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The Accidental Slaveowner: Revisiting a Myth of Race and Finding an American Family


The Accidental Slaveowner: Revisiting a Myth of Race and Finding an American Family Cover

ISBN13: 9780820340432
ISBN10: 082034043x
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Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

What does one contested account of an enslaved woman tell us about our difficult racial past? Part history, part anthropology, and part detective story, The Accidental Slaveowner traces, from the 1850s to the present day, how different groups of people have struggled with one powerful story about slavery.

For over a century and a half, residents of Oxford, Georgia (“the birthplace of Emory University”), have told and retold stories of the enslaved woman known as “Kitty” and her owner, Methodist bishop James Osgood Andrew, first president of Emory’s board of trustees. Bishop Andrew’s ownership of Miss Kitty and other enslaved persons triggered the 1844 great national schism of the Methodist Episcopal Church, presaging the Civil War. For many local whites, Bishop Andrew was only “accidentally” a slaveholder, and when offered her freedom, Kitty willingly remained in slavery out of loyalty to her master. Local African Americans, in contrast, tend to insist that Miss Kitty was the Bishop’s coerced lover and that she was denied her basic freedoms throughout her life.

Mark Auslander approaches these opposing narratives as “myths,” not as falsehoods but as deeply meaningful and resonant accounts that illuminate profound enigmas in American history and culture. After considering the multiple, powerful ways that the Andrew-Kitty myths have shaped perceptions of race in Oxford, at Emory, and among southern Methodists, Auslander sets out to uncover the “real” story of Kitty and her family. His years-long feat of collaborative detective work results in a series of discoveries and helps open up important arenas for reconciliation, restorative justice, and social healing.

Book News Annotation:

The enslaved woman Miss Kitty was owned by Methodist Bishop James Andrew, who was the first president of Emory University's board of trustees. In 1844, Bishop Andrew's ownership of slaves triggered a split in the Methodist Episcopal Church. The story goes that Bishop Andrew offered Miss Kitty her freedom, but she stayed out of loyalty. However, a competing local legend has it that Miss Kitty was held captive as a lover by Bishop Andrew. The author of this book draws on interviews with Miss Kitty's descendents and other black and white residents of the town of Oxford, Georgia, to examine the ways in which these myths affected race relations in the local community, at Emory University, and in the Methodist Church. Appendices offer a timeline of the families from 1783 to 2011, speculations on Miss Kitty's origins, profiles of Kitty's children, and the lives of the Greenwood slaves after emancipation. The book is illustrated with b&w historical and contemporary photos. Auslander directs the Museum of Culture and Environment at Central Washington University. Annotation ©2012 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (

About the Author

"This extraordinary book is one of the very best—and certainly the most original—anthropological and historical studies of slavery I have read. Through a combination of superb ethnography, original analysis, and painstaking archival work, Auslander tells an important and utterly compelling story. Thoughtfully organized and beautifully written, The Accidental Slaveowner will be an essential source for everyone interested in slavery and in the history of race relationships in the United States."—Rosalind Shaw, author of Memories of the Slave Trade: Ritual and the Historical Imagination in Sierra Leone

"This stunning book applies anthropological perspectives on myth and kinship to the pervasive legacy of slavery, which still dominates American understandings of race, humanity, freedom. Auslander's skilled collaboration with the descendants of 'Miss Kitty,' sometimes called 'the person who caused the civil war,' brings the unexpected story of her family to light, forging firm links across separations of black and white, slave and master, past and present. In the process, haunting fallacies are exorcised, and nagging paradoxes of blood and betrayal find voice, making possible new lines of debate, and novel pursuits of understanding, even justice."—Jean Comaroff, University of Chicago

"The Accidental Slaveowner is a beautifully written account of the complex ways in which family and institutional histories and memories of slavery are told and retold by blacks and whites in this country. At its heart is the important national story of the split of the Methodist Episcopal Church into northern and southern factions over the meaning of slavery in the years leading up to the Civil War. Mark Auslander has taken this institutional history and uncovered the personal stories of families and communities who felt and still feel the reverberations of that conflict down to the present day. With a detective’s attention to detail and a novelist’s love of people and their stories, Auslander has written a lucid, passionate work."—Leslie M. Harris, Emory University

"In 1844, a dispute over ownership of an enslaved woman named Catherine Boyd split the American Methodist Church, a fateful step on the road to secession and Civil War. In this beautiful, haunting book, Mark Auslander peels back the layers of history, memory, and myth that have grown up around 'Miss Kitty,' taking us to the heart of our nation’s conflicted racial past and present."—James T. Campbell, Edgar E. Robinson Professor in United States History, Stanford University

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations

Preface and Acknowledgments


Part One. Memory, Myth, and Kinship

1. The Myth of Kitty

2. Distant Kin: Slavery and Cultural Intimacy in a Georgia Community

Part Two. Slavery as a Mythical System

3. "The Tenderest Solicitude for Her Welfare": Founding Texts of the Andrew-Kitty Narrative

4. "As Free as I Am": Retelling the Narrative

5. "The Other Side of Paradise": Mythos and Memory in the Cemetery

6. "The Most Interesting Building in Georgia": The Strange Career of Kitty's Cottage

Part Three. Families Lost and Found

7. Enigmas of Kinship: Miss Kitty and Her Family

8. "Out of the Shadows": The Andrew Family Slaves

9. Saying Something Now

Appendix 1. Guide to Persons Mentioned in the Text

Appendix 2. Timeline

Appendix 3. Kitty's Possible Origins

Appendix 4. Kitty's Children

Appendix 5. The Greenwood Slaves, Postemancipation




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robert.stevenson36, May 8, 2012 (view all comments by robert.stevenson36)
I am eager to read this book after hearing the author interviewed on public radio.
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Product Details

Auslander, Mark
University of Georgia Press
United States - 19th Century
World History-General
Edition Description:
Trade Paper
Publication Date:
11 b&w photos, 12 figures
9 x 6 in

Related Subjects

History and Social Science » African American Studies » Slavery and Reconstruction
History and Social Science » Sociology » Slavery
History and Social Science » US History » 19th Century
History and Social Science » World History » General

The Accidental Slaveowner: Revisiting a Myth of Race and Finding an American Family New Trade Paper
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Product details 376 pages University of Georgia Press - English 9780820340432 Reviews:
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