

Bibliography

Glossary

Index

What Our Readers Are Saying

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harry_lixa, January 10, 2014 (view all comments by harry_lixa)
it is great book for me, because i use this book for my thesis, i hope i'll get this book,..tq
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Product Details

ISBN:
9780131991286
Author:
Brown, H. Douglas
Publisher:
Pearson Longman
Subject:
Study & Teaching
Subject:
Linguistics
Subject:
Language and languages
Subject:
Language acquisition
Subject:
English as a Second Language
Subject:
Language and languages -- Study and teaching.
Subject:
Linguistics - General
Copyright:
Edition Number:
5
Edition Description:
Trade paper
Publication Date:
May 2006
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Grade Level:
College/higher education:
Language:
English
Illustrations:
Y
Pages:
410
Dimensions:
9.12 x 7 x 0.873 in 668 gr

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