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Physiology of Behavior (10TH 10 - Old Edition)

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Physiology of Behavior (10TH 10 - Old Edition) Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Please note that used books may not include additional media (study guides, CDs, DVDs, solutions manuals, etc.) as described in the publisher comments.

Publisher Comments:

The latest discoveries in the rapidly changing fields of neuroscience and physiological psychology are all incorporated in The Ninth Edition of Physiology of Behavior. This classic text continues its tradition as the most comprehensive, current, and teachable text for physiological psychology.

 

Thoughtfully organized, this text offers scholarly, yet accessible coverage and effectively emphasizes the dynamic interaction between biology and behavior. Collaboration with a talented artist has provided beautiful, accurate, and informative full-color illustrations that further enhance the appeal to both students and professors alike.  Case studies and a CD of animations bring all the concepts to life.

 

Structure and Functions of Cells of the Nervous System, Psychopharmacology, Methods and Strategies of Research, Vision, Audition, the Body Senses, and the Chemical Senses, Control of Movement, Sleep and Biological Rhythms, Reproductive Behavior, Emotion,

Ingestive Behavior,  Learning and Memory,  Human Communication, Neurological Disorders,  Schizophrenia and the Affective Disorders, Anxiety Disorders, Autistic Disorder, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, and Stress Disorders, and Drug Abuse

                                             

Physiological Psychology and  Neuropsychology

Synopsis:

This package contains the following components:

-0205637930: MyPsychKit

-0205666272: Physiology of Behavior

Synopsis:

The latest discoveries in the rapidly changing fields of neuroscience and physiological psychology are all incorporated in The Tenth Edition of Physiology of Behavior. This classic text continues its tradition as the most comprehensive, current, and teachable text for physiological psychology.

About the Author

Neil Carlson, U Mass Amherst

Emeritus at the University of Masschusetts at Amherst, Neil Carlson is an active researcher focusing on the relationship between the brain and behavior – specifically the role of the limbic system in learning and species-typical behavior. Dr. Carlson received his undergraduate degree and Ph.D. from the University of Illinois.  In addition to writing Psychology: The Science of Behavior, Dr. Carlson  is also the author of two best-selling physiology of behavior textbooks – Psychology: The Science of Behavior and Foundations of Physiological Psychology.

Table of Contents

 

 

Brief Table of Contents

Chapter 1         Introduction  1

Chapter 2         Structure and Functions of Cells of the Nervous System  28     

Chapter 3         Structure of the Nervous System  68

Chapter 4         Psychopharmacology 102

Chapter 5         Methods and Strategies of Research  134

Chapter 6         Vision  169

Chapter 7         Audition, the Body Senses, and the Chemical Sense  212

Chapter 8         Control of Movement  262

Chapter 9         Sleep and Biological Rhythms  295

Chapter 10       Reproductive Behavior  329

Chapter 11       Emotion  366

Chapter 12       Ingestive Behavior  400

Chapter 13       Learning and Memory  439

Chapter 14       Human Communication  485

Chapter 15       Neurological Disorders  520

Chapter 16       Schizophrenia and the Affective Disorders  554

Chapter 17       Anxiety Disorders, Autistic Disorder, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, and Stress Disorders  585

Chapter 18       Drug Abuse  613

 

 

 

 

Detailed Table of Contents

 

Chapter 1        Introduction  1

UNDERSTANDING HUMAN CONSCIOUSNESS: A PHYSIOLOGICAL APPROACH

Blindsight  4

Split Brains  4

Unilateral Neglect  7

Interim Summary  9

THE NATURE OF PHYSIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY  9

The Goals of Research  10

Biological Roots of Physiological Psychology  10

Interim Summary  14

NATURAL SELECTION AND EVOLUTION  14

Functionalism and the Inheritance of Traits  14

Evolution of the Human Species  17

Evolution of Large Brains  20

Interim Summary  22

ETHICAL ISSUES IN RESEARCH WITH ANIMALS  23

CAREERS IN NEUROSCIENCE  24

Interim Summary  25

STRATEGIES FOR LEARNING  26

SUGGESTED READINGS  27

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES  27

 

