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International Series in Operations Research & Management Science #101: Throughput Optimization in Robotic Cellsby Milind W. Dawande
Synopses & Reviews
Modern manufacturing processes have thoroughly incorporated automation and repetitive processing. The use of computer-controlled material handling systems to convey raw materials through the multiple processing stages required to produce a finished product is widely employed in industry world-wide. Central to these systems are robot-served manufacturing cells, or robotic cells. These cells perform a variety of functions including arc welding, material handling, electroplating, textiles creation, and machining. In addition, they are used in many different industries, including injection molding of battery components, glass manufacturing and processing, building products, cosmetics, lawn tractors, fiber-optics, and semi-conductor manufacturing. In the medical field, robotic cells are used to produce components for magnetic resonance imaging systems, for automated pharmacy compounding, to process nucleic acids, and to generate compounds for tests in relevant biological screens. Cells for grinding, polishing, and buffing handle many products, including rotors, stainless steel elbows for the chemical and the food industries, sink levers and faucets, propane tanks, flatware, automotive products, and more. All of this has resulted with the rapid growth of robotic cell scheduling. As manufacturers have employed them in greater numbers and greater varieties, analysts have developed new models and techniques to maximize these cells productivity. Competitive pressures will result in the development of more advanced cells and, hence, more sophisticated studies. Therefore, robotic cell scheduling should continue to attract the attention of a growing number of practitioners and researchers. THROUGHPUT OPTIMIZATION IN ROBOTIC CELLS is a comprehensive introduction to the field of robotic scheduling. It discusses the basic properties of robotic cells and outlines in detail the tools most often used to analyze them. In doing so, the book will provide a thorough algorithmic analysis of optimal policies for a variety of implementations. The book provides a classification scheme for robot cell scheduling problems that is based on cell characteristics, and discusses the influence of these characteristics on the methods of analysis employed. Implementation issues are stressed. Specifically, these issues are explored in terms of implementing solutions and open problems.
Intense global competition in manufacturing has compelled manufacturers to incorporate repetitive processing and automation for improving productivity. Modern manufacturing systems use robotic cells — a particular type of computer-controlled system in cellular manufacturing. THROUGHPUT OPTIMIZATION IN ROBOTIC CELLS provides practitioners, researchers, and students with up-to-date algorithmic results on sequencing of robot moves and scheduling of parts in robotic cells. It brings together the structural results developed over the last 25 years for the various realistic models of robotic cells. After describing industrial applications of robotic cells and presenting fundamental results about cyclic production, several advanced features, such as dual-grippers, parallel machines, multi-part-type production, and multiple robots, are treated. Important open problems in the area are also identified. This book is an excellent text for use in a graduate course or a research seminar on robotic cells.
Throughput Optimization In Robotic Cells provides practitioners, researchers, and students with up-to-date algorithmic results on sequencing of robot moves and scheduling of parts in robotic cells. It brings together the structural results developed over the last 25 years for the various realistic models of robotic cells. This book is ideally suited for use in a graduate course or a research seminar on robotic cells.
Table of Contents
Robotic cells in practice.- A classification scheme for robotic cells and notation.- Cyclic production.- Dual-gripper robots.- Parallel machines.- Multiple-part-type production: single-gripper robots.- Multiple-part-type production: dual-gripper robots.- Multiple-robot cells.- No-wait and interval robotic cells.- Open problems.- Appendices.- Index.
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