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International Politics on the World Stage, Brief (8TH 10 Edition)

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International Politics on the World Stage, Brief (8TH 10 Edition) Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

This concise text provides students and instructors with a comprehensive overview of world politics, inviting them in a straightforward and accessible way to explore international relations and its new challenges. A hallmark of the text is the authors' position that politics affect the lives of all of us, and that the individual can have an impact, whether small or large, by being politically aware and by taking action. The eighth edition includes an enhanced art program with 7 more charts and analyses and updates of currents including economic trends, possibilities of a new direction in U.S. foreign policy under the Obama administration, global environment issues and much more.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 - Thinking and Caring About World Politics

Previewing the Global Drama

Global Actors: Meet the Cast

Alternative Approaches to World Politics

The Importance of World Politics to Each of Us

World Politics and Your Finances

International Trade and Your Finances
The Flow of International Capital and Your Finances
Defense Spending and Your Finances

World Politics and Your Living Space

World Politics and Your Life

Transmational Diseases
Transnational Political Violence

You Can Make a Difference

Taking Direct Action
Voting
Becoming a Policy Maker

Thinking Theoretically: Putting World Events in Context

Realist Theory

Classic Realism and Neorealism
Realism: An Emphasis on Power
Realism and the Competitive Future

Liberal Theory

Classic Liberalism and Neoliberalism
Liberalism: An Emphasis on Cooperation
Liberalism and the Cooperative Future

Postmodernist, Feminist, and Economic Theories

Postmodernist Theory
Feminist Theory
Economic Theories

Constructivist Theory

Constructivism and the Nature of Politics
Constructivism and the Course of World Politics

Assessing Theories

Chapter Summary

Chapter 2 - The Evolution of World Politics

The Evolving World System: Early Development

Ancient Greece and Rome

After the Fall of Rome, A.D. 476 to 1700

Universal Authority in the Middle Ages
Local Authority in the Middle Ages
The Decline of the Feudal System
The Decline of Universalistic Authority
The Emergence of the Sovereign State

The 18th and 19th Centuries

The Evolving World System: The Twentieth Century

The Rise and Deline of the Bipolar System

The end of the Bipolar System

The Twenty-First Century: The Genesis of a New System

The Polar Power Structure in the Twenty-First Century

A Unipolar Moment
The Multipolar Urge
Limited Unipolarity
Future Polarity

Other Power Changes in the Twenty-First Century

The Weakening Western Orientation of the International System
Challenges to the Authority of the State
Security in the Twenty-First Century

Global Economics in the 21st Century

Economic Independence
Economic Disparity between North and South

Quality of Life in the 21st Century

Human Rights
The Environment

Chapter Summary

Chapter 3 - Levels of Analysis and Foreign Policy

Individual-Level Analysis

Humans as a Species

Cognitive Factors
Emotional Factors
Psychological Factors
Biological Factors
Gender

Organizational Behavior

Role Behavior
Decision-Making Behavior within Organizations

Leaders and Their Individual Traits

Personality
Physical and Mental Health
Ego and Ambition
Political History and Personal Experiences
Perceptions and Operational Reality

Policy as a Mix of Rational and Irrational Factors

State-Level Analysis

Making Foreign Policy: Type of Government, Situation, and Policy

Type of Government and the Foreign Policy Process
Type of Situation and the Foreign Policy Process
Type of Policy and the Foreign Policy Process

Making Foreign Policy: Political Culture

Foreign Policy-Making Actors

System-Level Analysis

Structural Characteristics

The Organization of Authority
Scope, Level, and Intensity of Interactions

Power Relationships

The Number of Powerful Actors
The Context of Power

Economic Realities

Norms

Chapter Summary

Chapter 4 - Nationalism: The Traditional Orientation

Understanding Nations, Nationalism, and Nation-States

Nations, Nationalism, and Nation-States Defined

Nations
Nationalism
Nation-States

The Rise of Ascendancy of Nationalism

Early Nationalism
Ascendant Modern Nationalism
Patterns of Nation-State Formation

Nationalism in Practice: Issues and Evaluation

Nation-States: More Myth than Reality

One State, One Nation
One State, Multiple Nations
One Nation, Multiple States
One Nation, No State
Multiple Nations, Multiple States

Positive and Negative Aspects of Nationalism

Positive Nationalism
Negative Nationalism

Self-Determination as a Goal

Positive Aspects of Self-Determination
Concerns about Self-Determination

Nationalism and the Future

The Recent Past and Present of Nationalism

The Predicted Demise of Nationalism
Persistent Nationalism

The Future of Nationalism

Chapter Summary

Chapter 5 - Globalization: The Alternative Orientation

Globalism

Globalization

Globalization of Transportation and Communications

Global Transportation
Global Communications

Economic Globalization

Cultural Globalization

Language
Consumer Products

Evaluating Globalization

Arguments for Economic Globalization
Concerns about Economic Globalization
Concerns about Cultural Globalization

