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Fundamentals of Thermodynamics 7th Edition

by and

Fundamentals of Thermodynamics 7th Edition   Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

Understand thermodynamics from an engineer’s perspective

Borgnakke and Sonntag’s Fundamentals of Thermodynamics has long stood as the text of choice for an introduction to the theory and application of thermodynamics. Written from an engineer’s point of view, this updated and revised Seventh Edition of the classic text offers a comprehensive and rigorous treatment of classical thermodynamics. With concise, applications-oriented discussion of topics and self-test problems, the text encourages students to monitor their own progress and absorb the concepts step by step. 

Updated with additional examples, homework problems, and illustrations to increase student understanding, this new edition:

  • Includes concept check questions within chapters
  • Provides more figures, additional examples, and application sections in each chapter
  • Includes a revised version of CATT software for ease of calculating property data
  • Features the ThermoNet Web Site, with an extensive collection of Internet-based learning resources in engineering thermodynamics at the college level

Preparing students to effectively apply thermodynamics in the practice of engineering, Fundamentals of Thermodynamics, Seventh Edition lays the groundwork for subsequent success in fields such as fluid mechanics, heat transfer, and statistical thermodynamics.

Synopsis:

First-4th eds. under title: Fundamentals of classical thermodynamics / Gordon J. Van Wylen.

Synopsis:

Now in its seventh edition, Fundamentals of Thermodynamics continues to offer a comprehensive and rigorous treatment of classical thermodynamics, while retaining an engineering perspective. With concise, applications-oriented discussion of topics and self-test problems the text encourages students to monitor their own comprehension. The seventh edition is updated with additional examples, homework problems, and illustrations to increase student understanding.

The text lays the groundwork for subsequent studies in fields such as fluid mechanics, heat transfer and statistical thermodynamics, and prepares students to effectively apply thermodynamics in the practice of engineering.

Synopsis:

For the past three decades, Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics has been the leading book in the field. Now updated and enhanced with numerous worked examples, problems, and illustrations, as well as a rich selection of Web-based learning resources, the new Seventh Edition continues to present a comprehensive and rigorous treatment of classical thermodynamics, while retaining an engineering perspective. It prepares the reader to effectively apply concepts in engineering practice.

About the Author

Richard E. Sonntag received his BSE, MSE and Ph.D. degrees, all in mechanical engineering, from the University of Michigan. He is a Professor of mechanical engineering at the University of Michigan and served as the department chair for eleven years. He is a fellow of the ASME and served on numerous committees within ASME and been vice chair and chair of the regional Department Heads.

Claus Borgnakke earned his MSE and Ph.D. from the Technical University of Denmark. He is an Associate Professor at the University of Michigan, where he received the Excellence in Teaching Award as well as other awards and recognitions, including the Ralph E. Teetor Award from SAE.

