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Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (98 Edition)

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Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (98 Edition) Cover

 

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Please note that used books may not include additional media (study guides, CDs, DVDs, solutions manuals, etc.) as described in the publisher comments.

Publisher Comments:

Although they are two aspects of the same subject, environmental toxicology and environmental chemistry are usually presented as though they are entirely separate from one another; even their practitioners often seem unaware of the connections. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry is the first text to tie these subjects closely together, demonstrating the immediate relevance of each subject to the other while also providing basic, easily understandable introductions to both areas. This unique work presents their principles and applications through numerous illustrative examples and special topics that highlight current environmental concerns. It provides up-to-date as well as historical examples of both subjects and includes discussions of ecotoxicology, epidemiology, predictive methods, and other topics not covered in similar texts. It also includes invertebrates and nonmammal vertebrates, plants, and microorganisms, as well as humans and other mammals. The first five chapters place chemicals in the environment; the following five provide the biological and toxicological settings; and the remaining six chapters offer examples of specific chemicals, their toxic effects and significance, and predictions of fate and toxicity. Each chapter concludes with a discussion of a related topic of particular public and scientific interest, such as chemical carcinogens, pesticide residues, or hazardous wastes.

Ideal for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in environmental toxicology courses, Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry offers a timely, comprehensive introduction to the principles of toxicology as they apply to our environment. It is also useful for professionals and practitioners in a wide range of environmentally related fields and businesses.

Table of Contents

Preface

1. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

1.1. Poisons

1.2. Environmental Toxicology

1.3. Environmental Chemistry

1.4. Toxicity

1.5. Hazard and Risk

1.6. Major Toxic Hazards

1.7. Perspective

1.8. References

Special Topic 1: Ecotoxicology

2. Environmental Chemicals

2.1. Chemicals in the Environment

2.2. Detection and Measurement

2.3. The Atmosphere

2.4. Water

2.5. Soils

2.6. Biota

2.7. Everyday Life

2.8. References

Special Topic 2: Pesticide Residues

3. Environmental Chemodynamics

3.1. Environmental Chemodynamics

3.2. Dissolution

3.3. Solvent Partitioning

3.4. Volatilization

3.5. Adsorption

3.6. Significance

3.7. References

Special Topic 3: The Great Escape

4. Environmental Transport

4.1. Dissipation of Chemicals

4.2. Transport in and from Surface Water

4.3. Transport in Soil and Groundwater

4.4. Atmospheric Transport

4.5. Commercial Conveyance

4.6. Global Transport

4.7. References

Special Topic 4: Wind, Water, and Waves

5. Abiotic Transformations

5.1. Transformations

5.2. Photochemistry

5.3. Oxidation

5.4. Reduction

5.5. Hydrolysis

5.6. Some Other Abiotic Reactions

5.7. Summary of Abiotic Reactions

5.8. References

Special Topic 5: Free Radicals and the Ozone Layer

6. Biotransformations

6.1. Biotransformations

6.2. Transformations by Microorganisms

6.3. Transformations in Animals and Higher Plants

6.4. Comparative Metabolism

6.5. Summary of Biotransformations

6.6. References

Special Topic 6: Anatomy of an Oil Spill

7. Intoxication

7.1. The Intoxication Process

7.2. Absorption and Disposition

7.3. Factors Governing Intoxication

7.4. Toxic Effects

7.5. References

Special Topic 7: Adaptation

8. Quantitative Toxicology

8.1. Dose-Response Relationships

8.2. Factors Affecting Quantitative Responses

8.3. Toxicokinetics

8.4. Toxicity Measurements and Endpoints

8.5. Data from Humans

8.6. References

Special Topic 8: Epidemiology

9. Intoxication Mechanisms

9.1. The Biochemical Lesion

9.2. Receptors and Targets

9.3. Mechanisms of General Toxicity

9.4. Animal-specific Mechanisms

9.5. Plant-specific Mechanisms

9.6. Microbe-specific Mechanisms

9.7. Perspective

9.8. References

Special Topic 9: Chemical Carcinogens

10. Exposure and Risk

10.1. Hazard and Risk

10.2. Exposure

10.3. Risk Assessments

10.4. Ecological Risk

10.5. Risk Management

10.6. References

Special Topic 10: PBPK Models

11. Inorganic Toxicants

11.1. Toxic Inorganic Chemicals

11.2. Some Basic Chemistry

11.3. Nonmetallic Elements

11.4. The Metalloids

11.5. Heavy Elements

11.6. Transition Elements

11.7. Radioactive Elements

11.8. Other Toxic Elements

11.9. References

Special Topic 11: Methylation of Metals and Metalloids

12. Biotoxins

12.1. Biotoxins

12.2. The Alkaloids

12.3. Toxic Glycosides

12.4. Plant Phenolics

12.5. Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins

12.6. Lactone Mycotoxins

12.7. Perspective

12.8. References

Special Topic 12: Allelochemicals

13. Industrial Chemicals

13.1. Industrial Chemicals

13.2. Petrochemicals

13.3. Toxic Byproducts and Conversion Products

13.4. References

Special Topic 13: Why Chlorinate?

14. Refractory Pollutants

14.1. Refractory Chemicals

14.2. DDT and DDE

14.3. Chlorinated Alicyclics

14.4. Chlorinated Dioxins

14.5. Polychlorinated Biphenyls

14.6. Phthalate Esters

14.7. Perspective

14.8. References

Special Topic 14: Environmental Persistence

15. Reactive Pollutants

15.1. Reactivity

15.2. Alkyl Halides

15.3. Chlorophenols

15.4. Divalent Sulfur Compounds

15.5. Dithiocarbamates

15.6. Nitroarenes

15.7. Amines and Their Derivatives

15.8. Esters

15.9. Carbon Monoxide and Cyanides

15.10. Perspective

15.11. References

Special Topic 15: Hazardous Waste

16. Predicting Environmental Fate and Effects

16.1. Quantitative Prediction

16.2. Predicting Environmental Transport

16.3. Predicting Environmental Transformations

16.4. Modeling Environmental Fate

16.5. Quantitative Structure-Activity Relations (QSAR)

16.6. Microcosms (Model Ecosystems)

16.7. References

Special Topic 16: QSAR and Toxicity

Glossary

Index

Product Details

ISBN:
9780195117134
Author:
Crosby, Donald F.
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Author:
null, Donald G.
Author:
Crosby, Donald F.
Location:
New York :
Subject:
Environmental Science
Subject:
Technology
Subject:
Engineering
Subject:
Toxicology
Subject:
Environmental chemistry
Subject:
Chemistry - Inorganic
Subject:
Environmental toxicology
Subject:
Engineering and Technology
Subject:
Engineering technology
Subject:
Environmental Studies-General
Edition Description:
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Series:
Topics in Environmental Chemistry
Series Volume:
No. 310
Publication Date:
19980231
Binding:
HARDCOVER
Grade Level:
College/higher education:
Language:
English
Illustrations:
112 linecuts
Pages:
350
Dimensions:
9.56x6.83x.88 in. 1.49 lbs.

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