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Transportation Engineering and Planningby C. S. Papacostas
Synopses & Reviews
This detailed, interdisciplinary introduction to transportation engineering is ideal as both a comprehensive tutorial and reference. Begins with the basic sciences, mathematics, and engineering mechanics, and gradually introduces new concepts concerning societal context, geometric design, human factors, traffic engineering, and simulation, transportation planning, evaluation. For prospective and practicing transportation engineers.
Book News Annotation:
This update of the frequently cited 1993 edition spans the major transportation concerns of design and operation, systems, impacts, and supporting elements such as evaluation, economics, and simulation. Expanded coverage includes: congestion quantification and management strategies, intelligent transportation systems, land- use and random utility discrete choice modeling, HCM 2000, traffic calming, roundabouts, Superpave, TEA-21, and a chapter on traffic software. Includes b&w illustrations of transit options, chapter exercises, and the Federal Highway Administration's "1982 Guidelines for the preparation of environmental documents." Suitable for senior-level and introductory graduate transportation courses. The authors are at the U. of Hawaii at Manoa in Honolulu.
Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
Table of Contents
(NOTE: Most chapters include an Introduction, Summary, References, and Exercises.)
1. Introduction and Background.
The Transportation System. Transportation System Classification. The Role of Government. Tools and Applications.
I. DESIGN AND OPERATION.
2. Roadway Design.
Equations of Motions. Human Factors. Geometric Design of Highways. Pavement Structures.
3. Traffic Stream Flow Models.
Vehicular Stream Models. Stream Variables. Vehicular Stream Equations and Diagrams. Stream Measurements: The Moving-Observer Method. Shock Waves in Traffic.
4. Capacity and Level of Service Analysis.
Pedestrian and Bicycle Facilities. Transit Systems: Uninterrupted Flow. Transit System: Interrupted Flow. Highways: Uninterrupted Flow. Highways: Interrupted Flow. Capacity of Signalized Intersections. Traffic Data Collection Methods. Capacity Analysis of Unsignalized Intersections.
II. TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS.
5. Transportation Modes.
Modes. Intercity Passenger Travel. Comparisons among Modes and Countries.
6. Urban and Intelligent Transportation Systems.
Development of Cities and Transportation Modes. Urban Transportation Modes. Urban Transportation Issues. Intelligent Transportation Systems.
7. Transportation Planning.
Historical Development in the United States. Development of a Formal Planning Process. Planning Studies and Methods. Other Planning Issues.
8. Travel-Demand Forecasting.
Trip Generation. Trip Distribution. Mode Choice. Trip Assignment. Transport Behavior of Individuals and Households. Other Demand-Forecasting Models.
III. TRANSPORTATION IMPACTS.
9. Traffic Impact and Parking Studies.
Traffic Impact Studies. Parking Studies.
10. Air Quality, Noise, and Energy Impacts.
Air Pollution. Noise Generation. Energy Consumption.
11. Evaluation and Choice.
Feasibility and Impact Enumeration. Engineering Economic Analysis. Effectiveness Analysis.
IV. SUPPORTING ELEMENTS.
12. Elements of Engineering Economy.
Money and Its Time Value. Interest and Discount. Simple and Compound Interest. Nominal and Effective Interest Rates. Discrete and Continuous Compounding. Cash Flows. Equal Series of Payments. Superposition of Cash Flows.
13. Probability and Statistics.
Elements of Probability Theory. Experimental Data and Model Parameters. Linear and Nonlinear Regression. Hypothesis Testing and Model Evaluation.
14. Queuing and Simulation.
Queuing Models. Computer Simulation.
15. Transportation Software.
Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Traffic Simulation Software. Capacity Software: HCS, SIDRA, and Others. Planning Software: EMME/2, QRS II, TRANPLAN, MINUTP, TP+, TRANSCAD, TRANSIMS.
Appendix A: 1982 Guidelines for the Preparation of Environmental Documents.
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