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Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, Drama, and Writing

Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, Drama, and Writing Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

  The compact version of the most popular Literature anthology continues to engage readers with its literary selections and human approach to lterature.

 

  Presents a rich array of diverse and exciting selections including 52 short stores, 376 poems, and 11 plays; a chapter on Latin American poetry; and nine extensive casebooks composed of five author casebooks as well as four masterpiece casebooks on specific selections.  

 

 New to this edition:

  • Conversations between Dana Gioia and celebrated fiction writer Amy Tan, current U. S. Poet Laureate Kay Ryan, and contemporary playwright David Ives, offer readers an insider’s look into the importance of reading to three contemporary writers. 
  • Many new writers have been added including Naguib Mahfouz, Virginia Woolf, Sherman Alexie, Mary Oliver, Bettie Sellers, and Anne Deavere Smith.
  • Every chapter concludes with a review of key terms for easy reference.

  For anyone who enjoys reading a diverse selection of fiction, poetry, and drama.

Synopsis:

The concise version of the discipline's most popular introductory anthology, Kennedy/Gioia's Literature, Compact Edition continues to inspire students with engaging insights on reading and writing about stories, poems, and plays. Poets in their own right, editors X.J. Kennedy and Dana Gioia bring personal warmth and a human perspective to this compact, paperback anthology. Organized into three genres--Literature, Compact Edition, presents readable discussions of the literary devices, illustrated by apt works, supported by useful writing tips, and followed by (now) sis full chapters devoted to writing. A broad scope of traditional and contemporary works is provided, most headed by author images and richly detailed biographical notes and some followed by author commentary. While maintaining the characteristics of its previous editions-accessible apparatus, expansive author representation- this Compact, Fifth Edition has been re-imagined to include new casebooks, a lively new design, and more writing coverage than ever before. New students of literature.

Synopsis:

The compact version of the most popular Literature anthology continues to bring students the finest literature in a newly revised, easier-to-study format.  Literature is written in an engaging style that reflects the warm personal voice of X. J. Kennedy and Dana Gioia.  Some of the changes to the new edition include conversations with celebrated fiction writer Amy Tan, U. S. Poet Laureate Kay Ryan, and contemporary playwright David Ives; the addition of new writers including Naguib Mahfouz, Virginia Woolf, Sherman Alexie, Mary Oliver, Bettie Sellers, and Anne Deavere Smith; and every chapter concludes with a review of key terms for easy reference.  The Writing section has been thoroughly updated to reflect MLA’s latest guidelines.

Synopsis:

Literature, Compact Interactive Edition comes automatically with MyLiteratureLab, Longman's multimedia website.  MyLiteratureLab screen icons are found in the margins throughout the book.  An icon next to an author's name indicates that further resources about that author are available on MyLiteratureLab. 

 

Literature is written in an engaging style that reflects the warm personal voice of X. J. Kennedy and Dana Gioia.  Some of the changes to the new edition include conversations between Dana Gioia and celebrated fiction writer Amy Tan, U. S. Poet Laureate Kay Ryan, and contemporary playwright David Ives; the addition of new writers including Naguib Mahfouz, Virginia Woolf, Sherman Alexie, Mary Oliver, Bettie Sellers, and Anne Deavere Smith; and every chapter concludes with a review of key terms for easy reference.  The Writing section has been thoroughly updated to reflect MLA’s latest guidelines.

About the Author

X. J. Kennedy, after graduation from Seton Hall and Columbia, became a journalist second class in the Navy (“Actually, I was pretty eighth class”). His poems, some published in the New Yorker, were first collected in Nude Descending a Staircase (1961). Since then he has written six more collections, several widely adopted literature and writing textbooks, and seventeen books for children, including two novels. He has taught at Michigan, North Carolina (Greensboro), California (Irvine), Wellesley, Tufts, and Leeds. Cited in Bartlett’s Familiar Quotations and reprinted in some 200 anthologies, his verse has brought him a Guggenheim fellowship, a Lamont Award, a Los Angeles Times Book Prize, an award from the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters, an Aiken-Taylor prize, the Robert Frost Medal of the Poetry Society of America, and the Award for Poetry for Children from the National Council of Teachers of English. He now lives in Lexington, Massachusetts, where he and his wife Dorothy have collaborated on four books and five children.

 

Dana Gioia is a poet, critic, and teacher. Born in Los Angeles of Italian and Mexican ancestry, he attended Stanford and Harvard before taking a detour into business. ("Not many poets have a Stanford M.B.A., thank goodness!") After years of writing and reading late in the evenings after work, he quit a vice presidency to write and teach. He has published three collections of poetry, Daily Horoscope (1986), The Gods of Winter (1991), and Interrogations at Noon (2001), which won the American Book Award; and three critical volumes, including Can Poetry Matter? (1992), an influential study of poetry's place in contemporary America. Gioia has taught at Johns Hopkins, Sarah Lawrence, Wesleyan (Connecticut), Mercer, and Colorado College.

 

He is also the co-founder of the summer poetry conference at West Chester University in Pennsylvania. From 2003-2009 he served as Chairman of the National Endowment for the Arts. At the NEA he created the largest literary programs in federal history, including Shakespeare in American Communities and Poetry Out Loud, the national high school poetry recitation contest. He also led the campaign to restore active and engaged literary reading by creating The Big Read, which has helped reverse a quarter century of decline in U.S. reading. He currently divides his time between Washington, D.C. and Santa Rosa, California, living with his wife Mary, their two sons, and two uncontrollable cats.

 

Table of Contents

FICTION

 

1. READING A STORY

Fable, Parable, and Tales

 W. Somerset Maugham, The Appointment in Samarra

* Aesop, The North Wind and the Sun

Bidpai, The Camel and His Friends

Chuang Tzu, Independence

Jakob and Wilhelm Grimm, Godfather Death

 

Plot

 

The Short Story

John Updike, A & P

 

WRITING EFFECTIVELY

 

Writers on Writing

John Updike, Why Write?

