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1 Remote Warehouse Nature Studies- Ocean and Marine Biology

This title in other editions

The Biology of Reefs and Reef Organisms

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The Biology of Reefs and Reef Organisms Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

Reefs provide a wealth of opportunity for learning about biological and ecosystem processes, and reef biology courses are among the most popular in marine biology and zoology departments the world over. Walter M. Goldberg has taught one such course for years, and he marshals that experience in the pages of The Biology of Reefs and Reef Organisms.

Goldberg examines the nature not only of coral reefsandmdash;the best known among types of reefsandmdash;but also of sponge reefs, worm reefs, and oyster reefs, explaining the factors that influence their growth, distribution, and structure. A central focus of the book is reef construction, and Goldberg details the plants and animals that form the scaffold of the reef system and allow for the attachment and growth of other organisms, including those that function as bafflers, binders, and cementing agents. He also tours readers through reef ecology, paleontology, and biogeography, all of which serve as background for the problems reefs face today and the challenge of their conservation.

and#160;
Visually impressive, profusely illustrated, and easy to read, The Biology of Reefs and Reef Organisms offers a fascinating introduction to reef science and will appeal to students and instructors of marine biology, comparative zoology, and oceanography.

About the Author

Walter M. Goldberg is professor emeritus at Florida International Un

Table of Contents

1) An Introduction to the Structure and Formation of Modern Reefs

The Nature and Origins of Reefs

Frame Reef Formation and Structure

Bioerosion

Reef Growth and the Carbonate Budget

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Pluses and Minuses

Coral Reefs

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Limits to Coral Reef Distribution

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Types of Reefs

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Reef Zonation

The Evolution of Modern Reefs

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Tectonic Forces

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Sea Level Changes and Reef Growth

2) Reef Minerals and Mineralization

Calcium Carbonates

A Little Crystallography

Biomineralization

3) Reef Cyanobacteria

Overview

Cyanobacterial Form and Function

Rock and Reef-Associated Cyanobacteria

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Bioerosion

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Calcifying Cyanobacteria

Stromatolite Formation

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Trapping the Sediment

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Cementing the Record

Nitrogen Fixation and Trophic Relationships

4) Reef Algae and Foraminiferans

Overview

The Chlorophyta

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Endolithic Microalgae

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Halimeda, an Extraordinary Calcifying Macrophyte

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Reproduction in Halimeda and Other Chlorophytes

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; The Biology of Some Other Calcareous Chlorophytes

Brown Algae

Red Algae

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Red Algal Calcification

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Contributions of Crustose Corallines to Reef Structure

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Trophic Relationships

Turf Algae

Foraminiferida

5) Reef Sponges

Overview

Groups of Sponges and Their Skeletal Structures

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Glass Sponges

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Demosponges

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Calcisponges

The Structural and Functional Roles of Sponges on Reefs

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Reef Growth and Recovery: Binding and Stabilization

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Bioeroding Sponges

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Hexactinellid Reefs

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Modern and Ancient Coralline Sponges

Trophic Dynamics and Ecological Interactions

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; The Aquiferous System and Sponge Feeding

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Microbial Symbionts

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Predation and Sponge Chemistry

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Sponges as Habitats

6) Reef Corals and Their Allies

Overview

Reef Hydrozoa

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; The Milleporid Corals

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Stylasterines

Introduction to the Anthozoa

Uncalcified Reef Anthozoans

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Sea Anemones

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Zoantharians and Corallimorpharians

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Antipatharians

Calcified Anthozoans

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; The Scleractinians

The Octocorals

Deep-sea Corals and Coral Reefs

Coral Reproduction

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Asexual Modes

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Sexual Modes

7) Annelids and Sipunculans

Overview

Free-moving Polychaetes

Tubicolous and Burrowing Polychaetes

Polychaete Bioeroders

Polychaete Reproduction

Sipunculans

8) Reef Mollusca

Overview

Mollusc Shell Structure

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Pearls

Molluscs as Carbonate Builders, Borers, and Scrapers

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; The Polyplacophora

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; The Gastropoda

Bivalves

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Reef-building Bivalves

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Endolithic Bivalves

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Ancient Rudist Bivalves

9) Reef Lophophorate and Protochordate Phyla

The Bryozoa

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Overview

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Reef Bryozoa

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; The Vicissitudes of the Ancient Bryozoa

