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Oracle PL/SQL by Example (Prentice Hall PTR Oracle)

by

Oracle PL/SQL by Example (Prentice Hall PTR Oracle) Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

This integrated learning solution teaches all the Oracle PL/SQL skills you need, hands-on, through real-world labs, extensive examples, exercises, and projects! Completely updated for Oracle 11g, Oracle PL/SQL by Example, Fourth Edition covers all the fundamentals, from PL/SQL syntax and program control through packages and Oracle 11g’s significantly improved triggers.

 

One step at a time, you’ll walk through every key task, discovering the most important PL/SQL programming techniques on your own. Building on your hands-on learning, the authors share solutions that offer deeper insights and proven best practices. End-of-chapter projects bring together all the techniques you’ve learned, strengthening your understanding through real-world practice.

 

This book’s approach fully reflects the authors’ award-winning experience teaching PL/SQL programming to professionals at Columbia University. New database developers and DBAs can use its step-by-step instructions to get productive fast; experienced PL/SQL programmers can use this book as a practical solutions reference. Coverage includes

        • Mastering basic PL/SQL concepts and general programming language fundamentals, and understanding SQL’s role in

          PL/SQL

        • Using conditional and iterative program control techniques, including the new CONTINUE and CONTINUE WHEN statements

        • Efficiently handling errors and exceptions

        • Working with cursors and triggers, including Oracle 11g’s powerful new compound triggers

        • Using stored procedures, functions, and packages to write modular code that other programs can execute

        • Working with collections, object-relational features, native dynamic SQL, bulk SQL, and other advanced PL/SQL capabilities

        • Handy reference appendices: PL/SQL formatting guide, sample database schema, ANSI SQL standards reference, and

          more

 

Benjamin Rosenzweig is a Software Development Manager at Misys. Previously he was a Principal Consultant at Oracle. His experience ranges from creating an electronic Tibetan—English Dictionary in Kathmandu, Nepal, to supporting presentation centers at Goldman Sachs and managing trading systems at TIAA-CREF. As an instructor at Columbia University’s Computer Technology and Application Program, he was awarded the Outstanding Teaching Award. Rosenzweig wrote and presented Oracle Forms Developer: The Complete Video Course, and coauthored Oracle Web Application Programming for PL/SQL Developers.

 

Elena Silvestrova Rakhimov is Senior Developer and Team Lead at Alea Software. She has more than fifteen years of experience in database development in a wide spectrum of enterprise and business environments, ranging from non-profit organizations to Wall Street. She has taught database programming at Columbia University.

 

Contents

Acknowledgments xiv

About the Authors xv

Introduction xvii

 

CHAPTER 1 PL/SQL Concepts 1

    LAB 1.1 PL/SQL in Client/Server Architecture 2

        1.1.1 Use PL/SQL Anonymous Blocks 8

        1.1.2 Understand How PL/SQL Gets Executed 10

    LAB 1.2 PL/SQL in SQL*Plus 12

        1.2.1 Use Substitution Variables 16

        1.2.2 Use the DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE Statement 17

Chapter 1 Try It Yourself 19

 

CHAPTER 2 General Programming Language

Fundamentals 21

    LAB 2.1 PL/SQL Programming Fundamentals 22

        2.1.1 Make Use of PL/SQL Language Components 23

        2.1.2 Make Use of PL/SQL Variables 24

        2.1.3 Handle PL/SQL Reserved Words 26

        2.1.4 Make Use of Identifiers in PL/SQL 27

        2.1.5 Make Use of Anchored Datatypes 28

        2.1.6 Declare and Initialize Variables 31

        2.1.7 Understand the Scope of a Block, Nested Blocks, and Labels 34

Chapter 2 Try It Yourself 37

 

CHAPTER 3 SQL in PL/SQL 39

    LAB 3.1 Making Use of DML in PL/SQL 40

        3.1.1 Use the Select INTO Syntax for Variable Initialization 41

        3.1.2 Use DML in a PL/SQL Block 42

        3.1.3 Make Use of a Sequence in a PL/SQL Block 44

    LAB 3.2 Making Use of SAVEPOINT 45

        3.2.1 Make Use of COMMIT, ROLLBACK, and SAVEPOINT in a PL/SQL Block 48

Chapter 3 Try It Yourself 51

 

