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Cultural Anthropology in a Globalizing World (Myanthrolab)

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Cultural Anthropology in a Globalizing World (Myanthrolab) Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

Integrating current material on globalization, gender, class, race, ethnicity, and other contemporary social issues throughout the book, Barbara Miller's Cultural Anthropology in a Globalizing World  text engages students with compelling ethnographic examples and demonstrates the relevance of cultural anthropology to their lives.

  • Rich examples of gender, ethnicity, race, class, and age thread through the topical coverage of economic systems, the life-cycle, health, kinship, social organization, politics, language, religion, and expressive culture.
  • Each chapter highlights applied anthropology and provides students with practical tips about how they can use anthropology in their everyday lives.
  • The last two chapters address the urgent issues of how migration is changing world cultures and the importance of local cultural values in shaping international development policies and programs.

This book, based on Miller’s full-length Cultural Anthropology  text, will generate class discussion, increase faculty-student engagement, and enhance student learning. Through clear writing, a balanced theoretical approach, and engaging examples, Miller stresses the importance of social inequality, cultural change, and applied aspects of anthropology throughout the book.

About the Author

 “Cultural anthropology is exciting because it CONNECTS with everything, from FOOD to ART. And it can help prevent or SOLVE

world problems related to social inequality and injustice.” - BARBARA D. MILLER

 

Barbara Miller is Professor of Anthropology and International Affairs, and Director of the Culture in Global Affairs (CIGA) Research and Policy Program, at The George Washington University. She received her Ph.D. in anthropology from Syracuse University in 1978. Before coming to GW in 1994, she taught at the University of Rochester, SUNY Cortland, Ithaca College, Cornell University, and the University of Pittsburgh.

 

Barbara’s research has focused mainly on gender-based inequalities in India, especially the nutritional and medical neglect of daughters in the northern part of the country. She has also conducted research on culture and rural development in Bangladesh, on low-income household dynamics in Jamaica, and on Hindu adolescents in Pittsburgh.

 

Her current interests include continued research on India along with attention to the role of cultural anthropology in informing policy issues, especially as related to women, children, and other disenfranchised people.

 

She teaches courses on introductory cultural anthropology, medical anthropology, development anthropology, culture and population, health and development in South Asia, migration and mental health, and culture and security.

 

She has published many journal articles and book chapters and several books: The Endangered Sex: Neglect of Female Children in Rural North India, 2nd ed. (Oxford University Press 1997), an edited volume, Sex and Gender Hierarchies (Cambridge University Press 1993), and a co-edited volume with Alf Hiltebeitel, Hair: Its Power and Meaning in Asian Cultures (SUNY Press 1998). In addition to Cultural Anthropology in a Globalizing World, second edition, she is the author of Cultural Anthropology, fifth edition (Pearson 2008) and the lead author of Anthropology, second edition(Pearson  2008).

 

Barbara launched a blog in 2009 (anthropologyworks.com) which includes her thoughts on important findings and debates in anthropology, a weekly feature covering anthropologists in the mainstream media, and guests posts. You can also follow her via Twitter @anthroworks.

Table of Contents

Brief Table of Contents for Cultural Anthropology in a Globalizing World, 2/e

 

I. INTRODUCTION TO CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY

1. Anthropology and the Study of Culture 

2. Researching Culture

 

II. CULTURAL FOUNDATIONS

3. Economic Systems

4. Reproduction and Human Development

5. Health, Illness and Healing

 

III. SOCIAL ORGANIZATION

6. Kinship and Domestic Life

7. Social Groups and Social Stratification

8. Political and Legal Systems

 

IV. SYMBOLIC SYSTEMS

9. Communication

10. Religion

11. Expressive Culture

 

V. CONTEMPORARY CULTURAL CHANGE

12. People on the Move

13. People Defining Development

 

Table of Contents

 

PART I  INTRODUCTION TO CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY

Anthropology Works

 

Chapter 1 Anthropology and the Study of Culture

Introducing Anthropology

Biological or Physical Anthropology

Archaeology

Linguistic Anthropology

Cultural Anthropology

Applied Anthropology: Separate Field or Cross-Cutting Focus?

