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Oral Communication: Speaking Across Cultures

by

Oral Communication: Speaking Across Cultures Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

In the last 33 years this bestseller has met the needs of nearly one million students. The eleventh edition of Samovar's Oral Communication: Speaking Across Cultures offers a straightforward, practical approach to public speaking. The text is noted for its clear and concise writing style, abundant use of examples, and logical organization. Chapter sequencing allows students to begin making speeches within the first few days of class.

In addition to its core of rhetorical training, Oral Communication: Speaking Across Cultures continues to stake out new territory. This new edition links three contemporary developments to the context of public speaking:

* New technological advancements.

* Shifting ethnic and cultural patterns.

* An increased awareness of ethical issues.

Special features in the new edition include:

* The role of culture in listening, evidence, humor, credibility, small groups, audience analysis, and reasoning.

* A chapter on critical thinking.

* A discussion of ethics in each chapter.

* Material on the uses of electronic tools (such as the Internet) throughout the text.

* End-of-chapter discussion questions and exercises.

A comprehensive Instructor's Manual/Testing Program includes course guidelines, overviews, classroom activities, examination questions, and test item files (available in book form or on disk).

Table of Contents

Preface

Part I: Preliminary Considerations

1. Communication: Overview and Preview

The Importance of Communication

Communication and Democracy

Communication and Careers

Communication and Social Relationships

Communication and Culture

International Contacts

Domestic Contacts

Improving Communication

The Communication Process

Defining Communication

The Ingredients of Communication

Communication and Public Speaking

Public Speaking and Writing

Public Speaking and Conversation

Ethical Responsibilities of Communication

Some Working Principles

Ethics and Public Speaking

The Sender's Responsibilities

The Receiver's Responsibilities

Culture and Ethics

Preview of Principles

Organizing Ideas

Presenting Ideas

2. Your First Speeches: Getting Started

Selecting a Topic

Begin With Yourself

Looking Elsewhere

Important Considerations

Narrowing a Topic

Formulating a General Purpose

Speech to Inform

Speech to Persuade

Speech to Entertain

Formulating a Specific Purpose

Choosing a Title

Choosing a Method of Speaking

Speaking From a Manuscript

Speaking From Memory

Impromptu Delivery

Extemporaneous Delivery

Using Notecards

Practicing the Speech

Gaining Confidence

Understanding Communication Apprehension

Dealing With Communication Apprehension

3. Audience Analysis: Understanding Your Listeners

The Importance of Audience Analysis

Assessing the Audience

What Listeners Bring to Communication

Cultural Characteristics

Religious Characteristics

Age-Level Characteristics

Gender Characteristics

Occupational Characteristics

Educational Characteristics

Group Characteristics

Geographical Characteristics

Special Characteristics

Gathering Information About the Audience

Before the Speech

During the Speech

Analyzing the Speaking Occasion

Kind of Occasion

Physical Surroundings

Time Culture and the Occasion

Adapting to Your Audience

Ask Rhetorical Questions

Focus on the Audience

Use Personal Pronouns

Use the Experiences of the Audience

4. Sound and Action: Presenting Your Ideas

Visual Dimensions of Presentation

General Appearance

Facial Expression

Eye Contact

Movement

The Use of Space

Visual Dimensions and Culture

Aural Dimensions of Presentation

Loudness (Volume)

Pitch Rate

Distinctness (Articulation)

Correctness (Pronunciation)