Table of Contents

1 SOME INTRODUCTORY COMMENTS 1

1.1 The Simple Steam Power Plant, 1

1.2 Fuel Cells, 2

1.3 The Vapor-Compression Refrigeration Cycle, 5

1.4 The Thermoelectric Refrigerator, 7

1.5 The Air Separation Plant, 8

1.6 The Gas Turbine, 9

1.7 The Chemical Rocket Engine, 11

1.8 Other Applications and Environmental Issues, 12

2 SOME CONCEPTS AND DEFINITIONS 13

2.1 A Thermodynamic System and the Control Volume, 13

2.2 Macroscopic Versus Microscopic Point of View, 14

2.3 Properties and State of a Substance, 15

2.4 Processes and Cycles, 16

2.5 Units for Mass, Length, Time, and Force, 17

2.6 Energy, 20

2.7 Specific Volume and Density, 22

2.8 Pressure, 25

2.9 Equality of Temperature, 30

2.10 The Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics, 31

2.11 Temperature Scales, 31

2.12 Engineering Appilication, 33

Summary, 37

Problems, 38

3 PROPERTIES OF A PURE SUBSTANCE 47

3.1 The Pure Substance, 48

3.2 Vapor-Liquid-Solid-Phase Equilibrium in a Pure Substance, 48

3.3 Independent Properties of a Pure Substance, 55

3.4 Tables of Thermodynamic Properties, 55

3.5 Thermodynamic Surfaces, 63

3.6 The P–V–T Behavior of Low- and Moderate-Density Gases, 65

3.7 The Compressibility Factor, 69

3.8 Equations of State, 72

3.9 Computerized Tables, 73

3.10 Engineering Applications, 75

Summary, 77

Problems, 78

4 WORK AND HEAT 90

4.1 Definition of Work, 90

4.2 Units for Work, 92

4.3 Work Done at the Moving Boundary of a Simple Compressible

System, 93

4.4 Other Systems that Involve Work, 102

4.5 Concluding Remarks Regarding Work, 104

4.6 Definition of Heat, 106

4.7 Heat Transfer Modes, 107

4.8 Comparison of Heat and Work, 109

4.9 Engineering Applications, 110

Summary, 113

Problems, 114

5 THE FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS 127

5.1 The First Law of Thermodynamics for a Control Mass Undergoing

a Cycle, 127

5.2 The First Law of Thermodynamics for a Change in State of a Control

Mass, 128

5.3 Internal Energy—A Thermodynamic Property, 135

5.4 Problem Analysis and Solution Technique, 137

5.5 The Thermodynamic Property Enthalpy, 141

5.6 The Constant-Volume and Constant-Pressure Specific Heats, 146

5.7 The Internal Energy, Enthalpy, and Specific Heat of Ideal Gases, 147

5.8 The First Law as a Rate Equation, 154

5.9 Conservation of Mass, 156

5.10 Engineering Applications, 157

Summary, 160

Problems, 162

6 FIRST-LAW ANALYSIS FOR A CONTROL VOLUME 180

6.1 Conservation of Mass and the Control Volume, 180

6.2 The First Law of Thermodynamics for a Control Volume, 183

6.3 The Steady-State Process, 185

6.4 Examples of Steady-State Processes, 187

6.5 The Transient Process, 202

6.6 Engineering Applications, 211

Summary, 215

Problems, 218

7 THE SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS 238

7.1 Heat Engines and Refrigerators, 238

7.2 The Second Law of Thermodynamics, 244

7.3 The Reversible Process, 247

7.4 Factors that Render Processes Irreversible, 248

7.5 The Carnot Cycle, 251

7.6 Two Propositions Regarding the Efficiency of a Carnot Cycle, 253

7.7 The Thermodynamic Temperature Scale, 254

7.8 The Ideal-Gas Temperature Scale, 255

7.9 Ideal versus Real Machines, 259

Confirmation Pages

7.10 Engineering Applications, 262

Summary, 265

Problems, 267

8 ENTROPY 279

8.1 The Inequality of Clausius, 279

8.2 Entropy—A Property of a System, 283

8.3 The Entropy of a Pure Substance, 285

8.4 Entropy Change in Reversible Processes, 287

8.5 The Thermodynamic Property Relation, 291

8.6 Entropy Change of a Solid or Liquid, 293

8.7 Entropy Change of an Ideal Gas, 294

8.8 The Reversible Polytropic Process for an Ideal Gas, 298

8.9 Entropy Change of a Control Mass During an Irreversible

