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World of Mathematics Volume 4

by

World of Mathematics Volume 4 Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

Vol. 4 of a monumental 4-volume set covers such topics as mathematical machines, mathematics in warfare, a mathematical theory of art, mathematics of the good, mathematics in literature, mathematics and music, and amusements, puzzles, and fancies. Individual contributions by A. M. Turing, Aldous Huxley, Sir James Jeans, Lewis Carroll, and other notables. Informative commentary by noted mathematics scholar James R. Newman precedes each essay. Numerous figures.

Synopsis:

Vol. 4 of a monumental 4-volume set covers such topics as mathematical machines, mathematics in warfare, a mathematical theory of art, mathematics of the good, mathematics in literature, mathematics and music, and amusements.

About the Author

James R. Newman's World of Mathematics

James R. Newman (1907-1966) was a rare mathematician who was also a lawyer who held several administrative positions in the United States government during and after World War II, including Chief Intelligence Officer at the US Embassy in London. His mammoth four-volume World of Mathematics was first published in 1956 and reprinted by Dover in 2000. It represented the culmination of a fifteen-year effort by Newman, in his later years as a member of the Editorial Board of Scientific American, to assemble in one publication what he considered the most important essays in the field. It's the book that has introduced generations of students to the range and extent of mathematical literature.

In the Author's Own Words:

"The Theory of Groups is a branch of mathematics in which one does something to something and then compares the result with the result obtained from doing the same thing to something else, or something else to the same thing."

"The discovery in 1846 of the planet Neptune was a dramatic and spectacular achievement of mathematical astronomy. The very existence of this new member of the solar system, and its exact location, were demonstrated with pencil and paper; there was left to observers only the routine task of pointing their telescopes at the spot the mathematicians had marked." ― James R. Newman

Critical Acclaim for The World of Mathematics:

"Others with bigger and now whetted appetites will no doubt regard this book as a generous hors doeuvre and obtain additional fare by pursuing the numerous recommendations made by the author." ― Morris Kline, New York Herald Tribune Book Review

"Promises to be the most frequently used reference book on mathematics, as well as a delight to readers with a wide range of backgrounds." ― J.G. Kemeny, The New York Times

Table of Contents

VOLUME FOUR

PART XVIII: The Mathematician

  G.H. Hardy: Commentary

  1. A Mathematician's Apology by G. H. HARDY

  The Elusiveness of Invention: Commentary

  2 Mathematical Creation by HENRI POINCARÉ

  The Use of a Top Hat as a Water Bucket: Commentary

  3 The Mathematician by John Von Neumann

PART XIX: Mathematical Machines: Can a Machine Think?

  Automatic Computers: Commentary

  1. The General and Logical Theory of Automata by JOHN VON NEUMANN

  2. Can a Machine Think? By A. M. Turing

  3. A Chess-Playing Machine by CLAUDE SHANNON

PART XX: Mathematics in Warfare

  Frederick William Lanchester: Commentary

  1. Mathematics in Warfare by FREDERICK WILLIAM LANCHESTER

  Operations Research: Commentary

  2. How to Hunt a Submarine by PHILLIP M. MORSE and GEORGE E. KIMBALL

PART XXI: A Mathematical Theory of Art

  George David Birkhoff: Commentary

  1. Mathematics of Aesthetics by GEORGE DAVID BIRKHOFF

PART XXII: Mathematics of the Good

1. A Mathematical approach to Ethics by GEORGE DAVID BIRKHOFF

PART XXIII: Mathematics in Literature

  The Island of Laputa: Commentary

  1. Cycloid Pudding by JOHNATHAN SWIFT

  Aldous Huxley: Commentary

  2. Young Archimedes by ALDOUS HUXLEY

  Mr. Fortune: Commentary

  3. Geometry in the South Pacific by SYLVIA TOWNSEND WARNER

  Statistics as a Literary Stimulus: Commentary

  4. Inflexible Logic by RUSSELL MALONEY

  5. The Law by ROBERT M. COATES

PART XXIV: Mathematics and Music

  Sir James Jeans: Commentary

  1. Mathematics of Music by SIR JAMES JEANS

PART XXV: Mathematics as a Culture Clue

  Oswald Spengler: Commentary

  1. Meaning of Numbers by OSWALD SPENGLER

  2. The Locus of Mathematical Reality: An Anthropological Footnote by LESLIE A. WHITE

"PART XXVI: Amusements, Puzzles, Fancies"

  "Augustus De Morgan, and Estimable Man: Commentary"

  1. Assorted Paradoxes by AUGUSTUS DE MORGAN

  A Romance of Many Dimensions: Commentary

  2. Flatland by EDWIN A. ABBOTT

  Lewis Carroll: Commentary

  3. What the Tortoise Said to Achilles and Other Riddles by LEWIS CARROLL

  Continuity: Commentary

  4. The Lever of Mahomet by RICHARD COURANT and HERBERT ROBBINS

  Games and Puzzles: Commentary

  5. Pastimes of Past and Present Times by EDWARD KASNER and JANES R. NEWMAN

  6. Arithmetical Restorations by W. W. ROUSE BALL

  7. The Seven Seven's by W. E. H. BERWICK

  Thomas John l' Anson Bromwich: Commentary

  8. Easy Mathematics and Lawn Tennis by T. J. I'A. BROMWICH

  Stephen Butler Leacock: Commentary

  9. Mathematics for Golfers by STEPHEN LEACOCK

  10. Common Sense and the Universe by STEPHEN LEACOCK

INDEX

Product Details

ISBN:
9780486411521
Editor:
Newman, James Roy
Publisher:
Dover Publications
Editor:
Newman, James Roy
Editor:
Newman, James R.
Author:
Mathematics
Author:
Newman, James R.
Author:
Newman, James Roy
Subject:
General
Subject:
Mathematics
Subject:
General Mathematics
Subject:
Reference
Subject:
Mathematics - General
Edition Description:
Trade Paper
Series:
Dover Books on Mathematics
Series Volume:
4
Publication Date:
20000831
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Language:
English
Illustrations:
Y
Pages:
464
Dimensions:
8.5 x 5.38 in 1.1 pd

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Related Subjects


Science and Mathematics » Mathematics » General
Science and Mathematics » Mathematics » Probability and Statistics » General
Science and Mathematics » Mathematics » Probability and Statistics » Statistics
Science and Mathematics » Mathematics » Reference

World of Mathematics Volume 4 New Trade Paper
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Product details 464 pages Dover Publications - English 9780486411521 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by ,
Vol. 4 of a monumental 4-volume set covers such topics as mathematical machines, mathematics in warfare, a mathematical theory of art, mathematics of the good, mathematics in literature, mathematics and music, and amusements.
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