CHAPTER 4 Conditional Control: IF Statements 53

    LAB 4.1 IF Statements 54

        4.1.1 Use the IF-THEN Statement 58

        4.1.2 Use the IF-THEN-ELSE Statement 62

    LAB 4.2 ELSIF Statements 65

        4.2.1 Use the ELSIF Statement 69

    LAB 4.3 Nested IF Statements 74

        4.3.1 Use Nested IF Statements 76

Chapter 4 Try It Yourself 80

 

CHAPTER 5 Conditional Control: CASE Statements 81

    LAB 5.1 CASE Statements 82

        5.1.1 Use the CASE Statement 89

        5.1.2 Use the Searched CASE Statement 91

    LAB 5.2 CASE Expressions 96

        5.2.1 Use the CASE Expression 100

    LAB 5.3 NULLIF and COALESCE Functions 103

        5.3.1 The NULLIF Function 107

        5.3.2 Use the COALESCE Function 109

Chapter 5 Try It Yourself 112

 

CHAPTER 6 Iterative Control: Part I 113

    LAB 6.1 Simple Loops 114

        6.1.1 Use Simple Loops with EXIT Conditions 118

        6.1.2 Use Simple Loops with EXIT WHEN Conditions 120

    LAB 6.2 WHILE Loops 124

        6.2.1 Use WHILE Loops 128

    LAB 6.3 Numeric FOR Loops 132

        6.3.1 Use Numeric FOR Loops with the IN Option 137

        6.3.2 Use Numeric FOR Loops with the REVERSE Option 139

Chapter 6 Try It Yourself 142

 

CHAPTER 7 Iterative Control: Part II 143

    LAB 7.1 The CONTINUE Statement 144

        7.1.1 Use the CONTINUE Statement 146

        7.1.2 Use the CONTINUE WHEN Condition 152

    LAB 7.2 Nested Loops 154

        7.2.1 Use Nested Loops 157

Chapter 7 Try It Yourself 161

 

CHAPTER 8 Error Handling and Built-in Exceptions 163

    LAB 8.1 Handling Errors 164

        8.1.1 Understand the Importance of Error Handling 167

    LAB 8.2 Built-in Exceptions 169

        8.2.1 Use Built-in Exceptions 174

Chapter 8 Try It Yourself 178

 

CHAPTER 9 Exceptions 179

    LAB 9.1 Exception Scope 180

        9.1.1 Understand the Scope of an Exception 183

    LAB 9.2 User-Defined Exceptions 188

        9.2.1 Use User-Defined Exceptions 193

    LAB 9.3 Exception Propagation 197

        9.3.1 Understand How Exceptions Propagate 203

        9.3.2 Reraise Exceptions 206

Chapter 9 Try It Yourself 209

 

CHAPTER 10 Exceptions: Advanced Concepts 211

    LAB 10.1 RAISE_APPLICATION_ERROR 212

        10.1.1 Use RAISE_APPLICATION_ERROR 215

    LAB 10.2 EXCEPTION_INIT Pragma 217

        10.2.1 USE the EXCEPTION_INIT Pragma 219

    LAB 10.3 SQLCODE and SQLERRM 222

        10.3.1 Use SQLCODE and SQLERRM 225

Chapter 10 Try It Yourself 227

 

CHAPTER 11 Introduction to Cursors 229

    LAB 11.1 Cursor Manipulation 230

        11.1.1 Make Use of Record Types 234

        11.1.2 Process an Explicit Cursor 235

        11.1.3 Make Use of Cursor Attributes 240

        11.1.4 Put It All Together 242

    LAB 11.2 Using Cursor FOR Loops and Nested Cursors 246

        11.2.1 Use a Cursor FOR Loop 247

        11.2.2 Process Nested Cursors 247

Chapter 11 Try It Yourself 252

 

CHAPTER 12 Advanced Cursors 253

    LAB 12.1 Using Parameters with Cursors and Complex Nested Cursors 254

        12.1.1 Use Parameters in a Cursor 255

        12.1.2 Use Complex Nested Cursors 255

    LAB 12.2 FOR UPDATE and WHERE CURRENT Cursors 258

        12.2.1 For UPDATE and WHERE CURRENT Cursors 258

 

