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Language, Culture, and Communication : Meaning of Messages (5TH 08 - Old Edition)

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Language, Culture, and Communication : Meaning of Messages (5TH 08 - Old Edition) Cover

 

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Please note that used books may not include additional media (study guides, CDs, DVDs, solutions manuals, etc.) as described in the publisher comments.

Publisher Comments:

Using data from cultures and languages throughout the world to highlight both similarities and differences in human languages—this text explores the many interconnections among language, culture, and communicative meaning. It examines the multi-faceted meanings and uses of language and emphasizes the ways that language encapsulates speakers' meanings and intentions.

Table of Contents

Preface ix

 

1 Introduction 1

References 6

 

2 The Form of the Message 7

Phonology: The Sounds of Language 7

Phonetics 7

Phonemic Analysis 13

Prosodic Features 15

Morphological: The Structure of Words 17

Morphological Analysis 17

Morphological Typologies 19

Grammatical Concepts 20

Syntax: The Structure of Sentences 23

Semantics: The Analysis of Meaning 27

Manual Language 29

Formation of Signs 29

ASL Vocabulary and Grammar 31

Nonverbal Communication 34

Nonverbal Actions 34

The Meaning of Silence 39

Summary 41

References 41

 

3 Language and Cultural Meaning 43

Foundations of Linguistic Anthropology 44

A Contemporary Comment 47

Reexamination of Linguistic Relativity 48

Lexical and Cultural Categories 51

Domains 51

Lexical Components 52

Lexical Classifications 54

Ethnoscience 56

Universal Processes: Color Terms 57

Focal Meaning and Prototypes 59

Concepts of Space and Location 60

Cultural Presupposition 65

Extended and Transferred Meaning 68

Metaphor and Metonymy 68

Metaphors of Kinship 70

Metaphors of the Body 72

Summary 76

References 76

 

4 Contextual Components: Outline of an Ethnography

of Communication 79

Ethnography of Communication 79

Settings 82

Participants 83

Terms of Address 84

Pronouns 86

Kinship Terms 88

Honorifics 89

Topics and Goals 92

Speech Acts 94

Narratives 96

Routines 106

Greetings 107

Apologies 109

Summary 111

References 112

 

5 Communicative Interactions 114

Structural Properties of Conversation 114

Conversational Postulates 119

Directives 122

Directives and Responses in Context 126

Telephone Conversation 127

Politeness 133

Theories of Politeness 133

Politeness in Japanese 140

Summary 143

References 144

 

6 Societal Segmentation and Linguistic Variation:

Class and Race 146

Social Stratification 147

Caste 147

Class 148

Class and Network 149

New York City 150

Norwich, England 156

Paris and Rouen, France 157

Maaseik, Belgium 159

Class-Based Codes 161

Race 164

African-American English in the United States 164

The Structure of African-American Vernacular English 165

Settings and Contexts 169

The Ebonics Controversy 177

Afro-Caribbean Speakers in Great Britain 179

Summary 183

References 184

 

7 Language and Gender: English and English Speakers 186

Pronunciation 188

Phonological Variants 188

Intonation 193

Grammatical Variants 194

Choices of Vocabulary 198

Gender-Related Conversational Styles 200

Gender Bias in English 210

Classes of Vocabulary 210

Generic “He” and “Man” 214

Summary 217

References 218

 

8 Cross-Cultural Studies of Language

and Gender 221

Gender-Exclusive Patterns 222

Linguistic and Stylistic Preferences 227

Japanese 227

Javanese 230

Malagasy 232

Kuna 235

Samoan 236

Images of Gender in Linguistic Form 238

French 238

German 240

Spanish 240

Russian 241

Mohawk 241

Japanese 243

Summary 244

References 244

 

9 Learning Language 246

Acquisition of Language 247

Speech Sounds 248

One-Word Utterances 249

Two-Word Grammars 250

Complex Grammars 254

Morphological Development 254

Growth in Vocabulary 256

Syntactic Development 258

Comparative Evidence 262

Complex Inflectional Systems 262

Agglutinating Languages 263

Polysynthetic Languages 265

Some Universal Sequences 267

Negation 267

Wh-Questions 268

Locative Concepts 269

Instructional Strategies 269

Strategies in the United States 270

Strategies in Other Cultures 272

Samoans 272

Kaluli 272

Kwara’ae 273

Basotho 274

Summary 275

References 275

 

10 The Acquisition of Communicative Competence 278

Acquiring Communicative Styles 279

Learning Politeness 279

Learning to Express One’s Feelings 281

Learning to Dispute 282

Learning Status and Role 284

Status and Role in American English 284

Status in Samoan 290

Relationships in Hungarian 291

Learning Discourse 292

Knowledge of Conversation Structure 292

Cohesion in Conversation 294

Interactional Cooperation 296

Narratives 298

Summary 304

References 304

 

11 Multilingual Nations 306

India 307

Linguistic Diversity 307

Standardization 311

Linguistic Minorities 312

Canada 313

Language in Canada 313

Situational Use 317

Attitudes toward Languages and Speakers 318

The United States 323

Language in the United States 323

Puerto Rican Speakers in New York City 326

Bilingual Education 328

Recent Trends in Law 331

Native American Languages 334

Creole Languages in the United States 336

Summary 342

References 343

 

12 Bilingual Communities 346

Linguistic Change 347

Language Use in Bilingual Communities 349

Endangered Languages 359

The International Dominance of English 365

Bilingual Conversational Strategies 368

Code Switching 368

Code Mixing 373

Interethnic Miscommunication 375

Summary 381

References 381

 

13 Language and Institutional Encounters 385

Language Ideologies 385

Language and Status 393

A Non-Western Comment 395

Institutional Contexts 395

Education 396

Medical Encounters 402

Legal Settings 407

The Media 416

Summary 425

References 426

 

Glossary 429

Index 000

Product Details

ISBN:
9780135135686
Author:
Bonvillain, Nancy
Publisher:
Pearson Prentice Hall
Subject:
Communication
Subject:
Linguistics
Subject:
Anthropology - General
Subject:
Sociolinguistics
Subject:
Language and culture
Subject:
Linguistics - General
Subject:
Communication Studies
Subject:
Intercultural Communications-General
Copyright:
Edition Description:
Trade paper
Publication Date:
October 2007
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Grade Level:
College/higher education:
Language:
English
Pages:
445
Dimensions:
8.99x6.29x.65 in. 1.20 lbs.

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Related Subjects

Business » Communication
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