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Asia: Local Studies / Global Themes #25: Mabiki: Infanticide and Population Growth in Eastern Japan, 1660-1950

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Asia: Local Studies / Global Themes #25: Mabiki: Infanticide and Population Growth in Eastern Japan, 1660-1950 Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

"Mabiki shows how reproductive choices are embedded in dynamic cultural, social, and economic contexts. Marshaling evidence as diverse as religious artifacts and computer simulations, Fabian Drixler offers a compelling account of changes in the culture of infanticide over three centuries of Japanese history."and#151;George Alter, Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research, University of Michigan

"International work in Japanese studies is intellectually vibrant and booming in a way that most outsiders to the field probably don't realize. Among this excellent work, Drixler's Mabiki is one of the most important books to appear in any field of Japanese studies in many years. It is also a book that will disturb many readers and certainly be widely read, discussed and debated."and#151;Mark Metzler, University of Texas at Austin

"This book removes any question that infanticide was a widespread practice in eastern Japan, as well as a handful of other regions — not only throughout the Edo period but well into the twentieth century. Drixler's analysis will force future scholars who are thinking about demography, family, gender, social policy, ethnography, and other topics to include infanticide in their analyses.and#160; The implications are broad, especially for discussions regarding the forces that slowed Edo-period population growth." and#151;William Johnston, Wesleyan University

Synopsis:

An exquisite collection of objects relating to the traditions of samurai warriors, from swords and armor to dishes and paintings

Synopsis:

Through artifacts from the Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History and other collections at Yale University, this lavishly illustrated volume takes readers on a journey into Japanandrsquo;s early modern cultural and political history. It also offers tantalizing glimpses of medieval Japan and the technology underlying the material culture of the samurai. Some objects are dazzling aesthetic and technical feats: impossibly intricate lacquerware, swords as bright and sharp as the day they were forged, and glittering suits of armor from daimyo collections. Others are more unassuming, but equally capable of evoking visions of a lost world. Readers will encounter commoners alternately fearful of samurai violence and swept up in the romance of the cult of loyalty; artists and writers conjuring scenes of adventure and wit; families reaching out to departed kin across the chasm of death; parents deciding whether to raise or reject a newborn baby; underground Christians hiding their faith behind a Buddhist icon; and Japanese artifacts that take on new meanings in Ainu villages and the parlors of New England collectors.

and#160;

This book covers some well-known facets of Japanese history, but also features cutting-edge research. Like the exhibition from which it emerges, it is designed to be engaging and accessible to the general public while offering experts new information and perspectives.

Synopsis:

The samurai, Japanandrsquo;s medieval and early modern military nobility, have for centuries captivated imaginations far beyond the confines of their own time and culture. This beautifully illustrated volume presents a large and diverse selection of samurai treasures from the Yale Peabody Museum of Natural Historyandrsquo;s renowned collection of Japanese artifacts. Among the fascinating objects are recently restored swords, scabbards, and armor, along with an array of prints, dishes, tea ceremony utensils, netsukes, scroll paintings, and other items suggestive of unexpectedly tranquil pursuits.

and#160;

The book introduces the samurai not only as warriors but also as keepers of the longest peace any large society has ever known. Although swords and armor reflect the military foundation of samurai culture, they also reveal the central importance of artistry and craftsmanship. In addition, such other treasured articles as woodblock prints, theater masks, and lacquered food bowls shed new light on the traditions of the samurai during their final era of peace.

About the Author

Fabian Drixler is Assistant Professor of History at Yale University.

Table of Contents

Contents

List of Illustrations

Acknowledgements

A Note on Conventions

1. Introduction: Contested Worldviews and a Demographic Revolution 1

Eastern Japan

Unlocking Fertility Histories

A Reverse Fertility Transition

Fertility: A Special Definition

The Meanings of Infanticide

The Case for a Regional Perspective

Discourse and Demography

PART I. THE CULTURE OF LOW FERTILITY, CA. 1660-1790

2. Three Cultures of Family Planning

The Geography of Infanticide Countermeasures

Traces in the Demographic Record

The Changing Geography of Infanticide

Three Regimes of Demographic Moderation: Infanticide, "Antlion" Cities, and Emigration