CHAPTER 13 Triggers 263

    LAB 13.1 What Triggers Are 264

        13.1.1 Understand What a Trigger Is 272

        13.1.2 Use BEFORE and AFTER Triggers 274

    LAB 13.2 Types of Triggers 277

        13.2.1 Use Row and Statement Triggers 283

        13.2.2 Use INSTEAD OF Triggers 285

Chaper 13 Try It Yourself 290

 

CHAPTER 14 Compound Triggers 291

    LAB 14.1 Mutating Table Issues 292

        14.1.1 Understand Mutating Tables 296

    LAB 14.2 Compound Triggers 300

        14.2.1 Understand Compound Triggers 306

Chapter 14 Try It Yourself 313

 

CHAPTER 15 Collections 315

    LAB 15.1 PL/SQL Tables 316

        15.1.1 Use Associative Arrays 326

        15.1.2 Use Nested Tables 330

    LAB 15.2 Varrays 334

        15.2.1 Use Varrays 338

    LAB 15.3 Multilevel Collections 342

        15.3.1 Use Multilevel Collections 344

Chapter 15 Try It Yourself 348

 

CHAPTER 16 Records 349

    LAB 16.1 Record Types 350

        16.1.1 Use Table-Based and Cursor-Based Records 358

        16.1.2 Use User-Defined Records 362

    LAB 16.2 Nested Records 367

        16.2.1 Use Nested Records 369

    LAB 16.3 Collections of Records 373

        16.3.1 Use Collections of Records 374

Chapter 16 Try It Yourself 378

 

CHAPTER 17 Native Dynamic SQL 379

    LAB 17.1 EXECUTE IMMEDIATE Statements 380

        17.1.1 Use the EXECUTE IMMEDIATE Statement 387

    LAB 17.2 OPEN-FOR, FETCH, and CLOSE Statements 392

        17.2.1 Use OPEN-FOR, FETCH, and CLOSE Statements 395

Chapter 17 Try It Yourself 401

 

CHAPTER 18 Bulk SQL 403

    LAB 18.1 The FORALL Statement 404

        18.1.1 Use the FORALL Statement 413

    LAB 18.2 The BULK COLLECT Clause 422

        18.2.1 Use the BULK COLLECT Statement 428

Chapter 18 Try It Yourself 437

 

CHAPTER 19 Procedures 439

    LAB 19.1 Creating Procedures 441

        19.1.1 Create Procedures 441

        19.1.2 Query the Data Dictionary for Information on Procedures 443

    LAB 19.2 Passing Parameters into and out of Procedures 444

        19.2.1 Use IN and OUT Parameters with Procedures 445

Chapter 19 Try It Yourself 447

    Part 1 447

    Part 2 447

 

CHAPTER 20 Functions 449

    LAB 20.1 Creating and Using Functions 450

        20.1.1 Create Stored Functions 451

        20.1.2 Make Use of Functions 452

        20.1.3 Invoke Functions in SQL Statements 453

        20.1.4 Write Complex Functions 454

Chapter 20 Try It Yourself 455

 

CHAPTER 21 Packages 457

    LAB 21.1 The Benefits of Using Packages 458

        21.1.1 Create Package Specifications 460

        21.1.2 Create Package Bodies 462

        21.1.3 Call Stored Packages 464

        21.1.4 Create Private Objects 465

        21.1.5 Create Package Variables and Cursors 469

    LAB 21.2 Cursor Variables 471

        21.2.1 Make Use of Cursor Variables 475

    LAB 21.3 Extending the Package 480

        21.3.1 Extend the Package 480

Chapter 21 Try It Yourself 493

 

CHAPTER 22 Stored Code 495

    LAB 22.1 Gathering Information About Stored Code 496

        22.1.1 Get Stored Code Information from the Data Dictionary 496

        22.1.2 Enforce the Purity Level with the RESTRICT_REFERENCES Pragma 500

        22.1.3 Overload Modules 506

Chapter 22 Try It Yourself 512

 

CHAPTER 23 Object Types in Oracle 513

    LAB 23.1 Object Types 514

        23.1.1 Use Object Types 522

        23.1.2 Use Object Types with Collections 526

    LAB 23.2 Object Type Methods 531

        23.2.1 Use Object Type Methods 544

Chapter 23 Try It Yourself 554

 

CHAPTER 24 Oracle Supplied Packages 555

    LAB 24.1 Making Use of Oracle Supplied Packages to Profile PL/SQL, Access Files, and Schedule Jobs 556