 

Writing About Plot

Paying Attention to Plot

Checklist: Analyzing Plot

Writing Assignment on Plot

More Topics For Writing

 

2. POINT OF VIEW

William Faulkner, A Rose for Emily

* Anne Tyler, Teenage Wasteland

James Baldwin, Sonny's Blues

Alice Walker, Everyday Use

 

WRITING EFFECTIVELY

 

Writers on Writing

James Baldwin, Race and the African American Writer

 

Writing About Point of View

How Point of View Shapes a Story

Checklist: Understanding Point of View

Writing Assignment on Point of View

More Topics For Writing

 

3. CHARACTER

Katherine Anne Porter, The Jilting of Granny Weatherall

Katherine Mansfield, Miss Brill 

* Tobias Wolff, The Rich Brother

Raymond Carver, Cathedral  

 

WRITING EFFECTIVELY

 

Writers on Writing

Raymond Carver, Commonplace but Precise Language

 

Writing About Character

How Character Creates Action

Checklist: Writing About Character

Writing Assignment on Character

More Topics For Writing

 

4. SETTING

Kate Chopin, The Storm

T. Coraghessan Boyle, Greasy Lake

Amy Tan, A Pair of Tickets

 

WRITING EFFECTIVELY

 

Writers on Writing

Amy Tan, Setting the Voice

 

Writing About Setting

The Importance of Setting

Checklist: Analyzing Setting

Writing Assignment on Setting

More Topics For Writing

 

5. TONE AND STYLE

Ernest Hemingway, A Clean, Well-Lighted Place

William Faulkner, Barn Burning

 

Irony

* O. Henry, Gift of the Magi

Ha Jin, Saboteur

 

WRITING EFFECTIVELY

 

Writers on Writing

Ernest Hemingway, The Direct Style

 

Writing About Tone and Style

Be Style Conscious

Checklist: Thinking about Style and Tone

Writing Assignment on Tone and Style

More Topics For Writing

 

6. THEME

Chinua Achebe, Dead Men’s Path

* Alice Munro, How I Met My Husband

Luke 15: 11-32, The Parable of the Prodigal Son

Kurt Vonnegut, Jr., Harrison Bergeron

 

WRITING EFFECTIVELY

 

Writers on Writing

Kurt Vonnegut, Jr., The Themes of Science Fiction

 

Writing About Theme

Stating the Theme

Checklist: Determining a Story’s Theme

Writing Assignment on Theme

More Topics For Writing

 

7. SYMBOL

John Steinbeck, The Chrysanthemums

Shirley Jackson, The Lottery

Elizabeth Tallent, No One’s a Mystery

Ursula K. Le Guin, The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas

 

WRITING EFFECTIVELY

 

Writers on Writing

* Shirley Jackson, Reactions to "The Lottery"

 

Writing About Symbols

Recognizing Symbols

Checklist: Thinking about Symbols

Writing Assignment on Symbols

Student Essay, An Analysis of the Symbolism in Steinbeck's "The Chrysanthemums"

More Topics For Writing

 

8. CRITICAL CASEBOOK: FLANNERY O'CONNOR

Flannery O'Connor, A Good Man Is Hard to Find

Flannery O'Connor, Revelation

 

Flannery O'Connor on Writing

Flannery O'Connor, An Excerpt from “On Her Own Work”: The Element of Suspense in “A Good Man Is Hard to Find”

Flannery O'Connor, On Her Catholic Faith

Flannery O'Connor, An Excerpt from “The Grotesque in Southern Fiction”: The Serious Writer and the Tired Reader

 

Critics on Flannery O'Connor

Robert Brinkmeyer Jr., Flannery O’Connor and Her Readers

J. O. Tate, A Good Source Is Not so Hard to Find: The Real Life Misfit

Mary Jane Schenck, Deconstructing "A Good Man Is Hard to Find"

Kathleen Feeley, The Prophet in O’Connor’s “Revelation”

 

WRITING EFFECTIVELY

 

Writing About an Author

How One Story Illuminates Another

Checklist:  Reading an Author in Depth

Writing Assignment on an Author

More Topics For Writing

 

9. CRITICAL CASEBOOK: 2 Stories in Depth

Edgar Allan Poe, The Tell-Tale Heart

 

Edgar Allan Poe on Writing

Edgar Allan Poe, The Tale and Its Effect

Edgar Allan Poe, On Imagination  

Edgar Allan Poe, The Philosophy of Composition 

 

Critics on “The Tell-Tale Heart”

Daniel Hoffman, The Father-Figure in “The Tell-Tale Heart”

* Scott Peeples, “The Tell-Tale Heart” as a Love Story

* John Chua, The Figure of the Double in Poe

 

Charlotte Perkins Gilman, The Yellow Wallpaper

 

Charlotte Perkins Gilman on Writing

* Charlotte Perkins Gilman, Why I Wrote “The Yellow Wallpaper”

* Charlotte Perkins Gilman, Whatever Is 

* Charlotte Perkins Gilman, The Nervous Breakdown of Women

 

Critics on “The Yellow Wallpaper”

Juliann Fleenor, Gender and Pathology in “The Yellow Wallpaper”

* Sandra M. Gilbert and Susan Gubar, Imprisonment and Escape: The Psychology of Confinement

* Elizabeth Ammons, Biographical Echoes in “The Yellow Wallpaper”

 

10.   STORIES FOR FURTHER READING

Margaret Atwood, Happy Endings

Jorge Luis Borges, The Gospel According to Mark

* John Cheever, The Five-Forty-Eight

Kate Chopin, The Story of an Hour

Sandra Cisneros, House on Mango Street.

Gabriel García Márquez, The Handsomest Drowned Man in the World

* Dagoberto Gilb, Look on the Bright Side

Nathaniel Hawthorne, Young Goodman Brown

Zora Neale Hurston, Sweat

James Joyce, Araby

Franz Kafka, Before the Law

Jamaica Kincaid, Girl

D. H. Lawrence, The Rocking-Horse Winner

Joyce Carol Oates, Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?

