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A History of Western Society, Volume Cby John P. Mckay
Synopses & Reviews
Long praised by instructors and students alike for its readability and attention to everyday life, the eleventh edition of A History of Western Society includes even more built-in tools to engage today's students and save instructors time. This edition features a brand-new, comprehensive primary source program in-text and online, expanded chapters devoted to the lives of ordinary people that make the past real and relevant, and the best and latest scholarship throughout. Enhanced with a wealth of digital content—including carefully developed online document assignments for each chapter with auto-graded exercises—the eleventh edition provides easily assignable options for instructors and novel ways for students to master the content. Now integrated with LearningCurve, an adaptive online resource that helps students retain the material and come to class prepared.
About the Author
John P. McKay (Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley) is professor emeritus at the University of Illinois. He has written or edited numerous works, including the Herbert Baxter Adams Prize-winning book Pioneers for Profit: Foreign Entrepreneurship and Russian Industrialization, 1885-1913.
Clare Haru Crowston (Ph.D., Cornell University) teaches at the University of Illinois, where she is currently associate professor of history. She is the author of Fabricating Women: The Seamstresses of Old Regime France, 1675-1791, which won the Berkshire and Hagley Prizes. She edited two special issues of the Journal of Women's History, has published numerous journal articles and reviews, and is a past president of the Society for French Historical Studies.
Joe Perry (Ph.D., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) is Associate Professor of modern German and European history at Georgia State University. He has published numerous articles and is author of Christmas in Germany: A Cultural History (2010). His current research interests focus on issues of consumption, gender, and popular culture in West Germany and Western Europe after World War II.
Merry E. Wiesner-Hanks (Ph.D., University of Wisconsin-Madison) taught first at Augustana College in Illinois, and since 1985 at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, where she is currently UWM Distinguished Professor in the department of history. She is the coeditor of the Sixteenth Century Journal and the author or editor of more than twenty books, most recently The Marvelous Hairy Girls: The Gonzales Sisters and Their Worlds and Gender in History. She is the former Chief Reader for Advanced Placement World History.
Table of Contents
Chapter 19: Revolutions in Politics, 1775-1815 Background to Revolution Social Change Growing Demands for Liberty and Equality The Seven Years WarThe American Revolutionary Era, 1775-1789 The Origins of the Revolution Independence from Britain Framing the Constitution Limitations of Liberty and Equality Primary Source 19.1: Abigail Adams, "Remember the Ladies" Revolution in France, 1789-1791 Breakdown of the Old Order The Formation of the National Assembly Popular Uprising and the Rights of Man A Constitutional Monarchy and Its Challenges Primary Source 19.2: Abbé Sieyès, What Is the Third Estate? Primary Source 19.3: Petition of the French Jews World War and Republican France, 1791-1799 The International Response The Second Revolution and the New Republic Total War and the Terror The Thermidorian Reaction and the Directory Primary Source 19.4: Contrasting Visions of the Sans‑Culottes The Napoleonic Era, 1799-1815 Napoleons Rule of France Napoleons Expansion in Europe The Grand Empire and Its End Primary Source 19.5: Napoleons Proclamation to the French People The Haitian Revolution, 1791-1804 Revolutionary Aspirations in Saint-Domingue The Outbreak of Revolt The War of Haitian IndependenceReview and Explore — LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: Toussaint LOuverture Living in the Past: A Revolution of Culture and Daily Life Mapping the Past: Napoleonic Europe in 1812 Chapter 20: The Revolution in Energy and Industry, ca. 1780-1850 The Industrial Revolution in Britain Origins of the British Industrial Revolution Technological Innovations and Early Factories The Steam Engine Breakthrough The Coming of the Railroads Industry and PopulationIndustrialization Beyond Britain National and International Variations Industrialization in Continental Europe Agents of Industrialization