        24.1.1 Access Files with UTL_FILE 563

        24.1.2 Schedule Jobs with DBMS_JOB 563

        24.1.3 Submit Jobs 564

    LAB 24.2 Making Use of Oracle-Supplied Packages to Generate an Explain Plan and Create HTML Pages 568

        24.2.1 Generate an Explain Plan with DBMS_XPLAN 572

    LAB 24.3 Creating Web Pages with the Oracle Web Toolkit 578

        24.3.1 Create an HTML Page with the Oracle Web Toolkit 594

 

APPENDIX A PL/SQL Formatting Guide 597

APPENDIX B Student Database Schema 601

APPENDIX C ANSI SQL Standards 607

APPENDIX D Answers to the Try It Yourself Sections 613

INDEX 705

Book News Annotation:

Using hands-on labs, extensive examples, exercises, and projects, this tutorial teaches basic PL/SQL concepts and general programming fundamentals, covering conditional and iterative program control techniques, error and exception handling, working with cursors and triggers (including Oracle 11g's new compound triggers), and working with advanced PL/SQL capabilities such as object-relational features and bulk SQL. Appendices offer a PL/SQL formatting guide, sample database schema, and an ANSI SQL standards reference. Rosenzweig is a software development manager. Rakhimov is a software developer. Annotation ©2008 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

Synopsis:

This integrated learning solution teaches all the Oracle PL/SQL skills you need, hands-on, through real-world labs, extensive examples, exercises, and projects! Completely updated for Oracle 11g, Oracle PL/SQL by Example , Fourth Edition covers all the fundamentals, from PL/SQL syntax and program control through packages and Oracle 11g’s significantly improved triggers.

 

One step at a time, you’ll walk through every key task, discovering the most important PL/SQL programming techniques on your own. Building on your hands-on learning, the authors share solutions that offer deeper insights and proven best practices. End-of-chapter projects bring together all the techniques you’ve learned, strengthening your understanding through real-world practice.

 

This book’s approach fully reflects the authors’ award-winning experience teaching PL/SQL programming to professionals at Columbia University. New database developers and DBAs can use its step-by-step instructions to get productive fast; experienced PL/SQL programmers can use this book as a practical solutions reference. Coverage includes

        • Mastering basic PL/SQL concepts and general programming language fundamentals, and understanding SQL’s role in

          PL/SQL

        • Using conditional and iterative program control techniques, including the new CONTINUE and CONTINUE WHEN statements

        • Efficiently handling errors and exceptions

        • Working with cursors and triggers, including Oracle 11g’s powerful new compound triggers

        • Using stored procedures, functions, and packages to write modular code that other programs can execute

        • Working with collections, object-relational features, native dynamic SQL, bulk SQL, and other advanced PL/SQL capabilities

        • Handy reference appendices: PL/SQL formatting guide, sample database schema, ANSI SQL standards reference, and

          more

Synopsis:

