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The Structure of Argument


The Structure of Argument Cover


Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

The Structure of Argument covers critical thinking, reading, writing, and research. It is concise but thorough and presents everything students need in an affordable, compact format. The Structure of Argument includes questions, exercises, and writing assignments, and a full semesters worth of readings. Now presenting Aristotelian and Rogerian as well as Toulmin argument, it includes many fresh readings and additional support for academic writing to help students stake their claim. Its emphasis on Toulmin argument makes Structure highly teachable, since the approach fits with the goals of the composition course. An electronic edition is available at half the price of the print book.

About the Author

Annette T. Rottenberg, formerly assistant director of the writing program at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, has taught composition and literature at Chicago City College, SUNY at Buffalo, Duke University, and schools abroad. 
Donna Haisty Winchell has directed the Freshman Composition program and co-directed Digital Portfolio Institutes at Clemson University, where she is Professor of English.  She has edited several freshman writing anthologies and is a frequent presenter at professional conferences. 

Table of Contents

Part One: Understanding Argument
1. Approaches To Argument
     *Aristotelian Rhetoric 

     *Sample Essay With Analysis: Aristotelian

          *Juan Williams, Dont Mourn Brown v. Board Of Education

     *Rogerian Argument

          Joe Sharkey, Airport Screeners Could See X-Rated X-Rays

          Chris Kapper, Freedom to Live Trumps All!

     *Sample Essay with Analysis: Rogerian

          *Michael Kinsley, Racial Profiling At The Airport: Discrimination Were Afraid to Be

     The Toulmin Model 

     The Terms of Toulmin Argument

          The Claim 

          The Support 

          The Warrant

     Writers Guide: Learning the Key Terms

     Sample Essay with Analysis: Toulmin

          Robert J. Samuelson, The Hard Truth of Immigration


     Assignments for Understanding the Structure of Argument

     Research Readiness: Using Databases


2. Critical Reading


     Research Skill: Examining Author, Subject, and Context

          Charles Krauthammer, Lets Have No More Monkey Trials



     Strategies for Comprehending Arguments

     Sample Annotated Essay

          Edward Jay Epstein, Sex And The Cinema


     Writers Guide: Annotating a Text

     Research Skill: Summarizing


     Sample Annotated Essay

          Alfie Kohn, No-Win Situations
          *Stephanie Fairyington, The Gay Option
     Critical Listening

     Reading a Visual Argument

     Assignments for Critical Reading

     Research Readiness: Skimming and Summarizing


3. Analytical Writing

     Writing the Claim

          *Roger Kaplan, Enabling Ignorance

     Planning the Structure  

     Using Sentence Forms to Construct an Argument

     Providing Support

     Writers Guide: Incorporating Quotations into Your Text

     Documenting Your Sources

     Writers Guide: Documenting Use of Summary, Paraphrase, and Quotation

     Avoiding Plagiarism


     Examining Some Models


     Sample Essay and Analytical Response: Claim of Fact

          *Eric Jaffe, Reality Check   

     Student Analytical Response: Claim of Fact

          *Deion Moore, Psychoanalyzing Reality TV 

     Sample Essay and Analytical Response: Claim of Value

          *Noam Shpancer, The Meaning Of Reality (TV)

     Student Analytical Response: Claim of Value

          *Ashley Wilson, The Meaning Of Shpancer (Really)


     Sample Essay with Analysis: Rogerian Argument

          Barbara Dafoe Whitehead, Parents Need Help: Restricting Access To Video Games
     Readings for Analysis
          Alan M. Dershowitz, Is There a Torturous Road to Justice?

          Seth Finkelstein, Alan Dershowitzs Tortuous Torturous Argument

          *Barbara A. Spellman, Could Reality Shows Become Reality Experiments?

     *Debate: Should We all Pledge to End Derogatory Use of the Word “Retard”?

          *Patricia E. Bauer, A Movie, a Word and My Familys Battle

          *Christopher M. Fairman, The Case Against Banning The Word “Retard”


     Assignments for Analytical Writing

     Research Readiness: Incorporating Quotations

Part Two: Analyzing the Elements

4. Definition
     The Purposes of Definition

     Defining the Terms in Your Argument

     Methods for Defining Terms 

     The Definition Essay

     Writers Guide: Writing a Definition Essay

     Sample Annotated Essay

          Brian Whitaker, The Definition of Terrorism
     Readings for Analysis 
          *Stanley Fish, When Is a Cross a Cross?

          *William Deresiewicz, Faux Friendship

          *Guy-Uriel Charles, Stop Calling Quake Victims Looters

     Debate: Is the Definition of Marriage Changing?
          Howard Moody, Gay Marriage Shows Why We Need To Separate Church and State

          Jo Ann Citron, Will It Be Marriage or Civil Union?

     Assignments for Understanding Definition

     Research Readiness: Using Encyclopedias

5. Claims
     Claims of Fact
     Sample Essay: Claim of Fact

          Robert J. Samuelson, Picking Sides for the News

     Claims of Value

     Sample Essay: Claim of Value

          Roger Ebert, Crash

     Claims of Policy

     Sample Annotated Essay: Claim of Policy

          Elisha Dov Hack, College Life Versus My Moral Code

     Readings for Analysis
          Richard Hayes, Supersize Your Child?

          Wesley Morris, “Saw” Good at Tying Things in Knots

          *Amy Kamenetz, Take This Internship and Shove It

     *Debate: What Is the Social Responsibility of Business?