Chapter 2        Structure and Functions of Cells of the Nervous System  28         

CELLS OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM  30

Neurons  30

Supporting Cells  36

The Blood-Brain Barrier  40

Interim Summary  41

COMMUNICATION WITHIN A NEURON  42

Neural Communication: An Overview  42

Measuring Electrical Potentials of Axons  43

The Membrane Potential: Balance of Two Forces  45

The Action Potential  47

Conduction of the Action Potential  49

Interim Summary  52

COMMUNICATION BETWEEN NEURONS  53

Structure of Synapses  53

Release of Neurotransmitter  55

Activation of Receptors  57

Postsynaptic Potentials  59

Termination of Postsynaptic Potentials  60

Effects of Postsynaptic Potentials: Neural Integration  62

Autoreceptors  62

Other Types of Synapses  63

Nonsynaptic Chemical Communication  64

Interim Summary  66

SUGGESTED READINGS  67

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES  67

 

Chapter 3        Structure of the Nervous System  68

BASIC FEATURES OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM  69

An Overview  72

Meninges  72

The Ventricular System and Production of CSF  73

Interim Summary  76

THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM  76

Development of the Central Nervous System  77

The Forebrain  82

The Midbrain  91

The Hindbrain  93

The Spinal Cord  94

Interim Summary  95

THE PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM  96

Spinal Nerves  96

Cranial Nerves  97

The Autonomic Nervous System  97

Interim Summary  101

SUGGESTED READINGS  101

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES  101

 

Chapter 4        Psychopharmacology 102

PRINCIPLES OF PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY  104

Pharmacokinetics  104

Drug Effectiveness  107

Effects of Repeated Administration  108

Placebo Effects  109

Interim Summary  110

SITES OF DRUG ACTION  110

Effects on Production of Neurotransmitters  111

Effects on Storage and Release of Neurotransmitters  111

Effects on Receptors  112

Effects on Reuptake or Destruction of Neurotransmitters  113

Interim Summary  114

NEUROTRANSMITTERS AND NEUROMODULATORS  114

Acetylcholine  115

The Monamines  118

Amino Acids  124

Peptides  127

Lipids  128

Nucleosides  130

Soluble Gases  130

Interim Summary  131

SUGGESTED READINGS  133

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES  133

 

Chapter 5        Methods and Strategies of Research  134

EXPERIMENTAL ABLATION  136

Evaluating the Behavioral Effects of Brain Damage  136

Producing Brain Lesions  136

Stereotaxic Surgery138

Histological Methods  139

Tracing Neural Connections  143

Studying the Structure of the Living Human Brain  146

Interim Summary  149

RECORDING AND STIMULATING NEURAL ACTIVITY  151

Recording Neural Activity  151

Recording the Brain’s Metabolic Activity  153

Stimulating Neural Activity  155

Interim Summary  159

NEUROCHEMICAL METHODS  160

Finding Neurons That Produce Particular Neurochemicals  160

Localizing Particular Receptors  162

Measuring Chemicals Secreted in the Brain  163

Interim Summary  164

GENETIC METHODS  165

Twin Studies 166

Adoption Studies  166

Targeted Mutations  166

Antisense Oligonucleotides  167

Interim Summary  167

SUGGESTED READINGS  167

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES  168

 

Chapter 6        Vision  169

THE STIMULUS  171

ANATOMY OF THE VISUAL SYSTEM  172

The Eyes  172

Photoreceptors  174

Connections Between Eye and Brain  176

Interim Summary  178

CODING OF VISUAL INFORMATION IN THE RETINA  179

Coding of Light and Dark  179

Coding of Color  181

Interim Summary  185

ANALYSIS OF VISUAL INFORMATION: ROLE OF THE STRIATE CORTEX  186

Anatomy of the Striate Cortex  186

Orientation and Movement  186

Spatial Frequency  187

Retinal Disparity  189

Color  189

Modular Organization of the Striate Cortex  190

Interim Summary  191

ANALYSIS OF VISUAL INFORMATION: ROLE OF THE VISUAL ASSOCIATION CORTEX  192

Two Streams of Visual Analysis  192

Perception of Color  195

Perception of Form  196

Perception of Movement  202

Perception of Spatial Location  206

Interim Summary  209

SUGGESTED READINGS  211

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES   211

 