This integrated learning solution teaches all the Oracle PL/SQL skills you need, hands-on, through real-world labs, extensive examples, exercises, and projects Completely updated for Oracle 11g, Oracle PL/SQL by Example, Fourth Edition covers all the fundamentals, from PL/SQL syntax and program control through packages and Oracle 11g's significantly improved triggers. One step at a time, you'll walk through every key task, discovering the most important PL/SQL programming techniques on your own. Building on your hands-on learning, the authors share solutions that offer deeper insights and proven best practices. End-of-chapter projects bring together all the techniques you've learned, strengthening your understanding through real-world practice. This book's approach fully reflects the authors' award-winning experience teaching PL/SQL programming to professionals at Columbia University. New database developers and DBAs can use its step-by-step instructions to get productive fast; experienced PL/SQL programmers can use this book as a practical solutions reference. Coverage includes - Mastering basic PL/SQL concepts and general programming language fundamentals, and understanding SQL's role in PL/SQL - Using conditional and iterative program control techniques, including the new CONTINUE and CONTINUE WHEN statements - Efficiently handling errors and exceptions - Working with cursors and triggers, including Oracle 11g's powerful new compound triggers - Using stored procedures, functions, and packages to write modular code that other programs can execute - Working with collections, object-relational features, native dynamic SQL, bulk SQL, and other advanced PL/SQL capabilities - Handy reference appendices: PL/SQL formatting guide, sample database schema, ANSI SQL standards reference, and more Benjamin Rosenzweig is a Software Development Manager at Misys. Previously he was a Principal Consultant at Oracle. His experience ranges from creating an electronic Tibetan-English Dictionary in Kathmandu, Nepal, to supporting presentation centers at Goldman Sachs and managing trading systems at TIAA-CREF. As an instructor at Columbia University's Computer Technology and Application Program, he was awarded the Outstanding Teaching Award. Rosenzweig wrote and presented Oracle Forms Developer: The Complete Video Course, and coauthored Oracle Web Application Programming for PL/SQL Developers. Elena Silvestrova Rakhimov is Senior Developer and Team Lead at Alea Software. She has more than fifteen years of experience in database development in a wide spectrum of enterprise and business environments, ranging from non-profit organizations to Wall Street. She has taught database programming at Columbia University. Contents Acknowledgments xiv About the Authors xv Introduction xvii CHAPTER 1 PL/SQL Concepts 1 LAB 1.1 PL/SQL in Client/Server Architecture 2 1.1.1 Use PL/SQL Anonymous Blocks 8 1.1.2 Understand How PL/SQL Gets Executed 10 LAB 1.2 PL/SQL in SQL*Plus 12 1.2.1 Use Substitution Variables 16 1.2.2 Use the DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE Statement 17 Chapter 1 Try It Yourself 19 CHAPTER 2 General Programming Language Fundamentals 21 LAB 2.1 PL/SQL Programming Fundamentals 22 2.1.1 Make Use of PL/SQL Language Components 23 2.1.2 Make Use of PL/SQL Variables 24 2.1.3 Handle PL/SQL Reserved Words 26 2.1.4 Make Use of Identifiers in PL/SQL 27 2.1.5 Make Use of Anchored Datatypes 28 2.1.6 Declare and Initialize Variables 31 2.1.7 Understand the Scope of a Block, Nested Blocks, and Labels 34 Chapter 2 Try It Yourself 37 CHAPTER 3 SQL in PL/SQL 39 LAB 3.1 Making Use of DML in PL/SQL 40 3.1.1 Use the Select INTO Syntax for Variable Initialization 41 3.1.2 Use DML in a PL/SQL Block 42 3.1.3 Make Use of a Sequence in a PL/SQL Block 44 LAB 3.2 Making Use of SAVEPOINT 45 3.2.1 Make Use of COMMIT, ROLLBACK, and SAVEPOINT in a PL/SQL Block 48 Chapter 3 Try It Yourself 51 CHAPTER 4 Conditional Control: IF Statements 53 LAB 4.1 IF Statements 54 4.1.1 Use the IF-THEN Statement 58 4.1.2 Use the IF-THEN-ELSE Statement 62 LAB 4.2 ELSIF Statements 65 4.2.1 Use the ELSIF Statement 69 LAB 4.3 Nested IF Statements 74 4.3.1 Use Nested IF Statements 76 Chapter 4 Try It Yourself 80 CHAPTER 5 Conditional Control: CASE Statements 81 LAB 5.1 CASE Statements 82 5.1.1 Use the CASE Statement 89 5.1.2 Use the Searched CASE Statement 91 LAB 5.2 CASE Expressions 96 5.2.1 Use the CASE Expression 100 LAB 5.3 NULLIF and COALESCE Functions 103 5.3.1 The NULLIF Function 107 5.3.2 Use the COALESCE Function 109 Chapter 5 Try It Yourself 112 CHAPTER 6 Iterative Control: Part I 113 LAB 6.1 Simple Loops 114 6.1.1 Use Simple Loops with EXIT Conditions 118 6.1.2 Use Simple Loops with EXIT WHEN Conditions 120 LAB 6.2 WHILE Loops 124 6.2.1 Use WHILE Loops 128 LAB 6.3 Numeric FOR Loops 132 6.3.1 Use Numeric FOR Loops with the IN Option 137 6.3.2 Use Numeric FOR Loops with the REVERSE Option 139 Chapter 6 Try It Yourself 142 CHAPTER 7 Iterative Control: Part II 143 LAB 7.1 The CONTINUE Statement 144 7.1.1 Use the CONTINUE Statement 146 7.1.2 Use the CONTINUE WHEN Condition 152 LAB 7.2 Nested Loops 154 7.2.1 Use Nested Loops 157 Chapter 7 Try It Yourself 161 CHAPTER 8 Error Handling and Built-in Exceptions 163 LAB 8.1 Handling Errors 164 8.1.1 Understand the Importance of Error Handling 167 LAB 8.2 Built-in Exceptions 169 8.2.1 Use Built-in Exceptions 174 Chapter 8 Try It Yourself 178 CHAPTER 9 Exceptions 179 LAB 9.1 Exception Scope 180 9.1.1 Understand the Scope of an Exception 183 LAB 9.2 User-Defined Exceptions 188 9.2.1 Use User-Defined Exceptions 193 LAB 9.3 Exception Propagation 197 9.3.1 Understand How Exceptions Propagate 203 9.3.2 Reraise Exceptions 206 Chapter 9 Try It Yourself 209 CHAPTER 10 Exceptions: Advanced Concepts 211 LAB 10.1 RAISE_APPLICATION_ERROR 212 10.1.1 Use RAISE_APPLICATION_ERROR 215 LAB 10.2 EXCEPTION_INIT Pragma 217 10.2.1 USE the EXCEPTION_INIT Pragma 219 LAB 10.3 SQLCODE and SQLERRM 222 10.3.1 Use SQLCODE and SQLERRM 225 Chapter 10 T

