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Before the New Deal: Social Welfare in the South, 1830-1930by Elna C. Green
Synopses & Reviews
The Civil War and Reconstruction changed the face of social welfare provision in the South as thousands of people received public assistance for the first time in their lives. This book examines the history of southern social welfare institutions and policies in those formative years. Ten original essays explore the local nature of welfare and the limited role of the state prior to the New Deal. The contributors consider such factors as southern distinctiveness, the impact of gender on policy and practice, and ways in which welfare practices reinforced social hierarchies. By examining the role of the Souths unique political economy, the impact of racism on social institutions, and the regions experience of war, this book makes it clear that the Souths social welfare story is no mere carbon copy of the nations.
About the Author
Elna Green is Associate Dean of the College of Humanities and Arts at San Jose State University. She is the author of This Business of Relief and the editor of Before the New Deal and The New Deal and Beyond (all Georgia).
Table of Contents
Laissez faire and the lunatic asylum: state welfare institutions in Georgia, the first half-century, 1830s-1880s / Peter Wallenstein — Confederate pensions as Southern social welfare / Kathleen Gorman — Regulating the poor in Alabama: the Jefferson County poor farm, 1885-1945 / James H. Tuten — We take care of our womenfolk: The Home for Needy Confederate Women in Richmond, Virginia, 1898-1990 / Susan Hamburger — National trends, regional differences, local circumstances: social welfare in New Orleans, 1870s-1920s / Elna C. Green — Are you or are you not your sister's keeper?: a radical response to the treatment of unwed mothers in Tennessee / Mazie Hough — Anxious care and constant struggle: the Female Humane Association and Richmond's white Civil War orphans / E. Susan Barber — I certainly hope that you will be able to train her: reformers and the Georgia Training School for Girls / Lee S. Polansky — The colors of social welfare in the New South: Black and White clubwomen in South Carolina, 1900-1930 / Joan Marie Johnson — Disease, disorder, and motherhood: working-class women, social welfare, and the process of urban development in Atlanta / Georgina Hickey.
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