Process, 302

8.10 Entropy Generation, 303

8.11 Principle of the Increase of Entropy, 305

8.12 Entropy as a Rate Equation, 309

8.13 Some General Comments about Entropy and Chaos, 311

Summary, 313

Problems, 315

9 SECOND-LAW ANALYSIS FOR A CONTROL VOLUME 334

9.1 The Second Law of Thermodynamics for a Control Volume, 334

9.2 The Steady-State Process and the Transient Process, 336

9.3 The Steady-State Single-Flow Process, 345

9.4 Principle of the Increase of Entropy, 349

9.5 Engineering Applications; Efficiency, 352

9.6 Summary of General Control Volume Analysis, 358

Summary, 359

Problems, 361

10 IRREVERSIBILITY AND AVAILABILITY 381

10.1 Available Energy, Reversible Work, and Irreversibility, 381

10.2 Availability and Second-Law Efficiency, 393

10.3 Exergy Balance Equation, 401

10.4 Engineering Applications, 406

Summary, 407

Problems, 408

11 POWER AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS—WITH

PHASE CHANGE 421

11.1 Introduction to Power Systems, 422

11.2 The Rankine Cycle, 424

11.3 Effect of Pressure and Temperature on the Rankine Cycle, 427

11.4 The Reheat Cycle, 432

11.5 The Regenerative Cycle, 435

11.6 Deviation of Actual Cycles from Ideal Cycles, 442

11.7 Cogeneration, 447

11.8 Introduction to Refrigeration Systems, 448

11.9 The Vapor-Compression Refrigeration Cycle, 449

11.10 Working Fluids for Vapor-Compression Refrigeration Systems, 452

11.11 Deviation of the Actual Vapor-Compression Refrigeration Cycle from

the Ideal Cycle, 453

11.12 Refrigeration Cycle Configurations, 455

11.13 The Ammonia Absorption Refrigeration Cycle, 457

Summary, 459

Problems, 460

12 POWER AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS—GASEOUS

WORKING FLUIDS 476

12.1 Air-Standard Power Cycles, 476

12.2 The Brayton Cycle, 477

12.3 The Simple Gas-Turbine Cycle with a Regenerator, 484

12.4 Gas-Turbine Power Cycle Configurations, 486

12.5 The Air-Standard Cycle for Jet Propulsion, 489

12.6 The Air-Standard Refrigeration Cycle, 492

12.7 Reciprocating Engine Power Cycles, 494

12.8 The Otto Cycle, 496

12.9 The Diesel Cycle, 500

12.10 The Stirling Cycle, 503

12.11 The Atkinson and Miller Cycles, 503

12.12 Combined-Cycle Power and Refrigeration Systems, 505

Summary, 507

Problems, 509

13 GAS MIXTURES 523

13.1 General Considerations and Mixtures of Ideal Gases, 523

13.2 A Simplified Model of a Mixture Involving Gases and a Vapor, 530

13.3 The First Law Applied to Gas-Vapor Mixtures, 536

13.4 The Adiabatic Saturation Process, 538

13.5 Engineering Applications—Wet-Bulb and Dry-Bulb Temperatures

and the Psychrometric Chart, 541

Summary, 547

Problems, 548

14 THERMODYNAMIC RELATIONS 564

14.1 The Clapeyron Equation, 564

14.2 Mathematical Relations for a Homogeneous Phase, 568

14.3 The Maxwell Relations, 570

14.4 Thermodynamic Relations Involving Enthalpy, Internal Energy,

and Entropy, 572

14.5 Volume Expansivity and Isothermal and Adiabatic

Compressibility, 578

14.6 Real-Gas Behavior and Equations of State, 580

14.7 The Generalized Chart for Changes of Enthalpy at Constant

Temperature, 585

14.8 The Generalized Chart for Changes of Entropy at Constant

Temperature, 588

14.9 The Property Relation for Mixtures, 591

14.10 Pseudopure Substance Models for Real-Gas Mixtures, 594

14.11 Engineering Applications—Thermodynamic Tables, 599

Summary, 602

Problems, 604

15 CHEMICAL REACTIONS 615

15.1 Fuels, 615

15.2 The Combustion Process, 619

15.3 Enthalpy of Formation, 626

15.4 First-Law Analysis of Reacting Systems, 629

15.5 Enthalpy and Internal Energy of Combustion; Heat of Reaction, 635

15.6 Adiabatic Flame Temperature, 640

15.7 The Third Law of Thermodynamics and Absolute Entropy, 642