About the Author

Benjamin Rosenzweig is a software development manager at Misys Treasury & Capital Markets, where he has worked since 2002. Prior to that he was a principal consultant for more than three years at Oracle Corporation in the Custom Development Department. His computer experience ranges from creating an electronic Tibetan—English dictionary in Kathmandu, Nepal, to supporting presentation centers at Goldman Sachs and managing a trading system at TIAA-CREF. Rosenzweig has been an instructor at the Columbia University Computer Technology and Application program in New York City since 1998. In 2002 he was awarded the Outstanding Teaching Award from the chair and director of the CTA program. He holds a B.A. from Reed College and a certificate in database development and design from Columbia University. His previous books with Prentice Hall are Oracle Forms Developer: The Complete Video Course (

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments                                                                          

About the Authors

Introduction  

                                                                                 

Chapter 1 PL/SQL Concepts                                                    

Chapter 2 General Programming Language Fundamentals           

Chapter 3 SQL in PL/SQL                                                        

Chapter 4 Conditional Control: IF Statements                            

Chapter 5 Conditional Control: CASE Statements                      

Chapter 6 Iterative Control: Part 1                                              

Chapter 7 Iterative Control: Part 2                                              

Chapter 8 Error Handling and Built-In Exceptions                      

Chapter 9 Exceptions                                                                

Chapter 10 Exceptions: Advanced Concepts                              

Chapter 11 Introduction to Cursors                                           

Chapter 12 Advanced Cursors                                                  

Chapter 13 Triggers                                                                  

Chapter 14 Compound Triggers                                                

Chapter 15 Collections                                                              

Chapter 16 Records                                                                  

Chapter 17 Native Dynamic SQL                                               

Chapter 18 Bulk SQL                                                                          

Chapter 19 Procedures                                                              

Chapter 20 Functions                                                                

Chapter 21 Packages                                                                 

Chapter 22 Stored Code                                                           

Chapter 23 Object Types in Oracle                                            

Chapter 24 Oracle Supplied Packages                                        

Appendix A  PL/SQL Formatting Guide                                      

Appendix B  Student Database Schema                                       

Appendix C  ANSI SQL Standards                                             

Appendix D  Answers to Try it Yourself Sections             

 

Product Details

ISBN:
9780137144228
Author:
Rosenzweig, Benjamin
Publisher:
Prentice Hall PTR
Author:
Rakhimov, Elena
Author:
Rakhimov, Elena Silvestrova
Subject:
Relational databases
Subject:
PL/SQL (Computer program language)
Subject:
Database Management - General
Subject:
Database design
Copyright:
Edition Description:
Trade paper
Series:
Prentice Hall Professional Oracle Series
Publication Date:
August 2008
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Grade Level:
Professional and scholarly
Language:
English
Illustrations:
Y
Pages:
768
Dimensions:
9 x 6.9 x 1.7 in 1270 gr

Related Subjects

Computers and Internet » Database » Design
Computers and Internet » Database » SQL
Computers and Internet » Software Engineering » Software Management

Oracle PL/SQL by Example (Prentice Hall PTR Oracle) New Trade Paper
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Product details 768 pages Prentice Hall PTR - English 9780137144228 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by ,

This integrated learning solution teaches all the Oracle PL/SQL skills you need, hands-on, through real-world labs, extensive examples, exercises, and projects! Completely updated for Oracle 11g, Oracle PL/SQL by Example , Fourth Edition covers all the fundamentals, from PL/SQL syntax and program control through packages and Oracle 11g’s significantly improved triggers.