Tim O'Brien, The Things They Carried

* Octavio Paz, My Life with the Wave

Leslie Marmon Silko, The Man to Send Rain Clouds

* Helena María Viramontes, The Moths

* Eudora Welty, The Worn Path

 

POETRY

 

11. READING A POEM

William Butler Yeats, The Lake Isle of Innisfree

 

Lyric Poetry

D. H. Lawrence, Piano

Adrienne Rich, Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers

 

Narrative Poetry

Anonymous, Sir Patrick Spence

Robert Frost, “Out, Out—”

 

Dramatic Poetry

Robert Browning, My Last Duchess

 

WRITING EFFECTIVELY

 

Writers on Writing

Adrienne Rich, Recalling "Aunt Jennifer's Tigers"

 

Writing a Paraphrase

Can a Poem be Paraphrased?

William Stafford, Ask Me

William Stafford, A Paraphrase of "Ask Me"

Checklist: Paraphrasing a Poem

Writing Assignment on Paraphrase

More Topics For Writing

 

12. LISTENING TO A VOICE

Tone

Theodore Roethke, My Papa’s Waltz

Countee Cullen, For a Lady I Know

Anne Bradstreet, The Author to Her Book

Walt Whitman, To a Locomotive in Winter

Emily Dickinson, I like to see it lap the Miles

Benjamin Alire Sáenz, To the Desert

Weldon Kees, For My Daughter

 

The Person in the Poem

Natasha Trethewey, White Lies

Edwin Arlington Robinson, Luke Havergal

Ted Hughes, Hawk Roosting

* Suji Kwock Kim, Monologue for an Onion

William Wordsworth, I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud

Dorothy Wordsworth, Journal Entry

Anne Sexton, Her Kind

William Carlos Williams, The Red Wheelbarrow

 

Irony

Robert Creeley, Oh No

W. H. Auden, The Unknown Citizen

Sharon Olds, Rites of Passage

Sarah N. Cleghorn, The Golf Links

* Edna St. Vincent Millay, Second Fig

Thomas Hardy, The Workbox

 

For Review and Further Study

William Blake, The Chimney Sweeper

William Stafford, At the Un-National Monument Along the Canadian Border

Richard Lovelace, To Lucasta

Wilfred Owen, Dulce et Decorum Est

 

WRITING EFFECTIVELY

 

Writers on Writing

Wilfred Owen, War Poetry

 

Writing About Voice

Listening to Tone

Checklist: Analyzing Tone

Writing Assignment on Tone

Student Essay, Word Choice, Tone, and Point of View in Roethke's "My Papa's Waltz"

More Topics For Writing

 

13. WORDS 

Literal Meaning:  What a Poem Says First

William Carlos Williams, This Is Just to Say

Marianne Moore, Silence

Robert Graves, Down, Wanton, Down!

John Donne, Batter my heart, three-personed God, for You

 

The Value of a Dictionary

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Aftermath

J. V. Cunningham, Friend, on this scaffold Thomas More lies dead

Kelly Cherry, Advice to a Friend Who Paints

Carl Sandburg, Grass

 

Word Choice and Word Order

Robert Herrick, Upon Julia's Clothes

Kay Ryan, Blandeur

Thomas Hardy, The Ruined Maid

Richard Eberhart, The Fury of Aerial Bombardment

Wendy Cope, Lonely Hearts

 

For Review and Further Study

E. E. Cummings, anyone lived in a pretty how town

Anonymous, Carnation Milk

* Kenneth Rexroth, Vitamins and Roughage

* Gina Valdés, English con Salsa

Lewis Carroll, Jabberwocky

 

WRITING EFFECTIVELY

 

Writers on Writing

Lewis Carroll,  Humpty Dumpty Explicates "Jabberwocky"

 

Writing About Diction

Every Word Counts

Checklist: Thinking About Word Choice

Writing Assignment on Word Choice

More Topics For Writing

 

14. SAYING AND SUGGESTING

John Masefield, Cargoes

William Blake, London

Wallace Stevens, Disillusionment of Ten O’Clock

* Gwendolyn Brooks, Southeast Corner

Timothy Steele, Epitaph

* E. E. Cummings, next to of course to god america i

Robert Frost, Fire and Ice

Clare Rossini, Final Love Note

Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Tears, Idle Tears

Richard Wilbur, Love Calls Us to the Things of This World

 

WRITING EFFECTIVELY

 

Writers on Writing

Richard Wilbur, Concerning "Love Calls Us to the Things of This World"

 

Writing About Denotation and Connotation

The Ways a Poem Suggests

Checklist: Analyzing What a Poem Says and Suggests

Writing Assignment on Denotation and Connotation

More Topics For Writing

 

15. IMAGERY 

Ezra Pound, In a Station of the Metro

Taniguchi Buson, The piercing chill I feel

T. S. Eliot, The winter evening settles down

Theodore Roethke, Root Cellar

Elizabeth Bishop, The Fish

Anne Stevenson, The Victory

Emily Dickinson, A Route of Evanescence

* Jean Toomer, Reapers

Gerard Manley Hopkins, Pied Beauty

 

About Haiku

Arakida Moritake, The falling flower

Matsuo Basho, Heat-lightning streak

Matsuo Basho, In the old stone pool

Taniguchi Buson, On the one-ton temple bell

Taniguchi Buson, I go

Kobayashi Issa, only one guy

Kobayashi Issa, Cricket

 

Haiku from Japanese Internment Camps

Suiko Matsushita, Rain shower from mountain

Neiji Ozawa, War forced us from California

Hakuro Wada, Even the croaking of frogs

 

Contemporary American Haiku

Etheridge Knight, Making jazz swing in

Lee Gurga, Visitor’s Room

Penny Harter, broken bowl

John Ridland, The Lazy Man’s Haiku

* Garry Gay, Hole in the ozone

* Adelle Foley, Learning to Shave

Jennifer Brutschy,Born Again

Connie Bensley, Last Haiku

 

For Review and Further Study

John Keats, Bright star! would I were steadfast as thou art

Walt Whitman, The Runner

T. C. Hulme, The Image

* William Carlos Williams, El Hombre

Chana Bloch, Tired Sex

Robert Bly, Driving to Town Late to Mail a Letter

* Rita Dove, Silos

* Louise Glück, Mock Orange

* Billy Collins, Embrace

Stevie Smith, Not Waving but Drowning

 

WRITING EFFECTIVELY

 

Writers on Writing

Ezra Pound, The Image

 

Writing About Imagery

Analyzing Images

Checklist: Thinking About Imagery

Writing Assignment On Imagery

Student Essay, Elizabeth Bishop's Use of Imagery in "The Fish"

More Topics For Writing

 

16. FIGURES OF SPEECH

Why Speak Figuratively?