15.8 Second-Law Analysis of Reacting Systems, 643

15.9 Fuel Cells, 648

15.10 Engineering Applications, 651

Summary, 656

Problems, 658

16 INTRODUCTION TO PHASE AND CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM 672

16.1 Requirements for Equilibrium, 672

16.2 Equilibrium Between Two Phases of a Pure Substance, 674

16.3 Metastable Equilibrium, 678

16.4 Chemical Equilibrium, 679

16.5 Simultaneous Reactions, 689

16.6 Coal Gasification, 693

16.7 Ionization, 694

16.8 Applications, 696

Summary, 698

Problems, 700

17 COMPRESSIBLE FLOW 709

17.1 Stagnation Properties, 709

17.2 The Momentum Equation for a Control Volume, 711

17.3 Forces Acting on a Control Surface, 714

17.4 Adiabatic, One-Dimensional, Steady-State Flow of an Incompressible

Fluid through a Nozzle, 716

17.5 Velocity of Sound in an Ideal Gas, 718

17.6 Reversible, Adiabatic, One-Dimensional Flow of an Ideal Gas through

a Nozzle, 721

17.7 Mass Rate of Flow of an Ideal Gas through an Isentropic Nozzle, 724

17.8 Normal Shock in an Ideal Gas Flowing through a Nozzle, 729

17.9 Nozzle and Diffuser Coefficients, 734

17.10 Nozzle and Orifices as Flow-Measuring Devices, 737

Summary, 741

Problems, 746

CONTENTS OF APPENDIX

APPENDIX A SI UNITS: SINGLE-STATE PROPERTIES 755

APPENDIX B SI UNITS: THERMODYNAMIC TABLES 775

APPENDIX C IDEAL-GAS SPECIFIC HEAT 825

APPENDIX D EQUATIONS OF STATE 827

APPENDIX E FIGURES 832

APPENDIX F ENGLISH UNIT TABLES 837

ANSWERS TO SELECTED PROBLEMS 878

INDEX 889

Product Details

ISBN:
9780470041925
Author:
Claus Borgnakke and Richard E. Sonntag
Publisher:
Wiley
Author:
Sonntag, Richard E.
Author:
Borgnakke, Claus
Author:
Wylen, Gordon J. Van
Subject:
Mechanics - Dynamics - Thermodynamics
Subject:
Mechanical
Subject:
Thermodynamics
Subject:
Mechanical Engineering-General
Copyright:
Publication Date:
August 2008
Binding:
Electronic book text in proprietary or open standard format
Grade Level:
General/trade
Language:
English
Illustrations:
Y
Pages:
912
Dimensions:
9.80x8.20x1.40 in. 3.45 lbs.

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Fundamentals of Thermodynamics 7th Edition Used Hardcover
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Product details 912 pages John Wiley & Sons - English 9780470041925 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , First-4th eds. under title: Fundamentals of classical thermodynamics / Gordon J. Van Wylen.
"Synopsis" by , Now in its seventh edition, Fundamentals of Thermodynamics continues to offer a comprehensive and rigorous treatment of classical thermodynamics, while retaining an engineering perspective. With concise, applications-oriented discussion of topics and self-test problems the text encourages students to monitor their own comprehension. The seventh edition is updated with additional examples, homework problems, and illustrations to increase student understanding.

The text lays the groundwork for subsequent studies in fields such as fluid mechanics, heat transfer and statistical thermodynamics, and prepares students to effectively apply thermodynamics in the practice of engineering.

"Synopsis" by , For the past three decades, Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics has been the leading book in the field. Now updated and enhanced with numerous worked examples, problems, and illustrations, as well as a rich selection of Web-based learning resources, the new Seventh Edition continues to present a comprehensive and rigorous treatment of classical thermodynamics, while retaining an engineering perspective. It prepares the reader to effectively apply concepts in engineering practice.
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