 

One step at a time, you’ll walk through every key task, discovering the most important PL/SQL programming techniques on your own. Building on your hands-on learning, the authors share solutions that offer deeper insights and proven best practices. End-of-chapter projects bring together all the techniques you’ve learned, strengthening your understanding through real-world practice.

 

This book’s approach fully reflects the authors’ award-winning experience teaching PL/SQL programming to professionals at Columbia University. New database developers and DBAs can use its step-by-step instructions to get productive fast; experienced PL/SQL programmers can use this book as a practical solutions reference. Coverage includes

        • Mastering basic PL/SQL concepts and general programming language fundamentals, and understanding SQL’s role in

          PL/SQL

        • Using conditional and iterative program control techniques, including the new CONTINUE and CONTINUE WHEN statements

        • Efficiently handling errors and exceptions

        • Working with cursors and triggers, including Oracle 11g’s powerful new compound triggers

        • Using stored procedures, functions, and packages to write modular code that other programs can execute

        • Working with collections, object-relational features, native dynamic SQL, bulk SQL, and other advanced PL/SQL capabilities

        • Handy reference appendices: PL/SQL formatting guide, sample database schema, ANSI SQL standards reference, and

          more

"Synopsis" by , This integrated learning solution teaches all the Oracle PL/SQL skills you need, hands-on, through real-world labs, extensive examples, exercises, and projects Completely updated for Oracle 11g, Oracle PL/SQL by Example, Fourth Edition covers all the fundamentals, from PL/SQL syntax and program control through packages and Oracle 11g's significantly improved triggers. One step at a time, you'll walk through every key task, discovering the most important PL/SQL programming techniques on your own. Building on your hands-on learning, the authors share solutions that offer deeper insights and proven best practices. End-of-chapter projects bring together all the techniques you've learned, strengthening your understanding through real-world practice. This book's approach fully reflects the authors' award-winning experience teaching PL/SQL programming to professionals at Columbia University. New database developers and DBAs can use its step-by-step instructions to get productive fast; experienced PL/SQL programmers can use this book as a practical solutions reference. Coverage includes - Mastering basic PL/SQL concepts and general programming language fundamentals, and understanding SQL's role in PL/SQL - Using conditional and iterative program control techniques, including the new CONTINUE and CONTINUE WHEN statements - Efficiently handling errors and exceptions - Working with cursors and triggers, including Oracle 11g's powerful new compound triggers - Using stored procedures, functions, and packages to write modular code that other programs can execute - Working with collections, object-relational features, native dynamic SQL, bulk SQL, and other advanced PL/SQL capabilities - Handy reference appendices: PL/SQL formatting guide, sample database schema, ANSI SQL standards reference, and more Benjamin Rosenzweig is a Software Development Manager at Misys. Previously he was a Principal Consultant at Oracle. His experience ranges from creating an electronic Tibetan-English Dictionary in Kathmandu, Nepal, to supporting presentation centers at Goldman Sachs and managing trading systems at TIAA-CREF. As an instructor at Columbia University's Computer Technology and Application Program, he was awarded the Outstanding Teaching Award. Rosenzweig