Alfred, Lord Tennyson, The Eagle

William Shakespeare, Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?

Howard Moss, Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer’s Day?

 

Metaphor and Simile

Emily Dickinson, My Life had stood – a Loaded Gun

Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Flower in the Crannied Wall

William Blake, To see a world in a grain of sand

Sylvia Plath, Metaphors

N. Scott Momaday, Simile

 

Other Figures of Speech

James Stephens, The Wind

Margaret Atwood, You fit into me

John Ashbery, The Cathedral Is

* Dana Gioia, Money

* Charles Simic, My Shoes

 

For Review and Further Study

Robert Frost, The Silken Tent

* April Lindner, Low Tide

Jane Kenyon, The Suitor

Robert Frost, The Secret Sits

A. R. Ammons, Coward

* Heather McHugh, Language Lesson, 1976

Robert Burns, Oh, my love is like a red, red rose

 

WRITING EFFECTIVELY

 

Writers on Writing

Robert Frost, The Importance of Poetic Metaphor

 

Writing About Metaphors

How Metaphors Enlarge a Poem's Meaning

Checklist: Analyzing Metaphor

Writing Assignment on Figures of Speech

More Topics For Writing

 

17. SONG

Singing and Saying

Ben Jonson, To Celia

Anonymous, The Cruel Mother

* William Shakespeare, O Mistress Mine

Edwin Arlington Robinson, Richard Cory

Paul Simon, Richard Cory

 

Ballads

Anonymous, Bonny Barbara Allan

Dudley Randall, Ballad of Birmingham

 

Blues

Bessie Smith with Clarence Williams, Jailhouse Blues

W. H. Auden, Funeral Blues

 

Rap

Run D.M.C.,  from Peter Piper

 

For Review and Further Study

John Lennon and Paul McCartney, Eleanor Rigby

* Aimee Mann, Deathly

 

WRITING EFFECTIVELY

 

Writers on Writing

Paul McCartney, Creating "Eleanor Rigby"

 

Writing About Song Lyrics

Poetry’s Close Kinship with Song

Checklist: Looking at Lyrics as Poetry

Writing Assignment on Song Lyrics

More Topics For Writing

 

18. SOUND

Sound as Meaning

Alexander Pope, True Ease in Writing comes from Art, not Chance

William Butler Yeats, Who Goes with Fergus?

John Updike, Recital

William Wordsworth, A Slumber Did My Spirit Seal

* Aphra Behn, When Maidens Are Young

 

Alliteration and Assonance

A. E. Housman, Eight O’Clock

James Joyce, All Day I Hear

Alfred, Lord Tennyson, The splendor falls on castle walls

 

Rime

William Cole, On my boat on Lake Cayuga

Hilaire Belloc, The Hippopotamus

* Ogden Nash, The Panther

Gerard Manley Hopkins, God’s Grandeur

Fred Chappell, Narcissus and Echo

 

Reading and Hearing Poems Aloud

Michael Stillman, In Memoriam John Coltrane

William Shakespeare, Full fathom five thy father lies

Chryss Yost, Lai with Sounds of Skin

T. S. Eliot, Virginia

 

WRITING EFFECTIVELY

 

Writers on Writing

T. S. Eliot, The Music of Poetry

 

Writing About Sound

Listen to the Music

Checklist: Writing About a Poem’s Sounds

Writing Assignment on Sound

More Topics For Writing

 

19. RHYTHM 

Stresses and Pauses

Gwendolyn Brooks, We Real Cool

Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Break, Break, Break

Ben Jonson, Slow, slow, fresh fount, keep time with my salt tears

Dorothy Parker, Résumé

 

Meter

Max Beerbohm, On the imprint of the first English edition of The Works of Max Beerbohm

Edna St. Vincent Millay, Counting-out Rhyme

A. E. Housman, When I was one-and-twenty

* William Carlos Williams, Smell!

Walt Whitman, Beat! Beat! Drums!

David Mason, Song of the Powers

 

WRITING EFFECTIVELY

 

Writers on Writing

Gwendolyn Brooks, Hearing "We Real Cool"

 

Writing About Rhythm

Freeze-Framing the Sound

Checklist: Scanning a Poem

Writing Assignment on Rhythm

More Topics For Writing

 

20. CLOSED FORM

Formal Patterns

John Keats, This living hand, now warm and capable

Robert Graves, Counting the Beats

John Donne, Song (“Go and catch a falling star”)

Phillis Levin, Brief Bio

 

The Sonnet

William Shakespeare, Let me not to the marriage of true minds

* Michael Drayton, Since there’s no help, come let us kiss and part

Edna St. Vincent Millay, What lips my lips have kissed, and where, and why

Robert Frost, Acquainted with the Night

Kim Addonizio, First Poem for You

 

A. E. Stallings, Sine Qua Non

* R. S. Gwynn, Shakespearean Sonnet

 

The Epigram

Alexander Pope, Sir John Harrington, Langston Hughes, J. V. Cunningham, Stevie Smith, Anonymous, A selection of epigrams

 

Other Forms

Robert Pinsky, ABC

Dylan Thomas, Do not go gentle into that good night

Robert Bridges, Triolet

Elizabeth Bishop, Sestina

 

WRITING EFFECTIVELY

 

Writers on Writing

* A. E. Stallings, On Form and Artifice

 

Writing About Form

Turning Points

Checklist: Thinking About a Sonnet

Writing Assignment on a Sonnet

More Topics For Writing

 

21. OPEN FORM

Denise Levertov, Ancient Stairway

E. E. Cummings, Buffalo Bill ’s

W. S. Merwin, For the Anniversary of My Death

Stephen Crane, The Heart

Walt Whitman, Cavalry Crossing a Ford

* Ezra Pound, Salutation

Wallace Stevens, Thirteen Ways of Looking at a Blackbird

 

