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Other titles in the Rutgers Series in Childhood Studies series:
Armies of the Young: Child Soldiers in War and Terrorism (Rutgers Series in Childhood Studies)by David M Rosen
Synopses & Reviews
Children have served as soldiers throughout history. They fought in the American Revolution, the Civil War, and in both world wars. They served as uniformed soldiers, camouflaged insurgents, and even suicide bombers. Indeed, the first U.S. soldier to be killed by hostile fire in the Afghanistan war was shot in ambush by a fourteen-year-old boy.
Does this mean that child soldiers are aggressors? Or are they victims? It is a difficult question with no obvious answer, yet in recent years the acceptable answer among humanitarian organizations and contemporary scholars has been resoundingly the latter. These children are most often seen as especially hideous examples of adult criminal exploitation.
In this provocative book, David M. Rosen argues that this response vastly oversimplifies the child soldier problem. Drawing on three dramatic examples-from Sierra Leone, Palestine, and Eastern Europe during the Holocaust-Rosen vividly illustrates this controversial view. In each case, he shows that children are not always passive victims, but often make the rational decision that not fighting is worse than fighting.
With a critical eye to international law, Armies of the Young urges readers to reconsider the situation of child combatants in light of circumstance and history before adopting uninformed child protectionist views. In the process, Rosen paints a memorable and unsettling picture of the role of children in international conflicts.
Book News Annotation:
Look at the news long enough and you will see children in uniform toting rifles, children in camouflage sniping at occupying troops, children in school uniforms vowing to serve as suicide bombers. The startling thing about these situations is that they date back throughout history. Rosen (anthropology and law, Fairleigh Dickenson U.) goes far beyond emotional reactions to seek the motivations of the child soldiers themselves in three case studies, namely the Jewish child soldiers of the Second World War and the children fighting in various capacities in the conflicts in Sierra Leone and Palestine. He finds that children may not be victims but instead have reasoned that the only thing worse than fighting is not fighting, and that fighting also provides an element of control, self- determination, and in some cases, leads to survival. He urges policy- makers to also study the cultural and historical contexts of individual situations.
Annotation ©2005 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
About the Author
David M. Rosen is a professor of anthropology and law at Fairleigh Dickinson University.
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