wrote and presented Oracle Forms Developer: The Complete Video Course, and coauthored Oracle Web Application Programming for PL/SQL Developers. Elena Silvestrova Rakhimov is Senior Developer and Team Lead at Alea Software. She has more than fifteen years of experience in database development in a wide spectrum of enterprise and business environments, ranging from non-profit organizations to Wall Street. She has taught database programming at Columbia University. Contents Acknowledgments xiv About the Authors xv Introduction xvii CHAPTER 1 PL/SQL Concepts 1 LAB 1.1 PL/SQL in Client/Server Architecture 2 1.1.1 Use PL/SQL Anonymous Blocks 8 1.1.2 Understand How PL/SQL Gets Executed 10 LAB 1.2 PL/SQL in SQL*Plus 12 1.2.1 Use Substitution Variables 16 1.2.2 Use the DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE Statement 17 Chapter 1 Try It Yourself 19 CHAPTER 2 General Programming Language Fundamentals 21 LAB 2.1 PL/SQL Programming Fundamentals 22 2.1.1 Make Use of PL/SQL Language Components 23 2.1.2 Make Use of PL/SQL Variables 24 2.1.3 Handle PL/SQL Reserved Words 26 2.1.4 Make Use of Identifiers in PL/SQL 27 2.1.5 Make Use of Anchored Datatypes 28 2.1.6 Declare and Initialize Variables 31 2.1.7 Understand the Scope of a Block, Nested Blocks, and Labels 34 Chapter 2 Try It Yourself 37 CHAPTER 3 SQL in PL/SQL 39 LAB 3.1 Making Use of DML in PL/SQL 40 3.1.1 Use the Select INTO Syntax for Variable Initialization 41 3.1.2 Use DML in a PL/SQL Block 42 3.1.3 Make Use of a Sequence in a PL/SQL Block 44 LAB 3.2 Making Use of SAVEPOINT 45 3.2.1 Make Use of COMMIT, ROLLBACK, and SAVEPOINT in a PL/SQL Block 48 Chapter 3 Try It Yourself 51 CHAPTER 4 Conditional Control: IF Statements 53 LAB 4.1 IF Statements 54 4.1.1 Use the IF-THEN Statement 58 4.1.2 Use the IF-THEN-ELSE Statement 62 LAB 4.2 ELSIF Statements 65 4.2.1 Use the ELSIF Statement 69 LAB 4.3 Nested IF Statements 74 4.3.1 Use Nested IF Statements 76 Chapter 4 Try It Yourself 80 CHAPTER 5 Conditional Control: CASE Statements 81 LAB 5.1 CASE Statements 82 5.1.1 Use the CASE Statement 89 5.1.2 Use the Searched CASE Statement 91 LAB 5.2 CASE Expressions 96 5.2.1 Use the CASE Expression 100 LAB 5.3 NULLIF and COALESCE Functions 103 5.3.1 The NULLIF Function 107 5.3.2 Use the COALESCE Function 109 Chapter 5 Try It Yourself 112 CHAPTER 6 Iterative Control: Part I 113 LAB 6.1 Simple Loops 114 6.1.1 Use Simple Loops with EXIT Conditions 118 6.1.2 Use Simple Loops with EXIT WHEN Conditions 120 LAB 6.2 WHILE Loops 124 6.2.1 Use WHILE Loops 128 LAB 6.3 Numeric FOR Loops 132 6.3.1 Use Numeric FOR Loops with the IN Option 137 6.3.2 Use Numeric FOR Loops with the REVERSE Option 139 Chapter 6 Try It Yourself 142 CHAPTER 7 Iterative Control: Part II 143 LAB 7.1 The CONTINUE Statement 144 7.1.1 Use the CONTINUE Statement 146 7.1.2 Use the CONTINUE WHEN Condition 152 LAB 7.2 Nested Loops 154 7.2.1 Use Nested Loops 157 Chapter 7 Try It Yourself 161 CHAPTER 8 Error Handling and Built-in Exceptions 163 LAB 8.1 Handling Errors 164 8.1.1 Understand the Importance of Error Handling 167 LAB 8.2 Built-in Exceptions 169 8.2.1 Use Built-in Exceptions 174 Chapter 8 Try It Yourself 178 CHAPTER 9 Exceptions 179 LAB 9.1 Exception Scope 180 9.1.1 Understand the Scope of an Exception 183 LAB 9.2 User-Defined Exceptions 188 9.2.1 Use User-Defined Exceptions 193 LAB 9.3 Exception Propagation 197 9.3.1 Understand How Exceptions Propagate 203 9.3.2 Reraise Exceptions 206 Chapter 9 Try It Yourself 209 CHAPTER 10 Exceptions: Advanced Concepts 211 LAB 10.1 RAISE_APPLICATION_ERROR 212 10.1.1 Use RAISE_APPLICATION_ERROR 215 LAB 10.2 EXCEPTION_INIT Pragma 217 10.2.1 USE the EXCEPTION_INIT Pragma 219 LAB 10.3 SQLCODE and SQLERRM 222 10.3.1 Use SQLCODE and SQLERRM 225 Chapter 10 T
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