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Other titles in the Case Studies on Contemporary Social Issues series:
Ebola, Culture and Politics: The Anthropology of an Emerging Diseaseby Barry S. Hewlett
Synopses & Reviews
In this case study, readers will embark on an improbable journey through the heart of Africa to discover how indigenous people cope with the rapid-killing Ebola virus. The Hewletts are the first anthropologists ever invited by the World Health Organization to join a medical intervention team and assist in efforts to control an Ebola outbreak. Their account addresses political, structural, psychological, and cultural factors, along with conventional intervention protocols as problematic to achieving medical objectives. They find obvious historical and cultural answers to otherwise-puzzling questions about why village people often flee, refuse to cooperate, and sometimes physically attack members of intervention teams. Perhaps surprisingly, readers will discover how some cultural practices of local people are helpful and should be incorporated into control procedures. The authors shed new light on a continuing debate about the motivation for human behavior by showing how local responses to epidemics are rooted both in culture and in human nature. Well-supported recommendations emerge from a comparative analysis of Central African cases and pandemics worldwide to suggest how the United States and other countries might use anthropologists and the insights of anthropologists to mount more effective public health campaigns, with particular attention to avian flu and bioterrorism.
Book News Annotation:
This case study, aimed at anthropology undergraduate students, describes the efforts of a medical intervention team working in Africa to control an Ebola outbreak. Barry Hewlett and Bonnie Hewlett (anthropology, Washington State U., Vancouver) were invited by the World Health Organization in 2000 and 2003 to Uganda and the Congo to assist in the containment of the outbreak. They also discuss their field experiences with Ebola hemorrhagic fever in Gabon in 1997, the literature on human perceptions and responses to other high-mortality diseases, and a biocultural model that explains cross-cultural patterns. They discuss political, structural, psychological, and cultural factors, and conventional intervention protocols, as well as the stigmatization of healthcare workers. They end with a consideration of implications for their research for understanding the use of Ebola as a bioterrorism weapon and the threat of the bird flu pandemic. Annotation ©2008 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
About the Author
Barry Hewlett is Professor of Anthropology at Washington State University, Vancouver. He received a Ph.D. from the University of California--Santa Barbara in 1987 and has had appointments at Southern Oregon University, Tulane University, and Oregon State University. He has conducted research in central Africa since 1973 and is the author of INTIMATE FATHERS: THE NATURE AND CONTEXT OF AKA PYGMY PATERNAL INFANT CARE, HUNTER-GATHERER CHILDHODS (edited with Michael Lamb), FATHER, FATHER-CHILD RELATIONS: CULTURAL AND BIOSOCIAL CONTEXTS (Edited), and "Human Behavior and Cultural Context in Disease Control," Special Issue of TROPICAL MEDICINE AND INTERNATIONAL HEALTH (edited with Joan Koss-Chioino). Current research interests include biocultural contexts of infectious and parasitic diseases; the transmission, acquisition, and evolutionary nature of culture; hunter-gatherers; and child development. Bonnie L. Hewlett worked as a registered nurse in neonatal intensive care before obtaining her Ph.D. degree in anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman. She has conducted research in Gabon, Republic of Congo, and Central African Republic. Her research interests include medical anthropology, adolescent development, hunter-gatherers, and evolutionary cultural anthropology. Recent publications include "Providing Care and Facing Death: Nurses and Ebola in Central Africa" in JOURNAL OF TRANSCULTURAL NURSING, "Vulnerable Lives: Death, Loss, and Grief among Aka and Ngandu Adolescents of the Central African Republic" In HUNTER-GATHERER CHILDHOODS (Barry Hewlett and Michael Lamb, editors), and "Love, Jealousy, and Anger among the Aka Foragers and Ngandu Farmers of the Central African Republic" in LOVE AND INTIMACY ACROSS CULTURES (William Jakowiak, editor). She is currently an adjunct professor of anthropology at Washington State University, Vancouver.
Table of Contents
1. Images and First Contact. 2. Outbreak Ethnography: The Anthropologists Toolkit. 3. Indigenous Knowledge about Epidemics: Uganda 2000-2001. 4. Providing Humanitarian Care: Congo 2003. 5. Facing Death and Stigmatization: Healthcare Workers and Survivors. 6. Ebola Outbreaks, Past and Present. 7. Outbreak Control. 8. Explaining Human Responses to Acute High-Mortality Epidemics. 9. Policy, Terrorism, and Bird Flu. Appendix A: The Role of a Medical Anthropologist in Outbreak Alert and Response. Appendix B: Useful Internet Sites. References Cited. Index.
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