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Latin America in the 1940's: War and Postwar Transitions
Synopses & Reviews
Latin America in the 1940s addresses the significant impact that World War II and the onset of the Cold War had on the political development of Latin America. During the middle of this crucial decade many Latin American countries turned from authoritarian regimes toward democracy and the rapid growth of labor unions. By the end of the decade, however, the fledgling democracies had collapsed, the unions were in shambles, and authoritarianism asserted itself once more. This collection of essays by an international group of historians, political scientists, economists, and sociologists confronts a central debate in Latin American studies: Were these events the immediate result of external forces--that is, of the war--or the culmination of internal movements that originated in the 1930s?
This book is among the first in its field to evaluate the early Cold War period through the lens of the immediate post-Cold War era. While powerfully reinterpreting the brief resurgence of democracy in Latin America in the 1940s, it offers a comparative foundation from which to judge the renewed trend toward democracy that began in the 1980s and continues during the early 1990s.
Includes bibliographical references (p. 275-289) and index.
About the Author
David Rock is Professor of History at the University of California, Santa Barbara, and author of Argentina, 1516-1987: From Spanish Colonization to Alfonsín (California, 1987) and Authoritarian Argentina: The Nationalist Movement, Its History and Its Impact (California, 1992).
Table of Contents
War and Postwar Intersections: Latin America and the United States, David Rock
The Latin American Economies in the 1940s, Rosemary Thorp
Internal Trajectories Versus External Influences: Brazil, Chile, Mexico, and Venezuela, Ruth Berins Collier
ECLA and the Formation of Latin American Economic Doctrine, E. V. K. Fitzgerald
International Crises and Popular Movements in Latin America: Chile and Peru From the Great Depression to the Cold War, Paul W. Drake
The Populist Gamble of Getúlio Vargas in 1945: Social, Political, and Ideological Transformations in Brazil, John D. French
Peace in the World and Democracy at Home: The Chilean Women's Movement in the 1940s, Corinne Antezana-Pernet
Why Not Corporatism?: Redemocratization and Regime Formation in Uruguay, Fernando Lopez-Alves
Internal and External Convergence: The Collapse of Argentine Grain Farming, Daniel Lewis
The Origins of the Green Revolution in Mexico: Continuity or Change?, Joseph Cotter
Labor Control and the Postwar Growth Model in Latin America, Ian Roxborough
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