Government Support and Corporate Banking The Situation Outside of EuropeNew Patterns of Working and Living Work in Early Factories Working Families and Children The New Sexual Division of Labor Primary Source 20.1: Debate over Child Labor Laws Primary Source 20.2: Living Conditions of the Working Classes Primary Source 20.3: The Testimony of Young Mine Workers Relations Between Capital and Labor The New Class of Factory Owners Debates over Industrialization The Early British Labor Movement The Impact of Slavery Primary Source 20.4: Ford Maddox Brown, Work Primary Source 20.5: Advice for Middle-Class Women Review and Explore — LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: Josiah Wedgwood Living in the Past: The Steam Age Mapping the Past: Continental Industrialization, ca. 1850 Chapter 21: Ideologies and Upheavals, 1815-1850 The Aftermath of the Napoleonic Wars The European Balance of Power Metternich and Conservatism Repressing the Revolutionary Spirit Limits to Conservative Power and Revolution in South America Primary Source 21.1: Metternich: Conservative Reaction in the German Confederation The Spread of Radical Ideas Liberalism and the Middle Class The Growing Appeal of Nationalism The Foundations of Modern Socialism The Birth of Marxist SocialismThe Romantic Movement The Tenets of Romanticism Literature Art and Music Primary Source 21.2: English Romantic Poets Primary Source 21.3: Adam Mickiewicz and Romantic Nationalism in Poland Reforms and Revolutions Before 1848 National Liberation in Greece Liberal Reform in Great Britain Ireland and the Great Famine The Revolution of 1830 in FranceThe Revolutions of 1848 A Democratic Republic in France Revolution and Reaction in the Austrian Empire Prussia, the German Confederation, and the Frankfurt National Parliament Primary Source 21.4: The Republican Spirit in Paris, 1848 Primary Source 21.5: The Triumph of Democratic Republics Review and Explore — LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: Germaine de Staël Mapping the Past: Europe in 1815 Living in the Past: Revolutionary Experiences in 1848 Chapter 22: Life in the Emerging Urban Society, 1840-1914 Taming the City Industry and the Growth of Cities The Advent of the Public Health Movement The Bacterial Revolution Improvements in Urban Planning Public Transportation Primary Source 22.1: First Impressions of the Worlds Biggest City Rich and Poor and Those in Between Middle-Class Culture and Values The Distribution of Income The People and Occupations of the Middle Classes The People and Occupations of the Working Classes Working-Class Leisure and Religion Primary Source 22.2: Apartment Living in Paris Changing Family Lifestyles Middle-Class Marriage and Courtship Rituals Middle and Working-Class Sexuality Prostitution Separate Spheres and the Importance of Homemaking Child Rearing The Feminist Movement Primary Source 22.3: Stephan Zweig on Middle-Class Youth and Sexuality Science and Thought The Triumph of Science in Industry Darwin and Natural Selection The Modern University and the Social Sciences Realism in Art and Literature Primary Source 22.4: Max Weber Critiques Industrial Capitalism Primary Source 22.5: Émile Zola and Realism in Literature Review and Explore — LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Life in the Modern City on Film Mapping the Past: European Cities of 100,000 or More, 1800-1900 The Past Living Now: Modern Sewage Systems Living in the Past: Nineteenth-Century Womens Fashion Individuals in Society: Franziska Tiburtius Chapter 23: The Age of Nationalism, 1850-1914 Napoleon III in France Frances Second Republic Napoleon IIIs Second EmpireNation Building in Italy, Germany, and the United States Italy to 1850 Cavour and Garibaldi in Italy Growing Austro-Prussian Rivalry Bismarck and the Austro-Prussian War Taming the German Parliament The Franco-Prussian War Slavery and Nation Building in the United States Primary Source 23.1: The Struggle for the Italian Nation The Modernization of Russia and the Ottoman Empire The "Great Reforms" in Russia The Russian Revolution of 1905 Reform and Readjustment in the Ottoman Empire Primary Source 23.2: Eyewitness Accounts of Bloody Sunday The Responsive National State, 1871-1914 The German Empire Republican France Great Britain and Ireland The Austro-Hungarian EmpireThe Nation and the People Making National Citizens Nationalism and Racism Jewish Emancipation and Modern Anti-Semitism Primary Source 23.3: Ernest Renan on National Identity Primary Source 23.4: Building Nationalism Marxism and the