Poetry Madness
 
 

Recently Viewed clear list


Interviews | March 17, 2014

Shawn Donley: IMG Peter Stark: The Powells.com Interview



Peter StarkIt's hard to believe that 200 years ago, the Pacific Northwest was one of the most remote and isolated regions in the world. In 1810, four years... Continue »
  1. $19.59 Sale Hardcover add to wish list

spacer

This item may be
out of stock.

Click on the button below to search for this title in other formats.


Check for Availability
Add to Wishlist

Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems

by

Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

Locate yourplace in the exciting field of GIS

In existence since 1962, Geographical Information Systems (GIS) are really coming into their own today. And not just in your car’s GPS system or your cell phone’s tracking capabilities. GIS is finding applications throughout science, government, business, and industry, from regional and community planning, architecture, and transportation to public health, crime mapping, and national defense.

Michael DeMers’s Fundamentals of Geographic Information, Fourth Editionbrings an already essential text up to date, capturing the significant developments in the field and responding to the needs of a diverse set of readers, from geographers to students in a host of other fields.

If you are a non-geographer or new to GIS, get a quick introduction to the “lay of the land” of GIS through the new “Spatial Learner’s Permit” section. Then join in the excitement of discovery with GIS databases as you absorb the such concepts and skills as digital geographic data and maps, GIS data models, spatial analysis, measurement and classification, cartographic modeling, and GIS design.

Responding to both the needs and technical skills of today’s students, this Fourth Edition:

  • Makes concepts accessible to students from a wide range of backgrounds
  • Offers more practical and relevant coverage of GIS design and implementation
  • Reflects the latest changes in GIS applications
  • Examines in greater depth the underlying computer science behind GIS
  • Uncovers the most recent developments on GIS research
  • Expands coverage of the increasingly robust literature on cartographic visualization
  • Includes Web-based labs and links to current and updated dataset resources

Taking an open-ended, hands-on approach that gets you to ask your own questions about the underlying concepts, the Fourth Editionhelps you not only master the basics but acquire the active problem-solving skills that are a key component of success in the GIS industry.

Synopsis:

* Review questions at the end of each chapter isolate key material for effective self study.

Synopsis:

Learning objectives at the beginning of each chapter helps to define concepts and outline the goals that the reader should be accomplishing.

* Review questions at the end of each chapter isolate key material for effective self study.

Synopsis:

Explore the modern world of geographic information systems

From emergency vehicle analysis routing, to urban and regional planning, to scientific research––the potential applications of geographic information systems are enormous, with many more applications waiting to be discovered.

Now updated and revised, Michael DeMers’s Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems, 3e equips you with a set of basic concepts and skills you’ll need to solve everyday geographical problems, and perhaps even uncover new uses for this powerful technology. Rather than overwhelming you with details, equations, or computer codes, DeMers interweaves the ideas of geographic inquiry and spatial thinking, inviting you to join in the excitement of discovery as it takes place within the computerized world of the digital GIS databases.

Features of the Third Edition

  • Streamlined coverage is easy to follow and understand.
  • Revised coverage of GIS design and implementation is now more practical and relevant.
  • A new chapter on GIS applications reflects changes in this ever-expanding area.
  • A new chapter on GIS research covers the latest developments in the field.
  • Web-based labs are provided for ArcView 3.2. (Additionally, MAJ Curtis Edson, U.S. Military Academy, has written labs for ArcGIS, custom to Fundamentals, 3e). Links to current and updated dataset resources for exploring various applications of GIS can also be found on the website.

About the Author

Michael N. DeMersis the department head of Geology at New Mexico State University.  He holds a BS and MS from University of North Dakota, and a Ph.D from University of Kansas.

Table of Contents

UNIT 1. INTRODUCTION.

Chapter 1. Introduction to Digital Geography.

Learning Objectives.

Why Geographic Information Systems?

What Are Geographic Information Systems?

Where Do I Begin?

Terms.

Review Questions.

References.

UNIT 2. DIGITAL GEOGRAPHIC DATA AND MAPS.

Chapter 2. Basic Geographic Concepts.

Learning Objectives.

Developing Spatial Awareness.

Spatial Measurement Levels.

Spatial Location and Reference.

Spatial Patterns.

Geographic Data Collection.

Populations and Sampling Schemes.

Making Inferences from Samples.

Terms.

Review Questions.

References.

Chapter 3. Map Basics.

Learning Objectives.

Abstract Nature of Maps.

A Paradigm Shift in Cartography.

Map Scale.

More Map Characteristics.

Map Projections.

Grid Systems for Mapping.

The Cartographic Process.

Map Symbolism.