Chapter 7        Audition, the Body Senses, and the Chemical Sense  212

AUDIITON  212

The Stimulus  212        

Anatomy of the Ear  214

Auditory Hair Cells and the Transduction of Auditory Information  216

The Auditory Pathway  218

Perception of Pitch  221

Perception of Loudness  224

Perception of Timbre  224

Perception of Spatial Location  225

Perception of Complex Sounds  229

Interim Summary  233

VESTIBULAR SYSTEM  234

Anatomy of the Vestibular Apparatus  234

The Receptor Cells  235

The Vestibular Pathway  235

Interim Summary  237

SOMATOSENSES  237

The Stimuli  237

Anatomy of the Skin and Its Receptive Organs  238

Perception of Cutaneous Stimulation  238

The Somatosensory Pathways  242

Perception of Pain  243

Interim Summary  248

GUSTATION  250

The Stimuli  250

Anatomy of the Taste Buds and Gustatory Cells  250

Perception of Gustatory Information  251

The Gustatory Pathway  253

Interim Summary  254

OLFACTION  255

The Stimulus  255

Anatomy of the Olfactory Apparatus  255

Transduction of Olfactory Information  257

Perception of Specific Odors  257

Interim Summary  260

SUGGESTED READINGS  260

ADDITIONAL RESOURC ES  261

 

Chapter 8        Control of Movement  262

MUSCLES  263

Skeletal Muscle  263

Smooth Muscle  266

Cardiac Muscle  267

Interim Summary  267

REFLEXIVE CONTROL OF MOVEMENT  268

The Monosynaptic Stretch Reflex  268

The Gamma Motor System  270

Polysynaptic Reflexes  270

Interim Summary  272

CONTROL OF MOVEMENT BY THE BRAIN  272

Organization of the Motor Cortex  273

Cortical Control of Movement: The Descending Pathways  274

Planning and Initiating Movements: Role of the Motor Association Cortex  277

Imitating and Comprehending Movements: Role of the Mirror Neuron System  280

Control of Reaching and Grasping  283

Deficits of Skilled Movements: The Apraxias  284

The Basal Ganglia  285

The Cerebellum  289

The Reticular Formation  292

Interim Summary  293

SUGGESTED READINGS  294

ADDITONAL RESOURCES  294

 

Chapter 9        Sleep and Biological Rhythms  295

A PHYSIOLOGICAL AND BEHAVIORAL DESCRIPTION OF SLEEP  295

Stages of Sleep  295

Mental Activity During Sleep  300

Interim Summary  301

DISORDERS OF SLEEP  301

Insomnia  301

Narcolepsy  302

REM Sleep Behavior Disorder  304

Problems Associated with Slow-Wave Sleep  304

Interim Summary  305

WHY DO WE SLEEP?  306 

Functions of Slow-Wave Sleep  306

Functions of REM Sleep 308

Sleep and Learning  309

Interim Summary  310

PHYSIOLOGICAL MECHANISMS OF SLEEP AND WAKING  311

Chemical Control of Sleep  311

Neural Control of Arousal  312

Neural Control of Slow-Wave Sleep  314

Neural Control of REM Sleep  317

Interim Summary  320

BIOLOGICAL CLOCKS  321

Circadian Rhythms and Zeitgebers  321

The Suprachiasmatic Nucleus  322

Control of Seasonal Rhythms: The Pineal Gland and Melatonin  326

Changes in Circadian Rhythms: Shift Work and Jet Lag  327

Interim Summary  328

SUGGESTED READINGS  328

SUGGESTED READINGS  328

 

Chapter 10      Reproductive Behavior  329

SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT  330

Production of Gametes and Fertilization  330

Development of the Sex Organs  331

Sexual Maturation  334

Interim Summary  336

HORMONAL CONTROL OF SEXUAL BEHAVIOR  337   Hormonal Control of Female Reproductive Cycles  338

Hormonal Control of Sexual Behavior of Laboratory Animals  338

Organizational Effects of Androgens on Behavior: Masculinization and Defeminization  340

