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Mastering World of Psychology (4TH 11 - Old Edition)

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Mastering World of Psychology (4TH 11 - Old Edition) Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Please note that used books may not include additional media (study guides, CDs, DVDs, solutions manuals, etc.) as described in the publisher comments.

Publisher Comments:

Mastering the World of Psychology is a brief, paperback text focused on supplying the most support for student learning and student success.  It makes the connection between scientific principles and the everyday lives of today's diverse student population.

Synopsis:

This package contains the following components:

-0205206514: NEW MyPsychLab with Pearson eText

-0205003311: Mastering the World of Psychology

About the Author

Samuel E. Wood received his doctorate from the University of Florida. He taught at West Virginia University and the University of Missouri–St. Louis and was a member of the doctoral faculty at both universities. From 1984 to 1996, he served as president of the Higher Education Center, a consortium of 14 colleges and universities in the St. Louis area. He was a cofounder of the Higher Education Cable TV channel (HEC-TV) in St. Louis and served as its president and CEO from its founding in 1987 until 1996. Dr. Wood passed away in 2008.

 

Ellen Green Wood received her doctorate in educational psychology from St. Louis University and was an adjunct professor of psychology at St. Louis Community College at Meramec. She has also taught in the clinical experiences program in education at Washington University and at the University of Missouri—St. Louis. In addition to her teaching, Dr. Wood has developed and taught seminars on critical thinking. She received the Telecourse Pioneer Award from 1982 through 1988 for her contributions to the field of distance learning.

 

Denise Boyd received her Ed.D. in educational psychology from the University of Houston and has been a psychology instructor in the Houston Community College system since 1988. From 1995 until 1998, she chaired the psychology, sociology, and anthropology department at Houston Community College–Central. She has coauthored three other Allyn and Bacon texts: with Helen Bee, Lifespan Development (Fourth Edition) and The Developing Child (Eleventh Edition); and with Genevieve Stevens, Current Readings in Lifespan Development. A licensed psychologist, she has presented a number of papers at professional meetings, reporting research in child, adolescent, and adult development. She has also presented workshops for teachers whose students range from preschool to college.

 

Together, Sam, Ellen and Denise have more than 45 years of experience teaching introductory psychology to thousands of students of all ages, backgrounds, and abilities. Mastering the World of Psychology, Fourth Edition is the direct result of their teaching experience.

 

Table of Contents

Brief Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction to Psychology      

Chapter 2 Biology and Behavior      

Chapter 3 Sensation and Perception          

Chapter 4 States of Consciousness     

Chapter 5 Learning 

Chapter 6 Memory 

Chapter 7 Cognition, Language, and Intelligence 

Chapter 8 Human Development 

Chapter 9 Motivation and Emotion

Chapter 10 Health and Stress 

Chapter 11 Personality Theory and Assessment 

Chapter 12 Psychological Disorders  

Chapter 13 Therapies

Chapter 14 Social Psychology 

                                         

                                    

 

Detailed Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction to Psychology              

            Think About It

An Introduction to Mastering the World of Psychology

Studying Psychology: Some Tricks of the Trade

            Apply It: More Tips for Effective Studying

Is Psychology a Science?

The Goals of Psychology

Psychology Then and Now

Exploring Psychology’s Roots

Schools of Thought In Psychology

Contemporary Psychological Perspectives

Specialties in Psychology

Thinking about Theories and Research

Evaluating Theories

Evaluating Research

Descriptive Research Methods

Observational and Case Studies

Survey Research

            Try It: Can Small Samples Really Be Representative?

The Correlational Method

            Explain It: What Is a Credit Score?

The Experimental Method

Experiments and Hypothesis Testing

Limitations of the Experimental Method

Research Participants

Participant-Related Bias in Psychological Research

Protecting Human Participants’ and Animal’s Rights

 

 

Chapter 2 Biology and Behavior                                 

            Think About It

Discovering the Mysteries of the Nervous System

The EEG and the Microelectrode

Imaging Techniques

The Neurons and the Neurotransmitters

The Structure of the Neuron

Communication between Neurons

Neurotransmitters

The Human Nervous System

The Peripheral Nervous System

The Central Nervous System

A Closer Look at the Thinking Part of the Brain

Components of the Cerebrum

The Cerebral Hemispheres

            Explain It: Why Are Most People Right-Handed?

