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Human Potential for Peace : Anthropological Challenge To Assumptions About War and Violence (05 Edition)

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In The Human Potential for Peace: An Anthropological Challenge to Assumptions about War and Violence, renowned anthropologist Douglas P. Fry shows how anthropology--with its expansive time frame and comparative orientation--can provide unique insights into the nature of war and the potential for peace. Challenging the traditional view that humans are by nature primarily violent and warlike, Professor Fry argues that along with the capacity for aggression humans also possess a strong ability to prevent, limit, and resolve conflicts without violence. Raising philosophy of science issues, the author shows that cultural beliefs asserting the inevitability of violence and war can bias our interpretations, affect our views of ourselves, and may even blind us to the possibility of achieving security without war. Fry draws on data from cultural anthropology, archaeology, and sociology as well as from behavioral ecology and evolutionary biology to construct a biosocial argument that challenges a host of commonly held assumptions.

The Human Potential for Peace includes ethnographic examples from around the globe, findings from Fry's research among the Zapotec of Mexico, and results of cross-cultural studies on warfare. In showing that conflict resolution exists across cultures and by documenting the existence of numerous peaceful societies, it demonstrates that dealing with conflict without violence is not merely a utopian dream. The book also explores several highly publicized and interesting controversies, including Freeman's critique of Margaret Mead's writings on Samoan warfare; Napoleon Chagnon's claims about the Yanomamö; and ongoing evolutionary debates about whether "hunter-gatherers" are peaceful or warlike. The Human Potential for Peace is ideal for undergraduate courses in political and legal anthropology, the anthropology of peace and conflict, peace studies, political sociology, and the sociology of war and violence. Written in an informal style with numerous entertaining examples, the book is also readily accessible to general readers.

Synopsis:

In this captivating book, renowned anthropologist Douglas P. Fry shows how anthropology can provide unique insights into the nature of war and the potential for peace. Challenging the traditional view that humans are by nature primarily violent and warlike, Professor Fry argues that along with

the capacity for aggression humans also possess a strong ability to prevent, limit, and resolve conflicts without violence. Raising philosophy of science issues, the author shows that cultural beliefs asserting the inevitability of violence and war can bias our interpretations, affect our views of

ourselves, and may even blind us to the possibility of achieving security without war. Fry draws on data from cultural anthropology, archaeology, and sociology as well as from behavioral ecology and evolutionary biology to construct a biosocial argument that challenges a host of commonly held

assumptions.

The Human Potential for Peace includes ethnographic examples from around the globe, findings from Fry's research among the Zapotec of Mexico, and results of cross-cultural studies on warfare. In showing that conflict resolution exists across cultures and by documenting the existence of numerous

peaceful societies, it demonstrates that dealing with conflict without violence is not merely a utopian dream.

Synopsis:

In The Human Potential for Peace: An Anthropological Challenge to Assumptions about War and Violence, renowned anthropologist Douglas P. Fry shows how anthropology--with its expansive time frame and comparative orientation--can provide unique insights into the nature of war and the potential for peace. Challenging the traditional view that humans are by nature primarily violent and warlike, Professor Fry argues that along with the capacity for aggression humans also possess a strong ability to prevent, limit, and resolve conflicts without violence. Raising philosophy of science issues, the author shows that cultural beliefs asserting the inevitability of violence and war can bias our interpretations, affect our views of ourselves, and may even blind us to the possibility of achieving security without war. Fry draws on data from cultural anthropology, archaeology, and sociology as well as from behavioral ecology and evolutionary biology to construct a biosocial argument that challenges a host of commonly held assumptions.