Effects of Pheromones  341 

Human Sexual Behavior  344

Sexual Orientation  346 

Interim Summary  352

NEURAL CONTROL OF SEXUAL BEHAVIOR  353

Males  353

Females  355

Formation of Pair Bonds  358

Interim Summary  359

PARENTAL BEHAVIOR  360

Maternal Behavior of Rodents  360

Hormonal Control of Maternal Behavior  361

Neural Control of Maternal Behavior  362

Neural Control of Paternal Behavior  364

Interim Summary  364

SUGGESTED READINGS  365

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES  365

 

Chapter 11      Emotion  366

EMOTIONS AS RESPONSE PATTERNS  367

Fear  368

Anger, Aggression, and Impulse Control  372

Hormonal Control of Aggressive Behavior  380

Interim Summary  384

COMMUNICATION OF EMOTIONS  385

Facial Expression of Emotions: Innate Responses  385

Neural Basis of the Communication of Emotions: Recognition  386

Neural Basis of the Communication of Emotions: Expression  391

Interim Summary  395

FEELINGS OF EMOTIONS  396

The James-Lange Theory  396

Feedback from Simulated Emotions  397

Interim Summary  399

SUGGESTED READINGS  399

 ADDITIONAL RESOURCES  399

 

Chapter 12      Ingestive Behavior  400

PHYSIOLOGICAL REGULATORY MECHANISMS  401

DRINKING  402

Some Facts About Fluid Balance 403

Two Types of Thirst  404

Neural Mechanisms of Thirst  407

Interim Summary  408

EATING: SOME FACTS ABOUT METABOLISM  409

Interim Summary  412

WHAT STARTS A MEAL?  412

Signals from the Environment  412

Signals from the Stomach  413

Metabolic Signals  414

Interim Summary  415

WHAT STOPS A MEAL?  416

Head Factors  416

Gastric Factors  416

Intestinal Factors  416

Liver Factors  417

Insulin  418

Long-Term Satiety: Signals from Adipose Tissue 418

Interim Summary  419

BRAIN MECHANISMS  420

Brain Stem  420

Hypothalamus  420

Interim Summary  426

OBESITY  427

Possible Causes  427

Treatment  430

Interim Summary  433

ANOREXIA NERVOSA/BULIMIA NERVOSA  434

Possible Causes  435

Treatment  436

Interim Summary  437

SUGGESTED READINGS  438

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES  438

 

Chapter 13      Learning and Memory  439

THE NATURE OF LEARNING  440

Interim Summary  443

SYNAPTIC PLASTICITY: LONG-TERM POTENTIATION  AND LONG-TERM DEPRESSION  444   

Induction of Long-Term Potentiation  444

Role of NMDA Receptors  446

Mechanisms of Synaptic Plasticity  448

Long-Term Depression  452

Other Forms of Long-Term Potentiation  453

Interim Summary  454

PERCEPTUAL LEARNING  454

Learning to Recognize Stimuli  454

Perceptual Short-Term Memory  456

Interim Summary  457

CLASSICAL CONDITIONING  458

Interim Summary  459

INSTRUMENTAL CONDITIONING  460

Basal Ganglia 460

Reinforcement  461

Interim Summary  465

RELATIONAL LEARNING  465

Human Anterograde Amnesia  465

Spared Learning Abilities  467

Declarative and Nondeclarative Memories  468

Anatomy of Anterograde Amnesia  469

Role of the Hippocampal Formation in Consolidation of Declarative Memories  471

Episodic and Semantic Memories  475

Spatial Memory  476

Relational Learning in Laboratory Animals  477

Interim Summary  483

SUGGESTED READINGS  484

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES  484

 

Chapter 14      Human Communication  485

SPEECH PRODUCTION AND COMPREHENSION: BRAIN  MECHANISMS  486

Lateralization  486

Speech Production  487

Speech Comprehension  491

Aphasia in Deaf People  501

Prosody: Rhythm, Tone, and Emphasis in Speech  502

Stuttering  504

Interim Summary  505

DISORDERS OF READING AND WRITING  507

Relation to Aphasia  507

Pure Alexia  507

Toward an Understanding of Reading  508

Toward an Understanding of Writing  515

Developmental Dyslexias  517

Interim Summary  518

SUGGESTED READINGS  519

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES  519

 