Brachiopods

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Overview

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Brachiopods on Reefs

Tunicates

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Overview

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Didemnid Ascidians

10) Reef Crustacea

Overview

The Maxillopoda

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Copepoda

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Cirripedia

The Malacostraca

Decapod Crustaceans

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Shrimps

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Brachyuran Crabs

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Hermit Crabs

Coral-Decapod Communities

11) Reef Echinoderms

Overview

Echinoidea

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Diadema

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Echinometra

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Eucidaris

Asteroidea

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; The Crown of Thorns

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Oreasterids

Reef Crinoids

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Symbionts

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Crinoid Paleobiology

12) The Effect of Feeding by Reef Fishes on Corals and Coral Reefs

Overview

Coral Reef Herbivores

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Herbivory and its Deterrence

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Nominal Herbivory

The Special Role of Scarine Fishes

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; The Scrapers

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; The Excavators

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; The Browsers

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Food Milling by Parrotfishes

Corallivorous Damselfishes and Their Gardens

Fishes That Perch or Live on Corals

Benthic Predatory Fishes: Their Influence on Corals and Coral Reefs

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Corallivorous and Other Durophagous Fishes

13) A Brief History of Reefs and Corals

Microbialite Reefs of the Precambrian

Reefs of the Paleozoic Era

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; The Cambrian

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; The Ordovician

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Silurian Reefs

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Devonian Reefs

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Carboniferous Reefs

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Permian Reefs

Reefs of the Mesozoic Era

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; The Triassic

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Jurassic Reefs

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; The Cretaceous and the Rise of the Rudista

Reefs of the Cenozoic Era

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; The Paleocene Epoch, 65andndash;56 Mya

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; The Eocene and Oligocene Epochs, 56andndash;23 Mya

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; The Miocene Epoch, 23andndash;5 Mya

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; The Pliocene and Pleistocene Epochs, 5 Myaandndash;11.7 kya

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Are Ancient Reefs the Key to the Present?

14) Ecology, Diversity, and Biogeography of Coral Reefs

Different Types of Diversity

Diversity and Life Cycle Processes

Spawning Mode, Dispersal, and Connectivity

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Connectivity

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Getting There and Staying There

Diversity and Coexistence

Diversity at Geographic Scales: Biogeography

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Hotspots and the Role of Commonness and Rarity in Coral Reefand#160;and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Biodiversity

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; The Coral Triangle

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Departure from the Coral Triangle

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Crossing the Pacific

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; The Western Atlantic and the Greater Caribbean

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; The Brazilian Province

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; The Tropical Eastern Atlantic

15) Reefs Now and in the Next 100 Years

and#160;Climate Change

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; The Global Carbon Cycle

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Global Public Goods Gone Bad

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; The Impacts of Increased Dissolved CO2

and#160;The Biology of Coraland#160; Bleaching and Disease

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Types and Causes of Coral Bleaching

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Recovery from Bleaching

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Coral Disease

and#160;Direct and Indirect Effects of Human Activities on Reefs

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Destructive Fishing Practices

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Overfishing

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Fishing on Deep Sea Coral Reefs

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Coral Mining

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Loss of Water Quality

16) Reef Resilience, Loss of Biodiversity, and the Role of Conservation

Acclimatization, Resistance, and Avoidance

Resilience and Phase Shifts

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Functional Redundancy, Species Richness, and Resilience

Synergies and Loss of Resilience

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Jamaica: A Case History

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Early Warning?

Stemming the Tide: Sanctuaries, Reserves, and Marine Protected Areas

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Protection is Relative

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Sanctuaries and Marine Protected Areas in the United States

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; The Worldandrsquo;s Largest Marine Protected Area

Design and Function of Marine Reserves

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Results of Protection

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Reserve Sites

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Reserve Maturity and Size

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Reserve Networks

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Stepping Stones, Corridors, and Habitat Diversity

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Loss of Connectivity

Are Reserves Enough?

and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; What Must be Done

Appendices

I.and#160;Wentworth Scale (Grain Size)

II.and#160;Coral Reefs of the World (a-d)

III.and#160;Zooxanthellae Clade Distribution

IV.and#160;Geological Time Scale

V.and#160;Taxa Referred to in This Text

Glossary

Index

Product Details

ISBN:
9780226301679
Author:
Goldberg, Walter M.
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
Subject:
Marine Biiology
Subject:
Environmental Studies-General
Copyright:
Edition Description:
Hardcover
Publication Date:
20131031
Binding:
HARDCOVER
Language:
English
Illustrations:
328 color plates, 36 halftones, 14 line
Pages:
401
Dimensions:
11 x 8.5 in

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