            Try It: A Balancing Act

The Four Cerebral Lobes

Age, Gender, and the Brain

The Ever-Changing Brain

Gender Differences in the Brain

Beyond the Nervous System

The Endocrine System

Genes and Behavioral Genetics

            Apply It: Should You Consult a Genetic Counselor?

 

 

Chapter 3 Sensation and Perception                           

            Think About It

The Process of Sensation

The Absolute and Difference Thresholds

Transduction and Adaptation

            Try It: Sensory Adaptation

Vision

The Eye

Vision and the Brain

            Try It: Find Your Blind Spot

Color Vision

            Try It: A Negative Afterimage

Hearing and Balance

Sound

The Ear and Hearing

            Explain It: Why Can’t Everyone Hear the “Mosquito” Ring Tone?

Balance and Movement

Smell, Taste, and Touch

Smell

Taste

Touch and Pain

Influences on Perception

Attention

Prior Knowledge

            Apply It: How Dangerous Is It to Talk or Text on a Cell Phone while Driving?

            Try It: Bottom-Up and Top-Down Processing

Principles of Perception

Perceptual Organization and Constancy

Depth Perception

Perception of Motion

Unusual Perceptual Experiences

Puzzling Perceptions

Subliminal Perception, Extrasensory Perception, and Synesthesia

 

 

Chapter 4 States of Consciousness                             

            Think About It

What Is Consciousness?

Changing Views of Consciousness

Culture and Altered States of Consciousness

Circadian Rhythms

The Influence of Circadian Rhythms

Disruptions in Circadian Rhythms

            Explain It: How Does the Brain Keep Track of Time?

Sleep

Why We Sleep

How We Sleep

Variations in Sleep

Sleep Deprivation

Sleep Disorders

            Apply It: How to Get a Good Night’s Sleep

Dreams

The Content of Our Dreams

Interpreting Dreams

Meditation and Hypnosis

Meditation

Hypnosis

            Try It: The Relaxation Response

Psychoactive Drugs

How Drugs Affect the Brain

Substance Abuse and Addiction

Stimulants

Depressants

Hallucinogens

 

 

Chapter 5 Learning                                                          

            Think About It

Classical Conditioning

Pavlov and the Process of Classical Conditioning

Changing Conditioned Responses

John Watson and Emotional Conditioning

The Cognitive Perspective

Biological Predispositions

Classical Conditioning in Everyday Life

Operant Conditioning

Thorndike, Skinner, and the Consequences of Behavior

The Process of Operant Conditioning

Reinforcement

Schedules of Reinforcement

Punishment

Escape and Avoidance Learning

Applications of Operant Conditioning

            Apply It: How to Win the Battle against Procrastination

            Try It: Using Behavior Modification

Cognitive Learning

Learning by Insight

Latent Learning and Cognitive Maps

Observational Learning

            Explain It: How Do the Principles of Learning Explain the Behavior of           Smoking Cigarettes?

Learning from Media

 

 

Chapter 6 Memory                                                            

            Think About It

The Structure of Human Memory

What Is Memory?

Sensory Memory

Short-Term Memory

            Explain It: Why Is Cramming an Ineffective Study Method?

            Apply It: Improving Memory with Mnemonic Devices

            Try It: Organizing for Memory Improvement

Long-Term Memory      

A Closer Look at Retrieval

Measuring Retrieval

Influences on Retrieval

Remembering as Reconstruction

The Process of Reconstruction

Source, Flashbulb, and Autobiographical Memories

Influences on Reconstructive Memory

Forgetting

Ebbinghaus and the Curve of Forgetting

Why Do We Forget?