Map Abstraction and Cartographic Databases.

Terms.

Review Questions.

References.

Chapter 4. GIS Data Models.

Learning Objectives.

A Quick Review of the Map as an Abstraction of Space.

Some Basic Computer File Structures.

Simple Lists.

Ordered Sequential Files.

Indexed Files.

Computer Database Structures for Managing Data.

Hierarchical Data Structures.

Network Systems.

Relational Database Management Systems.

Graphic Representation of Entities and Attributes.

GIS Data Models for Multiple Maps.

Raster Models.

Compact Storing of Raster Data.

Commercial Raster Compaction Products.

Vector Models.

Compacting Vector Data Models.

A Vector Model to Represent Surfaces.

Hybrid and Integrated Systems.

Terms.

Review Questions.

References.

UNIT 3. INPUT, STORAGE, AND EDITING.

Chapter 5. The Input Subsystem.

Learning Objectives.

Primary Data.

Input Devices.

Raster, Vector, or Both.

Reference Frameworks and Transformations.

Map Preparation and the Digitizing Process.

What to Input.

How Much to Input.

Methods of Vector Input.

Methods of Raster Input.

Remote Sensing as a Special Case of Raster Data Input.

GPS data input.

Secondary Data.

Metadata and Metadata Standards.

Terms.

Review Questions.

References.

Chapter 6 Data Storage and Editing.

Learning Objectives.

Storage of GIS Databases.

The Importance of Editing the GIS Database.

Detecting and Editing Errors of Different Types.

Entity Errors: Vector.

Attribute Errors: Raster and Vector.

Dealing with Projection Changes.

Joining Adjacent Maps: Edge Matching.

Conflations.

Templating.

Terms.

Review Questions.

References.

UNIT 4. ANALYSIS: THE HEART OF THE GIS.

Chapter 7. Elementary Spatial Analysis.

Introduction to GIS Spatial Analysis.

Learning Objectives.

Preliminary Notes About Flowcharting.

GIS Data Query.

Locating and Identifying Spatial Objects.

Defining Spatial Characteristics.

Point Attributes.

Line Attributes.

Area Attributes.

Working with Higher-Level Objects.

Higher-Level Point Objects.

Higher-Level Line Objects.

Higher-Level Area Objects.

Terms.

Review Questions.

References.

Chapter 8. Measurement.

Learning Objectives.

Measuring Length of Linear Objects.

Measuring Polygons.

Calculating Polygon Lengths.

Calculating Perimeter.

Calculating Areas of Polygonal Features.

Measuring Shape.

Measuring Sinuosity.

Measuring Polygon Shape.

Measuring Distance.

Simple Distance.

Functional Distance.

Terms.

Review Questions.

References.

Chapter 9. Classification.

Learning Objectives.

Classification Principles.

Elements of Reclassification.

Neighborhood Functions.

Roving Windows: Filters.

Immediate Neighborhoods.

Extended Neighborhoods.

Buffers.

Terms.

Review Questions.

References.

Chapter 10. Statistical Surfaces.

Learning Objectives.

What Are Surfaces?

Surface Mapping.

Sampling the Statistical Surface.

The DEM.

Raster Surfaces.

Interpolation.

Linear Interpolation.

Methods of Nonlinear Interpolation.

Problems of Interpolation.

Terrain Reclassification.

Steepness of Slope.

Azimuth or Orientation (Aspect).

Shape or Form.

Visibility and Intervisibility.

Slicing the Statistical Surface.

Cut And Fill.

Terms.

Review Questions.

References.

Chapter 11 Spatial Arrangement.

Learning Objectives.

Point, Area, and Line Arrangements.

Point Patterns.

Quadrat Analysis.

Nearest Neighbor Analysis.

Thiessen Polygons.

Area Patterns.

Distance and Adjacency.

Other Polygonal Arrangement Measures.

Linear Patterns.

Line Densities.

Nearest Neighbors and Line Intercepts.

Directionality of Linear and Areal Objects.

Connectivity of Linear Objects.

Gravity Model.

Routing and Allocation.

The Missing Variable: Using Other Map Layers.

Terms.

Review Questions.

References.

Chapter 12. Comparing Variables Among Maps.

Learning Objectives.

The Cartographic Overlay.

Point-In-Polygon and Line-In-Polygon Operations.

Polygon Overlay.

Automating the Overlay Process.

Automating Point-in-Polygon and Line-in-Polygon Procedures in Raster.

Automating Polygon Overlay in Raster.

Automating Vector Overlay.

Types of Vector Overlay.

CAD-Type Overlay.

Topological Vector Overlay.

Topological Vector Point-in-Polygon and Line-in-Polygon Overlay.

