Master your Minecraft
 
 

Special Offers see all

Enter to WIN a $100 Credit

Subscribe to PowellsBooks.news
for a chance to win.
Privacy Policy

Tour our stores


    Recently Viewed clear list


    Best Books of the Year | December 7, 2014

    Gigi Little: IMG Best Kids' Books of 2014



    No, I'm sorry, it's impossible. The best kids' books of 2014? The best? Can't do it. There have been entirely too many exceptional examples of the... Continue »
    1. $11.87 Sale Board Book add to wish list

      Countablock

      Christopher Franceschelli and Peskimo 9781419713743

    spacer
Qualifying orders ship free.
$22.00
List price: $29.00
Used Trade Paper
Ships in 1 to 3 days
Add to Wishlist
Qty Store Section
1 Burnside Science Reference- Philosophy of Science

This title in other editions

Other titles in the Science & Its Conceptual Foundations series:

Theory and Reality: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science (Science and Its Conceptual Foundations)

by

Theory and Reality: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science (Science and Its Conceptual Foundations) Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

How does science work? Does it tell us what the world is "really" like? What makes it different from other ways of understanding the universe? In Theory and Reality, Peter Godfrey-Smith addresses these questions by taking the reader on a grand tour of one hundred years of debate about science. The result is a completely accessible introduction to the main themes of the philosophy of science.

Intended for undergraduates and general readers with no prior background in philosophy, Theory and Reality covers logical positivism; the problems of induction and confirmation; Karl Popper's theory of science; Thomas Kuhn and "scientific revolutions"; the views of Imre Lakatos, Larry Laudan, and Paul Feyerabend; and challenges to the field from sociology of science, feminism, and science studies. The book then looks in more detail at some specific problems and theories, including scientific realism, the theory-ladeness of observation, scientific explanation, and Bayesianism. Finally, Godfrey-Smith defends a form of philosophical naturalism as the best way to solve the main problems in the field.

Throughout the text he points out connections between philosophical debates and wider discussions about science in recent decades, such as the infamous "science wars." Examples and asides engage the beginning student; a glossary of terms explains key concepts; and suggestions for further reading are included at the end of each chapter. However, this is a textbook that doesn't feel like a textbook because it captures the historical drama of changes in how science has been conceived over the last one hundred years.

Like no other text in this field, Theory and Reality combines a survey of recent history of the philosophy of science with current key debates in language that any beginning scholar or critical reader can follow.

Synopsis:

Includes bibliographical references (p. 243-254) and index.

About the Author

Peter Godfrey-Smith is an associate professor of philosophy and of history and philosophy of science at Stanford University. He is the author of Complexity and the Function of Mind in Nature.

Table of Contents

Preface

A Note for Those Teaching with the Book

1. Introduction

1.1 Setting Out

1.2 The Scope of the Theory

1.3 What Kind of Theory?

1.4 Three Answers, or Pieces of an Answer

1.5 Historical Interlude: A Sketch of the Scientific Revolution

Further Reading

2. Logic Plus Empiricism

2.1 The Empiricist Tradition

2.2 The Vienna Circle

2.3 Central Ideas of Logical Positivism

2.4 Problems and Changes

2.5 Logical Empiricism

2.6 On the Fall of Logical Empiricism

Further Reading

3. Induction and Confirmation

3.1 The Mother of All Problems

3.2 Induction, Deduction, Confirmation, and Explanatory Inference

3.3 The Ravens Problem

3.4 Goodman's "New Riddle of Induction"

Further Reading

4. Popper: Conjecture and Refutation

4.1 Popper's Unique Place in the Philosophy of Science

4.2 Popper's Theory of Science

4.3 Popper on Scientific Change

4.4 Objections to Popper on Falsification

4.5 Objections to Popper on Confirmation

4.6 Further Comments on the Demarcation Problem

Further Reading

5. Kuhn and Normal Science

5.1 "The Paradigm Has Shifted"

