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Fundamentals of Turbomachineryby William W. Peng
Synopses & Reviews
A comprehensive introduction to turbomachines and their applications
With up-to-date coverage of all types of turbomachinery for students and practitioners, Fundamentals of Turbomachinery covers machines from gas, steam, wind, and hydraulic turbines to simple pumps, fans, blowers, and compressors used throughout industry. After reviewing the history of turbomachinery and the fluid mechanical principles involved in their design and operation, the book focuses on the application and selection of machines for various uses, teaching basic theory as well as how to select the right machine for a specific use.
With a practical emphasis on engineering applications of turbomachines, this book discusses the full range of both turbines and pumping devices. For each type, the author explains:
Throughout, worked sample problems illustrate the principles discussed and end-of-chapter problems, employing both SI and the English system of units, provide practice to help solidify the reader's grasp of the material.
Book News Annotation:
Peng (mechanical engineering, California State U.-Fresno) presents a textbook for a first course on turbomachinery at the graduate or undergraduate level. It covers most types of turbomachines rather than just gas turbines or pumps, and emphasizes applications as well as design. Readers are assumed to have completed basic courses on fluid mechanics and thermodynamics as taught in the sophomore or junior year of an engineering program. Annotation ©2008 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
With up to date coverage of all types of turbomachinery for students and practitioners, this book covers everything from gas, steam, wind, and hydraulic turbines to simple pumps, fans, blowers, and compressors used throughout industry. The book focuses on the application and selection of the machine for various uses and teaches basic theory as well as how to select the right turbine for specific use.
About the Author
William W. Peng teaches in the Department of Mechanical Engineering, California State University, Fresno.
Table of Contents
List of Symbols.
Chapter 1: INTRODUCTION.
1 1 Definition.
1 2 Types of Turbomachines.
1 3 Applications of Turbomachines.
1 4 Performance Characteristics.
1 5 Methods of Analysis.
1 6 Historical Evolution of Turbomachines.
1 7 Organization of the Book.
Chapter 2: Dimensional Analysis.
2 1 Dimensions and Dimensional Homogeneity.
2 2 Buckingham Pi Theorem.
2 3 Other Nondimensional Parameters for Turbomachines.
2 4 Similarity Laws.
Chapter 3: Energy Transfer In Turbomachines.
3 1 Review on Fluid Mechanics Related to Turbomachinery.
3 2 Energy in Flowing Fluids.
3 3 Euler Equations.
3 4 Equations for Axial Flow Machines.
3 5 Equations for Mixed and Radial Flow Machines.
3 6 Degree of Reaction.
Chapter 4: Centrifugal Pumps.
4 1 Basic Construction and Classification.
4 2 Basic Working Principles.
4 3 Performance Characteristics.
4 4 Cavitation.
4 5 Performance Modifications.
4 6 Preliminary Design Procedure.
4 7 Pump Performance Tests.
4 8 Pumping Systems.
4 9 Pump Applications.
4 10 Pump Selections.
Chapter 5: Axial Flow Pumps and Fans.
5 1 Introduction.
5 2 Flow over Isolated Airfoils.
5 3 Axial Flow Cascade.
5 4 Preliminary Design Procedure.
5 5 Three Dimensional Flow Effects Radial Equilibrium Requirement.
5 6 Fans Test.
5 7 Fans Application.
5 8 Fans and Systems.
5 9 Fans Selection.
5 10 Propellers.
Chapter 6: Centrifugal Fans, Blowers and Compressors.
6 1 Classification.
6 2 Performance Parameters and Characteristics.
6 3 Change of Performance.
6 4 Polytropic Efficiency.
6 5 Preliminary Design of Centrifugal Fans.
6 6 Preliminary Design of Centrifugal Compressors.
6 7 Applications of Centrifugal Compressors.
6 8 Selection of Compressors.
Chapter 7: Axial Flow Compressors.
7 1 Introduction.
7 2 Basic Theory.
7 3 Preliminary Design of Compressor Stage.
7 4 Determination of Stage Efficiency.
7 5 Effects of Compressibility and Shock Waves.
7 6 Axial Flow Compressor Performance.
7 7 Surge and Stall in Compressor and the Remedies.
Chapter 8: Gas Turbines.
8 1 Introduction.
8 2 Thermodynamics of Axial Flow Turbine.
8 3 Degree of Reaction.
8 4 Preliminary Design Procedure for Turbine Stage.
8 5 Determination of Turbine Stage Efficiency.
8 6 Axial Flow Turbine Performance.
8 7 Compressor, Turbine Matching.
8 8 Radial Inflow Gas Turbine.
8 9 Thermodynamic Processes in Radial Inflow Gas Turbine.
8 10 Other Topics Related to Gas Turbine Engine.
8 11 Applications of Gas Turbine Engine.
Chapter 9: Steam Turbines.
9 1 Introduction.
9 2 Velocity Compounded Stage.
9 3 Classification of Steam Turbines.
9 4 Steam Turbines Parameters and Performance.
9 5 Cogeneration and Combined Cycle Plants.
Chapter 10: Hydraulic Turbines.
10 1 Introduction to Hydropower.
10 2 Types of Hydraulic Turbines.
10 3 Selection of Hydraulic Turbines.
10 4 Hydraulic Turbine Performance Characteristics.
10 5 Pelton Turbine.
10 6 Francis Turbine and Kaplan Turbine.
Chapter 11: Wind Turbines.
11 1 Introduction to Wind Power.
11 2 Actuator Theory.
11 3 Types of Wind Turbines.
11 4 Wind Turbines Characteristics and Preliminary Design Analysis.
11 5 Variable Speed Performance of Wind Turbines.
11 6 Wind Turbine Applications.
Appendix A: Review on Thermodynamics and Compressible Flow.
A 1 Thermodynamic Properties.
A 2 Thermodynamic Processes.
A 3 Other Thermo Flow Properties.
A 4 Adiabatic Efficiencies of Flow Components.
A 5 Thermodynamic Cycles.
A 6 Thermodynamic Cycles of Gas Turbine Engines.
A 7 Rankine Cycles with Vapor.
A 8 Compressible Flow through a Channel.
A 10 Oblique Shock Waves.
Appendix B: Airfoil Characteristics.
B 1 Flow Over Objects.
B 2 Airfoil Geometry.
B 3 NACA Airfoil Specification.
Appendix C: CFD Applications to Turbomachines Design and Flow Analysis.
Appendix D: Conversion Factors & Some Constants.
Appendix E: Thermodynamic Properties of Air and Water at STP.
Appendix F Internal Diameter of Standard Pipe of Schedule 40.
Appendix G Compressibility Chart.
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