Prose Poetry

* Charles Simic, The Magic Study of Happiness

 

Visual Poetry

George Herbert, Easter Wings

John Hollander, Swan and Shadow

 

Seeing the Logic of Open Form Verse

E. E. Cummings, in Just-

Carole Satyamurti, I Shall Paint My Nails Red

* Alice Fulton, Failure

 

WRITING EFFECTIVELY

 

Writers on Writing

Walt Whitman, The Poetry of the Future

 

Writing About Free Verse

Lining Up for Free Verse

Checklist: Analyzing Line Breaks in Free Verse

Writing Assignment on Open Form

More Topics For Writing

 

22. SYMBOL 

T. S. Eliot, The Boston Evening Transcript

Emily Dickinson, The Lightning is a yellow Fork

Thomas Hardy, Neutral Tones

Matthew 13:24-30, The Parable of the Good Seed

George Herbert, The World

* Edwin Markham, Outwitted

Robert Frost, The Road Not Taken

Christina Rossetti, Uphill

 

For Review and Further Study

William Carlos Williams, The Term

Ted Kooser, Carrie

Jane Hirshfield, Tree

Lorine Niedecker, Popcorn-can cover

Wallace Stevens, Anecdote of the Jar

 

WRITING EFFECTIVELY

 

Writers on Writing

William Butler Yeats, Poetic Symbols

 

Writing About Symbols

Reading a Symbol

Checklist: Analyzing a Symbol

Writing Assignment on Symbolism

More Topics For Writing

 

23. MYTH

Robert Frost, Nothing Gold Can Stay

William Wordsworth, The World Is Too Much with Us

H. D., Helen

 

Archetype

Louise Bogan, Medusa

* John Keats, La Belle Dame Sans Merci

 

Personal Myth

William Butler Yeats, The Second Coming

 

Myth and Popular Culture

* Andrea Hollander Budy, Snow White

Anne Sexton, Cinderella

 

WRITING EFFECTIVELY

 

Writers on Writing

Anne Sexton, Transforming Fairy Tales

 

Writing About Myth

Demystifying Myth

Checklist: Thinking About Myth

Writing Assignment on Myth

More Topics For Writing

 

24. POETRY AND PERSONAL IDENTITY

Sylvia Plath, Lady Lazarus

Rhina Espaillat, Bilingual / Bilingüe

 

Culture, Race, and Ethnicity

Claude McKay, America

Samuel Menashe, The Shrine Whose Shape I Am

Francisco X. Alarcón, The X in My Name

Judith Ortiz Cofer, Quinceañera

* Amy Uyematsu, Deliberate

Yusef Komunyakaa, Facing It

Shirley Geok-lin Lim, Learning to love America

 

Gender

Anne Stevenson, Sous-Entendu

Donald Justice, Men at Forty

Adrienne Rich, Women

 

WRITING EFFECTIVELY

 

Writers on Writing

Rhina Espaillat,  Being a Bilingual Writer

 

Writing About the Poetry of Personal Identity

Poetic Voice and Personal Identity

Checklist: Writing About Voice and Personal Identity

Writing Assignment on Personal Identity

More Topics For Writing

 

25. Poetry in Spanish: Literature of Latin America

Sor Juana

Asegura la Confianza de que Oculturá de todo un Secreto

Translated by Diane Thiel, She Promises to Hold a Secret in Confidence

 

Presente en que el Cariño Hace Regalo la Llaneza

Translated by Diane Thiel, A Simple Gift Made Rich by Affection

 

Pablo Neruda

Muchos Somos

Translated by Alastair Reid, We Are Many

 

Cien Sonetos de Amor (V)

Translated by Stephen Tapscott, One Hundred Love Sonnets (V)

 

Jorge Luis Borges

Amorosa Anticipación

Translated by Robert Fitzgerald, Anticipation of Love

 

Los Engimas

Translated by John Updike, The Enigmas

 

Octavio Paz

Con los Ojos Cerrados

Translated by Eliot Weinberger, With Our Eyes Shut

 

Certeza

Translated by Charles Tomlinson, Certainty

 

Surrealism in Latin American Poetry

Frida Kahlo, Two Friedas

César Vallejo, La Cólera que Quiebra al Hombre en Niños

César Vallejo, translated by Thomas Merton, Anger

 

Writers on Writing

Octavio Paz, In Search of the Present

 

Writers on Translating

Alastair Reid, Translating Neruda

 

Writing Assignment on Spanish Poetry

More Topics For Writing

 

26. RECOGNIZING EXCELLENCE

Anonymous, O Moon, when I gaze on thy beautiful face

Grace Treasone, Life

Emily Dickinson, A Dying Tiger – moaned for Drink

Rod McKuen, Thoughts on Capital Punishment

William Stafford, Traveling Through the Dark

 

Recognizing Excellence

William Butler Yeats, Sailing to Byzantium

Arthur Guiterman, On the Vanity of Earthly Greatness

Percy Bysshe Shelley, Ozymandias

Robert Hayden, The Whipping

Elizabeth Bishop, One Art

 

Evaluating Famous Poems

Emma Lazarus, The New Colossus

* Paul Laurence Dunbar, We Wear the Mask

Edgar Allan Poe, Annabel Lee

 

WRITING EFFECTIVELY

 

Writers on Writing

Edgar Allan Poe, A Long Poem Does Not Exist

Writing an Evaluation

You Be the Judge

Checklist: Evaluating a Poem

Writing Assignment on Evaluating a Poem

More Topics For Writing

 

27. WHAT IS POETRY?

Dante, Samuel Johnson, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, William Wordsworth, Thomas Carlyle, Thomas Hardy, Emily Dickinson, Gerard Manley Hopkins, Robert Frost, Wallace Stevens, Mina Loy, T. S. Eliot, W. H. Auden, J. V. Cunningham, Elizabeth Bishop, Jorge Luis Borges, Octavio Paz, William Stafford, Gwendolyn Brooks, Robert Bly, Some Definitions of Poetry

 

28. TWO CRITICAL CASEBOOKS: EMILY DICKINSON AND LANGSTON HUGHES

Emily Dickinson

Success is counted sweetest

* I taste a liquor never brewed

Wild Nights – Wild Nights!