5.2 Paradigms: A Closer Look

5.3 Normal Science

5.4 Anomaly and Crisis

5.5 Wrap-up of Normal Science

Further Reading

6. Kuhn and Revolutions

6.1 Considerable Upset

6.2 Revolutions and Their Aftermath

6.3 Incommensurability, Relativism, and Progress

6.4 The X-Rated "Chapter X"

6.5 Final Thoughts on Kuhn

Further Reading

7. Lakatos, Laudan, Feyerabend, and Frameworks

7.1 After Structure

7.2 Lakatos and Research Programs

7.3 Laudan and Research Traditions

7.4 Anything Goes

7.5 An Argument from History That Haunts Philosophy

7.6 Pluralism and the Ramblings of Madmen

7.7 Taking Stock: Frameworks and Two-Process Theories of Science

Further Reading

8. The Challenge from Sociology of Science

8.1 Beyond Philosophy?

8.2 Robert Merton and the "Old" Sociology of Science

8.3 The Rise of the Strong Program

8.4 Leviathan and Latour

Further Reading

9. Feminism and Science Studies

9.1 "Science Is Political"

9.2 The Man of Reason

9.3 The Case of Primatology

9.4 Feminist Epistemology

9.5 Science Studies, the Science Wars, and the Sokal Hoax

Further Reading

10. Naturalistic Philosophy in Theory and Practice

10.1 What Is Naturalism?

10.2 Quine, Dewey, and Others

10.3 The Theory-Ladenness of Observation

Further Reading

11. Naturalism and the Social Structure of Science

11.1 Science as a Process

11.2 Kitcher and the Division of Scientific Labor

11.3 Social Structure and Empiricism

Further Reading

12. Scientific Realism

12.1 Strange Debates

12.2 Approaching Scientific Realism

12.3 A Statement of Scientific Realism

12.4 Challenges from Traditional Empiricism

12.5 Metaphysical Constructivism

12.6 Van Fraassen's View

12.7 Representation, Models, and Truth (Optional Section)

Further Reading

13. Explanation

13.1 Knowing Why

13.2 The Rise and Fall of the Covering Law Theory of Explanation

13.3 Causation, Unification, and More

13.4 Laws and Causes (Optional Section)

Further Reading

14. Bayesianism and Modern Theories of Evidence

14.1 New Hope

14.2 Understanding Evidence with Probability

14.3 The Subjectivist Interpretation of Probability

14.4 Assessing Bayesianism

14.5 Scientific Realism and Theories of Evidence

14.6 Procedural Naturalism (Optional Section)

Further Reading

15. Empiricism, Naturalism, and Scientific Realism?

15.1 A Muddy Paste?

15.2 The Apparent Tensions

15.3 Empiricism Reformed

15.4 A Last Challenge

15.5 The Future

Glossary

References

Index

Product Details

ISBN:
9780226300634
Author:
Godfrey Smith, Peter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
Author:
Godfrey-Smith, Peter
Location:
Chicago
Subject:
General
Subject:
Philosophy
Subject:
Science
Subject:
Philosophy & Social Aspects
Subject:
Philosophy & Aspects
Subject:
Science -- Philosophy.
Subject:
Science Reference-Philosophy of Science
Copyright:
Edition Description:
1
Series:
Science and Its Conceptual Foundations series
Publication Date:
20030731
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Grade Level:
Professional and scholarly
Language:
English
Illustrations:
6 line drawings
Pages:
288
Dimensions:
9 x 6 in

Other books you might like

  1. Philosophy of Science (96 Edition) Used Trade Paper $45.50
  2. Very Short Introductions #67:... Used Trade Paper $6.50
  3. The Philosophy of Science Used Trade Paper $24.00
  4. Simply Bonaventure : Introduction To... Used Trade Paper $9.00
  5. Truth Matters: Essays in Honor of... New Trade Paper $18.25
  6. Veritas Divina: Aquinas on Divine... New Hardcover $30.95

Related Subjects

Humanities » Philosophy » General
Reference » Science Reference » General
Reference » Science Reference » Philosophy of Science

Theory and Reality: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science (Science and Its Conceptual Foundations) Used Trade Paper
0 stars - 0 reviews
$22.00 In Stock
Product details 288 pages University of Chicago Press - English 9780226300634 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , Includes bibliographical references (p. 243-254) and index.
spacer
spacer
  • back to top

FOLLOW US ON...

     
Powell's City of Books is an independent bookstore in Portland, Oregon, that fills a whole city block with more than a million new, used, and out of print books. Shop those shelves — plus literally millions more books, DVDs, and gifts — here at Powells.com.