A Multicultural Archipelago

3. Humans, Animals, and Newborn Children

Of Bugs and Babies

Vengeful Spirits and Liminal Souls

The Long Road to Human Status

The Tolerance of Priests and Doctors

Shadows of Doubt, Traces of Guilt

Animal Spirits

Multiplying like Birds and Beasts

4. Infanticide and Immortality: The Logic of the Stem Household

The Laws of Disinheritance

Imagined Communities of the Dead, the Living, and the Unborn

Grandparents and the Decision to Raise or Return

Mabiki as Filial Piety

5. The Material and Moral Economy of Infanticide

A Short Historiography of Poverty and Infanticide

Rates of Fertility and Infanticide Stratified by Landholdings

Poverty and Subsistence Crises

The Conflict between Production and Reproduction

Children's Labor and the Weakness of Parental Control

Consumption and the Moral Economy of Childrearing

Numeracy, Planning, and a Fertility Norm

6. The Logic of Infant Selection

Gendered Work, Succession Plans, and the Perfect Balance of Boys and Girls

Decoding the Pattern of the Future

The Numerology of Personal Time: Sex Divination and Yakudoshi

Tsunoda T&omacron;zaemon's Diary

Horoscopes and the Cosmic Pattern of Time

Superstition and Expert Knowledge

Monstrous Births

Fate Outfoxed

The Advantages of Child Spacing

7. The Ghosts of Missing Children: Four Approaches to Estimating the Rate of Infanticide

Edo-Period Statements of the Rate of Infanticide

Missing Girls and Missing Boys

A Monte Carlo Simulation

The Balance of Abortions and Infanticides

The Contraception Puzzle

The Stillbirth Statistics of Imperial Japan

Ten Million Children

PART II. REDEFINING REPRODUCTION: THE LONG RETREAT OF INFANTICIDE, CA. 1790-1950

8. Infanticide and Extinction

The Depopulation Crisis of the Late Eighteenth Century

Thinking Beyond an Heir and a Spare

A New Flowering of Branches

A New Vision of Family Life

9. "Inferior Even to Animals": Moral Suasion and the Boundaries of Humanity

Animal Analogies and the Inhumanity of Infanticide

Buddhist Hells

Infants as Humans

The Scale of the Suasion Effort

Gender and the Power of the Dehumanized Parent

10. Subsidies and Surveillance

How Subsidies and Surveillance Came to Be Expected Features of Good Governance

The Finances of Benevolence

The Scale of the Subsidies

Pregnancy Surveillance

Forensic Statistics: Second-Guessing the Surveillance Systems

Punishments

Successful Policies, Powerful Symbols

11. Even a Strong Castle Cannot be Defended without Soldiers: Infanticide and National Security

Rearing Children for the Realm

Japan in Peril

The Demographic Argument for Expansion Overseas

Nativism: Gods, Children, and National Defense

12. Infanticide and the Geography of Civilization

Japan and China

A Barbarous Anachronism of the Peripheries

Civilization and Infanticide in the Early Meiji Moment

Head of Dragon, Tail of Snake

Unspeakable Truths in a Civilized Nation

13. Epilogue: Infanticide in the Shadows of the Modern State

Infanticide in the 1870s

The Formal Criminalization of Abortion

Licensed Midwives and Reproductive Surveillance

Lone Voices

The Retreat of Infanticide in the Taish&omacron; Period

Subcultures of Infanticide in the 1930s and 1940s

The Return of Pronatalist Policies and the Legalization of Abortion

14. Conclusion

Continuity, Change, and Diffusion

Eastern Japan in World Demographic History

Fertility and Modernity

A Future of Many Possibilities

Open Questions

Means and Ends

Appendix 1. The Own-Children Method and Its Mortality Assumptions

Appendix 2. Sampling Biases, Sources of Error, and the Characteristics of the Ten Provinces Dataset

Appendix 3. The Villages of the Ten Provinces Dataset

Appendix 4. Total Fertility Rates in the Districts of the Ten Provinces

Appendix 5. Infanticide Reputations

Appendix 6. Scrolls and Votive Tablets with Infanticide Scenes

Appendix 7. Childrearing Subsidies and Pregnancy Surveillance by Domain

Notes

Bibliography

Index

Product Details

ISBN:
9780520272439
Subtitle:
Infanticide and Population Growth in Eastern Japan, 1660-1950
Author:
Drixler, Fabian
Author:
Fleming, William D.
Author:
Wheeler, Robert George
Publisher:
University of California Press
Subject:
Asia
Subject:
World History-Asia
Edition Description:
Trade Cloth
Series:
Asia: Local Studies / Global Themes
Series Volume:
25
Publication Date:
20130525
Binding:
Hardback
Language:
English
Illustrations:
150 color illus.
Pages:
439
Dimensions:
9 x 6 in

Related Subjects

History and Social Science » Sociology » General
History and Social Science » World History » Asia » General
History and Social Science » World History » General
Religion » Comparative Religion » General

Asia: Local Studies / Global Themes #25: Mabiki: Infanticide and Population Growth in Eastern Japan, 1660-1950 New Hardcover
0 stars - 0 reviews
$92.50 Backorder
Product details 439 pages University of California Press - English 9780520272439 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by ,
An exquisite collection of objects relating to the traditions of samurai warriors, from swords and armor to dishes and paintings
"Synopsis" by ,
Through artifacts from the Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History and other collections at Yale University, this lavishly illustrated volume takes readers on a journey into Japanandrsquo;s early modern cultural and political history. It also offers tantalizing glimpses of medieval Japan and the technology underlying the material culture of the samurai. Some objects are dazzling aesthetic and technical feats: impossibly intricate lacquerware, swords as bright and sharp as the day they were forged, and glittering suits of armor from daimyo collections. Others are more unassuming, but equally capable of evoking visions of a lost world. Readers will encounter commoners alternately fearful of samurai violence and swept up in the romance of the cult of loyalty; artists and writers conjuring scenes of adventure and wit; families reaching out to departed kin across the chasm of death; parents deciding whether to raise or reject a newborn baby; underground Christians hiding their faith behind a Buddhist icon; and Japanese artifacts that take on new meanings in Ainu villages and the parlors of New England collectors.

and#160;

This book covers some well-known facets of Japanese history, but also features cutting-edge research. Like the exhibition from which it emerges, it is designed to be engaging and accessible to the general public while offering experts new information and perspectives.

"Synopsis" by ,
The samurai, Japanandrsquo;s medieval and early modern military nobility, have for centuries captivated imaginations far beyond the confines of their own time and culture. This beautifully illustrated volume presents a large and diverse selection of samurai treasures from the Yale Peabody Museum of Natural Historyandrsquo;s renowned collection of Japanese artifacts. Among the fascinating objects are recently restored swords, scabbards, and armor, along with an array of prints, dishes, tea ceremony utensils, netsukes, scroll paintings, and other items suggestive of unexpectedly tranquil pursuits.

and#160;

The book introduces the samurai not only as warriors but also as keepers of the longest peace any large society has ever known. Although swords and armor reflect the military foundation of samurai culture, they also reveal the central importance of artistry and craftsmanship. In addition, such other treasured articles as woodblock prints, theater masks, and lacquered food bowls shed new light on the traditions of the samurai during their final era of peace.

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