Transnationalism

Transnational Organizations

The Growth of NGOs
The Activities of NGOs
The Impact of NGOs

Regional Transnationalism

Cultural Transnationalism

Transnational Religion

Religion and World Politics
The Strength of Religious Fundamentalism

Islam and the World

The Political Heritage of Muslims
Islam and Nationalism
Islam and the Non-Islamic World

Transnational Movements

Women in the World
Goals of the Transnational Women's Movement
Organization of the Transnational Women's Movement
Advances in Women in Politics

The Future of Transnationalism

Chapter Summary

Chapter 6 - Power, Statecraft, and the National State: The Traditional Structure

The Nature and Purpose of the State

The State Defined

Sovereignty
Territory
Population
Diplomatic Recognition
Internal Organization
Domestic Support

Purposes of the State

How States Are Governed

Authoritarian Government

Democratic Government

Democracy and Security

The Complex Nature of Power

Power as an Asset and Goal

Hard and Soft Power

Absolute and Relative Power

Power as Capacity and Will

Situational Power

Power Dynamics

The Diplomatic Instrument

Diplomacy as Applied Power

Multilateral Diplomacy
Leader-to-Leader Diplomacy
Democratized Diplomacy
Parliamentary Diplomacy
Open Diplomacy

Diplomacy as a Communications Process

Conducting Diplomacy

Direct or Indirect Negotiations
High-Level or Low-Level Diplomacy
Using Coercion or Rewards
Being Precise or Intentionally Vague
Communicating by Word or Dee
Linking Issues or Treating Them Separately
Maximizing or Minimizing a Dispute

The Informational Instrument

States and the Future

The State: Changing Status

The State: The Indictment

States Are Obsolete
States Are Destructive

The State: The Defense

The State: The Verdict

Chapter Summary

Chapter 7 - Intergovernmental Organizations: Alternative Governance

An Overview of Intergovernmental Organizations

History of IGOs

Theories of IGO Formation
The Growth of IGOs
Reasons for Growth

Roles the IGOs Play

Interactive Arena
Center of Cooperation
Independent International Actor
Supranational Organization

Global IGOs: Focus on the United Nations

Membership and Voting

Membership Issues
Voting Issues

Leadership

The Selection of IGO Leaders
The Role of IGO Leaders

Administration, and Finance

Administration
Finance

Activities of the UN and Other IGOs

Activities Promoting Peace and Security
Social, Economic, Environmental, and Other Activities

Evaluating Global IGOs

Regional IGOs: Focus on the European Union

The Origins and Evolution of the European Union

Economic Integration
Political Integration

Governance of the European Union

Political Leadership
Bureaucracy
Oversight Agencies
Legislature
Judiciary

The Future of the EU

Campaign for a Constitution
Reflecting on the EU's Future

Chapter Summary

Chapter 8 - International Law and Human Rights

Fundamentals of International Law and Justice

The Primitive Nature of International Law

The Growth of International Law

Current Perspectives

The Practice of International Law

International Law and Politics

The Fundamentals of International Justice

The International Legal System

The Philosophical Roots of Law

How International Law is Made

The Sources of Law

Adherence to the Law

Compliance with the Law
Enforcement of the Law

Adjudication of the Law

International Courts
Jurisdiction of International Courts
Effectiveness of International Courts

Applying International Law and Justice

"Just War" Theory

Just Cause of War
Just Conduct of War

Applying International Law and Justice to Individuals

Post-World War II Tribunals
Current International Tribunals
The International Criminal Court

Human Rights Issues and Organizations

Changing Trends in Human Rights

The Nature of Human Rights

Proscriptive and Prescriptive Human Rights
Universal and Culture-Based Rights
Applying Universalism and Relativism
Individual and Community Rights

Current Issues in Human Rights

Human Rights Problems
Human Rights Progress
Human Rights Treaties
Barriers to Progress on Human Rights

The Future of International Law and Justice

Chapter Summary

Chapter 9 - Pursuing Security

Thinking about Security

A Tale of Insecurity

Critiquing the Drama

Conflict and Insecurity: The Traditional Road

War and World Politics

The Causes of War: Three Levels of Analysis

System-Level Causes of War
State-Level Causes of War
Individual-Level Causes of War

Terrorism

The Nature and Limits of Terrorism
Sources of Terrorism
The Record of Terrorism
Terrorist Weapons and Tactics
The Causes of Terrorism
Combating Terrorism

