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A 21st Century Ethical Toolboxby Anthony Weston
Synopses & Reviews
Thoroughly optimistic, A 21st Century Ethical Toolbox, Third Edition, invites students to approach ethical issues with a reconstructive intent--to make room for more and better options than the rigid "pro" and "con" positions that have developed around tough problems like abortion and environmental ethics. Employing an accessible, consistently engaging writing style, Anthony Weston covers the skills that are vital to making real progress in ethics, including critical thinking, creative problem-solving, moral vision, genuine dialogue, and many more. Provocative selections from a wide range of philosophers, essayists, community activists, and students are interwoven with Weston's own discussions. The text is enhanced by extensive "Exercises and Notes" sections at the end of each chapter, new "Using Your Tools" sections after every two chapters, and a detailed guide for teachers as an appendix. Join instructors and students around the country who are using the experiential and applied activities inspired by this "toolbox" of skills to design interactive and collaborative ethics courses.
About the Author
Anthony Weston is Professor of Philosophy and Environmental Studies at Elon University. He is the author of twelve other books including A Practical Companion to Ethics, Fourth Edition (2010), Creativity for Critical Thinkers (2007), and Creative Problem-Solving in Ethics (2007), all published by Oxford University Press, and Mobilizing the Green Imagination (2012).
Table of Contents
Each chapter ends with "For Review" and "Exercises and Notes" sections.
PART I. EMBRACING ETHICS
1. Re-Introducing Ethics
What Is Ethics?
Ethics as a Learning Experience
Alice Walker, "Am I Blue?"
Ted Kerasote, from Bloodties: Nature, Culture, and the Hunt
2. Ethics-Avoidance Disorders
Flying by Instinct
Using Your Tools #1: "Is Food the New Sex?"
Mary Eberstadt, "Is Food the New Sex?"
Maggie Castor, "Food and Sex Reconsidered"
3. Ethics and Religion
An Approach to Religious Ethics
Let the Stories Be Stories
Thinking for Yourself
Reading: Jamal Rahman, "Making Peace with the Sword Verse"
PART II. MORAL VALUES
4. Taking Values Seriously
Varieties of Values
Families of Moral Values
Attending to Values
Reading: Rayna Rapp, "XYLO"
Using Your Tools #2: Values on the Edge
Reading: Edward Abbey, "The Great American Desert"
5. The Ethics of the Person
Reading: Philip Hallie, "Le Chambon"
Kant's Categorical Imperative
Reading: Immanuel Kant, from Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals
Rights, Equality, Justice
Reading: from The United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights
6. The Ethics of Happiness
Reading: Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, from Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience
John Stuart Mill, from Utilitarianism
Bertrand Russell, from "The Harm That Good Men Do"
Can Utility Be the Single Measure of Value?
Using Your Tools #3: A Utilitarian Approach to Poverty
7. The Ethics of Virtue
An Abundance of Virtues
A Greek View of Virtue
Reading: Aristotle, from Nicomachean Ethics
Chinese Views of Virtue
Reading: Lao Tsu, from the Tao Te Ching
Reading: John Sullivan, from Living Large
8. The Ethics of Relationship
Reading: Nel Noddings, from Caring
Ethics and Community
Reading: Kwasi Wiredu, from "The Moral Foundations of an African Culture"
The Expanding Circle
Reading: Aldo Leopold, from "The Land Ethic"
Using Your Tools #4: Building a Student Code of Ethics
PART III. SKILLS FOR ETHICAL PRACTICE
9. Critical Thinking
Facts and Sources
Quick Reference: Critical-Thinking Basics
10. Judging Like Cases Alike
Consistency Is a Challenge
How to Restore Consistency
Reading: Colin McGinn, "Speciesism"
Quick Reference: Judging Like Cases Alike
Using Your Tools #5: Exploring the Welfare Question
How to Have a Fruitless Debate
How to Have a Useful Discussion
Mary Jacksteit and Adrienne Kaufmann, The Common Ground Network for Life and Choice, "Common Ground Rules"
Spoma Jovanovic, "Deepening Ethical Dialogue"
Quick Reference: Ethical Dialogue
12. When Values Clash
Right Versus Right
Reading: Roger Gottlieb, "Can We Talk? Understanding the 'Other Side' in the Animal Rights Debates"
Quick Reference: When Values Clash
Using Your Tools #6: "Can We Talk . . . About Marriage?" by Martin Fowler
13. Creative Problem Solving
The Need for Inventiveness in Ethics
Quick Reference: Creative Problem Solving in Ethics
14. Reframing Problems
Opening Up a Problem
Reading: Fran Peavey, "Strategic Questioning"
Reframing the Abortion Debate
Quick Reference: Ways to Reframe Problems
Using Your Tools #7: Reframing Bioethical Issues: Or, Where Ethics Meets Politics
15. Moral Vision
Working from a Vision
Reading: Bill Thomas, from What Are Old People For?
Quick Reference: Working from a Vision
PART IV. CHALLENGES
Keith Clark, from Being Sexual . . . and Celibate
Carol Queen, from Real Live Nude Girl
Using Your Tools #8: Personal Ethical Mission Statements by Nim Batchelor
17. Making a Difference
The Power of One
Reading: Ian Frazier, from On the Rez
Becoming a Change-Maker
Communities Making Change
Joining a Change-Making Community
18. The Future of Ethics
Three Doubts About Ethics
Ethics Is Inescapable
Reading: William McDonough, "Design for a New World"
Using Your Tools #9: Ethical Change Projects
Appendix 1: The Toolbox in the Classroom
Appendix 2: Experiential Teaching in Ethics by Sharon Hartline
What Our Readers Are Saying