Socialist Movement The Socialist International Unions and Revisionism Primary Source 23.5: Adelheid Popp, the Making of a Socialist Review and Explore — LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: Theodor Herzl Mapping the Past: The Unification of Germany, 1864-1871 Living in the Past: Peasant Life in Post-Reform Russia Chapter 24: The West and the World, 1815-1914 Industrialization and the World Economy The Rise of Global Inequality The World Market The Opening of China Japan and the United States Western Penetration of Egypt Primary Source 24.1: Lin Zexu and Yamagata Aritomo on Western Imperialism Global Migration Around 1900 The Pressure of Population European Emigration Asian Emigration Primary Source 24.2: Nativism in the United States Western Imperialism, 1880-1914 The European Presence in Africa Before 1880 The Scramble for Africa After 1880 Imperialism in Asia Causes of the New Imperialism A "Civilizing Mission" Orientalism Critics of Imperialism Primary Source 24.3: The White Mans Burden Primary Source 24.4: Orientalism in Art and Everyday Life Primary Source 24.5: The Brown Mans Burden Responding to Western Imperialism The Pattern of Response Empire in India The Example of Japan Toward Revolution in ChinaReview and Explore — LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: Cecil Rhodes Living in the Past: The Immigrant Experience Mapping the Past: The Partition of Africa Chapter 25: War and Revolution, 1914-1919 The Road to War Growing International Conflict The Mood of 1914 The Outbreak of War Primary Source 25.1: German Diplomacy and the Road to War Waging Total War Stalemate and Slaughter on the Western Front The Widening War Primary Source 25.2: Poetry in the Trenches The Home Front Mobilizing for Total War The Social Impact Growing Political Tensions Primary Source 25.3: Wartime Propaganda Posters The Russian Revolution The Fall of Imperial Russia The Provisional Government Lenin and the Bolshevik Revolution Trotsky and the Seizure of Power Dictatorship and Civil War Primary Source 25.4: Peace, Land, and Bread for the Russian People The Peace Settlement The End of the War Revolution in Austria-Hungary and Germany The Treaty of Versailles The Peace Settlement in the Middle East The Human Costs of the War Primary Source 25.5: Resolution of the General Syrian Congress at Damascus Review and Explore — LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: Vera Brittain Living in the Past: Life and Death on the Western Front Mapping the Past: Territorial Changes After World War I Chapter 26: The Age of Anxiety, 1880-1940Uncertainty in Modern Thought Modern Philosophy The Revival of Christianity The New Physics Freudian Psychology Primary Source 26.1: Friedrich Nietzsche Pronounces the Death of God Modernism in Architecture, Art, Literature, and Music Architecture and Design New Artistic Movements Twentieth-Century Literature Modern Music Primary Source 26.2: The Futurist Manifesto An Emerging Consumer Society Mass Culture The Appeal of Cinema The Arrival of Radio Primary Source 26.3: The Modern Girl: Image or Reality? The Search for Peace and Political Stability Germany and the Western Powers Hope in Foreign Affairs Hope in Democratic Government Primary Source 26.4: Keynes on German Reparations After World War I The Great Depression, 1929-1939 The Economic Crisis Mass Unemployment The New Deal in the United States The Scandinavian Response to the Depression Recovery and Reform in Britain and France Primary Source 26.5: George Orwell on Life on the Dole Review and Explore — LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: Gustav Stresemann Living in the Past: Modern Design for Everyday Use Mapping the Past: The Great Depression in the United States and Europe, 1929-1939 Chapter 27: Dictatorships and the Second World War, 1919-1945 Authoritarian States Conservative Authoritarianism and Radical Totalitarian Dictatorships Communism and Fascism Primary Source 27.1: The Appeal of Propaganda Stalins Soviet Union From Lenin to Stalin The Five-Year Plans Life and Culture in Soviet Society Stalinist Terror and the Great Purges Primary Source 27.2: Stalin Justifies the Five-Year Plan Primary Source 27.3: Famine and Recovery on a Soviet Collective Farm Mussolini and Fascism in Italy The Seizure of Power The Regime in ActionHitler and Nazism in Germany The Roots of National Socialism Hitlers Road to Power State and Society in Nazi Germany Popular Support for National Socialism Aggression and Appeasement Primary Source 27.4: The "Reich Citizenship Law" and the Nazi