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Thermodynamics

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Thermodynamics Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

Indisputably, this is a modern classic of science. Based on a course of lectures delivered by the author at Columbia University, the text is elementary in treatment and remarkable for its clarity and organization. Although it is assumed that the reader is familiar with the fundamental facts of thermometry and calorimetry, no advanced mathematics beyond calculus is assumed.

Partial contents: thermodynamic systems, the first law of thermodynamics (application, adiabatic transformations), the second law of thermodynamics (Carnot cycle, absolute thermodynamic temperature, thermal engines), the entropy (properties of cycles, entropy of a system whose states can be represented on a (V, p) diagram, Clapeyron and Van der Waals equations), thermodynamic potentials (free energy, thermodynamic potential at constant pressure, the phase rule, thermodynamics of the reversible electric cell), gaseous reactions (chemical equilibria in gases, Van't Hoff reaction box, another proof of the equation of gaseous equilibria, principle of Le Chatelier), the thermodynamics of dilute solutions (osmotic pressure, chemical equilibria in solutions, the distribution of a solute between 2 phases vapor pressure, boiling and freezing points), the entropy constant (Nernst's theorem, thermal ionization of a gas, thermionic effect, etc.).

Synopsis:

In this classic of modern science, the Nobel laureate presents a clear treatment of systems, the First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics, entropy, thermodynamic potentials, and much more. Calculus required.

Synopsis:

In this classic of modern science, the Nobel Laureate presents a clear treatment of systems, the First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics, entropy, thermodynamic potentials, and much more. Calculus required.

About the Author

Enrico Fermi: Father of the Atomic Age

Enrico Fermi (1901-1954) received the 1938 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his demonstrations of new radioactive elements produced by neutron irradiation, and for his related discovery of nuclear reactions brought about by slow neutrons." Just a year before winning the Nobel Prize, Fermi published Thermodynamics, based on a course of lectures at Columbia University, an enduring work which Dover first reprinted in 1956 and which has been in print continuously since then, one of the foundations of Dover's physics program.

Both a theorist and an experimentalist, Fermi packed an immense amount of science into his relatively short life, which ended prematurely as a consequence of the radiation he received working on the development of the atomic bomb. His work, of course, was not just in the realm of nuclear physics: Fermi will always be the most remembered for the events of December 2, 1942, when he and other scientists at the University of Chicago's Stagg Field produced the world's "first self-sustaining chain reaction . . . instituting the controlled release of atomic energy."

In the Author's Own Words:

"There are two possible outcomes: If the result confirms the hypothesis, then you've made a measurement. If the result is contrary to the hypothesis, then you've made a discovery." — Enrico Fermi

Critical Acclaim for Enrico Fermi:

"He was simply unable to let things be foggy. Since they always are, this kept him pretty active." — J. Robert Oppenheimer

Table of Contents

PREFACE

INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER

I. THERMODYNAMIC SYSTEMS

  1. The state of a system and its transformations

  2. Ideal or perfect gases

II. THE FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS

  3. The statement of the first law of thermodynamics

  4. "The application of the first law to systems whose states can be represented on a (V, p) diagram"

  5. The application of the first law to gases

  6. Adiabatic transformations of a gas

III. THE SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS

  7. The statement of the second law of thermodynamics

  8. The Carnot cycle

  9. The absolute thermodynamic temperature

  10. Thermal engines

IV. THE ENTROPY

  11. Some properties of cycles

  12. The entropy

  13. Some further properties of the entropy

  14. "The entropy of a system whose states can be represented on a (V, p) diagram"

  15. The Clapeyron equation

  16. The Van der Waals equation

V. THERMODYNAMIC POTENTIALS

  17. The free energy

  18. The thermodynamic potential at constant pressure

  19. The phase rule

  20. Thermodynamics of the reversible electric cells

VI. GASEOUS REACTIONS

  21. Chemical equilibria in gases

  22. The Van't Hoff reaction box

  23. Another proof of the equation of gaseous equilibria

  24. Discussion of gaseous equilibria; the principle of Le Chatelier

VII. THE THERMODYNAMICS OF DILUTE SOLUTIONS

  25. Dilute solutions

  26. Osmotic pressure

  27. Chemical equilibria in solutions

  28. The distribution of a solute between two phases

  29. "The vapor pressure, the boiling point, and the freezing point of a solution"

VIII. THE ENTROPY CONSTANT

  30. The Nernst theorem

  31. Nernst's theorem applied to solids

  32. The entropy constant of gases

  33. Thermal ionization of a gas; the thermionic effect

INDEX

Product Details

ISBN:
9780486603612
Author:
Fermi, Enrico
Publisher:
Dover Publications
Author:
Physics
Subject:
Science
Subject:
Physics
Subject:
Mechanics
Subject:
Thermodynamics
Subject:
Mechanics - General
Subject:
Mechanics - Dynamics - Thermodynamics
Subject:
Physics | Thermodynamics
Copyright:
Edition Description:
Trade Paper
Series:
Dover Books on Physics
Publication Date:
19560631
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Grade Level:
General/trade
Language:
English
Pages:
160
Dimensions:
8.5 x 5.38 in 0.41 lb

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Product details 160 pages Dover Publications - English 9780486603612 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by ,
In this classic of modern science, the Nobel laureate presents a clear treatment of systems, the First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics, entropy, thermodynamic potentials, and much more. Calculus required.
"Synopsis" by ,
In this classic of modern science, the Nobel Laureate presents a clear treatment of systems, the First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics, entropy, thermodynamic potentials, and much more. Calculus required.
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