          *John Mackey, Putting Customers Ahead of Investors

          *T. J. Rodgers, Put Profits First

     Assignments for Understanding Claims

     Research Readiness: Acknowledging Reliable Authorities

6. Support
    Types of Support: Evidence and Appeals to Needs and Values


     Research Skill: Evaluation of Evidence

     Appeals to Needs and Values

     Evaluation of Appeals to Needs and Values

     Writers Guide: Using Effective Support

     Sample Annotated Essay


          *Louis Uchitelle, American Dream Is Elusive for New Generation

     Sample Essay with Analysis
          Hal R. Varian, The True Cost Of SUVs

          Bethany Royce, The True Confusion about SUV Costs


     Sample Student Essay

          Kristen Weinacker, Safer? Tastier? More Nutritious? The Dubious    Merits Of Organic Foods
     Readings for Analysis
          Bernard Goldberg, Connecting The Dots... To Terrorism

          *Charles Murray, Abolish the SAT

          Theodora Ooms, Marriage-Plus

     Debate: Is Assuming the Role of Citizen Journalist Worth the Risk?
          Lily Yulianti, Praise For Students Footage Of Virginia Tech Mass Killing
          Mark Memmott with Alan Levin and Greg Livadas, Disaster Photos: Newsworthy or
     Assignments for Providing Support

     Research Readiness: Using Books for Support

7. Warrants
      What Are Warrants?

          Robert A. Sirico, An Unjust Sacrifice

     Types of Warrants

     Sample Annotated Essay

          Michael Levin, The Case for Torture

     Writers Guide: Recognizing Warrants

 Readings for Analysis
          Eric Auchard, Were All Celebrities in Post-Privacy Age

          *Careerbuilder.com, Dont Jump [Advertisement]

          *Jeff Jacoby, Whats Wrong With Price Gouging?

          *BackBayalltheWay, Response To Jacoby

     *Debate: Is Recycling Plastic Good Stewardship or Bad Business?

          *John Trotti, Why Let Stewardship Get in the Way of a Quick Buck?

          *Sharon Kneiss, Argument for Recycling is Strong

     Assignments for Analyzing Warrants

     Research Readiness: Identifying Reliable Authorities

8. Logic

     Sample Essay: An Inductive Argument  

          Richard Rothstein, True Or False: Schools Fail Immigrants


     Sample Annotated Essay: A Deductive Argument

          David Von Drehle, Its All About Him

     Common Fallacies

     Writers Guide: Avoiding Logical Fallacies

     Readings for Analysis

          *Adolf Hitler, On Nation And Race 

          *Leon Seltzer and David Niose, Teen Sex: The “Holy”--vs. Humanistic-- Approach

          Jennifer Grossman, Food For Thought (and for Credit)

     Debate: Should the Federal Government Fund Embryonic Stem-Cell Research?

          Anna Quindlen, A New Look, an Old Battle

          Mona Charen, The Misleading Debate On Stem-Cell Research

     Assignments for Avoiding Flawed Logic

     Research Readiness: Using Up-to-Date Data

9. Language
     The Power of Words

          Franklin D. Roosevelt, Address To Congress, December 8, 1941



          Newman P. Birk and Genevieve B. Birk, Selection, Slanting, and Charged Language

     Picturesque Language

     Concrete and Abstract Language

     Short Cuts

     Sample Annotated Essay

          George W. Bush, Presidents Address to the Nation, September 11, 2006

     Writers Guide: Choosing Your Words Carefully

     Readings for Analysis

          *William Faulkner, Nobel Prize Acceptance Speech

          *Jacob Neusner, The Speech The Graduates Didnt Hear

          *R. Cort Kirkwood, Driving Home Their Point 

     Debate: Does the Government Have the Right to Regulate Guns?

         Warren E. Burger, The Right To Bear Arms

          Roger D. McGrath, A God-Given Natural Right

     Assignments for Choosing Fair and Precise Language

     Research Readiness: Following a Research Trail


Part Three: Researching, Writing, and Presenting Arguments


10. The Argumentative Paper: Planning and Research

     Finding an Appropriate Topic

     Initiating Research

     Writers Guide: Keeping Your Research on Track

     Mapping Research: A Sample Outline

     Using Sources: Primary Research

     Using Sources: Secondary Research 

     Evaluating Source

     Taking Notes

     Documenting Your Research (MLA System)

     Documenting Your Research (APA System)

     Wrapping Up Research

11. The Argumentative Paper: Writing and Documentation
     Organizing the Material


     The MLA System for Citing Sources 


     Preparing the Manuscript

     Writers Guide: Checklist for Argumentative Papers

     Sample Research Paper (MLA Style)

          *Kathleen Hedden, Competitive Foods and the Obesity Epidemic 

     The APA System for Citing Sources

     Sample Research Paper (APA Style)

          Angela Mathers, The Controversy Over Women In Combat


12. Oral Argument

     The Audience





     Presentation Aids

     Sample Persuasive Speech

          C. Renzi Stone, Live Longer And Healthier: Stop Eating Meat!

     Reading for Analysis  

          Martin Luther King, Jr., I Have A Dream



 Index of Subjects

 Index of Authors and Titles 



Product Details

Rottenberg, Annette T
Bedford Books
Winchell, Donna Haisty
Rottenberg, Annette T.
Publication Date:
Grade Level:
College/higher education:
9.07 x 6.48 x 0.69 in

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