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Drawing Essentials: A Guide to Drawing from Observation

Drawing Essentials: A Guide to Drawing from Observation Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

Ideal for introductory studio art courses in drawing, Drawing Essentials: A Guide to Drawing from Observation thoroughly covers the three drawing subcategories that are most important at the foundation level--basic drawing (non-subject specific), figure drawing, and perspective drawing--explaining clearly and in depth the elements that are essential to depicting form and space on a two-dimensional surface.

Addressing and illustrating studio experiences that are not effectively dealt with in other drawing books, this unique text elucidates such fundamental (yet challenging) concepts and methods as the process of sighting; scaling techniques; meaningful and descriptive line variation; observation and development of tonal structure; creation of interesting and instructive still lifes; the conceptual impact of still-life objects; the unique challenges of the human figure and portraiture; basic and advanced perspective systems; brainstorming and the generation of ideas; and the use of photographs as reference. Throughout, award-winning artist, teacher, and author Deborah Rockman focuses on the cultivation of observational skills, increased sensitivity, critical thinking, technical refinement, and knowledge of materials.

Drawing Essentials further distinguishes itself from other texts on the market by including many high-quality student works drawn from Rockman's twenty-seven years of teaching experience, as well as carefully selected works from historical masters and numerous contemporary artists for whom drawing is a primary studio practice. In addition, Rockman provides students with invaluable practical material, including coverage of various traditional and nontraditional drawing media and surfaces and information on alternative processes that can be combined with drawing. Drawing Essentials also provides powerful examples of what more advanced students can accomplish with a strong foundation drawing background.

An exceptional, all-in-one, and affordable resource on drawing, figure drawing, and perspective, Drawing Essentials helps students to develop a thorough understanding of drawing fundamentals, which in turn will prepare them for more advanced experiences with drawing and the myriad possibilities that it offers.

Synopsis:

Designed for introductory studio art courses in drawing, Drawing Essentials thoroughly addresses the three subcategories that are generally considered most important at the foundation level--basic drawing (non-subject specific), figure drawing, and perspective drawing. It explains clearly and

in depth the elements that are essential for depicting the illusion of form and space on a two-dimensional surface. Setting it apart from any other book on the market, Drawing Essentials includes high-quality student works drawn from Rockman's twenty-five years of teaching as well as some carefully

selected works from historical and contemporary masters. Rockman also offers invaluable practical advice, including coverage of traditional and nontraditional drawing media and surfaces; information about alternative processes that can be combined with drawing; and notes on career options, building

a resume, photographing one's work, and preparing a portfolio.

Table of Contents

Preface

Acknowledgments

Introduction

Chapter One. Essential Skills and Information: What Every Student Should Know About Drawing

Sighting and the Use of a Sighting Stick

Why Use Sighting?

Guidelines for Sighting

Applications of Sighting

Transferring Sighting Observations to a Drawing Surface

The Technique of Scaling to Determine Accurate Size Relationships

Establishing Scale Successfully

The Process of Scaling

General Guidelines for Scaling

The Principles of Composition: Theory Versus Application

Review of Some Simple Definitions

Visual Principles of Composition

Variable Compositional Elements to Consider

Using a Viewfinder: What Does It Do for You?

General Guidelines Concerning Composition

Thumbnail Studies as a Method for Exploring Composition

The Golden Section

What Is the Golden Section?

Constructing a Golden Rectangle

The Fibonacci Series

The Illusion of Space and Depth on a Two-Dimensional Surface

Methods for Indicating Space and Depth

Different Kinds of Space

The Volumetric and Spatial Effects of Color

Line Variation and Sensitivity

Working from General to Specific

The Medium and Surface

What Is Meant by "Sensitive" Line?

Achieving Line Variation and Line Sensitivity

Different Kinds and Functions of Line

Working with Value Structure

A General-to-Specific Approach to Building Value Structure

Using Value to Establish an Effect or a Mood

Value and Texture

Four Things to Look for When Identifying Value Structure on a Form

Various Methods for Applying Value

Exercises for Promoting a General-to-Specific Approach

Controlling Some Variables of Value Structure

Creating an Effective Still Life

What Kind of Objects Should Be Included?

Additional Considerations for Still Lifes

The Meaning of Still-Life Objects

Using Photographic References

Chapter Two. Essential Drawing Principles in Relation to the Human Figure

The Human Figure

Why Study the Human Figure?

Classroom Etiquette When Drawing from a Model

The Process of Sighting in Relation to the Human Form

Comparative Proportions in the Male and Female Figure

Gesture Drawing or Rapid Contour Drawing

Seeing Is the Key

Using Axis Lines

Keeping It Simple

Setting the Pace

Working from the Inside Out

Enhancing the Illusion of Volume and Space in the Human Form

Line Variation in Figure Drawing

Scaling Techniques in Figure Drawing

A General-to-Specific Approach to Form and Value in Figure Drawing

An Introduction to Portraiture

Common Errors

General Guidelines for Locating Facial Features and Other Landmarks

The Features and Other Significant Aspects of Portraiture

An Alternative Viewpoint in Portraiture

Mapping the Figure in Space

Drawing the Figure in an Observed Environment

Using Straight-Line Construction

Creating Visual Paths of Movement

The Figure and Anatomy

Artistic Anatomy Versus Medical Anatomy

Anatomy Reveals Itself

Major Bones of the Human Skeletal Structure

Bony and Other Landmarks in the Figure

Superficial Muscles of the Human Figure

Anatomical Terminology

Chapter Three. Spatial Thinking and Visualization: The Essential Principles of Perspective Drawing

An Introduction to Perspective

What Is Perspective?

