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Other titles in the Worlds of History series:
Worlds of History, Volume One : Comparative Reader : To 1550 (3RD 07 - Old Edition)by Kevin Reilly
Synopses & ReviewsPlease note that used books may not include additional media (study guides, CDs, DVDs, solutions manuals, etc.) as described in the publisher comments.
Assembled by award-winning community college teacher and distinguished world historian Kevin Reilly, the documents in the best-selling Worlds of History bring history alive for students. Students read voices from the distant and more recent past that address topics and issues — like patriarchy, love and marriage, and imperialism — of enduring interest and relevance. Ranging widely across regions and cultures, each chapter takes up a major theme and asks students to examine it in the context of two or more cultures, encouraging them to make cross-cultural connections and comparisons. The flexible comparative and thematic framework easily accommodates the variety of approaches instructors bring to teaching world history while supporting the general goal of cultivating critical thinking skills.
About the Author
KEVIN REILLY is a professor of humanities at Raritan Valley College and has taught at Rutgers, Columbia, and Princeton Universities. Co-founder and first president of the World History Association, Reilly wrote The West and the World and has edited a number of works in world history including Readings in World Civilization and the World History syllabus collection. As a specialist in immigration history, Reilly was tapped to create the "Modern Global Migrations" globe at Ellis Island's Museum of the History of Immigration. His work on the history of racism led to the editing of Racism: A Global Reader. He was a Fulbright scholar in Brazil (1989) and Jordan (1994). In 1992, the Community College Humanities Association named him "Distinguished Educator of the Year." Currently he serves on the governing Council of the American Historical Association.
Table of Contents
Volume I: To 1550
Chapter 1: Prehistory and Origins of Patriarchy: Gathering, Agricultural, and Urban Societies, 20,000-3000 BCE
The agricultural revolution ten thousand years ago and the urban revolution five thousand years ago were probably the two most important events in human history. Did they "revolutionize" the power of women or begin the age of male domination? Thinking in "stages" can be more useful than thinking in years.
Thinking Historically: Thinking about History in Stages
1. Natalie Angier, Furs for Evening, But Cloth Was the Stone Age Standby
2. Marjorie Shostak, from Nisa: The Life and Words of a !Kung Woman
3. Elise Boulding, Women and the Agricultural Revolution
4. Gerda Lerner, The Urban Revolution: Origins of Patriarchy
Chapter 2: The Urban Revolution and "Civilization": Mesopotamia and Egypt, 3500-1000 BCE
The urban revolution created writing and interpretation, war and law, individual anonymity, money and taxes, paupers and kings. Did Mesopotamia and Egypt undergo the same development and changes? We have primary (written and visual) as well as secondary sources of find the answers.
Thinking Historically: Distinguishing Primary and Secondary Sources
5. Kevin Reilly, Cities and Civilization
6. From The Epic of Gilgamesh
7. From Hammurabis Code
*8. Advice to the Young Egyptian: "Be a Scribe"
*9. Images from Egypt
Chapter 3: Identity in Caste and Territorial Societies: Greece and India, 1000-300 BCE
Ancient Greece and India developed with different ideas of society. Does who we are depend on where we are or who we know? While finding out, we explore the relationship between facts and opinions, sources and interpretations.
Thinking Historically: Interpreting Primary Sources in Light of a Secondary Source
10. William H. McNeill, Greek and Indian Civilization
11. From the Rig Veda: Sacrifice as Creation
12. From the Upanishads: Karma and Reincarnation
*13. From the Upanishads: Brahman and Atman
14. From the Bhagavad Gita: Caste and Self
15. Aristotle, from The Athenian Constitution: Territorial Sovereignty
16. Thucydides, The Funeral Oration of Pericles
17. Plato, from The Republic
Chapter 4: Classical Civilizations and Empires: China and Rome, 300 BCE – 300 CE
Two thousand years ago the Chinese Han dynasty and the Roman Empire spanned Eurasia. In comparing these ancient empires, we seek to understand more about ancient empires, empires in general, and the course of change in ancient societies. A good comparison can lead us to consider new questions and topics, and generate new comparisons as well.