Lessons Applied: Orangutan Research Leads To Orangutan Advocacy

Introducing Cultural Anthropology

A Brief History of Cultural Anthropology

The Concept of Culture

Definitions of Culture

Characteristics of Culture

Culture Is Not the Same as Nature

Eating

Everyday Anthropology: Latina Power in the Kitchen

Drinking

Sleeping

Eliminating

Culture Is Learned 

Cultures Are Integrated

Cultures Interact and Change

Multiple Cultural Worlds

Class

“Race,” Ethnicity, and Indigenous Peoples

Culturama: San Peoples of Southern Africa

Gender  

Age 

Institutions 

Distinctive Features of Cultural Anthropology

Cultural Relativism

Valuing and Sustaining Diversity

Three Theoretical Debates in Cultural Anthropology

Biological Determinism versus Cultural Constructionism 

Interpretive Anthropology versus Cultural Materialism

Individual Agency versus Structurism

Cultural Anthropology and Careers

Majoring in Anthropology

Graduate Study in Anthropology

Living an Anthropological Life

 

Chapter 2 Researching Culture

Changing Research Methods in Cultural Anthropology

From The Armchair to the Field

Participant Observation

Doing Fieldwork in Cultural Anthropology

Beginning the Fieldwork Process

Project Selection

Critical Thinking: Shells and Skirts in the Trobriand Islands

Culturama: The Trobriand Islanders of Papua New Guinea

Preparing for the Field

Working in the Field

Site Selection

Gaining Rapport

Gift Giving and Exchange

Microcultures and Fieldwork

Class

“Race”/Ethnicity

Gender

Age

Culture Shock

Fieldwork Techniques

 Deductive and Inductive Research

 Participant Observation

 Talking with People

Combining Observation and Talking

Specialized Methods

Life History

Time Allocation Study

Texts 

Archival and Historical Sources

Multiple Research Methods and Team Projects

Eye on the Environment: Researching Inuit Place Names and Landscape Knowledge

Recording Culture

 Field Notes

  Tape Recording, Photography, and Videos

 Data Analysis

  Analyzing Qualitative Data

  Analyzing Quantitative Data

  Representing Culture

Urgent Issues in Cultural Anthropology Research

Ethics and Collaborative Research

Collaborative Research

Safety in the Field

 

PART II CULTURAL FOUNDATIONS

 

Chapter 3 Economic Systems

Modes of Livelihood

Foraging

Everyday Anthropology: The Importance of Dogs

Division of Labor

Property Relations

Foraging As a Sustainable System

Horticulture

Division of Labor

Property Relations

Horticulture as a Sustainable System

 Pastoralism

Division of Labor

Property Relations

Pastoralism as a Sustainable System

Agriculture

Division of Labor

Property Relations

Industrial Agriculture

The Sustainability of Agriculture 

Critical Thinking: Was the Invention of Agriculture a Terrible Mistake?

Industrialism and the Information Age

Modes of Consumption and Exchange

Modes of Consumption and Exchange

Consumption Microcultures

Class and the Game of Distinction in Israeli Birthday Parties

Women’s Deadly Diet in Papua New Guinea

“Race” and Children’s Shopping in New Haven

Modes of Exchange

Balanced Exchange

Unbalanced Exchange

Other Forms of Unbalanced Exchange

Gambling

Lessons Applied: Assessing the Social Impact of Indian Casinos in California

Theft 

Exploitation 

Globalization and Changing Economies

Sugar, Salt, and Steel Tools in the Amazon

Global Networks and Ecstasy in the United States

Alternative Food Movements in Europe and North America

Continuities and Resistance: The Enduring Potlatch

Culturama: The Kwakwaka´wakw of Canada

 

Chapter 4: Reproduction and Human Development

Modes of Reproduction

The Foraging Mode of Reproduction

The Agricultural Mode of Reproduction

Culturama: The Old Order Amish of the United States and Canada

The Industrial/Informatics Mode of Reproduction

Culture and Fertility

Sexual Intercourse

When to Begin Having Intercourse?

Intercourse Frequency and Fertility

Fertility Decision Making

At the Family Level

At the State Level

At the Global Level

Fertility Control

Indigenous Methods

Induced Abortion

The New Reproductive Technologies

Infanticide

Personality and the Life Cycle

Birth, Infancy, and Childhood

The Birth Context

Lessons Applied: Mediating Cultural Conflict about the Treatment of a Newborn Baby in a U.S. Hospital Nursery

Bonding

Gender in Infancy

Socialization during Childhood

Adolescence and Identity

Is Adolescence a Universal Life-Cycle Stage?

