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The Donme: Jewish Converts, Muslim Revolutionaries, and Secular Turksby Marc David Baer
Synopses & Reviews
This book tells the story of the Dönme, the descendents of Jews who resided in the Ottoman Empire and converted to Islam along with their messiah, Rabbi Shabbatai Tzevi, in the seventeenth century. For two centuries following their conversion, the Dönme were accepted as Muslims, and by the end of the nineteenth century rose to the top of Salonikan society. The Dönme helped transform Salonika into a cosmopolitan city, promoting the newest innovation in trade and finance, urban reform, and modern education. They eventually became the driving force behind the 1908 revolution that led to the overthrow of the Ottoman sultan and the establishment of a secular republic.
To their proponents, the Dönme are enlightened secularists and Turkish nationalists who fought against the dark forces of superstition and religious obscurantism. To their opponents, they were simply crypto-Jews engaged in a plot to dissolve the Islamic empire. Both points of view assume the Dönme were anti-religious, whether couched as critique or praise.
But it is time that we take these religious people seriously on their own terms. In the Ottoman Empire, the Dönme promoted morality, ethics, spirituality, and a syncretistic religion that reflected their origins at the intersection of Jewish Kabbalah and Islamic Sufism. This is the first book to tell their story, from their origins to their near total dissolution as they became secular Turks in the mid-twentieth century.
Book News Annotation:
Muslim conspiracy theorists in Turkey claim that the country's secular elite have a crypto-Jewish heritage; secularists hailed the Dönme converts to Islam as Turkish nationalists who helped transform Salonika into a modern city. Baer (history, U. of California, Irvine) relates the little-studied, complex identity story of these descendants of Jews who lived in the Ottoman Empire as followers of Rabbi Shabbatai Tzevi, who converted to Islam rather than be executed as a false messiah in the 17th century. The now secular, intermarried group blended Jewish and Sufi mystical beliefs. Photos show their traditional tombstone portraits. Annotation Â©2010 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
This is the first study of the modern history, experience, and ethno-religious identity of the Dönme, the descendants of seventeenth-century Jewish converts to Islam, in Ottoman and Greek Salonica and in Turkish Istanbul.
About the Author
Marc David Baer is Associate Professor of History at the University of California, Irvine. His first book, Honored by the Glory of Islam: Conversion and Conquest in Ottoman Europe (2008), won the Albert Hourani Prize from the Middle East Studies Association.
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History and Social Science » Middle East » Turkey