Thinking Historically: Making Comparisons
*18. S.A.M. Adshead, China and Rome Compared from China in World History
19. Confucius, From The Analects
20. Plutarch, On Education
*21. G.E.R. Lloyd, Chinese and Greco-Roman Innovation
*22. The Salt and Iron Debates
23. Cicero, Against Verres
Chapter 5: Women in Classical Societies, India, China, and the Mediterranean, 500 BCE – 500 CE
The experiences of women varied greatly over time both within and among the classical cultures of India, China, and the Greco-Roman world. The written and visual documents in this chapter allow us to explore the differences and similarities. At the same time we also examine both moments and processes in the history of women in classical antiquity to understand two different ways of thinking about the past.
Thinking Historically: Considering Historical Moment and Historical Process
*24. Sarah Shaver Hughes and Brady Hughes, Women in the Classical Era
25. R.K. Narayan, From The Ramayana
26. Ban Zhao, Lessons for Women
*27. Aristophanes, from Lysistrata
28. Livy, Women Demonstrate against the Oppian Law
*29. Fayum Portraits
Chapter 6: From Tribal to Universal Religion: Hindu-Buddhist and Judeo-Christian Traditions, 1000 BCE-100 CE
Two religious traditions transformed themselves into universal religions at about the same time in two different parts of Asia as each became part of a more connected world. Their holy books reveal the changes as well as the desire to hold on to the tried and true.
Historical Context: Detecting Change in Primary Sources
30. Svetasvatara Upanishad
31. Buddhism: Gotamas Discovery
32. The Buddhas First Sermon
33. Buddhism and Caste
34. The Bible: History, Laws, and Psalms
35. The Bible: Prophets and Apocalypse
36. Christianity: Jesus According to Matthew
Chapter 7: Encounters and Conversions: Monks, Merchants, and Monarchs, Expansion of Salvation Religions, 400 BCE to 1400 CE
Christianity, Buddhism, and later, Islam, spread far across Eurasia often along the same routes in the first thousand years of the Common Era. To understand their success, we explore the evolution of religions in a larger context.
Thinking Historically: Studying Religion in Historic Context
37. Jerry H. Bentley, The Spread of World Religions
38. Pliny Consults the Emperor Trajan
39. Eusebius, From Life of Constantine
40. Buddhism in China: From The Disposition of Error
41. The Lotus Sutra
*42. Selections from the Koran
*43. Islamic Expansion, Peace Terms with Jerusalem (636)
*44. The Glorious Victories of ‘Amda Seyon, King of Ethiopia
Chapter 8: Medieval Civilizations: European, Islamic, and Chinese Societies, 600-1400 CE
Three Great civilizations spanned Eurasia between 500 and 1500. Of the three, China and Islam were the strongest, Europe the weakest. But their differences can be best understood by looking separately at the social structure, economy, politics, and culture of each.
Thinking Historically: Distinguishing Social, Economic, Political, and Cultural Aspects
45. Feudalism: An Oath of Homage and Fealty
46. Manorialism: Duties of a Villein
47. From the Magna Carta
48. Islam: Sayings Ascribed to the Prophet
*49. Al-Tanukhi, A Government Job
50. Egyptian Invitation
51. Ichisada Miyazaki, The Chinese Civil Service Exam System
52. Liu Tsung-Yuan, Camel Kuo the Gardener
53. Rules for the Fan Lineages Charitable Estate
Chapter 9: Love and Marriage: Medieval Europe and Asia, 400-1200 CE
Love and marriage make the world goround today, but not a thousand years ago. Love meant different things to different people in Europe, India, and Japan, and we use cultural comparisons to find out more.
Thinking Historically: Analyzing Cultural Differences
54. Kevin Reilly, Love in Medieval Europe, India, and Japan
*55. Ulrich von Lichtenstein, The Service of Ladies
56. Andreas Capellanus, From The Art of Courtly Love
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