I Felt a Funeral, in my Brain

I'm Nobody! Who are you?

* I Dwell in Possibility

The Soul selects her own Society

Some keep the Sabbath going to Church

After great pain, a formal feeling comes

I heard a Fly buzz – when I died

Because I could not stop for Death

Tell all the Truth but tell it slant

 

Emily Dickinson on Emily Dickinson

Emily Dickinson, Recognizing Poetry

Emily Dickinson, Self-Description

 

Critics on Emily Dickinson

Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Meeting Emily Dickinson

Thomas H. Johnson, The Discovery of Emily Dickinson’s Manuscripts

Richard Wilbur, The Three Privations of Emily Dickinson

Cynthia Griffin Wolff, Dickinson and Death (A Reading of “Because I could not stop for Death”)

 

Langston Hughes

The Negro Speaks of Rivers 

Mother to Son 

Dream Variations

I, Too 

The Weary Blues

Song for a Dark Girl

* End 

* Ku Klux

Ballad of the Landlord 

Theme for English B

* As Befits a Man

Harlem [Dream Deferred]

 

Langston Hughes on Langston Hughes

Langston Hughes, The Negro Artist and the Racial Mountain

Langston Hughes, The Harlem Renaissance

 

Critics on Langston Hughes

Arnold Rampersad, Hughes as an Experimentalist

Rita Dove and Marilyn Nelson, Langston Hughes and Harlem

Darryl Pinckney, Black Identity in Langston Hughes

Peter Townsend, Langston Hughes and Jazz

For Further Reading

Topics for Writing About Emily Dickinson

Topics for Writing About Langston Hughes

 

29. CRITICAL CASEBOOK:  T. S. ELIOT’S “THE LOVE SONG OF J. ALFRED PRUFROCK”

T. S. Eliot

T. S. Eliot, The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock

 

T. S. Eliot on Writing

* T. S. Eliot, Poetry and Emotion 

* T. S. Eliot, The Objective Correlative 

 

Critics on “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock”

* Denis Donoghue, One of the Irrefutable Poets

* Christopher Ricks, What’s in a Name?

* Philip R. Headings, The Pronouns in the Poem: “One,” “You,” and “I”

* Maud Ellmann, Will There Be Time?

* John Berryman, Prufrock’s Dilemma

Topics for Writing

 

30. POEMS FOR FURTHER READING

Anonymous, Lord Randall

Anonymous, Last Words of the Prophet (Navajo Mountain Chant)

Matthew Arnold, Dover Beach

John Ashbery, At North Farm

* Margaret Atwood, Siren Song

W. H. Auden, As I Walked Out One Evening

W. H. Auden, Musée des Beaux Arts

Elizabeth Bishop, Filling Station

William Blake, The Tyger

* Gwendolyn Brooks, the preacher: ruminates behind the sermon

Elizabeth Barrett Browning, How Do I Love Thee? Let Me Count the Ways

Robert Browning, Soliloquy of the Spanish Cloister

Lucille Clifton, Homage to my hips

Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Kubla Khan

Billy Collins, Care and Feeding

E. E. Cummings, somewhere i have never travelled,gladly beyond

* Marisa de los Santos, Perfect Dress

John Donne, Death be not proud

John Donne, The Flea

Louise Erdrich, Indian Boarding School: The Runaways

Robert Frost, Birches

Robert Frost, Mending Wall

Robert Frost, Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening

Allen Ginsberg, A Supermarket in California

Thomas Hardy, The Convergence of the Twain

Robert Hayden, Those Winter Sundays

Seamus Heaney, Digging

George Herbert, Love

Robert Herrick, To the Virgins to Make Much of Time

Gerard Manley Hopkins, Spring and Fall

Gerard Manley Hopkins, The Windhover

A. E. Housman, Loveliest of trees, the cherry now

A. E. Housman, To an Athlete Dying Young

Randall Jarrell, The Death of the Ball Turret Gunner

Robinson Jeffers, To the Stone-cutters

Ben Jonson, On My First Son

* Donald Justice, On the Death of Friends in Childhood

John Keats, Ode on a Grecian Urn

* Ted Kooser, Abandoned Farmhouse

Philip Larkin, Home is so Sad

* Denise Levertov, The Ache of Marriage

Robert Lowell, Skunk Hour

Andrew Marvell, To His Coy Mistress

Edna St. Vincent Millay, Recuerdo

John Milton, When I consider how my light is spent

Marianne Moore, Poetry

Marilyn Nelson, A Strange Beautiful Woman

Howard Nemerov, The War in the Air 

* Lorine Niedecker, Poet’s Work

Yone Noguchi, A Selection of Hokku

Sharon Olds, The One Girl at the Boys’ Party

Wilfred Owen, Anthem for Doomed Youth

Linda Pastan, Ethics

Sylvia Plath, Daddy

Alexander Pope, A little Learning is a dang’rous Thing

Ezra Pound, The River-Merchant’s Wife: a Letter

Dudley Randall, A Different Image

Henry Reed, Naming of Parts

Adrienne Rich, Living in Sin

Edwin Arlington Robinson, Miniver Cheevy

Theodore Roethke, Elegy for Jane

William Shakespeare, When, in disgrace with Fortune and men’s eyes

William Shakespeare, That time of year thou mayst in me behold

William Shakespeare, My mistress’ eyes are nothing like the sun

David R. Slavitt, Titanic

Cathy Song, Stamp Collecting

Wallace Stevens, The Emperor of Ice-Cream

* Larissa Szporluk, Vertigo

Sara Teasdale, The Flight

* Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Dark house, by which once more I stand

Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Ulysses

Dylan Thomas, Fern Hill

John Updike, Ex-Basketball Player

Derek Walcott, The Virgins

Edmund Waller, Go, Lovely Rose

* Walt Whitman, Song of the Open Road

Walt Whitman, I Hear America Singing

Richard Wilbur, The Writer

William Carlos Williams, Spring and All

William Wordsworth, Composed upon Westminster Bridge

James Wright, Autumn Begins in Martins Ferry, Ohio

Mary Sidney Wroth, In This Strange Labyrinth

Sir Thomas Wyatt, They flee from me that sometime did me sekë

William Butler Yeats, Crazy Jane Talks with the Bishop

William Butler Yeats, When You Are Old

* Bernice Zamora, Penitents

 

DRAMA

 

31. READING A PLAY

A Play in Its Elements

Susan Glaspell, Trifles

 

WRITING EFFECTIVELY

 

Writers on Writing

Susan Glaspell, Creating Trifles

 

Writing About Conflict

Conflict Resolution

Checklist: Analyzing Conflict

Writing Assignment on Conflict

More Topics For Writing

 

32. MODES OF DRAMA: TRAGEDY & COMEDY

Tragedy

* Christopher Marlowe, A Scene from Doctor Faustus (in which Faustus sells his soul to the devil; Act 2, Scene 1)

 

Comedy

* David Ives, Sure Thing

 

WRITING EFFECTIVELY

 

Writers on Writing

* David Ives, On the One-Act Play

 

Writing About Comedy

Getting Serious About Comedy

Checklist: Writing About a Comedy

Writing Assignment on Comedy

More Topics For Writing

 

33. CRITICAL CASEBOOK: SOPHOCLES

The Theater of Sophocles

Staging

The Civic Role of Greek Drama

Aristotle's Concept of Tragedy

 

The Origins of Oedipus the King

Sophocles, Oedipus the King (Translated by Dudley Fitts and Robert Fitzgerald)

 

Critics on Sophocles

Aristotle, Defining Tragedy

Sigmund Freud, The Oedipus Complex

E. R. Dodds, On Misunderstanding Oedipus

A. E. Haigh, The Irony of Sophocles

* David Wiles, The Chorus as Democrat

 

WRITING EFFECTIVELY

 

Writers on Writing 

Robert Fitzgerald, Translating Sophocles into English

 

Writing About Ancient Greek Tragedy

Some Things Change. Some Things Don't.

Checklist: Analyzing Ancient Greek Tragedy

Writing Assignment on Sophocles

More Topics For Writing

 

34. CRITICAL CASEBOOK: SHAKESPEARE

The Theater of Shakespeare

WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE

A Note on Othello

William Shakespeare, Othello, the Moor of Venice

 

Critics on Shakespeare

Anthony Burgess, An Asian Culture Looks at Shakespeare 

W. H. Auden, Iago as a Triumphant Villain 

Maud Bodkin, Lucifer on Shakespeare's Othello 

Virginia Mason Vaughan, Black and White in Othello 

* Claire Asquith, Shakespeare’s Language as a Hidden Political Code

 

WRITING EFFECTIVELY

 

Writers on Writing

Ben Jonson, On His Friend And Rival William Shakespeare

 

Writing About Shakespeare

Breaking the Language Barrier

Checklist: Writing About a Shakespearean Play

Writing Assignment on Tragedy

Student Essay, Othello: Tragedy or Soap Opera?

More Topics For Writing

 

35. THE MODERN THEATER

Realism and Naturalism

Henrik Ibsen, A Doll's House  (Translated by James McFarlane)

 

Writers on Writing

* Henrik Ibsen, Correspondence on the Final Scene of A Doll’s House

Tragicomedy and the Absurd

Milcha Sanchez-Scott, The Cuban Swimmer

 

Writers on Writing

Milcha Sanchez-Scott, Writing The Cuban Swimmer

 

WRITING EFFECTIVELY

 

Writing About Dramatic Realism

What's so Realistic About Realism?

Checklist: Writing About a Realist Play

Writing Assignment on Realism

Student Essay, Helmer vs. Helmer

More Topics For Writing

 

36. PLAYS FOR FURTHER READING

* Rita Dove, The Darker Face of the Earth

 

Writers on Writing

* Rita Dove, The Inspiration for The Darker Face of the Earth

Arthur Miller, Death of a Salesman

 

Writers on Writing

Arthur Miller, Tragedy and the Common Man

Tennessee Williams, The Glass Menagerie

 

Writers on Writing

Tennessee Williams, How to Stage The Glass Menagerie

* August Wilson, Fences

 

Writers on Writing

* August Wilson, A Look into Black America

Writing

 

37. WRITING ABOUT LITERATURE

Start by Reading Actively

Robert Frost, Nothing Gold Can Stay

Planning Your Essay

Prewriting: Discovering Ideas

            Brainstorming

            Clustering

            Listing

            Freewriting

            Journaling

            Outlining

Developing a Literary Argument

            Purpose

            Audience

            Topic

            Thesis

            Argument

                        Claims

                        Persuasion

                        Evidence

                        Warrants

                        Credibility

            Organization

            Checklist: Developing an Argument

Writing a Rough Draft

            Student Writing, Sample Rough Draft

Revising

            Checklist: Revision Steps

Some General Advice on Rewriting

            Sample Student Essay, Final Draft

Using Critical Sources and Maintaining Academic Integrity

The Form of your Finished Paper

 

38. WRITING ABOUT A STORY

Start with Active Reading

Thinking About the Text

Preparing to Write: Discovering Ideas

Writing a First Draft

            CHECKLIST: WRITING A ROUGH DRAFT

Revising

            CHECKLIST: REVISION

What’s Your Purpose? Some Common Approaches to Writing About Fiction

Explication

            Sample Student Essay (Explication)

Analysis

            Sample Student Essay (Analysis)

The Card Report

            Sample Student Card Report

Comparison and Contrast

            Sample Student Essay (Comparison and Contrast)

Topics for Writing

 

39. WRITING ABOUT A POEM

Getting Started

Reading Actively

Robert Frost, Design

Thinking About a Poem

Preparing to Write

Writing a First Draft

            CHECKLIST: WRITING A ROUGH DRAFT

Revising

            CHECKLIST: REVISION

Some Common Approaches to Writing About Poetry

Explication

            Sample Student Essay (Explication)

Analysis

            Sample Student Essay (Analysis)