            Try It: A Penny for Your Thoughts

Biology and Memory

The Hippocampus and Hippocampal Region

Neuronal Changes and Memory

Hormones and Memory

Memory Loss

Memory in Legal and Therapeutic Settings

Eyewitness Testimony

The Repressed Memory Controversy

 

 

Chapter 7 Cognition, Language, and Intelligence       

            Think About It

Cognition

Imagery and Concepts

Decision Making

            Explain It: Why Do People Overestimate the Likelihood of Rare Events?

Problem Solving

            Try It: Water Lily Problem

Artificial Intelligence

Language

The Structure of Language

Animal Language

Language and Thinking

Learning a Second Language

Intelligence

The Nature of Intelligence

Measuring Cognitive Abilities

Intelligence Testing: Past and Present

The Range of Intelligence

Explaining Differences in Intelligence

Nature, Nurture, and IQ

Race and IQ

            Apply It: How to Build a Powerful Vocabulary

Gender Differences in Cognitive Abilities

Beyond Intelligence

Emotional Intelligence

            Try It: Find Your EQ

Creativity

 

 

Chapter 8 Human Development                                    

            Think About It

Theories of Development

Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development

            Try It: Conservation of Volume

Alternatives to Piaget’s Theory

Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development

Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development

Prenatal Development and Infancy

From Conception to Birth

Perceptual and Motor Development

Temperament

Attachment

Early and Middle Childhood

Language Development

Socialization

Gender Role Development

Adolescence

Puberty and Sexual Behavior

Social Relationships

            Explain It: Why Are Peer Groups Important in Adolescence?

Emerging Adulthood

Early and Middle Adulthood

Physical and Cognitive Changes

Social Development

            Apply It: Where Are You in the Career Development Process?

Later Adulthood

Physical and Cognitive Changes

            Try It: Stereotypes about Later Adulthood

Social Adjustment

Successful Aging

Death and Dying

 

 

Chapter 9 Motivation and Emotion                             

            Think About It

Explaining Motivation

Foundations of Motivation

Biological Approaches to Motivation

            Explain It: Why Are Dangerous Hobbies Appealing to Some People?

Behavioral and Social-Cognitive Approaches to Motivation

            Try It: What Is Your N Ach?

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

Hunger

Internal and External Cues

Explaining Variations in Body Weight

Obesity and Weight Loss

Eating Disorders

Sexual Motivation

Sexual Attitudes and Behavior

Sexual Desire and Arousal

Sexual Orientation

Social Attitudes toward Gays and Lesbians

Emotion

Theories of Emotions

Emotion and the Brain

Gender Differences in Emotion

The Expression of Emotion

            Try It: Recognizing Basic Emotions

            Apply It: The Quest for Happiness

 

 

Chapter 10 Health and Stress                                       

            Think About It

Sources of Stress

The Life Events Approach

            Try It: Finding a Life Stress Score

Everyday Stressors

Stress in the Workplace

Social Sources of Stress

The Health-Stress Connection

The Biopsychosocial Model of Health and Illness

The Physiology of the Health-Stress Connection

Theories of Stress Response

Risk and Resilience

            Explain It: Why Do Pop Quizzes Facilitate Learning?

Health and Illness

Coronary Heart Disease

Cancer

Gender and Health

Ethnic Group Differences in Health

Lifestyle and Health

            Apply It: Interpreting Health Information on the Internet

Smoking and Health

Alcohol Abuse

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

            Try It: AIDS Quiz

Diet and Exercise

Alternative Medicine

 

 

Chapter 11 Personality Theory and Assessment    

            Think About It

Psychoanalytic Theories

Freud’s Theory of Personality

The Psychosexual Stages of Development

Evaluating Freud’s Contribution

The Neo-Freudians

Humanistic Theories

Two Humanistic Theories

Self-Esteem

Trait Theories

Early Trait Theories

            Try It: Allport’s Trait Theory

The Five-Factor Model

Nature, Nurture, and Personality Traits

Personality and Culture

            Explain It: Why Do Some People Fail to Develop a Conscience?