Volk The Second World War German Victories in Europe Europe Under Nazi Occupation The Holocaust Japanese Empire and the War in the Pacific The "Hinge of Fate" Allied Victory Primary Source 27.5: Everyday Life in the London Blitz Review and Explore — LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: Primo Levi Living in the Past: Nazi Propaganda and Consumer Goods Mapping the Past: World War II in Europe and Africa, 1939-1945 Chapter 28: Cold War Conflict and Consensus, 1945-1965 Postwar Europe and the Origins of the Cold War The Legacies of the Second World War The Peace Settlement and Cold War Origins West Versus East Big Science in the Nuclear Age Primary Source 28.1: A Soviet View of the Arms RaceThe Western Renaissance/Recovery in Western Europe The Search for Political and Social Consensus Toward European Unity The Consumer Revolution Primary Source 28.2: Western European Recovery and the Promise of Prosperity Primary Source 28.3: The Nixon-Khrushchev "Kitchen Debate" Developments in the Soviet Union and the East Bloc Postwar Life in the East Bloc Reform and De‑Stalinization Foreign Policy and Domestic Rebellion The Limits of Reform Primary Source 28.4: The Hungarian Communist Party Calls for Reforms The End of Empires Decolonization and the Global Cold War The Struggle for Power in Asia Independence and Conflict in the Middle East Decolonization in Africa Primary Source 28.5: Frantz Fanon on Violence, Decolonization, and Human Dignity Postwar Social Transformations Changing Class Structures Patterns of Postwar Migration New Roles for Women Youth Culture and the Generation GapReview and Explore — LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: Armando Rodrigues Mapping the Past: The Aftermath of World War II in Europe, ca. 1945-1950 Living in the Past: A Model Socialist Steel Town Chapter 29: Challenging the Postwar Order, 1960-1991 Reform and Protest in the 1960s Cold War Tensions Thaw The Affluent Society The Counterculture Movement The United States and Vietnam Student Revolts and 1968 The 1960s in the East Bloc Primary Source 29.1: Human Rights Under the Helsinki Accords Primary Source 29.2: Counterculture Graffiti from Paris, 1968 Crisis and Change in Western Europe Economic Crisis and Hardship The New Conservatism Challenges and Victories for Women The Rise of the Environmental Movement Separatism and Right-Wing Extremism Primary Source 29.3: Simone de Beauvoirs Feminist Critique of Marriage Primary Source 29.4: Green Party Representatives Enter Parliament The Decline of "Developed Socialism" State and Society in the East Bloc Dissent in Czechoslovakia and Poland From Détente Back to Cold War Gorbachevs Reforms in the Soviet Union Primary Source 29.5: Dissent in the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic The Revolutions of 1989 The Collapse of Communism in the East Bloc German Unification and the End of the Cold War The Disintegration of the Soviet UnionReview and Explore — LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: Margaret Thatcher Living in the Past: The Supermarket Revolution Mapping the Past: Democratic Movements in Eastern Europe, 1989 Chapter 30: Life in an Age of Globalization, 1990 to the Present Reshaping Russia and the Former East Bloc Economic Shock Therapy in Russia Russian Revival Under Vladimir Putin Coping with Change in the Former East Bloc Tragedy in Yugoslavia Primary Source 30.1: President Putin on Global Security The New Global System The Global Economy The New European Union Supranational Organizations The Human Side of Globalization Life in the Digital Age Primary Source 30.2: The Slow Food Manifesto Toward a Multicultural Continent The Prospect of Population Decline Changing Immigration Flows Ethnic Diversity in Contemporary Europe Europe and Its Muslim Citizens Primary Source 30.3: National Front Campaign Poster Confronting Twenty-First-Century Challenges Growing Strains in U.S.-European Relations Turmoil in the Muslim World The Global Recession and the Viability of the Eurozone Dependence on Fossil Fuels Climate Change and Environmental Degradation Promoting Human Rights Primary Source 30.4: William Pfaff, Will the French Riots Change Anything? Primary Source 30.5: Osama bin Laden Calls for Global Jihad Review and Explore — LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Contesting Globalization Mapping the Past: The European Union, 2013 Living in the Past: The Euro Individuals in Society: Tariq Ramadan The Past Living Now: Remembering the Holocaust
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