Coming of Age and Gender Identity

Critical Thinking: Cultural Relativism and Female Genital Cutting

Sexual Identity and Gender Pluralism

Adulthood

Becoming a Parent

Middle Age

The Senior Years

The Final Passage: Death and Dying

 

Chapter 5 Health, Illness, and Healing

Ethnomedicine

 Defining and Classifying Health Problems

Ethno-etiologies

 Healing Ways

  Community Healing

  Healers

  Healing Substances

Eye on the Environment: Local Botanical Knowledge and Child Health in the Bolivian Amazon

Three Theoretical Approaches

The Ecological/Epidemiological Approach

 The Interpretivist Approach

Critical Medical Anthropology

 Social Inequality and Poverty

Cultural Critique of Western Biomedical Training

Globalization and Change

New Infectious Diseases

Diseases of Development

Medical Pluralism

Selective Pluralism: The Case of the Sherpa

Culturama: The Sherpa of Nepal

 Conflicting Explanatory Models

Applied Medical Anthropology

Reducing Lead Poisoning among Mexican American Children

Public Health Communication

Lessons Applied: Promoting Vaccination Programs in Developing Countries

Working Together: Western Biomedicine and Nonbiomedical Systems

 

PART III SOCIAL ORGANIZATION

 

Chapter 6: Kinship and Domestic Life

How Cultures Create Kinship

Studying Kinship: From Formal Analysis to Kinship in Action

Descent

Unilineal Descent

Culturama: Minangkabau of Indonesia

Bilineal Descent

Sharing

Kinship through Food Sharing 

Adoption And Fostering

Ritually Established Kinship

Marriage

Toward a Definition

Selecting a Spouse

Marriage Gifts

Forms of Marriage

Households and Domestic Life

The Household: Variations on a Theme

Intrahousehold Dynamics

Spouse/Partner Relationships

Sibling Relationships

Domestic Violence Between Partners

Lessons Applied: Ethnography for Preventing Wife Abuse In Rural Kentucky

Changing Kinship and Household Dynamics

Change in Descent

Change in Marriage

Changing Households

Chapter 7: Social Groups and Social Stratification

Social Groups

 Friendship

  Social Characteristics of Friendship

  Friendship among the Urban Poor

 Clubs and Fraternities

  Countercultural Groups

  Youth Gangs

  Body Modification Groups

 Cooperatives

Self-Help Groups

Social Stratification

Achieved Status: Class

Ascribed Status: “Race,” Ethnicity, Gender, and Caste

Eye on the Environment: Industrial Pollution and Activism in an African American Community in Georgia, the United States

Culturama: The Roma of Eastern Europe

Gender and Sexism

Caste and Casteism

Civil Society

 Civil Society for the State: The Chinese Women’s Movement

 Activist Groups: Co-Madres

New Social Movements and Cyberpower

 

Chapter 8: Political and Legal Systems

Politics, Political Organization, and Leadership

Bands

Tribes

Big-Man and Big-Woman Leadership   

Chiefdoms

States

State Powers and Roles

Eye on the Environment: Water, Pollution, and International Politics

Symbols of State Power 

Gender and Leadership in States

Social Order and Social Conflict

Norms and Laws

Systems of Social Control

Social Control in Small-Scale Societies 

Social Control in States 

Specialization 

Trials and Courts 

Prisons and the Death Penalty 

Social Inequality and the Law 

Social Conflict and Violence

Ethnic Conflict 

Warfare 

Critical Thinking: Yanomami: The “Fierce People”?

Change in Political and Legal Systems

Emerging Nations and Transnational Nations

Culturama: The Kurds of the Middle East

Democratization

The United Nations and International Peacekeeping

 

PART IV  SYMBOLIC SYSTEMS

 

Chapter 9 Communication

The Varieties of Human Communication

Language and Verbal Communication

Two Features of Human Language

Formal Properties of Verbal Language

Nonverbal Language and Embodied Communication

Sign Language

Lessons Applies: Anthropology and Public Understanding of the Language and Culture of People Who Are Deaf

Silence

Body Language

Communicating with Media and Information Technology

The Politics of Journalism

Advertising for Latinos in the United States 

Crossing the Digital Divide in Rural Hungary

Communication and Cultural Diversity and Inequality

Language and Culture: Two Theories

Critical Discourse Analysis: Class, Gender, Indigeneity, and “Race”

Gender in Euro-American Conversations

Gender and Politeness in Japanese, and Those Naughty Teenage Girls

Gay Language and Belonging in Indonesia

African American English: Prejudice and Pride

Language Change

The Origins and History of Language

Historical Linguistics

Writing Systems

Colonialism, Nationalism, and Globalization

European Colonialism and Contact Languages

Nationalism and Linguistic Assimilation

Culturama: The Saami of Sapmi, or Lapland

Global Languages

Endangered Languages and Language Revitalization

Critical Thinking: Should Dying Languages Be Revived?

 

Chapter 10 Religion

Religion in Comparative Perspective

What is Religion?

