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Worlds of History, Volume One : Comparative Reader : To 1550 (3RD 07 - Old Edition)

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Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

Assembled by award-winning community college teacher and distinguished world historian Kevin Reilly, the documents in the best-selling Worlds of History bring history alive for students. Students read voices from the distant and more recent past that address topics and issues — like patriarchy, love and marriage, and imperialism — of enduring interest and relevance. Ranging widely across regions and cultures, each chapter takes up a major theme and asks students to examine it in the context of two or more cultures, encouraging them to make cross-cultural connections and comparisons. The flexible comparative and thematic framework easily accommodates the variety of approaches instructors bring to teaching world history while supporting the general goal of cultivating critical thinking skills.

About the Author

KEVIN REILLY is a professor of humanities at Raritan Valley College and has taught at Rutgers, Columbia, and Princeton Universities. Co-founder and first president of the World History Association, Reilly wrote The West and the World and has edited a number of works in world history including Readings in World Civilization and the World History syllabus collection. As a specialist in immigration history, Reilly was tapped to create the "Modern Global Migrations" globe at Ellis Island's Museum of the History of Immigration. His work on the history of racism led to the editing of Racism: A Global Reader. He was a Fulbright scholar in Brazil (1989) and Jordan (1994). In 1992, the Community College Humanities Association named him "Distinguished Educator of the Year." Currently he serves on the governing Council of the American Historical Association.

Table of Contents

Volume I: To 1550

Preface

Introduction

Chapter 1: Prehistory and Origins of Patriarchy: Gathering, Agricultural, and Urban Societies, 20,000-3000 BCE

The agricultural revolution ten thousand years ago and the urban revolution five thousand years ago were probably the two most important events in human history. Did they "revolutionize" the power of women or begin the age of male domination? Thinking in "stages" can be more useful than thinking in years.

Historical Context

Thinking Historically: Thinking about History in Stages

1. Natalie Angier, Furs for Evening, But Cloth Was the Stone Age Standby

2. Marjorie Shostak, from Nisa: The Life and Words of a !Kung Woman

3. Elise Boulding, Women and the Agricultural Revolution

4. Gerda Lerner, The Urban Revolution: Origins of Patriarchy

Reflections

Chapter 2: The Urban Revolution and "Civilization": Mesopotamia and Egypt, 3500-1000 BCE

The urban revolution created writing and interpretation, war and law, individual anonymity, money and taxes, paupers and kings. Did Mesopotamia and Egypt undergo the same development and changes? We have primary (written and visual) as well as secondary sources of find the answers.

Historical Context

Thinking Historically: Distinguishing Primary and Secondary Sources

5. Kevin Reilly, Cities and Civilization

6. From The Epic of Gilgamesh

7. From Hammurabis Code

*8. Advice to the Young Egyptian: "Be a Scribe"

*9. Images from Egypt

Reflections

Chapter 3: Identity in Caste and Territorial Societies: Greece and India, 1000-300 BCE

Ancient Greece and India developed with different ideas of society. Does who we are depend on where we are or who we know? While finding out, we explore the relationship between facts and opinions, sources and interpretations.

Historical Context

Thinking Historically: Interpreting Primary Sources in Light of a Secondary Source

10. William H. McNeill, Greek and Indian Civilization

11. From the Rig Veda: Sacrifice as Creation

12. From the Upanishads: Karma and Reincarnation

*13. From the Upanishads: Brahman and Atman

14. From the Bhagavad Gita: Caste and Self

15. Aristotle, from The Athenian Constitution: Territorial Sovereignty

16. Thucydides, The Funeral Oration of Pericles

17. Plato, from The Republic

Reflections

Chapter 4: Classical Civilizations and Empires: China and Rome, 300 BCE – 300 CE

Two thousand years ago the Chinese Han dynasty and the Roman Empire spanned Eurasia. In comparing these ancient empires, we seek to understand more about ancient empires, empires in general, and the course of change in ancient societies. A good comparison can lead us to consider new questions and topics, and generate new comparisons as well.

