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New Science (Penguin Classics)

by

New Science (Penguin Classics) Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

Although Vico lived his whole life as an obscure academic in Naples, his New Science is an astonishingly ambitious attempt to provide a comprehensive science of all human society by decoding the history, mythology, and law of the ancient world. It argues that the key to true understanding lies in accepting that the customs and emotional lives of the Greeks and Romans, Egyptians, Jews, and Babylonians were utterly different from our own. In examining these huge themes, Vico offers countless fresh insights into topics ranging from physics to politics, money to monsters, and family structures to the Flood. Deeply influential since the dawn of Romanticism, the New Science even inspired the framework for Joyce's Ulysses. This powerful new translation makes it clear why this work marked a turning-point in humanist thinking as significant as Newton's contemporary revolution in physics.

Synopsis:

Giambattista Vico's "New Science" is gradually being re-established as one of the most significant "humanist" achievements since the Renaissance. This book represents his attempt to provide a comprehensive science of human society by decoding the history, mythology and law of the ancient world.

Synopsis:

Although Vico lived his whole life as an obscure academic in Naples, his New Science is an astonishingly ambitious attempt to provide a comprehensive science of all human society by decoding the hitory, mythology, and law of the ancient world. "My imagination grows every time I read Vico as it doesn't when I read Freud or Jung."—James Joyce.

About the Author

Anthony Grafton teaches European intellectual history at Princeton University.

Table of Contents

Translated by David Marsh with an Introduction by Anthony Grafton

Introduction by Anthony Grafton

Translator's Preface

Idea of the Work

Explanation of the Frontispiece

Book 1: Establishing Principles

Chronological Table

Section 1. Notes on the Chronological Table

Section 2. Elements

Section 3. Principles

Section 4. Method

Book 2: Poetic Wisdom

Prolegomena

Introduction

Chapter 1. Wisdom in General

Chapter 2. Introduction to Poetic Wisdom and its Divisions

Chapter 3. The Universal Flood and the Giants

Section 1. Poetic Metaphysics

Chapter 1. Poetic Metaphysics as the Origin of Poetry, Idolatry, Divination, and Sacrifices

Chapter 2. Corollaries on the Principal Aspects of the New Science

Section 2. Poetic Logic

Chapter 1. Poetic Logic

Chapter 2. Corollaries on Poetic Figures of Speech, Monsters, and Metamorphoses

Chapter 3. Corollaries on the Speech in Poetic Archetypes of the First Nations

Chapter 4. Corollaries on the Origins of Languages and Letters; Including the Origins of Hieroglyphics, Laws, Names, Family Arms, Medals, and Money; and the Origins of the First Language and Literature of the Natural Law of Nations

Chapter 5. Corollaries on the Origins of Poetic Style, Digressions, Inversions, Prose Rhythm, Song, and Verse

Chapter 6. Further Corollaries

Chapter 7. Final Corollaries on Logic in Educated People

Section 3. Poetic Morality

Chapter 1. Poetic Morality and the Origins of the Common Virtues Taught by Religion through the Institution of Matrimony

Section 4. Poetic Economics, or Household Management

Chapter 1. Household Management in Nuclear Families

Chapter 2. Extended Families of Family Servants as Essential to the Founding of Cities

Chapter 3. Corollaries on Contracts Sealed by Simple Consent

Chapter 4. A Principle of Mythology

Section 5. Poetic Politics

Chapter 1. Poetic Politics: The Severely Aristocratic Form of the First Commonwealths

Chapter 2. All Commonwealths Arise from Invariable Principles of Fiefs

Chapter 3. Origins of the Census and Public Treasury

Chapter 4. The Origins of Roman Assemblies

Chapter 5. Corollary: Divine Providence Ordains both Commonwealths and the Natural Law of Nations

Chapter 6. Heroic Politics Continued

Chapter 7. Corollaries on Roman Antiquities, Particularly the Imaginary Monarchy at Rome and the Imaginary Popular Liberty Established by Junius Brutus

Chapter 8. Corollary on the Heroism of the First Peoples

Section 6. Epitomes of Poetic History

Chapter 1. Epitomes of Poetic History

Section 7. Poetic Physics

Chapter 1. Poetic Physics

Chapter 2. Poetic Physics of the Human Body: Heroic Nature

Chapter 3. Corollary on Heroic Statements

Chapter 4. Corollary on Heroic Descriptions

Chapter 5. Corollary on Heroic Customs

Section 8. Poetic Cosmography

Chapter 1. Poetic Cosmography

Section 9. Poetic Astronomy

Chapter 1. Poetic Astronomy

Chapter 2. Astronomical, Physical, and Historical Proof that All Ancient Pagan Nations Shared Uniform Astronomical Principles

Section 10. Poetic Chronology

Chapter 1. Poetic Chronology

Chapter 2. Canon of Chronology for Determining the Origins of Universal History, Which Much Antedate the Monarchy of Ninus, its Traditional Starting Point

