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Other titles in the National Bureau of Economic Research Ser series:
Understanding the Gender Gap (90 Edition)by Claudia Goldin
Synopses & ReviewsPlease note that used books may not include additional media (study guides, CDs, DVDs, solutions manuals, etc.) as described in the publisher comments.
Americaand#8217;s expansion to one of the richest nations in the world was partly due to a steady increase in labor productivity, which in turn depends upon the invention and deployment of new technologies and on investments in both human and physical capital. The accumulation of human capitaland#151;the knowledge and skill of workersand#151;has featured prominently in American economic leadership over the past two centuries.
Human Capital in History brings together contributions from leading researchers in economic history, labor economics, the economics of education, and related fields. Building on Claudia Goldinand#8217;s landmark research on the labor history of the United States, the authors consider the roles of education and technology in contributing to American economic growth and well-being, the experience of women in the workforce, and how trends in marriage and family affected broader economic outcomes. The volume provides important new insights on the forces that affect the accumulation of human capital.
Americaand#8217;s economic leadership is the result of a remarkable, steady increase in the productivity of the average worker over the past two centuries, if not longer. Workers are more productive when they are given more capital to work with or when they combine more efficiently (through technology, for instance) with a given level of capital. Few better historical examples can be found of the importance of human capital than the ascendancy of the United States to economic supremacy over the last two centuries.
and#160;and#160;and#160;and#160; Pursuing this line of thought, Human Capital in History brings together leading researchers in economic history, labor economics, the economics of education, and related fields to present new findings that significantly challenge traditional views. The themes of the chapters are centered on Claudia Goldinand#8217;s research in the labor history of the United States: the roles of education and technology in determining economic growth and welfare, the experience of women in the workforce, and family choices. Each chapter features state-of-the-art analysis, advancing the literature on its topic significantly, and also providing a clear roadmap for further research. The volume will be a valuable resource for advanced students in economics and professional economists, primarily in the fields of economic history, labor economics, education, and development, and it will stimulate new work on the topics considered and related issues.
Women have entered the labor market in unprecedented numbers, yet these critically needed workers still earn less than men and have fewer opportunities for advancement. This study traces the evolution of the female labor force in America, addressing the issue of gender distinction in the workplace and refuting the notion that women's employment advances were a response to social revolution rather than long-run economic progress. Employing innovative quantitative history methods and new data series on employment, earnings, work experience, discrimination, and hours of work, it establishes that the present economic status of women evolved gradually over the last two centuries and that past conceptions of women workers persist.
This is the first fully interdisciplinary work on the care of patients with oral cancer. It features contributions from experts in many areas of head and neck oncology, and sets out guidelines for the treatment of oral cavity and oropharyngeal tumors at all stages and sites. The volume
provides expert coverage of two preferred methods of treatment, as well as in-depth discussion of functional anatomy, pathology, and the principles and practicalities of radiotherapy and chemotherapy. It provides readers with in-depth analysis of surgical reconstruction, treating cervical
lymphatics, and full guidance on applications of laser treatment, managing specific complications of treatment, and functional rehabilitation of speech and swallowing.
About the Author
Leah P. Boustan is associate professor of economics at the University of California, Los Angeles, and a research associate of the NBER.
Carola Frydman is assistant professor of economics at Boston University and a faculty research fellow of the NBER.
Robert A. Margo is professor of economics at Boston University and a research associate of the NBER. He is the author, most recently, of Wages and Labor Markets in the United States, 1820-1860.
Table of Contents
1. Women's Experience in the American Economy
2. The Evolution of the Female Labor Force
3. The Gender Gap in Earnings and Occupations
4. The Emergence of "Wage Discrimination"
5. The Changing Economic Role of Married Women
6. Why Did Change Take So Long?
7. The Political Economy of Gender
8. Economic Progress and Gender Equality
Appendix to Chapter 2: Correction to the c. 1860 Female Labor Force Participation Rates
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