Historical Context

Thinking Historically: Making Comparisons

*18. S.A.M. Adshead, China and Rome Compared from China in World History

19. Confucius, From The Analects

20. Plutarch, On Education

*21. G.E.R. Lloyd, Chinese and Greco-Roman Innovation

*22. The Salt and Iron Debates

23. Cicero, Against Verres

Reflections

Chapter 5: Women in Classical Societies, India, China, and the Mediterranean, 500 BCE – 500 CE

The experiences of women varied greatly over time both within and among the classical cultures of India, China, and the Greco-Roman world. The written and visual documents in this chapter allow us to explore the differences and similarities. At the same time we also examine both moments and processes in the history of women in classical antiquity to understand two different ways of thinking about the past.

Historical Context

Thinking Historically: Considering Historical Moment and Historical Process

*24. Sarah Shaver Hughes and Brady Hughes, Women in the Classical Era

25. R.K. Narayan, From The Ramayana

26. Ban Zhao, Lessons for Women

*27. Aristophanes, from Lysistrata

28. Livy, Women Demonstrate against the Oppian Law

*29. Fayum Portraits

Reflections

Chapter 6: From Tribal to Universal Religion: Hindu-Buddhist and Judeo-Christian Traditions, 1000 BCE-100 CE

Two religious traditions transformed themselves into universal religions at about the same time in two different parts of Asia as each became part of a more connected world. Their holy books reveal the changes as well as the desire to hold on to the tried and true.

Historical Context: Detecting Change in Primary Sources

Thinking Historically:

30. Svetasvatara Upanishad

31. Buddhism: Gotamas Discovery

32. The Buddhas First Sermon

33. Buddhism and Caste

34. The Bible: History, Laws, and Psalms

35. The Bible: Prophets and Apocalypse

36. Christianity: Jesus According to Matthew

Reflections

Chapter 7: Encounters and Conversions: Monks, Merchants, and Monarchs, Expansion of Salvation Religions, 400 BCE to 1400 CE

Christianity, Buddhism, and later, Islam, spread far across Eurasia often along the same routes in the first thousand years of the Common Era. To understand their success, we explore the evolution of religions in a larger context.

Historical Context

Thinking Historically: Studying Religion in Historic Context

37. Jerry H. Bentley, The Spread of World Religions

38. Pliny Consults the Emperor Trajan

39. Eusebius, From Life of Constantine

40. Buddhism in China: From The Disposition of Error

41. The Lotus Sutra

*42. Selections from the Koran

*43. Islamic Expansion, Peace Terms with Jerusalem (636)

*44. The Glorious Victories of ‘Amda Seyon, King of Ethiopia

Reflections

Chapter 8: Medieval Civilizations: European, Islamic, and Chinese Societies, 600-1400 CE

Three Great civilizations spanned Eurasia between 500 and 1500. Of the three, China and Islam were the strongest, Europe the weakest. But their differences can be best understood by looking separately at the social structure, economy, politics, and culture of each.

Historical Context

Thinking Historically: Distinguishing Social, Economic, Political, and Cultural Aspects

45. Feudalism: An Oath of Homage and Fealty

46. Manorialism: Duties of a Villein

47. From the Magna Carta

48. Islam: Sayings Ascribed to the Prophet

*49. Al-Tanukhi, A Government Job

50. Egyptian Invitation

51. Ichisada Miyazaki, The Chinese Civil Service Exam System

52. Liu Tsung-Yuan, Camel Kuo the Gardener

53. Rules for the Fan Lineages Charitable Estate

Reflections

Chapter 9: Love and Marriage: Medieval Europe and Asia, 400-1200 CE

Love and marriage make the world goround today, but not a thousand years ago. Love meant different things to different people in Europe, India, and Japan, and we use cultural comparisons to find out more.

Historical Context

Thinking Historically: Analyzing Cultural Differences

54. Kevin Reilly, Love in Medieval Europe, India, and Japan

*55. Ulrich von Lichtenstein, The Service of Ladies

56. Andreas Capellanus, From The Art of Courtly Love

*57. Kalid

Product Details

ISBN:
9780312446871
Subtitle:
A Comparative Reader
Author:
Reilly, Kevin
Publisher:
Bedford/St. Martin's
Subject:
General History
Subject:
World history
Subject:
General
Subject:
World - General
Edition Description:
Third Edition
Series:
Worlds of History
Series Volume:
01
Publication Date:
20070105
Binding:
Paperback
Language:
English
Illustrations:
Y
Pages:
576
Dimensions:
9.25 x 6.00 in

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History and Social Science » Anthropology » General
History and Social Science » Western Civilization » General

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