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Properties of Materials: Anisotropy, Symmetry, Structure (04 Edition)


Properties of Materials: Anisotropy, Symmetry, Structure (04 Edition) Cover


Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

Crystals are sometimes called "Flowers of the Mineral Kingdom." In addition to their great beauty, crystals and other textured materials are enormously useful in electronics, optics, acoustics, and many other engineering applications. This richly illustrated text describes the underlying principles of crystal physics and chemistry, covering a wide range of topics, and illustrating numerous applications in many fields of engineering using the most important materials. It has been written at a level suitable for science and engineering students and cab be used for teaching a one- or two-semester course.

Tensors, matrices, symmetry, and structure-property relationships form the main subjects of the book. While tensors and matrices provide the mathematical framework for understanding anistropy, on which the physical and chemical properties of crystals and textured materials often depend, atomistic arguments are also needed to qualify the property coefficients in various directions. The atomistic arguments are partly based on symmetry and party on the basic physics and chemistry of materials.

After introducing the point groups appropriate for single crystals, textured materials, and ordered magnetic structures, the directional properties of many different materials are described: linear and nonlinear elasticity, piezoelectricity and electrostriction, magnetic phenomena, diffusion and other transport properties, and both primary and secondary ferroic behavior. With crystal optics (its roots in classical mineralogy) having become an important component of the information age, nonlinear optics is described along with the piezo-optics and electro-optics, and analagous linear and nonlinear acoustic wave phenomena. Enantiomorphism, optical activity, and chemical anisotropy are discussed in the final chapters of the book.

Book News Annotation:

Newnham (solid state science, Pennsylvania State U.) presents a textbook suitable as an introduction to the physical properties of materials. Tensor and matrix algebra provide the mathematical framework for his discussion of anisotropy and structure-property relationships. Over the course of the book, he considers questions such as the impact of direction on physical properties, differences between matrix representations and tensor descriptions of properties, the measurement of property coefficients, the influence of symmetry on physical properties, the relationship of anisotropy to crystal structure and texture, how the magnitudes of tensors depend on chemical bond lengths and strengths, and other topics. College-level physics and chemistry are prerequisites and knowledge of basic crystallography is helpful to understanding the material.
Annotation 2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (

About the Author

Robert E. Newnham is Alcoa Professor of Solid State Science in the Materials Research Laboratory at The Pennsylvania State University, USA.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction

2. Transformations

3. Symmetry

4. Transformation operators for symmetry elements

5. Tensors and physical properties

6. Thermodynamic relationships

7. Specific heat and entropy

8. Pyroelectricity

9. Dielectric constant

10. Stress and strain

11. Thermal expansion

12. Piezoelectricity

13. Elasticity

14. Magnetic phenomena

15. Nonlinear phenomena

16. Ferroic crystals

17. Electrical resistivity

18. Thermal conductivity

19. Diffusion and ionic conductivity

20. Galvanomagnetic and thermomagnetic phenomena

21. Thermoelectricity

22. Piezoresistance

23. Acoustic waves I

24. Acoustic waves II

25. Crystal optics

26. Dispersion and absorption

27. Photoelasticity and acousto-optics

28. Electro-optic phenomena

29. Nonlinear optics

30. Optical activity and enantiomorphism

31. Magneto-optics

32. Chemical anisotropy

Product Details

Newham, Robert E.
Oxford University Press, USA
Newnham, Robert E.
null, Robert E.
Material Science
Physics | Materials Science
Materials Science-General
Publication Date:
Grade Level:
Professional and scholarly
213 line illus.
9.62x7.44x.85 in. 1.66 lbs.

Related Subjects

Science and Mathematics » Chemistry » Organic
Science and Mathematics » Electricity » General Electricity
Science and Mathematics » Energy » Nuclear Engineering
Science and Mathematics » Materials Science » General
Science and Mathematics » Physics » Crystallography

Properties of Materials: Anisotropy, Symmetry, Structure (04 Edition) New Trade Paper
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