The Human Potential for Peace includes ethnographic examples from around the globe, findings from Fry's research among the Zapotec of Mexico, and results of cross-cultural studies on warfare. In showing that conflict resolution exists across cultures and by documenting the existence of numerous peaceful societies, it demonstrates that dealing with conflict without violence is not merely a utopian dream. The book also explores several highly publicized and interesting controversies, including Freeman's critique of Margaret Mead's writings on Samoan warfare; Napoleon Chagnon's claims about the Yanomamo; and ongoing evolutionary debates about whether "hunter-gatherers" are peaceful or warlike. The Human Potential for Peace is ideal for undergraduate courses in political and legal anthropology, the anthropology of peace and conflict, peace studies, political sociology, and the sociology of war and violence. Written in an informal style with numerous entertaining examples, the book is also readily accessible to general readers.

Table of Contents

Foreword by Robert A. Hinde

Preface

1. Questioning the War Assumption

A Preview of Coming Attractions

2. The Peace System of the Upper Xingu

A Peace System

Social Organization

3. Taken for Granted: The Human Potential for Peace

Avoidance

Toleration

Negotiation

Settlement

Cultural Beliefs and Aggression Prevention

Points to Highlight

4. Making the Invisible Visible: Belief Systems in San Andrés and La Paz

So Near and Yet So Far

Different Learning Environments

Multicausality and Multidimensionality

Some Broader Implications

5. The Cross-Cultural Peacefulness-Aggressiveness Continuum

A Peacefulness-Aggressiveness Continuum

Growing Interest in Peaceful Societies

Peaceful Societies: Not Such a Rare Breed After All

6. Peace Stories

The Semai of Malaysia

Ifaluk of Micronesia

Norwegians: A Nation at Peace

Returning to Hidden Assumptions

7. A Hobbesian Belief System? On the Supposed Naturalness of War

Warfare and Feuding from a Cross-Cultural Perspective

Nonwarring Cultures

8. Social Organization Matters!

Types of Social Organization

The Link betwen Warfare and Social Organization

Social Organization and Seeking Justice

Implications

9. Paradise Denied: A Bizarre Case of Skullduggery

The Unmaking of the Myth-Weaver

10. Re-Creating the Past in Our Own Image

Assumptions Come Tumbling Down

The Earliest Evidence of War

11. Cultural Projections

12. Aboriginal Australia: A Continent of Unwarlike Hunter-Gatherers

The Paucity of Warfare

Conflict Management

Summing Up

13. War-Laden Scenarios of the Past: Uncovering a Heap of Faulty Assumptions

Making the Implicit Explicit

The Patrilineal-Patrilocal Assumption

The Assumption of the Tight-Knit, Bounded Group

The Assumption of Pervasively Hostile Interband Relations

14. More Faulty Assumptions

The Assumption of Warring over Scarce Resources

The Assumption of Warring over Land

The Assumption of Warring over Women

The Assumption of Leadership

Summing Up

15. Much Ado about the Yanomamö

The Famous Yanomamö Unokais

Broader Issues

Methodological and Analytical Issues: Questioning the "Obvious"

The Heart of the Matter

Why So Much Ado?

16. Windows to the Past: Conflict Management Case Studies

Siriono

Montagnais-Naskapi

Paliyan

Netsilik Inuit

Ju/'hoansi

Lessons from the Case Studies

17. Untangling War from Interpersonal Aggression

Natural Selection

Natural Environments and the EEA Concept

"Flexible" Adapatations, Sexual Selection, and Sex Differences in Aggression

The Costs and Benefits of Aggression to Individual Fitness

Inclusive Fitness

18. An Alternative Evolutionary Perspective: The Nomadic Forager Model

Human Hawks, Doves, and Retaliators

Costs and Benefits of Aggression

Restraint

Inclusive Fitness

Assessing the Overall Patterns and Recurring Themes

Warring as an Adaption? The Twin Problems of Confusing Function with Effect and Aggression with Warfare

