Star Wars Sale
 
 

Special Offers see all

Enter to WIN!

Weekly drawing for $100 credit. Subscribe to PowellsBooks.news for a chance to win.
Privacy Policy

More at Powell's


Recently Viewed clear list


Original Essays | June 20, 2014

Lauren Owen: IMG The Other Vampire



It's a wild and thundery night. Inside a ramshackle old manor house, a beautiful young girl lies asleep in bed. At the window, a figure watches... Continue »
  1. $18.90 Sale Hardcover add to wish list

    The Quick

    Lauren Owen 9780812993271

spacer

On Order

$86.95
New Hardcover
Currently out of stock.
Add to Wishlist
available for shipping or prepaid pickup only
Qty Store Section
- Local Warehouse Biology- Zoology

The Birds of Northern Melanesia: Speciation, Ecology, and Biogeography

by and

The Birds of Northern Melanesia: Speciation, Ecology, and Biogeography Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

Speciation is the process by which co-existing daughter species evolve from one ancestral species - e.g., humans, chimpanzees, and gorillas arising from a common ancestor around 5,000,000 years ago. However, many questions about speciation remain controversial. The Birds of Northern Melanesia provides by far the most comprehensive study yet available of a rich fauna, composed of the 195 breeding land and fresh-water bird species of the Bismarck and Solomon Archipelagoes east of New Guinea. This avifauna offers decisive advantages for understanding speciation, and includes famous examples of geographic variation discussed in textbooks of evolutionary biology.

The book results from 30 years of collaboration between the evolutionary biologist Ernst Mayr and the ecologist Jared Diamond. It shows how Northern Melanesian bird distributions provide snapshots of all stages in speciation, from the earliest (widely distributed species without geographic variation) to the last (closely related, reproductively isolated species occurring sympatrically and segregating ecologically). The presentation emphasizes the wide diversity of speciation outcomes, steering a middle course between one-model-fits-all simplification and ungeneralizable species accounts. Questions illuminated include why some species are much more prone to speciate than others, why some water barriers are much more effective at promoting speciation than others, and whether hypothesized taxon cycles, faunal dominance, and legacies of Pleistocene land bridges are real.

These years of study have resulted in a huge database, complete with distributions of all 195 species on 76 islands, together with their taxonomy, colonization routes, ecological attributes, abundance, and overwater dispersal. Color plates depict 88 species and allospecies, many of which have never been seen before. For students of speciation, Northern Melanesian birds now constitute a model system against which other biotas can be compared. For population biologists interested in other problems besides speciation, this rich database can now be mined for insights.

Book News Annotation:

Mayr (zoology, Harvard U.) and Diamond (physiology, UCLA) have spent decades studying the birds of the Bismarck and Solomon Archipelagoes. While this volume can be used as a reference for the 195 species, it was written as a database for speciation. The text contains discussion of the physical and biological environment of the area, the history and impact of humans, the characteristics of the bird population, and their colonization routes. From this basis the remainder of the volume is devoted to a taxonomic and geographic analysis. Color plates are included of paintings of each bird by H. Douglas Pratt.
Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

Table of Contents

Origins and Acknowledgements

Introduction

Part 1. Northern Melanesia's Physical and Biological Environment

1. Geology and geological history

2. Climate

3. Habitats and vegetation

4. Terrestrial vertebrates other than birds

Part 2. Human History and Impacts

5. Human history

6. Ornithological exploration of Northern Melanesia

7. Exterminations of bird populations

Part 3. The Northern Melanesia Avifauna

8. Family composition

9. Determinants of island species number

10. Level of endemism, habitat preference, and abundance of each species

11. Overwater dispersal ability of each species

12. Distributional ecology

Part 4. Colonization Routes

13. Proximate origins of Northern Melanesian populations

14. Upstream colonization and faunal dominance

15. Ultimate origins of Northern Melanesian populations

Part 5. Taxonomic Analysis: Differences among Species

16. The problem of speciation

17. Stages of geographic speciation among the birds of Northern Melanesia

18. Absence of geographic variation

19. Geographic variation: subspecies

20. Geographic variation: megasubspecies

21. Geographic variation: allospecies

22. Complete speciation

23. Hybridization

24. Endemic species and genera

Part 6. Geographical Analysis: Differences among Islands

25. Endemism index

26. Pair-wise differentiation index

27. Pair-wise non-sharing indices: differences in island species compositions

28. The establishment of geographic isolates

29. Inter-archipelagal barriers

30. Barriers within the Bismarcks

31. Barriers within the Solomons

32. Speciation on fragmented Solomon islands

33. Differential extinction and species occurrences on fragmented Pleistocene islands

Part 7. Synthesis, Conclusions, and Prospects

34. Conclusions about speciation

35. Species differences: taxon cycles, and the evolution of dispersal

36. Promising directions for future research

Maps

Appendices

References

Index

Product Details

ISBN:
9780195141702
Author:
Mayr, Ernst
Author:
Diamond, Jared
Author:
Mayr, Ernst
Author:
null, Jared
Author:
null, Ernst
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Location:
New York
Subject:
Evolution
Subject:
Birds
Subject:
Papua new guinea
Subject:
Life Sciences - Evolution
Subject:
Life Sciences - Zoology - General
Subject:
Birds & Birdwatching - General
Subject:
Life Sciences | Vertebrate Zoology | Ornithology
Subject:
Birds -- Papua New Guinea.
Subject:
Birds -- Solomon Islands.
Subject:
Birdwatching Guides
Subject:
Biology-Zoology
Edition Number:
revised
Edition Description:
Includes bibliographical references (p. ).
Series Volume:
no. 213
Publication Date:
20011231
Binding:
HARDCOVER
Grade Level:
Professional and scholarly
Language:
English
Illustrations:
52 maps and 32 line illus
Pages:
548
Dimensions:
9.9 x 7.3 x 1.6 in 3.01 lb

Other books you might like

  1. The Avian Brood Parasites: Deception... New Hardcover $237.75
  2. Minds of Their Own PB New Trade Paper $50.25
  3. Trail of Tears Used Hardcover $5.95
  4. Evolutionary Ecology of Birds: Life... New Trade Paper $90.95
  5. The Last Knight: The Twilight of the...
    Used Trade Paper $7.50
  6. The field guide to photographing birds Used Trade Paper $5.95

Related Subjects

Science and Mathematics » Biology » Evolution
Science and Mathematics » Biology » Genetics
Science and Mathematics » Biology » Zoology » General
Science and Mathematics » Biology » Zoology » Ornithology
Science and Mathematics » Nature Studies » Birds » Birdwatching
Science and Mathematics » Nature Studies » Birds » General
Science and Mathematics » Ornithology » General Ornithology and Birding

The Birds of Northern Melanesia: Speciation, Ecology, and Biogeography New Hardcover
0 stars - 0 reviews
$86.95 Backorder
Product details 548 pages Oxford University Press - English 9780195141702 Reviews:
spacer
spacer
  • back to top
Follow us on...




Powell's City of Books is an independent bookstore in Portland, Oregon, that fills a whole city block with more than a million new, used, and out of print books. Shop those shelves — plus literally millions more books, DVDs, and gifts — here at Powells.com.