Section 11. Poetic Geography

Chapter 1. Poetic Geography

Chapter 2. Corollary on Aeneas' Arrival in Italy

Chapter 3. Names and Descriptions of Heroic Cities

Conclusion

Book 3: Discovery of the True Homer

Section 1. The Search for the True Homer

Introduction

Chapter 1. The Esoteric Wisdom Attributed to Homer

Chapter 2. Homer's Native Land

Chapter 3. Homer's Age

Chapter 4. Homer's Incomparable Gift for Heroic Poetry

Chapter 5. Philosophical Proofs for the Discovery of the True Homer

Chapter 6. Philological Proofs for the Discovery of the True Homer

Section 2. Discovery of the True Homer

Introduction

Chapter 1. Inconsistencies and Improbabilities in the Traditional Homer Become Consistent and Necessary in the Homer Discovered Here

Chapter 2. Homer's Epics: Two Great Repositories of the Natural Law of the Greeks

Appendix: A Rational History of the Dramatic and Lyric Poets

Book 4: The Course of Nations

Introduction

Section 1. Three Kinds of Human Nature

Section 2. Three Kinds of Customs

Section 3. Three Kinds of Natural Law

Section 4. Three Kinds of Government

Section 5. Three Kinds of Language

Section 6. Three Kinds of Symbols

Section 7. Three Kinds of Jurisprudence

Section 8. Three Kinds of Authority

Section 9. Three Kinds of Reason

Chapter 1. Divine Reason and Reason of State

Chapter 2. Corollary on the Ancient Romans' Wisdom of State

Chapter 3. Corollary: The Fundamental History of Roman Law

Section 10. Three Kinds of Judgments

Chapter 1. First Kind: Divine Judgments

Chapter 2. Corollary on Duels and Reprisals

Chapter 3. Second Kind: Ordinary Judgments

Chapter 4. Third Kind: Human Judgments

Section 11. Three Schools of Thought

Chapter 1. Schools of Thought in Religious, Punctilious, and Civil Ages

Section 12. Further Proofs Drawn from the Properties of Heroic Aristocracies

Introduction

Chapter 1. The Guarding of Boundaries

Chapter 2. The Guarding of Social Orders

Chapter 3. The Guarding of the Laws

Section 13

Chapter 1. Further Proofs Drawn from Mixed Commonwealths which Combine Earlier Governments with Later States

Chapter 2. An Eternal and Natural "Royal Law" By Which Nations Come to Rest in Monarchies

Chapter 3. A Refutation of the Principles of Political Theory Based on the System of Jean Bodin

Section 14. Final Proofs Confirming the Course of Nations

Chapter 1. Punishments, Wars, and the Order of Numbers

Chapter 2. Corollary: Ancient Roman Law as Serious Epic Poem, and Ancient Jurisprudence as Severe Poetry Containing the First Rough Outlines of Legal Metaphysics; also, the Legal Origins of Greek Philosophy

Book 5: The Resurgence of Nations and the Recurrence of Human Institutions

Introduction

Chapter 1. Medieval Barbaric History Illuminated by Ancient Barbaric History

Chapter 2. The Recurrence of the Invariable Nature of Fiefs, and the Recurrence of Ancient Roman Law in Feudal Law

Chapter 3. Description of the Ancient and Modern Worlds in the Light of the New Science

Conclusion of the Work

On the Eternal Natural Commonwealth, Best in its Kind, Ordained by Divine Providence

Index and Glossary

Product Details

ISBN:
9780140435696
Translator:
Marsh, David
Introduction:
Grafton, Anthony
Translator:
Marsh, David
Introduction by:
Grafton, Anthony
Introduction:
Grafton, Anthony
Author:
Vico, Giambattista
Author:
Marsh, Dave
Author:
Grafton, Anthony
Author:
Marsh, David
Author:
Grafton, Anthony
Publisher:
Penguin Books
Location:
London ;
Subject:
Fiction
Subject:
Philosophy
Subject:
Modern
Subject:
Poetry
Subject:
Social sciences
Subject:
History & Surveys - Modern
Subject:
Sociology - General
Subject:
Philosophy : General
Edition Number:
3
Edition Description:
Paperback / softback
Series:
Penguin Classics
Series Volume:
105-736
Publication Date:
20000131
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Grade Level:
from 12
Language:
English
Illustrations:
Yes
Pages:
560
Dimensions:
7.80x5.18x.94 in. .83 lbs.
Age Level:
from 18

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Related Subjects

History and Social Science » Sociology » General
Humanities » Philosophy » General
Science and Mathematics » Nature Studies » General

New Science (Penguin Classics) New Trade Paper
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Product details 560 pages Penguin Books - English 9780140435696 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , Giambattista Vico's "New Science" is gradually being re-established as one of the most significant "humanist" achievements since the Renaissance. This book represents his attempt to provide a comprehensive science of human society by decoding the history, mythology and law of the ancient world.
"Synopsis" by ,
Although Vico lived his whole life as an obscure academic in Naples, his New Science is an astonishingly ambitious attempt to provide a comprehensive science of all human society by decoding the hitory, mythology, and law of the ancient world. "My imagination grows every time I read Vico as it doesn't when I read Freud or Jung."—James Joyce.
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