Social-Cognitive Theories

The Situation-Trait Debate

Self-Efficacy and Locus of Control

Personality Assessment

Observation, Interviews, and Rating Scales

Personality Inventories

            Apply It: Put Your Best Foot Forward

Projective Tests

 

 

Chapter 12 Psychological Disorders                        

            Think About It

Defining Psychological Disorders

What Is Abnormal Behavior?

Classifying and Tracking Psychological Disorders

Explaining Psychological Disorders

Anxiety Disorders

Panic Attacks, Agoraphobia, and Panic Disorder

Generalized Anxiety Disorders and Phobias

            Try It: Phobia Names

            Apply It: Overcoming the Fear of Public Speaking

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Mood Disorders

Major Depressive Disorder

Bipolar Disorder

Explaining Mood Disorders

            Explain It: How Do Cultural Beliefs about Ideal Emotional States Lead to      Depression?

Suicide and Race, Gender, and Age

Schizophrenia

Symptoms of Schizophrenia

Types of Schizophrenia

Explaining Schizophrenia

Other Psychological Disorders

Somatoform Disorders

Dissociative Disorders

Sexual Disorders

Personality Disorders

 

 

Chapter 13 Therapies       

            Think About It

Insight Therapies

Psychodynamic Therapies

Humanistic Therapies

Gestalt Therapy

Relationship Therapies

Family Therapy and Couple Therapy

Group Therapy

Behavior Therapies

Behavior Modification Techniques Based on Operant Conditioning

Behavior Therapies Based on Other Learning Theories

            Try It: A Possible Hierarchy of Fears

 Cognitive Behavior Therapies

Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy

Beck’s Cognitive Therapy

Biomedical Therapies

Drug Therapy

            Explain It: Why Are Smoking Rates So High among People with       Schizophrenia?

Electroconvulsive Therapy

Psychosurgery

Practical Issues in Psychotherapy

Choosing a Therapist

            Apply It: Is E-Therapy Right for You?

Culturally Sensitive Therapy

Gender-Sensitive Therapy

Evaluating the Therapies

 

 

Chapter 14 Social Psychology      

            Think About It

Social Cognition

Impression Formation and Management

Attribution  

Attraction

Factors Influencing Attraction

Intimate Relationships

            Try It: Choosing a Life Partner

Conformity, Obedience, and Compliance

Conformity

Obedience

Compliance

Group Influence

Social Facilitation and Social Loafing

Group Decision Making

Social Roles

            Explain It: Why Doesn’t Groupthink Occur in Every Tightly Knit Group?

Attitudes and Attitude Change

Attitudes

Cognitive Dissonance

Persuasion

Prosocial Behavior

Reasons for Helping

The Bystander Effect

Aggression

Biological Factors in Aggression

Other Influences on Aggression

The Social Learning Theory of Aggression 

Prejudice and Discrimination

The Roots of Prejudice and Discrimination

Is Prejudice Decreasing?

            Apply It: “Unlearning” Prejudice

 

Appendix: Statistical Methods      

Descriptive Statistics

Describing Data with Tables and Graphs

Measures of Central Tendency

Measures of Variability

The Normal Curve

Correlation Coefficient

Inferential Statistics

Statistical Significance

 

 

Product Details

ISBN:
9780205003310
Author:
Wood, Samuel E.
Publisher:
Pearson
Author:
Boyd, Denise G.
Author:
Wood, Samuel E.
Author:
Cram101 Textbook Reviews
Author:
Wood, Ellen Green
Author:
Boyd, Denise
Author:
Boyd, Denise A.
Subject:
General Psychology & Psychiatry
Subject:
Psychology-Reference
Subject:
Education-General
Copyright:
Edition Description:
Trade paper
Series:
MyPsychLab Series
Publication Date:
20100929
Binding:
Paperback
Language:
English
Pages:
648
Dimensions:
10.8 x 8.9 x 1 in 1247 gr

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