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Psychology of the Unconscious

by

Psychology of the Unconscious Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

In this, his most famous and influential work, Carl Gustav Jung made a dramatic break with the Freudian psychoanalytic tradition. Rather than focusing on psychopathology and its symptoms, the Swiss psychiatrist studied dreams, mythology, and literature to define the universal patterns of the psyche. In Psychology of the Unconscious, Jung seeks a symbolic meaning and purpose behind a given set of symptoms, placing them within the larger context of the psyche. The book examines the fantasies of a patient whose poetic and vivid mental images helped Jung redefine libido as psychic energy, arising from the unconscious and manifesting itself consciously in symbolic form. Jung's commentary on his patient's fantasies offers a complex study of symbolic psychiatry, and it foreshadows his development of the theory of collective unconscious and its constituents, the archetypes. Dover's edition of this milestone of psychology will be the lowest-priced edition now available. Unabridged republication of the 1947 printing of the work first published in 1916 by Dodd, Mead and Company, New York, 1947.

Book News Annotation:

In what many consider to be psychologist Jung's most influential work, he used the study of one patient's mental imagery to embark on a search for the universalities of the human psyche in myth, dreams, and literature. His investigations led him to break with his teacher, Sigmund Freud, and to his redefining of the human libido as a psychic energy central to the psyche. This is an unabridged republication of the 1947 printing of the first English translation (1916). Annotation (c)2003 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

Synopsis:

In this, his most famous and influential work, Jung made a dramatic break with the Freudian psychoanalytic tradition. Rather than focusing on psychopathology and its symptoms, the Swiss psychiatrist studied dreams, mythology, and literature to define the universal patterns of the psyche. It foreshadows his development of the theory of collective unconscious.

Table of Contents

AUTHOR'S NOTE

PART I

INTRODUCTION

  Relation of the Incest Phantasy to the Oedipus Legend

  Moral revulsion over such a discovery

  The unity of the antique and modern psychology

  Followers of Freud in this field

  The need of analyzing historical material in relation to individual analysis

I. CONCERNING THE TWO KINDS OF THINKING

    Antiquity of the belief in dreams

    "Dream-meanings psychological, not literal"

    They concern wish-fulfilments

    A typical dream: the sexual assault

    What is symbolic in our everyday thinking?

    "One kind of thinking: intensive and deliberate, or directed"

    Directed thinking and thinking in words

    Origin of speech in primitive nature sounds

    The evolution of speech

    Directed thinking a modern acquisition

    "Thinking, not directed, a thinking in images: akin to dreaming"

    Two kinds of thinking: directed and dream or phantasy thinking

    Science an expression of directed thinking

    The discipline of scholasticism as a forerunner

    Antique spirit created not science but mythology

    Their world of subjective phantasies similar to that we find in the childmind of to-day; or in the savage

    The dream shows a similar type

    Infantile thinking and dreams a re-echo of the prehistoric and the ancient

    The myths a mass-dream of the people: the dream the myth of the individual

    Phantastic thinking concerns wishes

    "Typical cases, showing kinship with ancient myths"

    Psychology of man changes but slowly

    Phantastic thinking tells us of mythical or other material of undeveloped and no longer recognized wish tendencies in the soul

    The sexual base

    "The wish, because of its disturbing nature, expressed not directly, but symbolically"

II. THE MILLER PHANTASIES

    Miss Miller's unusual suggestibility

    Identifying herself with others

    Examples of her autosuggestibility and suggestive effect

    "Not striking in themselves, but from analytic viewpoint they afford a glance into the soul of the writer"

    Her phantasies really tell of the history of her love

III. THE HYMN OF CREATION

    Miss Miller's description of a sea-journey

    "Really a description of "introversion"

    A retreat from reality into herself

    The return to the real world with erotic impression of officer singing in the night-watch

    The undervaluing of such erotic impressions

    Their often deep effect

    "The succeeding dream, and poem"

    The denied erotic impression usurps an earlier transference: it expresses itself through the Father-Imago

    Analysis of the poem

    "Relation to Cyrano, Milton and Job"

    The attempt to escape the problem by a religious and ethical pose

    Contrast with real religion

    "Escape from erotic by transference: "To a God or Christ"

    "This made effective by mutual transference: "Love one another"

    "The erotic spiritualized, however"

    The inner conflict kept conscious by this method

    "The modern, however, represses the conflict and so becomes neurotic"

    The function of Christianity

    Its biological purpose fulfilled

    Its forms of thought and wisdom still available

IV. THE SONG OF THE MONTH

    The double rôle of Faust: creator and destroyer

    "I came not to send peace, but a sword"

    The modern problem of choice between Scylla of world-renunciation and Charybdis of world-acceptance