Conclusions

19. Weighing the Evidence

20. Enhancing Peace

A Macroscopic Perspective: The Human Capacity to Move beyond War

Specific Insights for Keeping the Peace

Conclusions

Appendix: Organizations to Contact

Notes

References

Index

Product Details

ISBN:
9780195181784
Author:
Fry, Douglas P.
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Author:
null, Douglas P.
Subject:
Peace
Subject:
War
Subject:
Anthropology - Cultural
Subject:
Violence
Subject:
Violence in Society
Subject:
Anthropology | Social
Subject:
Cultural
Subject:
Anthropology | Social and Cultural
Subject:
Anthropology | Social & Cultural
Subject:
anthropology;cultural anthropology
Edition Description:
imitation leather burgundy R60C
Publication Date:
20050731
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Grade Level:
College/higher education:
Language:
English
Illustrations:
30 halftones, 12 line illus.
Pages:
384
Dimensions:
9.16x5.94x.71 in. 1.18 lbs.

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Related Subjects

History and Social Science » Anthropology » Cultural Anthropology
History and Social Science » Anthropology » General
History and Social Science » Linguistics » Specific Languages and Groups
History and Social Science » Politics » General
History and Social Science » Sociology » Violence in Society
Humanities » Philosophy » General
Reference » Words Phrases and Language

Human Potential for Peace : Anthropological Challenge To Assumptions About War and Violence (05 Edition) Used Trade Paper
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$30.50 In Stock
Product details 384 pages Oxford University Press - English 9780195181784 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , In this captivating book, renowned anthropologist Douglas P. Fry shows how anthropology can provide unique insights into the nature of war and the potential for peace. Challenging the traditional view that humans are by nature primarily violent and warlike, Professor Fry argues that along with

the capacity for aggression humans also possess a strong ability to prevent, limit, and resolve conflicts without violence. Raising philosophy of science issues, the author shows that cultural beliefs asserting the inevitability of violence and war can bias our interpretations, affect our views of

ourselves, and may even blind us to the possibility of achieving security without war. Fry draws on data from cultural anthropology, archaeology, and sociology as well as from behavioral ecology and evolutionary biology to construct a biosocial argument that challenges a host of commonly held

assumptions.

The Human Potential for Peace includes ethnographic examples from around the globe, findings from Fry's research among the Zapotec of Mexico, and results of cross-cultural studies on warfare. In showing that conflict resolution exists across cultures and by documenting the existence of numerous

peaceful societies, it demonstrates that dealing with conflict without violence is not merely a utopian dream.

"Synopsis" by , In The Human Potential for Peace: An Anthropological Challenge to Assumptions about War and Violence, renowned anthropologist Douglas P. Fry shows how anthropology--with its expansive time frame and comparative orientation--can provide unique insights into the nature of war and the potential for peace. Challenging the traditional view that humans are by nature primarily violent and warlike, Professor Fry argues that along with the capacity for aggression humans also possess a strong ability to prevent, limit, and resolve conflicts without violence. Raising philosophy of science issues, the author shows that cultural beliefs asserting the inevitability of violence and war can bias our interpretations, affect our views of ourselves, and may even blind us to the possibility of achieving security without war. Fry draws on data from cultural anthropology, archaeology, and sociology as well as from behavioral ecology and evolutionary biology to construct a biosocial argument that challenges a host of commonly held assumptions.

The Human Potential for Peace includes ethnographic examples from around the globe, findings from Fry's research among the Zapotec of Mexico, and results of cross-cultural studies on warfare. In showing that conflict resolution exists across cultures and by documenting the existence of numerous peaceful societies, it demonstrates that dealing with conflict without violence is not merely a utopian dream. The book also explores several highly publicized and interesting controversies, including Freeman's critique of Margaret Mead's writings on Samoan warfare; Napoleon Chagnon's claims about the Yanomamo; and ongoing evolutionary debates about whether "hunter-gatherers" are peaceful or warlike. The Human Potential for Peace is ideal for undergraduate courses in political and legal anthropology, the anthropology of peace and conflict, peace studies, political sociology, and the sociology of war and violence. Written in an informal style with numerous entertaining examples, the book is also readily accessible to general readers.

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