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Runaway Slaves : Rebels on Plantation (99 Edition)


Runaway Slaves : Rebels on Plantation (99 Edition) Cover


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Publisher Comments:

From John Hope Franklin, America's foremost African American historian, comes this groundbreaking analysis of slave resistance and escape. A sweeping panorama of plantation life before the Civil War, this book reveals that slaves frequently rebelled against their masters and ran away from their plantations whenever they could.

For generations, important aspects about slave life on the plantations of the American South have remained shrouded. Historians thought, for instance, that slaves were generally pliant and resigned to their roles as human chattel, and that racial violence on the plantation was an aberration. In this precedent setting book, John Hope Franklin and Loren Schweninger demonstrate that, contrary to popular belief, significant numbers of slaves did in fact frequently rebel against their masters and struggled to attain their freedom. By surveying a wealth of documents, such as planters' records, petitions to county courts and state legislatures, and local newspapers, this book shows how slaves resisted, when, where, and how they escaped, where they fled to, how long they remained in hiding, and how they survived away from the plantation. Of equal importance, it examines the reactions of the white slaveholding class, revealing how they marshaled considerable effort to prevent runaways, meted out severe punishments, and established patrols to hunt down escaped slaves.

Reflecting a lifetime of thought by our leading authority in African American history, this book provides the key to truly understanding the relationship between slaveholders and the runaways who challenged the system--illuminating as never before the true nature of the South's "most peculiar institution."

About the Author

John Hope Franklin is James B. Duke Professor of History, Emeritus, at Duke University. He is a recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom, and the author of numerous books, including the epic From Slavery to Freedom: A History of Negro Americans, which boasts more than three million copies in print. Loren Schweninger is Professor of History at the University of North Carolina, Greensboro.

Table of Contents



1. Dissidents in the Conscript Army

Day to Day Resistance

Hired Slave Dissatisfaction

Open Defiance

Slaves and Overseers


The Pride of Dissidence

2. On the Run

Death of the Master

The Plantation Household


Assisted by Whites

Dissatisfaction of Hired Slaves

Merely To Be Free

Cruel and Unusual Punishment

3. Whither Thou Goest

Breakup of Families

Loved Ones

Husbands and Wives

Mothers and Children

Families and Relatives


Lost Forever

4. A Matter of Some Urgency

Assault and Murder


Violence in Defense of Freedom

Collective Resistance

Clandestine Slave Economy


5. Where To Go?


Lying Out

To Strike a Bargain

Distant Points

Farther South and Elsewhere

The Promised Land

In Which Direction?

6. They Seek a City

Temporary Sojourners

Remaining at Large

Runaways as Hired Slaves

Hired Slaves as Runaways

Self-hired Slaves as Runaways

The Urban Interlude

The Fate of Jane

7. The Hunt

Laws and Patrols

Slave Catchers

Negro Dogs

Masters in Pursuit

Advertisements and Rewards


8. Backward into Bondage

Taken up as Runaways

Free Black Runaways

Sold as Slaves

Joseph Antoine's Sorrow

Free Black Owners of Runaways

Runaway Children in Maryland

9. Profile of a Runaway

Age and Gender

Color and Physical Characteristics


Personality Traits and Countenance

How and When Slaves Absconded

African-born Runaways

10. Managing Human Property

Managers and Overseers

What Should Masters Do?

Self-perceptions and Managing Slaves

Plantation Mistresses and Slave Governance

Discarding the Aged and Infirm

Anxiety, Trouble, Expense

11. Counting the Cost

Dishonor Among Masters

The Conspiracy Theory

Estimating Frequencies and Owners' Costs

The Impact of Runaways on the Peculiar Institution

A Note on Primary Sources

Appendix 1: Newspaper Advertisements

Tennessee Notice for a Negro man named Sam

Tennessee Notice for a Negro man named Jim

Alabama Notice for Anthony, Billy, and Bartlett

South Carolina Notice for Ceely and Frances or Fanny

Louisiana Notice for Molly

Appendix 2: Petitions to State Legislatures and County Courts

Petition to the Virginia General Assembly

Petition to the South Carolina Senate

Petition to the South Carolina Senate

Petition to the North Carolina General Assembly

Petition to the Orleans Parish District Court

Petition to the Baltimore County Orphans Court

Petition to the Frederick County, Maryland, Court

Petition to the Tennessee General Assembly

Appendix 3: Location and Possible Destinations of Runaways Cited in the Nashville Whig, 1812-1816

Appendix 4: Location and Possible Destinations of Runaways Cited in the Tennessee Republican Banner (Nashville), 1840-1842

Appendix 5: Damages Sought by Henry Crane for Runaway Lewis, 1851

Appendix 6: Correspondence

Letter of Runaway Joseph Taper to white acquaintance Joseph Long, 11 November 1840

Letter of Cotton Factory Owner Abram Riddick to Slaveowner William Glover, 22 July 1848

Appendix 7: Runaway Slave Database: Early Period 1790-1816; Late Period 1838-1860






Product Details

Franklin, John Hope
Oxford University Press, USA
null, Loren
Franklin, John Hope
Schweninger, Loren
null, John Hope
New York
United States - 19th Century
Ethnic Studies - African American Studies - Histor
United States - State & Local - General
History, American | African American
Southern States History 1775-1865.
Slave insurrections -- Southern States.
African American Studies-Black Heritage
African American Studies-General
Edition Description:
Includes index.Bibliography: p.417-426.
Series Volume:
Publication Date:
Grade Level:
15 halftones
6.1 x 9 x 1.4 in 1.5 lb

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Related Subjects

Health and Self-Help » Psychology » General
History and Social Science » African American Studies » General
History and Social Science » African American Studies » Slavery and Reconstruction
History and Social Science » Americana » General
History and Social Science » Sociology » Slavery
History and Social Science » US History » 19th Century
History and Social Science » US History » General
History and Social Science » World History » General
Religion » Comparative Religion » General

Runaway Slaves : Rebels on Plantation (99 Edition) Used Trade Paper
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