Magic Versus Religion  

Varieties of Religious Beliefs

How Beliefs Are Expressed 

Beliefs About Supernatural Forces And Beings

Eye on The Environment: Eagle Protection, National Parks, And The Preservation Of Hopi Indian Culture

Beliefs about Sacred Space 

Ritual Practices

Life-Cycle Rituals 

Pilgrimage 

Rituals of Inversion 

Sacrifice 

Religious Specialists

Shamans and Priests  

Other Specialists 

World Religions and Local Variations

Hinduism

A Nayar Fertility Ritual  

Hindu Women and Karma in Northern England 

Buddhism

Local Spirits and Buddhism in Southeast Asia 

Everyday Anthropology: Tattoos and Sacred Power

Judaism

Who’s Who at the Kotel 

Christianity

Protestantism among White Appalachians  

The Last Supper in Fiji  

Islam

Culturama: Hui Muslims of Xi’an, China

African Religions

Features of African Religions 

Ras Tafari  

Directions of Religious Change

Revitalization Movements

Contested Sacred Sites

Religious Freedom as a Human Right

Chapter 11  Expressive Culture

Art and Culture

What Is Art?

Critical Thinking: Probing the Categories of Art</title>

Studying Art in Society

Focus on the Artist  

Microcultures, Art, and Power 

Performance Arts

Music and Gender among the Temiar of Malaysia 

Country Music and Globalization in Brazil 

Theater and Myth in South India 

Architecture and Decorative Arts

Architecture and Interior Design 

Gardens and Flowers 

Play, Leisure, and Culture

Games and Sports as a Cultural Microcosm

Sports and Spirituality: Male Wrestling in India 

Play, Pleasure, and Pain 

Leisure Travel

Culturama:  The Gullah of South Carolina

Change in Expressive Culture

Colonialism and Syncretism

Tourism’s Complex Effects

Lessons Applied: A Strategy on Cultural Heritage for the World Bank

 

PART V CONTEMPORARY CULTURAL CHANGE

 

Chapter 12: People on the Move

Categories of Migration

Categories Based on Spatial Boundaries

Internal Migration

International Migration 

Critical Thinking: Haitian Cane Cutters in the Dominican Republic: A Case of Structure or Human Agency?

Transnational Migration 

Categories Based on Reason for Moving

Labor Migrants 

Displaced Persons  

Culturama: The Maya of Guatemala

Institutional Migrants 

The New Immigrants to the United States and Canada

The New Immigrants from Latin America and the Caribbean

Chain Migration of Dominicans  

Salvadorans: Escaping War to Struggle with Poverty 

The New Immigrants from Asia

Changing Patterns of Consumption among Hong Kong Chinese 

Three Patterns of Adaptation among the Vietnamese  

Hindus of New York City Maintain Their Culture 

The New Immigrants from the Former Soviet Union

Soviet Jews Flee Persecution 

Migration Politics, Policies, and Programs in a Globalizing World

Protecting Migrants’ Health

Lessons Applied: Studying African Pastoralists’ Movements for Risk Assessment and Service Delivery

Inclusion and Exclusion

Migration and Human Rights

 

Chapter 13: People Defining Development

Defining Development and Approaches to It

Two Processes of Cultural Change

Invention 

Diffusion  

Lessons Applied: The Saami, Snowmobiles, and the Need for Social Impact Analysis

Theories and Models of Development

Modernization 

Growth-Oriented Development 

Distributional Development  

Human Development 

Sustainable Development 

Institutional Approaches to Development

Large-Scale Development Institutions  

Grassroots Approaches 

Culturama: The Peyizan yo of Haiti

The Development Project

Anthropologists and the Development Project Cycle 

Cultural Fit  

The Anthropological Critique of Development Projects  

Development, Indigenous People, and Women

Indigenous People and Development

Indigenous People as Victims of Colonialism and Development  Like

Indigenous People and Territorial Entitlements 

Latin America 

Canada 

Asia 

Africa 

Australia and New Zealand 

Organizing for Change 

Women and Development

The Male Bias in Development 

Women’s Organizations for Change 

Urgent Issues in Development

Life Projects and Human Rights

Eye on the Environment: Oil, Environmental Degradation, and Human Rights in the Nigerian Delta

Cultural Heritage and Development: Linking the Past and Present to the Future

Cultural Anthropology and the Future

Product Details

ISBN:
9780205776986
Author:
Miller, Barbara D
Publisher:
Prentice Hall
Author:
Miller, Barbara D.
Author:
Miller, Barbara
Subject:
Anthropology - General
Subject:
Ethnology
Subject:
Globalization - Social aspects
Subject:
Anthropology - Cultural
Subject:
anthropology;cultural anthropology
Copyright:
Edition Description:
Trade paper
Series:
MyAnthroLab Series
Publication Date:
December 2009
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Grade Level:
College/higher education:
Language:
English
Illustrations:
Y
Pages:
360
Dimensions:
10.7 x 8.4 x 0.8 in 680 gr

Related Subjects

History and Social Science » Anthropology » Cultural Anthropology
History and Social Science » Anthropology » General
History and Social Science » World History » General
Textbooks » General

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