    "The ethical pose of The Hymn of Creation having failed, the unconscious projects a new attempt in the Moth-Song"

    "The choice, as in Faust"

    The longing for the sun (or God) the same as that for the ship's officer

    "Not the object, however: the longing is important"

    God is our own longing to which we pay divine honors

    "The failure to replace by a real compensation the libido-object which is surrendered, produces regression to an earlier and discarded object"

    A return to the infantile

    The use of the parent image

    "It becomes synonymous with god, sun, fire"

    Sun and snake

    Symbols of the libido gathered into the sun-symbol

    The tendency toward unity and toward multiplicity

    One God with many attributes: or many gods that are attributes of one

    Phallus and sun

    "The sun-hero, the well-beloved"

    Christ as sun-god

    "Moth and sun" then brings us to historic depths of the soul"

    The sun-hero creative and destructive

    Hence: Moth and Flame: burning one's wings

    The destructiveness of being fruitful

    "Wherefore the neurotic withdraws from the conflict, committing a sort of self-murder"

    Comparison with Byron's Heaven and Earth

PART II

I. ASPECTS OF THE LIBIDO

    A backward glance

    The sun the natural god

    Comparison with libido

    "Libido, "sun-energy"

    The sun-image as seen by the mystic in introversion

    The phallic symbol of the libido

    Faust's key

    Mythical heroes with phallic attributes

    These heroes personifications of the human libido and its typical fates

    "A definition of the word "libido"

    Its etymological context

II. THE CONCEPTION AND THE GENETIC THEORY OF LIBIDO

    A widening of the conception of libido

    New light from the study of paranoia

    The impossibility of restricting the conception of libido to the sexual

    A genetic definition

    The function of reality only partly sexual

    "Yet this, and other functions, originally derivations from procreative impulse"

    The process of transformation

    "Libido, and the conception of will in general"

    Examples in mythology

    The stages of the libido: its desexualized derivatives and differentiations

    Sublimation vs. repression

    Splittings off of the primal libido

    Application of genetic theory of libido to introversion psychoses

    Replacing reality by archaic surrogates

    Desexualizing libido by means of phantastic analogy formations

    Possibly human consciousness brought to present state in this manner

    "The importance of the little phrase: "Even as"

III. THE TRANSFORMATION OF THE LIBIDO. A POSSIBLE SOURCE OF PRIMITIVE HUMAN DISCOVERIES

    An example of transition of the libido

    Act of boring with forefinger: an infantile presexual activity

    Similar activities in patient's early childhood

    Outcome in dementia præcox

    Its phantasies related to mythological products: a reproduction of the creations of a

    The psychological compulsion for such transitions of the libido based on an original division of the will

    Regression to incestuous

    Prohibition here sends incestuous component of libido back to pre-sexual

    Character of its application here

    The substitution of Mother-Earth for the parent

    Also of infantile boring

    Leading then to discovery of fire

    An example in Hindoo literature

    The sexual significance of the mouth

    Its other function: the mating call

    The regression which produced fire through boring also elaborated the mating call

    The beginnings of speech

    Example from the Hindoo

    Speech and fire the first fruits of transformation or libido

    "The fire-preparation regarded as forbidden, as robbery"

    The forbidden thing onanism

    Onanism a cheating of sexuality of its purpose

    The ceremonial fire-production a substitute for the possibility of onanistic regression

    Thus a transformation of libido ensues

IV. THE UNCONSCIOUS ORIGIN OF THE HERO

    The cause of introversion

    The forward and backward flow of the libido

    The abnormal third

    The conflict rooted in the incest problem

    "The "terrible mother"

    Miss Miller's introversion

    An internal conflict

    Its product of hypnagogic vision and poem

    The uniformity of the unconscious in all men

    The unconscious the object of a true psychology

    The individual tendency with its production of the hero cult

    The love for the hero or god a love for the unconscious

    A turning back to the mother of humanity

    Such regressions act favorably within limits

    Miss Miller's mention of the Sphinx

    Theriomorphic representations of the libido

    Their tendency to represent father and mother

    The sphinx represents the fear of the mother

    Miss Miller's mention of the Aztec

    Analysis of this figure

    The significance of the hand symbolically

    The Aztec a substitute for the Sphinx

    The name Chi-wan-to-pel

    The connection of the anal region with veneration

    "Chiwantopel and Ahasver, the Wandering Jew"

    The parallel with Chidher

    Heroes generating themselves through their own mothers

    Analogy with the Sun

    "Setting and rising sun: Mithra and Helios, Christ and Peter, Dhulqarnein and Chidher"

    The fish symbol

    The two Dadophores: the two thieves

    The mortal and immortal parts of man

    The Trinity taken from phallic symbolism

    Comparison of libido with phallus

    Analysis of libido symbolism always leads back to the mother incest

    The hero myth the myth of our own suffering unconscious

    Faust

V. SYMBOLISM OF THE MOTHER AND OF REBIRTH

    The crowd as symbol of mystery

    The city as symbol of the mother

    "The motive of continuous "union"

    The typical journey of the sun-hero

    Examples

    A longing for rebirth through the mother

    "The compulsion to symbolize the mother as City, Sea, Source, etc."