Chapter 15      Neurological Disorders  520

TUMORS  521

SEIZURE DISORDERS  523 

CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENTS  527

Interim Summary  531

DISORDERS OF DEVELOPMENT  532

Toxic Chemicals  532

Inherited Metabolic Disorders  533

Down Syndrome  534

Interim Summary  534

DEGENERATIVE DISORDERS  535

Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies  535

Parkinson’s Disease  537

Huntington’s Disease  541

Alzheimer’s Disease  543

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis  548

Multiple Sclerosis  549

Korsakoff’s Syndrome  550

Interim Summary  551

DISORDERS CAUSED BY INFECTIOUS DISEASES  552

Interim Summary  553

SUGGESTED READINGS  553

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES  553

 

Chapter 16      Schizophrenia and the Affective Disorders  554

SCHIZOPHRENIA  556

Description  556

Heritability  557

Pharmacology of Schizophrenia: The Dopamine Hypothesis   558

Schizophrenia as a Neurological Disorder  560 

Interim Summary  50

MAJOR AFFECTIVE DISORDERS  572

Description  572

Heritability  573

Biological Treatments  573

The Monoamine Hypothesis  576

The Amygdala and the Prefrontal Cortex: Role of the 5-HT Transporter  577

Role of  Neurogensis  580

Role of Circadian Rhythms  581

Interim Summary  583

SUGGESTED READINGS  584

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES  584

 

Chapter 17 Anxiety Disorders, Autistic Disorder, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, and Stress Disorders  585

ANXIETY DISORDERS  587

Panic Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, and Social Anxiety Disorder  587

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder  589

Interim Summary  593

AUTISTIC DISORDER  593

Description  593

Possible Causes  594

Interim Summary  597

ATTENTION-DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER  598

Description  598

Possible Causes  598

Interim Summary  601

STRESS DISORDERS  601 

Physiology of the Stress Response  601

Health Effects of Long-Term Stress  603

Effects of Stress on the Brain  604

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder  606

Psychoneuroimmunology  608

Interim Summary  611 

SUGGESTED READINGS  612

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES  612

 

Chapter 18      Drug Abuse  613

COMMON FEATURES OF ADDICTION

A Little Background

Positive Reinforcement

Negative Reinforcement

Craving and Relapse

Interim Summary

COMMONLY ABUSED DRUGS

Opiates

Stimulant Drugs: Cocaine and Amphetamine

Nicotine

Alcohol

Cannabis

Interim Summary

HEREDITY AND DRUG ABUSE

Interim Summary

THERAPY FOR DRUG ABUSE

Interim Summary

SUGGESTED READINGS

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

 

REFERENCES  641

NAME INDEX

SUBJECT INDEX

Product Details

ISBN:
9780205666270
Author:
Carlson, Neil R.
Publisher:
Pearson
Author:
Cram101 Textbook Reviews
Subject:
Psychophysiology
Subject:
General
Subject:
Neuroscience
Subject:
Behavior -- Physiology.
Subject:
General Psychology & Psychiatry
Subject:
Psychology : General
Subject:
Education-General
Copyright:
Edition Description:
Trade paper
Series:
MyPsychKit Series
Publication Date:
January 2009
Binding:
HARDCOVER
Grade Level:
College/higher education:
Language:
English
Illustrations:
Y
Pages:
752
Dimensions:
11.1 x 8.7 x 1.2 in 1669 gr

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Physiology of Behavior (10TH 10 - Old Edition) Used Hardcover
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Product details 752 pages Allyn & Bacon - English 9780205666270 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , This package contains the following components:

-0205637930: MyPsychKit

-0205666272: Physiology of Behavior

"Synopsis" by , The latest discoveries in the rapidly changing fields of neuroscience and physiological psychology are all incorporated in The Tenth Edition of Physiology of Behavior. This classic text continues its tradition as the most comprehensive, current, and teachable text for physiological psychology.
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