Different Types of Perspective

Basic Principles of Linear Perspective

Perspective and Sighting

Limitations of Linear Perspective

Recommended Sequencing for Maximum Comprehension

Suggestions for Effective Perspective Drawing

Perspective Materials List

The Terminology of Perspective

Primary Working Terminology

Related Terminology

Additional Useful Terminology

Perspective and Cubes

Constructing a Cube in One-Point Perspective

Constructing a Cube in Two-Point Perspective Based on Estimation of Cube Depth in Reliation to Cube Height

Estimating Cube Depth in Two-Point Perspective

Using Perspective Grids

Constructing a Gridded Ground Plane in One-Point Perspective

Constructing a Gridded Ground Plane in Two-Point Perspective

Increasing Complexity in the Perspective Environment

Multiple or Sliding Vanishing Points

Cube Multiplication

Cube Division

Mathematically Precise Cubes in Two-Point Perspective

Constructing a 30 degree/60 degree Cube Based on Initial Determination of the Height of the Leading Edge

Constructing a 45 degree/45 degree Cube Based on Initial Determination of the Size of the Base Square

First Alternative Method for Constructing a 45 degree /45 degree Cube Based on Initial Determination of the Height of the Leading Edge

Second Alternative Method for Constructing a 45 degree/45 degree Cube Based on Initial Determination of the Height of the Leading Edge

Constructing Ellipses in One-Point and Two-Point Perspective

The Eight-Point Tangent System for Ellipse Construction

Major and Minor Axes, Distortion, and Fullness of Ellipses

Using Measuring Lines for Regular (Equal) and Irregular (Unequal) Divisions of an Area

Setting Up the Measuring Line

The Process of Dividing a Form

Applications for the Use of Regular and Irregular Divisions

Inclined Planes in Perspective

Auxiliary Vanishing Points and the Vertical Trace

Geometric Solids and Transparent Construction

What Is Transparent Construction?

Establishing the Cubic Connection

Three-Point Perspective

Constructing a Form in Three-Point Perspective

Suggestions for Perspective Exercises

Chapter Four. Developing Ideas, Resolving Problems, and Evaluating Results

Ideation: Generating Ideas

Imaginative Thinking and the Brain

Imagination, Creativity, and Brainstorming

Diagnosing Problems in Your Work

Inaccurate Proportional, Scale, or Shape Relationships

Multiple Perspective Eye Levels

Foreshortening Inaccuracies or a Lack of Foreshortening

Flat and Restricted Line Work

Detail or Specifics at the Expense of the Larger and More General Underlying Forms

Scaling Inaccuracies in Relation to Perspective Principles

Lack of Volume or Timid Value Structure in Three-Dimensional Forms

Overly Generalized Drawing

Substituting Recipes or Formulas for Careful Observation

Unintentionally Ambiguous Space

Rigid or Pristine Drawings Lacking a Sense of Process

Disregard for or Poor Composition

Intentions Versus Results

Discovering Disparity

Descriptive Feedback

Interpretive Feedback

The Importance of Critiques

Group Critiques

Individual Critiques

Key Questions for Critiquing Work

Questions Regarding Composition

Questions Regarding Drawing

Questions Regarding Figure Drawing

Questions Regarding Perspective

Chapter Five. Drawing Materials and Processes

Media and Materials for Drawing

Traditional and Nontraditional Drawing Surfaces and Substrates

Traditional and Nontraditional Drawing Media

Additional Materials for Drawing and Related Processes

Transfer Techniques Combined with Drawing

Photocopy and Laser Print Transfers

Inkjet Transfers

Acrylic Medium Transfers

Lazertran Transfers

Appendix. Contemporary Art: A Gallery of Drawings

Joe Biel

Mary Borgman

Dustan Creech

Susan D'Amato

Bailey Doogan

Rob Evans

Dan Fischer

Leah Gregoire Prucka

Sol Kjøk

Sangram Majumdar

Antony Micallef

Chloe Piene

Ben Polsky

Jennifer Purdum

Jon Rappleye

Robert Schultz

Jenny Scobel

Joseph Stashkevetch

Richard Talbot

Bibliography

Index

Product Details

ISBN:
9780195314328
Subtitle:
A Guide to Drawing from Observation
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Author:
null, Deborah
Author:
Rockman, H.
Author:
Rockman, Deborah A.
Author:
Debora
Author:
Rockman, Deborah
Subject:
Drawing
Subject:
Technique
Subject:
Techniques - Drawing
Subject:
Drawing -- Technique.
Subject:
General Art
Subject:
Art
Subject:
Architecture | Art Instruction
Subject:
Art & Architecture | Art Instruction
Subject:
Art - Drawing
Publication Date:
20080328
Binding:
Paperback
Grade Level:
College/higher education:
Language:
English
Illustrations:
350 illus.
Pages:
320
Dimensions:
10.88x8.47x.50 in. 1.46 lbs.

Related Subjects

Arts and Entertainment » Art » Drawing
Arts and Entertainment » Art » General

Drawing Essentials: A Guide to Drawing from Observation
0 stars - 0 reviews
$ In Stock
Product details 320 pages Oxford University Press, USA - English 9780195314328 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , Designed for introductory studio art courses in drawing, Drawing Essentials thoroughly addresses the three subcategories that are generally considered most important at the foundation level--basic drawing (non-subject specific), figure drawing, and perspective drawing. It explains clearly and

in depth the elements that are essential for depicting the illusion of form and space on a two-dimensional surface. Setting it apart from any other book on the market, Drawing Essentials includes high-quality student works drawn from Rockman's twenty-five years of teaching as well as some carefully

selected works from historical and contemporary masters. Rockman also offers invaluable practical advice, including coverage of traditional and nontraditional drawing media and surfaces; information about alternative processes that can be combined with drawing; and notes on career options, building

a resume, photographing one's work, and preparing a portfolio.

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