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The System of Professions: An Essay on the Division of Expert Labor

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The System of Professions: An Essay on the Division of Expert Labor Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

In The System of Professions Andrew Abbott explores central questions about the role of professions in modern life: Why should there be occupational groups controlling expert knowledge? Where and why did groups such as law and medicine achieve their power? Will professionalism spread throughout the occupational world? While most inquiries in this field study one profession at a time, Abbott here considers the system of professions as a whole. Through comparative and historical study of the professions in nineteenth- and twentieth-century England, France, and America, Abbott builds a general theory of how and why professionals evolve.

Book News Annotation:

Abbott (sociology, Rutgers) explores the role of the professions in modern life, and theorizes upon their evolution.
Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

About the Author

Andrew Abbott is the Ralph Lewis Professor and Chairman of the Department of Sociology at the University of Chicago.

Table of Contents

Preface

1. Introduction

The Professions Literature

The Concept of Professionalization

Cases of Professional Development

I. Work, Jurisdiction, and Competition

2. Professional Work

Objective and Subjective

Diagnosis

Treatment

Inference

Academic Knowledge

3. The Claim of Jurisdiction

Audiences

Settlements

Internal Structure

4. The System of Professions

The Implications of Exclusion: A System of Professions

Sources of Systems Disturbances

The Mechanisms of Jurisdiction Shift: Abstractions

Conclusion

II. The System's Environment

5. Internal Differentiation and the Problem of Power

Internal Stratification

Client Differentiation

Workplace, Workplace Structure, and Internal Divisions of Labor

Career Patterns

Power

6. The Social Environment of Professional Development

Forces Opening and Closing Jurisdictions

The Internal Organization of Professional Work

Changing Audiences for Jurisdictional Claims

Co-optable Powers, Oligarchy, and the New Class

7. The Cultural Environment of Professional Development

Changes in the Organization of Knowledge

New Forms of Legitimacy

The Rise of Universities

III. Three Case Studies

8. The Information Professions

The Qualitative Task Area

The Quantitative Task Area

The Combined Jurisdiction

9. Lawyers and Their Competitors

Potential Jurisdictional Conflicts of the Legal Profession

Complaints about Unqualified Practice and Other Invasions

Conclusions

10. The Construction of the Personal Problems Jurisdiction

The Status of Personal Problems, 1850-75

The First Response to "American Nervousness"

The Psychiatric Revolution

The Rise of Psychotherapy

Conclusion: The Clergy Surrender

11. Conclusion

The System of Professions

History

Theory and the Professions

Notes

References

Index

Product Details

ISBN:
9780226000695
Author:
Abbott, Andrew
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
Location:
Chicago :
Subject:
Great britain
Subject:
Reference
Subject:
Government and political science
Subject:
Reference - General
Subject:
Labor
Subject:
Division of labor
Subject:
Professions
Subject:
Professions -- Europe.
Subject:
Sociology - General
Subject:
Professions -- United States.
Subject:
Professions -- Great Britain.
Subject:
Business management
Edition Description:
Paperback
Series Volume:
3
Publication Date:
19880831
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Grade Level:
Professional and scholarly
Language:
English
Illustrations:
Yes
Pages:
452
Dimensions:
9.11x6.11x.98 in. 1.38 lbs.

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