    The city as terrible mother and as holy mother

    The relation of the water-motive to rebirth

    Of the tree-motive

    Tree of life a mother-image

    The bisexual character of trees

    "Such symbols to be understood psychologically, not anatomically"

    "The incestuous desire aims at becoming a child again, not at incest"

    It evades incest by creating myths of symbolic rebirth

    The libido spiritualized through this use of symbols

    To be born of the spirit

    This compulsion toward symbolism brings a release of forces bound up in incest

    This process in Christianity

    Christianity with its repression of the manifest sexual the negative of the ancient sexual cult

    The unconscious transformation of the incest wish into religious exercise does not meet the modern need

    "A conscious method necessary, involving moral autonomy"

    Replacing belief by understanding

    The history of the symbolism of trees

    The rise of the idea of the terrible mother a mask of the incest wish

    The myth of Osiris

    Related examples

    "The motive of "devouring"

    The Cross of Christ: tree of death and tree of life

    Lilith: the devouring mother

    The Lamias

    The conquering of the mother

    Snake and dragon: the resistance against incest

    The father represents the active repulse of the incest with of the son

    He frequently becomes the monster to be overcome by the hero

    The Mithraic sacrificing of the incest wish an overcoming of the mother

    A replacing of archaic overpowering by sacrifice of the wish

    The crucified Christ an expression of this renunciation

    Other cross sacrifices

    "Cross symbol possesses significance of "union"

    Child in mother's womb: or man and mother in union

    Conception of the soul a derivative of mother imago

    The power of incest prohibition created the self-conscious individual

    It was the coercion to domestication

    The further visions of Miss Miller

VI. THE BATTLE FOR DELIVERANCE FROM THE MOTHER

    The appearance of the hero Chiwantopel on horseback

    Hero and horse equivalent of humanity and its repressed libido

    "Horse a libido symbol, partly phallic, partly maternal, like the tree"

    It represents the libido repressed through the incest prohibition

    The scene of Chiwantopel and the Indian

    Recalling Cassius and Brutus: also delirium of Cyrano

    Identification of Cassius with his mother

    His infantile disposition

    Miss Miller's hero also infantile

    Her visions arise from an infantile mother transference

    Her hero to die from an arrow wound

    The symbolism of the arrow

    The onslaught of unconscious desires

    The deadly arrows strike the hero from within

    It means the state of introversion

    A sinking back into the world of the child

    The danger of this regression

    It may mean annihilation or new life

    Examples of introversion

    The clash between the retrogressive tendency in the individual unconscious and the conscious forward striving

    Willed introversion

    The unfulfilled sacrifice in the Miller phantasy means an attempt to renounce the mother: the conquest of a new life through the death of the old

    "Minnehaha, t

Product Details

ISBN:
9780486424996
Introduction:
Hinkle, Beatrice M.
Publisher:
Dover Publications
Introduction by:
Hinkle, Beatrice M.
Introduction:
Hinkle, Beatrice M.
Author:
Jung, Carl Gustav
Author:
JUNG, C.G.
Location:
Mineola, N.Y.
Subject:
General
Subject:
Sex
Subject:
Psychoanalysis
Subject:
Sex (psychology)
Subject:
Mother and child
Subject:
Symbolism
Subject:
Subconsciousness
Subject:
Movements - Jungian
Subject:
General Psychology & Psychiatry
Subject:
Psychology : General
Edition Description:
Trade Paper
Series:
Dover Value Editions
Series Volume:
no. B-1272
Publication Date:
20030131
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Grade Level:
General/trade
Language:
English
Illustrations:
Yes
Pages:
570
Dimensions:
8.25 x 5.19 in 1.43 lb

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Health and Self-Help » Psychology » General
Health and Self-Help » Psychology » Jung and Jungians

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Product details 570 pages Dover Publications - English 9780486424996 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by ,
In this, his most famous and influential work, Jung made a dramatic break with the Freudian psychoanalytic tradition. Rather than focusing on psychopathology and its symptoms, the Swiss psychiatrist studied dreams, mythology, and literature to define the universal patterns of the psyche. It foreshadows his development of the theory of collective unconscious.
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