A Note about Error in Overlay.

Dasymetric Mapping.

Some Final Notes on Overlay.

Terms.

Review Questions.

References.

Chapter 13. Cartographic Modeling.

Learning Objectives.

Model Components.

The Cartographic Model.

Types Of Cartographic Models.

Inductive and Deductive Modeling.

Factor Selection.

Model Flowcharting.

Working Through the Model.

Conflict Resolution.

Some Example Cartographic Models.

Model Implementation.

Model Verification.

Terms.

Review Questions.

References.

UNIT 5. GIS OUTPUT.

Chapter 14. The Output from Analysis.

Learning Objectives.

Output: The Display of Analysis.

Cartographic Output.

The Design Process.

Map Design Controls.

Nontraditional Cartographic Output.

GIS on the Internet.

Noncartographic Output.

Interactive Output.

Tables and Charts.

Terms.

Review Questions.

References.

UNIT 6. GIS DESIGN, APPLICATIONS, AND RESEARCH.

Chapter 15. GIS Design.

Learning Objectives.

Analytical Model and Database Design.

Spatial Processes and the Scope and Structure of the Model.

Establishing the Effective Spatial Domain of the Model.

GIS Tools for Solving Problems.

Study Area.

Scale, Resolution, and Level of Detail.

Classification.

Coordinate System and Projection.

Selecting the Software.

Institutional / System Design.

System Design Principles.

System Development Waterfall Model.

Some General Systems Characteristics.

The Institutional Setting for GIS operations.

The System and the Outside World.

Internal Players.

External Players.

Cost-Benefit Issues.

GIS Information Products.

How Information Products Drive the GIS.

Organizing the Local Views.

Avoiding Design Creep.

View Integration.

Terms.

Review Questions.

References.

Chapter 16. GIS Applications.

Learning Objectives.

Archive Emphasizing Applications.

Pattern Detection and Characterization Emphasizing Applications.

Pattern Exploitation Emphasizing Applications.

Pattern Comparison Emphasizing Applications.

Space-Time Emphasizing Applications.

Predictive Modeling Applications.

Terms.

Review Questions.

References.

Chapter 17. GIS Research.

Learning Objectives.

Geographic Representation (Including Ontology).

Scale.

Product Details

ISBN:
9780471204916
Publisher:
Wiley
Subject:
Geographic information systems
Author:
DeMers, Michael N.
Subject:
Earth Sciences - Geography
Subject:
Geography
Subject:
GIS, Remote Sensing & Cartography
Copyright:
Edition Number:
3
Publication Date:
July 2004
Binding:
Hardback
Grade Level:
General/trade
Language:
English
Illustrations:
Y
Pages:
480
Dimensions:
10.20x7.20x.93 in. 2.09 lbs.

Related Subjects

History and Social Science » Geography » General

Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems
0 stars - 0 reviews
$ In Stock
Product details 480 pages John Wiley & Sons - English 9780471204916 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , * Review questions at the end of each chapter isolate key material for effective self study.
"Synopsis" by , Learning objectives at the beginning of each chapter helps to define concepts and outline the goals that the reader should be accomplishing.

* Review questions at the end of each chapter isolate key material for effective self study.

"Synopsis" by , Explore the modern world of geographic information systems

From emergency vehicle analysis routing, to urban and regional planning, to scientific research––the potential applications of geographic information systems are enormous, with many more applications waiting to be discovered.

Now updated and revised, Michael DeMers’s Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems, 3e equips you with a set of basic concepts and skills you’ll need to solve everyday geographical problems, and perhaps even uncover new uses for this powerful technology. Rather than overwhelming you with details, equations, or computer codes, DeMers interweaves the ideas of geographic inquiry and spatial thinking, inviting you to join in the excitement of discovery as it takes place within the computerized world of the digital GIS databases.

Features of the Third Edition

  • Streamlined coverage is easy to follow and understand.
  • Revised coverage of GIS design and implementation is now more practical and relevant.
  • A new chapter on GIS applications reflects changes in this ever-expanding area.
  • A new chapter on GIS research covers the latest developments in the field.
  • Web-based labs are provided for ArcView 3.2. (Additionally, MAJ Curtis Edson, U.S. Military Academy, has written labs for ArcGIS, custom to Fundamentals, 3e). Links to current and updated dataset resources for exploring various applications of GIS can also be found on the website.

spacer
spacer
  • back to top
Follow us on...




Powell's City of Books is an independent bookstore in Portland, Oregon, that fills a whole city block with more than a million new, used, and out of print books. Shop those shelves — plus literally millions more books, DVDs, and gifts — here at Powells.com.