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Directors of Central Intelligence as Leaders of the U.S. Intelligence Community, 1946-2005by Douglas F. Garthoff
Synopses & Reviews
President Harry Truman created the job of director of central intelligence (DCI) in 1946 so that he and other senior administration officials could turn to one person for foreign intelligence briefings. The DCI was the head of the Central Intelligence Group until 1947, when he became the director of the newly created Central Intelligence Agency. This book profiles each DCI and explains how they performed in their community role, that of enhancing
cooperation among the many parts of the nations intelligence community and reporting foreign intelligence to the president. The book also discusses the evolving expectations that U.S. presidents through George W. Bush placed on their foreign intelligence chiefs.
Although head of the CIA, the DCI was never a true national intelligence chief with control over the governments many arms that collect and analyze foreign intelligence. This limitation conformed to President Trumans wishes because he was wary of creating a powerful and all-knowing intelligence chief in a democratic society. After the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, Congress and President Bush decided to alter the position of DCI by creating a new director of national intelligence position with more oversight and coordination of the governments myriad programs. Thus this book ends with Porter Goss in 2005, the last DCI.
Douglas Garthoffs book is a unique and important study of the nations top intelligence official over a roughly fifty-year period. His work provides the detailed historical framework that is essential for all future studies of how the U.S. intelligence community has been and will be managed.
Explains how each director of Central Intelligence sought to fulfill his "community" role, that of enhancing the cooperation among the many parts of the nation's intelligence community under his leadership. Explores that the nation's leaders expected of directors and how those holding the responsibility attempted to carry it out.
An essential historical study of all nineteen directors of central intelligence
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