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1 Burnside Pacific Northwest- Columbia River
8 Local Warehouse Native American- General Native American Studies

Other titles in the Emil and Kathleen Sick Lecture-Book Series in Western History and Biography series:

Shadow Tribe: The Making of Columbia River Indian Identity (Emil and Kathleen Sick Lecture-Book Series in Western History and Biography)


Shadow Tribe: The Making of Columbia River Indian Identity (Emil and Kathleen Sick Lecture-Book Series in Western History and Biography) Cover


Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

Shadow Tribe offers the first in-depth history of the Pacific Northwest's Columbia River Indians — the defiant River People whose ancestors refused to settle on the reservations established for them in central Oregon and Washington. Largely overlooked in traditional accounts of tribal dispossession and confinement, their story illuminates the persistence of off-reservation Native communities and the fluidity of their identities over time. Cast in the imperfect light of federal policy and dimly perceived by non-Indian eyes, the flickering presence of the Columbia River Indians has followed the treaty tribes down the difficult path marked out by the forces of American colonization.--Based on more than a decade of archival research and conversations with Native people, Andrew Fisher's groundbreaking book traces the waxing and waning of Columbia River Indian identity from the mid-nineteenth through the late twentieth centuries. Fisher explains how, despite policies designed to destroy them, the shared experience of being off the reservation and at odds with recognized tribes forged far-flung river communities into a loose confederation called the Columbia River Tribe. Environmental changes and political pressures eroded their autonomy during the second half of the twentieth century, yet many River People continued to honor a common heritage of ancestral connection to the Columbia, resistance to the reservation system, devotion to cultural traditions, and detachment from the institutions of federal control and tribal governance. At times, their independent and uncompromising attitude has challenged the sovereignty of the recognized tribes, earning Columbia River Indians a reputation as radicals and troublemakers even among their own people.--Shadow Tribe is part of a new wave of historical scholarship that shows Native American identities to be socially constructed, layered, and contested rather than fixed, singular, and unchanging. From his vantage point on the Columbia, Fisher has written a pioneering study that uses regional history to broaden our understanding of how Indians thwarted efforts to confine and define their existence within narrow reservation boundaries.--Andrew H. Fisher is assistant professor of history at the College of William and Mary.--"Andrew Fisher has written a superb book that tells a story of near-forgotten Indians who refused to move to the reservations and continued to live a traditional life along their beloved Columbia River. The dramatic story of their survival from the nineteenth deep into the twentieth centuries is a moving narrative that is both authentic and colorful." -Clifford Trafzer, University of California Riverside--"Shadow Tribe focuses on Indian communities that remained and evolved within important historic areas not on the reservations, in which the communities' complicated relationship with the Indian peoples on the reservations is as much a part of the story as the engagement with non-Indian society outside of the reservations." -John Shurts, author of Indian Reserved Water Rights-

Book News Annotation:

Those who self-identify as Columbia River Indians constitute a "shadow tribe" in that they are both part of and separate from federally recognized tribal bodies and frequently find their interests alternately aligning and conflicting with treaty tribal groups. Fisher (history, College of William and Mary) describes the formation of Columbia River Indian identity, showing how Columbia River Indian began as an administrative appellation for the ethnically diverse people who refused to leave and adopt treaty roles and how, through a process of negotiation and sometimes conflict with other Indians and non-Indians, that identity came to be fixed as a distinct tribal consciousness. Annotation ©2010 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

Product Details

Fisher, Andrew H.
University of Washington Press
Native American
United States - State & Local - Pacific Northwest
Ethnic Studies - Native American Studies
HISTORY / Native American
Native American-General Native American Studies
Emil and Kathleen Sick Lecture-Book Series in Western History and Biography
Publication Date:
Grade Level:
9 x 6 in

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Related Subjects

History and Social Science » Native American » General Native American Studies
History and Social Science » Native American » Pacific Northwest
History and Social Science » Pacific Northwest » Columbia River
History and Social Science » Politics » General
History and Social Science » Politics » United States » Politics
History and Social Science » World History » General

Shadow Tribe: The Making of Columbia River Indian Identity (Emil and Kathleen Sick Lecture-Book Series in Western History and Biography) New Trade Paper
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