Dialects

Aural Dimensions and Culture

Improving Your Speech Delivery

Your Body

Your Voice

Your Confidence

5. Listening: Evaluation and Criticism

The Rewards of Listening

The Process of Listening

The Purposes of Listening

Empathic Listening

Informational Listening

Evaluative Listening

Appreciative Listening

Misconceptions About Listening

Hearing Versus Listening

Objectivity Versus Subjectivity

Active Versus Passive

Listener Versus Speaker

Change Versus Static

Barriers to Listening

Faking Attention

Listening Only for Facts

Avoiding Difficult Material

Avoiding the Uninteresting

Criticizing the Speaker

Yielding to Distractions

Defensive Listening

Prejudice

Constant Self-Focus

Message Overload

Thinking-Speaking Rate

Short Attention Span

Improving Listening

Identify Personal Listening Characteristics

Be Motivated to Listen

Make Use of the Thinking-Speaking Time Difference

Focus on Matter Rather Than Manner

Be an Active Listener

Ask Questions

Use Vocal and Nonverbal Cues

Practice

Evaluating Speeches

Purpose

Substance

Argument

Structure

Style

Credibility

Delivery

Effects

Presenting Your Evaluation

Listener and Speaker Responsibilities

Listener Responsibility

Speaker Responsibility

Culture and Listening

Part II: Your Ideas

6. Evidence: The Foundation of Your Ideas

The Importance of Evidence

Verbal Support

Illustrations

Specific Instances

Statistics

Testimony

Analogy

Other Forms of Verbal Support

The Ethical Use of Evidence

The Ethical Use of Statistics

The Ethical Use of Testimony

When to Use Verbal Support

How to Use Verbal Support

Direct Quotations and Paraphrases

Transitions

Visual Support

The Role of Culture in the Use of Evidence

7. Visual Aids: Displaying Your Ideas

The Importance of Visual Aids

Retention

Support

Clarity

Organization

Attention

Credibility

Culture

Choosing the Appropriate Aid

Specific Purpose

Audience Size

Audience Analysis

Time, Money, Availability

Expertise

Nonelectronic Visual Aids

People

Objects

Models

Posters

Maps

Paintings and Drawings

Photographs

Charts and Graphs

Chalkboards and Dry-Erase Boards

Flip Charts

Duplicated Material (Handouts)

Electronic Visual Aids

Slides

Videotape

Computer Arts

CD-ROM

Transparencies

Audio Aids

Preparing Visual Aids

Using Visual Aids

8. Research: The Content of Your Ideas

Having a Research Agenda

Start Early

Decide on a Specific Purpose

Use a Variety of Sources

Select a Research Strategy

Keep Complete and Accurate Records

Systematically Organize Your Material

Finding Material

Personal Experience

Interviews

Writing, Phoning, Faxing, and E-mailing

Visual Electronic Media

Using the Library

Using the Internet

Recording Your Material

Photocopying Material

Being Accurate

Citing Traditional Sources

Citing Internet Sources

Ethical Considerations in Conducting Research

Evaluating Your Sources

Avoiding Plagiarism

Using Copyrighted Material

9. Critical Thinking: The Appraisal of Your Ideas

Personal Barriers to Critical Thinking

Frozen Evaluations

Self-Interest

Ego-Defense

Ethnocentrism

Stereotyping

Prejudice

Detecting Fallacies

Language Deceptions

Extraneous Appeals

Faulty Logic

10. Organization: Assembling Your Ideas

The Importance of Organization

Core Statement

Informative Core Statements

Persuasive Core Statements

Formulating Main Points and Subpoints

Relationship to the Core Statement

Separation from Other Main Points

Collective Completeness of the Main Points

Organizational Patterns

Chronological Pattern

Spatial Pattern

Topical Pattern

Cause-Effect Pattern

Problem-Solution Pattern

Level-of-Acceptance Pattern

Motivated Sequence

Organizational Patterns and Culture

Outlining the Message

Importance of Outlining

Characteristics of Effective Outlines

A Sample Outline

Using Transitions

11. Introductions and Conclusions: Connecting Your Ideas

Preparing the Introduction

Gaining Attention

Guidelines in Using Introductions

Preparing Your Audience for the Speech

Justify the Topic

Delimit the Topic

Presenting Your Speaking Credentials (Establishing Credibility)

Defining Your Terms

Providing Background Information

Establishing Common Ground

Introductions and Culture

Preparing the Conclusion

Summary Quotations

Illustration or Story

Challenge

Declaration of Intent

Alluding to the Introduction

Guidelines in Using Conclusions

12.

Product Details

ISBN:
9780195329919
Author:
Samovar, Larry A.
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Author:
null, Larry A.
Subject:
Communication
Subject:
Communication | Speech Communication
Subject:
Communication | Speech Communication | Human Communication
Subject:
Reference-Speech and Debate
Edition Number:
11
Publication Date:
20000131
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Grade Level:
College/higher education:
Language:
English
Illustrations:
halftones and line illus.
Pages:
526
Dimensions:
6.9 x 9.9 x 1.2 in 2.019 lb

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Related Subjects

Business » Communication
Education » Multicultural
Education » Teaching » Guides
History and Social Science » Intercultural Communications » General
Reference » Speech and Debate
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