Unconventional Force

Arms Transfers: Where and Why
Arms Transfers: Drawbacks
Special Operations

Conventional Force

Goals and Conduct of War
Avoiding Unchecked Escalation

Weapons of Mass Destruction

Biological Weapons
Chemical Weapons
Nuclear Weapons

Global and International Security: The Alternative Road

Limited Self-Defense Through Arms Control

Methods of Achieving Arms Control
The Barriers to Arms Control

International Security Forces

International Security Forces: Theory and Practice
Peacekeeping
International Security and the Future

Abolition of War

Complete Disarmament
Pacifism

Chapter Summary

Chapter 10 - National Economic Competition: The Traditional Road

Theories of International Political Economy

Economic Nationalism

Economic Internationalism

Economic Structuralism

The World Economy: Globalization and Interdependence

Trade

Expanding Trade
Factors Promoting Expanding Trade

International Investment

Foreign Direct and Portfolio Investment
International Investment and Multinational Corporations

Monetary Relations

The World Economy: Diverse Circumstances

North-South Patterns

North-South Economic Patterns
North-South Societal Patterns

Evaluating the North-South Gap

Mixed Data on Development
Uneven Patterns of Development

National Economic Relations

North-North Economic Relations

Changes in the North's Economic Climate
Changes in the North's Political Climate

North-South Economic Relations

The South's Reform Agenda
The North's Response to the South's Reform Agenda
New Developments in the North-South Competition

South-South Economic Relations

Applied Economic Nationalism

Using Economic Means to Achieve Economic Ends

Trade and Investment Barriers
Trade and Investment Supports

Using Economic Means to Achieve Political Ends

The Future of Economic Nationalist Policy

Chapter Summary

Chapter 11 - International Economics: The Alternative Road

Economic Cooperation and Development: Background and Requirements

The Origins of Economic Cooperation

Development of the South

Economic Cooperation and Development: The Institutions

The United Nations and Economic Cooperation

The UN and Global Economic Regulation
The UN and Development

Trade Cooperation and Development: The WTO

The Structure and Role of the WTO
Revising the GATT: The Doha Round

Monetary Cooperation in Support of Development: The IMF

The Role of the IMF
Criticisms of the IMF
Defense of the IMF

Development Cooperation: The World Bank Group

World Bank Operations
Controversy about the World Bank Group

Economic Cooperation and Development: EDC Institutions

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
The Group of Eight (G-8)

Regional and Bilateral Economic Cooperation and Development

The Western Hemisphere

The North American Free Trade Agreement
The Free Trade Area of the Americas
Mercosur

Asia and the Pacific

Other Regions

Bilateral Trade Agreements

Cooperation and Development: Debating the Future

The Case for Economic Internationalism

Economic Advantages
Noneconomic Advantages

The Case for Economic Nationalism

Economic Advantages
Noneconomic Advantages

The Globalization Debate in Perspective

Chapter Summary

Chapter 12 - Preserving and Enhancing the Biosphere

The Ecological State of the World

Sustainable Development

The Conundrum of Sustainable Development

Option 1: Restrict/Rollback Development
Option 2: Pay for Environmentally Sustainable Development

The Politics of Sustainable Development

Earth Summit I
Earth Summit II

Sustainable Development: Population Problems and Progress

Global Recognition of the Population Problem

Approaches to Reducing the Birthrate

The Impact of International Population Control Efforts

Sustainable Development: Resource Problems and Progress

Petroleum, Natural Gas, and Minerals

Forests and Land

Forest Depletion
Land Degradation
Forest and Land Protection

Wildlife

Global Pressure on Wildlife
Protecting Wildlife

Freshwater

The Seas and Fisheries

Pressures on the Seas and Fisheries
Protecting Fisheries

Sustainable Development: The Environment

Ground Quality

International Ground Quality Issues
International Efforts to Protect Ground Quality

Water Quality

International Water Quality Issues
International Efforts to Protect Water Quality

Air Quality

International Air Quality Issues
Protecting Air Quality

The Ozone Layer

Ozone Layer Depletion
Protecting the Ozone Layer

Global Warming

Global Warming: What We Know
Global Warming: What Is in Dispute
The International Response to Global Warming

Chapter Summary

An Epilogue to the Text/A Prologue to the Future

Endnotes

Glossary

References

Index

Product Details

ISBN:
9780073378992
Author:
Rourke, John
Publisher:
McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Langua
Author:
Boyer Mark
Author:
Boyer, Mark A.
Author:
Rourke John
Author:
Boyer, Mark
Author:
Rourke, John T.
Subject:
International Relations - General
Subject:
International Relations
Subject:
International economic relations
Subject:
Politics-United States Foreign Policy
Copyright:
Edition Description:
Brief
Publication Date:
September 2009
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Grade Level:
College/higher education:
Language:
English
Illustrations:
Y
Pages:
386
Dimensions:
9.00x7.20x.70 in. 1.50 lbs.

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