Comparison and Contrast

Abbie Huston Evans, Wing-Spread

            Sample Student Essay (Comparison and Contrast)

How to Quote a Poem

Topics for Writing

Robert Frost, In White

 

40. WRITING ABOUT A PLAY

Reading a Play

Some Methods of Writing About Drama

Explication

Analysis

Comparison and Contrast

A Review

            Sample Student Drama Review

How to Quote a Play

Topics for Writing

 

41. WRITING A RESEARCH PAPER

Getting Started

Choosing a Topic

Finding Research Sources

            Finding Print Resources

            Using Online Databases

            Using Visual Images

CHECKLIST:  USING VISUAL IMAGES

            Finding Reliable Web Sources

CHECKLIST: FINDING SOURCES

Evaluating Sources

            Print Resources

            Choose Web Sources Carefully

CHECKLIST: EVALUATING SOURCES

            Organizing Your Research

Refining Your Thesis

Organizing Your Paper

Writing and Revising

Guarding Academic Integrity

            Papers for Sale Are Papers that “F”ail

            A Warning Against Internet Plagiarism

Acknowledging Sources

            Quoting a Source

            Citing Ideas

Documenting Sources Using MLA Style

Concluding Thoughts

            Sample Student Research Paper

Reference Guide for Citations

 

42. WRITING AN ESSAY EXAM

 

43.  CRITICAL APPROACHES TO LITERATURE

Formalist Criticism

Cleanth Brooks, The Formalist Critic

Michael Clark, Light and Darkness in "Sonny's Blues"

 

Biographical Criticism

Emily Toth, The Source for Alcée Laballière in “The Storm”

Brett C. Millier, On Elizabeth Bishop’s “One Art”

 

Historical Criticism

Hugh Kenner, Imagism

* Kathryn Lee Seidel, The Economics of “Sweat”

 

Psychological Criticism

Sigmund Freud, The Nature of Dreams

Harold Bloom, Poetic Influence

 

Mythological Criticism

C. J. Jung, The Collective Unconscious and Archetypes

Edmond Volpe, Myth in Faulkner's "Barn Burning"

 

Sociological Criticism

Georg Lukacs, Content Determines Form

Daniel P. Watkins, Money and Labor in "The Rocking-Horse Winner"

 

Gender Criticism

Elaine Showalter, Toward a Feminist Poetics

* Sandra M. Gilbert and Susan Gubar, The Freedom of Emily Dickinson

 

Reader-Response Criticism

Stanley Fish, An Eskimo “A Rose for Emily”

* Robert Scholes, “How Do We Make a Poem?”

 

Deconstructionist Criticism

Roland Barthes, The Death of the Author

Geoffrey Hartman, On Wordsworth’s “A Slumber Did My Spirit Seal”

 

Cultural Studies

Vincent B. Leitch, Poststructuralist Cultural Critique

Mark Bauerlein, What Is Cultural Studies?

Product Details

ISBN:
9780321475770
Subtitle:
An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, Drama, and Writing, Compact Edition
Publisher:
Longman
Author:
Kennedy, X. J.
Author:
Gioia, Dana
Subject:
General
Subject:
Literature
Subject:
General Literary Criticism & Collections
Copyright:
Edition Number:
5
Edition Description:
Trade paper
Series:
Kennedy/Gioia Literature Series
Publication Date:
20061130
Binding:
Paperback
Grade Level:
College/higher education:
Language:
English
Illustrations:
Y
Pages:
1664
Dimensions:
9.3 x 6.3 x 1.5 in 1066 gr

Related Subjects

» Fiction and Poetry » Anthologies » Miscellaneous Literature
» Humanities » Literary Criticism » General

Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, Drama, and Writing
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Product details 1664 pages Longman Publishing Group - English 9780321475770 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , The concise version of the discipline's most popular introductory anthology, Kennedy/Gioia's Literature, Compact Edition continues to inspire students with engaging insights on reading and writing about stories, poems, and plays. Poets in their own right, editors X.J. Kennedy and Dana Gioia bring personal warmth and a human perspective to this compact, paperback anthology. Organized into three genres--Literature, Compact Edition, presents readable discussions of the literary devices, illustrated by apt works, supported by useful writing tips, and followed by (now) sis full chapters devoted to writing. A broad scope of traditional and contemporary works is provided, most headed by author images and richly detailed biographical notes and some followed by author commentary. While maintaining the characteristics of its previous editions-accessible apparatus, expansive author representation- this Compact, Fifth Edition has been re-imagined to include new casebooks, a lively new design, and more writing coverage than ever before. New students of literature.
"Synopsis" by ,

The compact version of the most popular Literature anthology continues to bring students the finest literature in a newly revised, easier-to-study format.  Literature is written in an engaging style that reflects the warm personal voice of X. J. Kennedy and Dana Gioia.  Some of the changes to the new edition include conversations with celebrated fiction writer Amy Tan, U. S. Poet Laureate Kay Ryan, and contemporary playwright David Ives; the addition of new writers including Naguib Mahfouz, Virginia Woolf, Sherman Alexie, Mary Oliver, Bettie Sellers, and Anne Deavere Smith; and every chapter concludes with a review of key terms for easy reference.  The Writing section has been thoroughly updated to reflect MLA’s latest guidelines.

"Synopsis" by ,

Literature, Compact Interactive Edition comes automatically with MyLiteratureLab, Longman's multimedia website.  MyLiteratureLab screen icons are found in the margins throughout the book.  An icon next to an author's name indicates that further resources about that author are available on MyLiteratureLab. 

 

Literature is written in an engaging style that reflects the warm personal voice of X. J. Kennedy and Dana Gioia.  Some of the changes to the new edition include conversations between Dana Gioia and celebrated fiction writer Amy Tan, U. S. Poet Laureate Kay Ryan, and contemporary playwright David Ives; the addition of new writers including Naguib Mahfouz, Virginia Woolf, Sherman Alexie, Mary Oliver, Bettie Sellers, and Anne Deavere Smith; and every chapter concludes with a review of key terms for easy reference.  The Writing section has been thoroughly updated to reflect MLA’s latest guidelines.

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